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David Kazhdan (Hebrew: דוד קשדן) or Každan, Kazhdan, formerