Heijō-kyō (平城京, also Heizei-kyō, sometimes Nara no miyako) was the Capital of Japan during most of the Nara period, from 710–40 and again from 745–84. The imperial palace is a listed UNESCO World Heritage together with other places in the city of Nara (cf. Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara).
Empress Genmei ordered the Imperial capital moved from Fujiwara-kyō to Heijō-kyō in 708, and the move to Heijō-kyō was complete in 710. Heijō-kyō was modeled after Chang'an, the capital of Tang-dynasty China, although Heijō-kyō lacked walls. In the city, merchants and traders from China, Korea and India introduced various foreign cultures to Heijō-kyō through the Silk Road. As a result, Heijō-kyō flourished as Japan's first international and political capital, with a peak population of between 50,000 and 100,000. The overall form of the city was an irregular rectangle, and the area of city is more than 25 km2.
The year 2010 marked the passage of 1,300 years since the establishment of Nara Heijō-kyō. Commemorative events of the 1,300th anniversary of Nara Heijō-kyō Capital (Japanese:平城遷都1300年祭) were held in and around Nara Prefecture from April 24 to November 7, 2010. These events included special displays of national treasures and other cultural properties, walking events that explore famous places in Nara and traditional events in various places throughout Nara.
- Main Event Site – Heijō-kyō Capital Area (平城宮跡)
●Heijō Palace Site Tour Center
●Corporate Participation Hall
B：Heijō History Museum/Full-Scale Replica of Japanese Diplomatic Ship for Envoys to Tang China
C：Suzaku Gate Plaza
E：Heijō Palace Site Museum
F：Front Courtyard of the Former Imperial Audience Hall
G：South Gate Plaza
●Tempyo period costume rental area
H：Heijō-kyō Hands-on Learning Plaza
●Heijō-kyō Hands-on Learning Center
●Ministry of the Imperial Household
I：Excavation Site Exhibition Hall
J：Eastern Palace Garden Plaza
●Eastern Palace Garden
- Other Events Site
- List of Special Places of Scenic Beauty, Special Historic Sites and Special Natural Monuments
- Heijō Palace – Imperial palace
- Historic Monuments of Ancient Nara – UNESCO World Heritage Site
- （４８）平城京の人口と役人たち. Nara National Research Institute for Cultural Properties. Retrieved August 16, 2022.
- Martin, John H.; Phyllis G. Martin (1993). Nara: A Cultural Guide to Japan's Ancient Capital. Tuttle Publishing. pp. 11–14. ISBN 0-8048-1914-9.
- Yoko Hsueh Shirai. Envisioning Heijokyo: 100 Questions & Answers about the Ancient Capital in Nara. CreateSpace Independent Publishing Platform. 2011. ISBN 978-1463768225
Media related to Heijō-kyō at Wikimedia Commons
- Nara Palace Site Museum(in Japanese)
- The Commemorative Events for the 1300th Anniversary (Available in Chinese, English, French, Korean and Japanese)
- Jô-Bô System of Heijô-Kyô
- Nara (Heijô-kyô) — The Capital of Japan in the 8th Century
- Takenaka Corporation on the reconstruction of the first Daigokuden Palace rebuilt at the Special Historical Site-Designated Heijokyu Ruins