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List of International Congresses of Mathematicians Plenary and Invited Speakers

This is a list of International Congresses of Mathematicians Plenary and Invited Speakers. Being invited to talk at an ICM has been called "the equivalent, in this community, of an induction to a hall of fame."[1] (The current list of Plenary and Invited Speakers presented here is based on the ICM's post-WW II terminology, in which the one-hour speakers in the morning sessions are called "Plenary Speakers" and the other speakers (in the afternoon sessions) whose talks are included in the ICM published proceedings are called "Invited Speakers". In the pre-WW II congresses the Plenary Speakers were called "Invited Speakers".

Speakers by year of congressEdit

1897, ZürichEdit

 
Felix Klein

1900, ParisEdit

 
David Hilbert

During the 1900 Congress in Paris, France, David Hilbert (pictured) announced his famous list of Hilbert's problems.[2]

1904, HeidelbergEdit

 
Emile Borel
 
Heinrich Weber

In 1904, in Heidelberg, the 69 invited speakers included Borel, Hadamard, Hilbert, Klein, Levi-Civita, Minkowski, Mittag-Leffler, and Sommerfeld.

1908, RomeEdit

 
Tullio Levi-Civita

The 1908 ICM in Rome had 121 invited speakers included Bernstein, Borel, Brückner, Brouwer, Darboux, Dickson, Fubini, Hadamard, Levi-Civita, Lorenz, Macfarlane, Mittag-Leffler, E.H. Moore, M. Noether, Picard, Poincaré, F. Rietz, Severi, Sommerfeld, and Zermelo. Robert Genese spoke again, this time on "The Method of Reciprocal Polars Applied to Forces in Space" (page 145 of the proceedings).

1912, Cambridge (UK)Edit

 
G. H. Hardy
 
Edward Kasner
 
J. J. Thomson

The 1912 ICM in Cambridge had 103 invited speakers, among them Bateman, Bernstein, Borel, Brouwer, Fehr, Fields, Grossman, Hadamard, Hardy, von Koch, Landau, Littlewood, Love, Macfarlane, E.H. Moore, Morley, Peano, Runge, Thomon, Volterra, Whitehead, and Zermelo.

1920, StrasbourgEdit

 
Jacques Hadamard

The 1920 congress in Strasbourg had only 56 invited speakers, among them Cartan, Dickson, Grossman, Hadamard, Jordan, Lefschetz, Takagi, de la Vallée Poussin, Volterra, and Wiener.

1924, TorontoEdit

 
Arthur Eddington

The 1924 ICM in Toronto had 180 invited speakers, including Bell, Besicovitch, Cartan, Coats, Coker, Dickson, Eddington, Fehr, Fisher, Fréchet, Fubini, Hedrick, Hille, Morley, Ore, Peano, Plancherel, Ricci-Curbastro, H. Rietz, Severi, Sierpiński, Uspensky, and Zaremba.

1928, BolognaEdit

 
George David Birkhoff
 
Stefan Banach
 
Emmy Noether
 
Hermann Weyl
 
Guido Fubini

The 1928 Bologna ICM had 265 invited speakers , including Banach, Bernstein, G.D. Birkhoff, Bompiana, Borel, Cartan, Čech, Courant, Fano, Fields, Fisher, Fréchet, Fubini, Haar, Hadamard, Hilbert, Julia, Lévy, Levi-Civita, Menger, Milne-Thomson, Mordell, Nevanlinna, Neyman, Nikodym, E. Noether, Ore, Plancherel, Pólya, Rademacher, Reidemeister, F. Rietz, Segre, Severi, Sierpiński, Steinhaus, Tarski, Veblen, Vitali, Volterra, Weyl, Whittaker, Zariski, and Zygmund.

1932, ZürichEdit

 
Participants Zürich 1932

The 1932 ICM in Zürich had 258 invited speakers, including Ahlfors, Alexandroff, Bernays, Bernstein, Bieberbach, Borsuk, Carathéodory, both Cartans, Čech, Cesari, de Rham, Delsarte, Fehr, Fraenkel, Hadamard, Hardy, Hasse, Hille, Hopf, Hurewicz, Julia, Krull, Kuratowski, Lévy, Littlewood, Menger, Milne-Thomson, Mordell, Morse, Nevanlinna, E. Noether, Ore, Pauli, Pontryagin, F. Rietz, Seifert, Severi, Sierpiński, Ulam, Volterra, Whitehead, Wiener, Zaremba, and Zygmund.[3]

1936, OsloEdit

There were 191 invited speakers at the 1936 congress in Oslo, among them Ahlfors, Banach, Bateman, both Birkhoffs, Borel, Borsuk, Cartan, Cartwright, Courant, Cramér, Eilenberg, Erdős, Feller, Fréchet, Gelfond, Hesse, Hecke, Hurewicz, Lemaître, McShane, Menger, Mordell, Morley, Morse, both Newmans, Ore, Pólya, Rado, M. Riesz, Selberg, Siegel, Sierpinski, Skolem, Stone, Taussky, Veblen, Whitehead, and Wiener.

 
Samuel Eilenberg
 
Erich Hecke
 
Oswald Veblen

1950, Cambridge (USA)Edit

 
Eberhard Hopf
 
Shiing-Shen Chern

1954, AmsterdamEdit

 
André Weil


At the 1954 Congress of Mathematicians in Amsterdam, Richard Brauer announced his program for the classification of finite simple groups.[6]

1958, EdinburghEdit

Alexander Grothendieck (pictured) in his plenary lecture at the 1958 Congress outlined his programme "to create arithmetic geometry via a (new) reformulation of algebraic geometry, seeking maximal generality."[7]

 
Alexander Grothendieck

1962, StockholmEdit

At the 1962 Congress in Stockholm Kiyosi Itô (pictured) lectured on how to combine differential geometry and stochastic analysis, and this led to major advances in the 60s and 70s.[8]

 
Kiyosi Itô

1966, MoscowEdit

 
John Griggs Thompson
 
Stephen Smale
 
Lennart Carleson

There were thirty-one Invited Addresses (eight in Abstract) at the 1966 congress.[9]

1970, NiceEdit

 
Michael Artin
 
Philip Griffiths
 
David Mumford
 
Pierre Deligne
 
John Horton Conway
 
Alan-Baker

1974, VancouverEdit

 
Jacques Tits
 
Alain Connes
 
William Thurston

1978, HelsinkiEdit

 
Roger Penrose
 
Robert Langlands
 
Shing-Tung Yau

1983, WarsawEdit

 
René Thom
 
Efim Zelmanov
 
Pierre-Louis Lions
 
Jean Bourgain

1986, BerkeleyEdit

 
Gerd Faltings
 
Edward Witten

1990, KyotoEdit

 
Grigorji Margulis
 
Vaughan Jones
 
Curtis T. McMullen
 
Jean-Christophe Yoccoz
 
Shigefumi Mori

1994, ZürichEdit

 
Andrew Wiles
 
Grigori Perelman
 
Richard Borcherds
 
Maxim Kontsevich

1998, BerlinEdit

 
Laurent Lafforgue
 
Vladimir Voevodsky
 
Michael Freedman
 
Simon Donaldson

2002, BeijingEdit

2006, MadridEdit

 
Alice Guionnet
 
Terence Tao
 
Wendelin Werner
 
Elon Lindenstrauss
 
Stanislav Smirnov
 
Cedric Villani

The 2006 ICM in Madrid attracted several thousand mathematicians.[10]

2010, HyderabadEdit

 
Artur Ávila
 
Ngô Bảo Châu
 
S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan
 
Maryam Mirzakhani

2014, SeoulEdit

 
Martin Hairer
 
Alessio Figalli
 
Peter Scholze
 
John Milnor
 
Manjul Bhargava

2018, Rio de JaneiroEdit

 
Andrei Okounkov
 
Laszlo Babai
 
James Maynard
 
Maryna Vazovska
 
Mamokgethi Phakeng
 
Gil Kalai

The most invited speakersEdit

This list inventories the mathematicians who were the most invited to speak to an ICM.

Rank Name # Years Nationality
1 Jacques Hadamard 9 1897, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1920, 1928, 1932, 1950   France
2 Émile Borel 7 1897, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1928, 1936   France
2 Jules Drach 7 1900, 1912, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936   France
4 Elie Cartan 6 1900, 1920, 1924, 1928, 1932, 1936   France
4 Gino Loria 6 1897, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1928, 1932   Italy
4 Vito Volterra 6 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912, 1920, 1928   Italy
7 Henri Fehr 5 1904, 1908, 1912, 1924, 1932    Switzerland
7 Rudolf Fueter 5 1920, 1924 , 1928, 1932, 1936    Switzerland
7 Yuri Manin 5 1966, 1970 , 1978, 1986, 1990   Russia   Germany
7 Mihailo Petrović 5 1908, 1912, 1924 , 1928, 1932   Serbia
7 Cyparissos Stephanos 5 1897, 1900, 1904, 1908, 1912   Greece
7 Carl Størmer 5 1908,1920, 1924, 1932, 1936   Norway
7 Gheorghe Țițeica 5 1908, 1912, 1924, 1932, 1936   Romania

The most invited speakers after 1950Edit

This list inventories the mathematicians who were the most invited to speak to an ICM after 1950.

Rank Name # Years Nationality
1 Yuri Manin 5 1966, 1970, 1978, 1986, 1990   Russia   Germany
2 Vladimir Arnold 4 1958, 1966, 1974, 1983   Russia
2 Michael Atiyah 4 1962, 1966, 1970, 1978   United Kingdom
2 Simon Donaldson 4 1983, 1986, 1998, 2018   United Kingdom
2 Mikhail Gromov 4 1970, 1978, 1983, 1986   Russia   France
2 Goro Shimura 4 1958, 1966, 1970, 1978   Japan
2 Yakov Sinai 4 1962, 1970, 1978, 1990   Russia   United States
8 Paul Erdős 3 (4) (1936,) 1950, 1954, 1983   Hungary
8 Beniamino Segre 3 (4) (1928,) 1950, 1954, 1958   Italy
10 Aldo Andreotti 3 1950, 1962, 1970   Italy
10 James Arthur 3 1983, 1998, 2014   Canada
10 László Babai 3 1990, 1994, 2018   Hungary
10 Jean Bourgain 3 1983, 1986, 1994   Belgium
10 Alberto Calderón 3 1950, 1966, 1978   Argentina
10 Lennart Carleson 3 1962, 1966, 1990   Sweden
10 Shiing-Shen Chern 3 1950, 1958, 1970   China   United States
10 Alain Connes 3 1974, 1978, 1986   France
10 John Conway 3 1970, 1978, 1994   United Kingdom
10 Roland Dobrushin 3 1974, 1978, 1990   Russia
10 Eugene Dynkin 3 1962, 1970, 1974   Soviet Union   United States
10 Yakov Eliashberg 3 1986, 1998, 2006   United States
10 Jürg Fröhlich 3 1978, 1986, 1994    Switzerland
10 Frederick Gehring 3 1966, 1974, 1986   United States
10 Israel Gelfand 3 1954, 1962, 1970   Russia
10 Étienne Ghys 3 1990, 2006, 2014   France
10 Hans Grauert 3 1958, 1962, 1966   Germany
10 Henryk Iwaniec 3 1978, 1986, 2006   Poland   United States
10 Kazuya Kato 3 1990, 2002, 2006   Japan
10 Carlos Kenig 3 1986, 2002, 2010   Argentina   United States
10 Harry Kesten 3 1970, 1983, 2002   United States
10 Olga Ladyzhenskaya 3 1966, 1983, 1994   Russia
10 Peter Lax 3 1966, 1970, 1983   United States
10 Jacques-Louis Lions 3 1958, 1970, 1974   France
10 Pierre-Louis Lions 3 1983, 1990, 1994   France
10 George Lusztig 3 1974, 1983, 1990   Romania   United States
10 Yves Meyer 3 1970, 1983, 1990   France
10 John Milnor 3 1958, 1962, 2014   United States
10 Jürgen Moser 3 1962, 1978, 1998   Germany   United States
10 David Mumford 3 1962, 1970, 2002   United States
10 Sergei Novikov 3 1966, 1970, 1978   Russia
10 Ilya Piatetski-Shapiro 3 1966, 1978, 2002   Russia   Israel
10 Wolfgang M. Schmidt 3 1970, 1974, 1983   Austria
10 Richard Schoen 3 1983, 1986, 2010   United States
10 Saharon Shelah 3 1974, 1983, 1986   Israel
10 Yum-Tong Siu 3 1978, 1983, 2002   China
10 Stephen Smale 3 1962, 1966, 1986   United States
10 Daniel Spielman 3 2002, 2010, 2014   United States
10 Elias M. Stein 3 1962, 1970, 1986   United States
10 Dennis Sullivan 3 1970, 1986, 1974   United States
10 Andrei Suslin 3 1978, 1986, 1994   Russia
10 Clifford Taubes 3 1986, 1994, 1998   United States
10 René Thom 3 1958, 1970, 1983   France
10 John G. Thompson 3 1962, 1966, 1970   United States
10 Jacques Tits 3 1962, 1970, 1974   Belgium   France
10 S. R. Srinivasa Varadhan 3 1978, 1994, 2010   United States
10 Jean-Loup Waldspurger 3 1983, 1994, 2014   France
10 André Weil 3 1950, 1954, 1978   France

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Castelvecchi, Davide (7 October 2015). "The biggest mystery in mathematics: Shinichi Mochizuki and the impenetrable proof". Nature. 526: 178–181. doi:10.1038/526178a. PMID 26450038.
  2. ^ Scott, Charlotte Angas (1900). "The International Congress of Mathematicians in Paris" (PDF). Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 7 (2): 57–79. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1900-00768-3.
  3. ^ Richardson, R. G. D. (1932). "International Congress of Mathematicians, Zurich, 1932". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 38: 769–774. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1932-05491-X.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Richardson, R. G. D. (1932). "International Congress of Mathematicians, Zurich, 1932". Bull. Amer. Math. Soc. 38: 769–774. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1932-05491-X.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u Morse, Marston. "The international Congress in Oslo." Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society 42, no. 11 (1936): 777–781. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1936-06421-9
  6. ^ Carl B. Boyer; Uta C. Merzbach (25 January 2011). A History of Mathematics (PDF). John Wiley & Sons. p. 592. ISBN 978-0-470-63056-3.
  7. ^ Cartier, Pierre (2004), "Un pays dont on ne connaîtrait que le nom (Grothendieck et les " motifs ")" (PDF), in Cartier, Pierre; Charraud, Nathalie (eds.), Réel en mathématiques-psychanalyse et mathématiques (in French), Editions Agalma, archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29, English translation: A country of which nothing is known but the name: Grothendieck and "motives" .
  8. ^ Jean-Paul Pier (September 2000). Development of Mathematics 1950-2000. Springer Science & Business Media. p. 437. ISBN 978-3-7643-6280-5.
  9. ^ Thirty-one Invited Address (eight in Abstract) at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Moscow, 1966. American Mathematical Society Translations - Series 2. American Mathematical Society. 1968.
  10. ^ International Congress of Mathematicians 2006
See also

External linksEdit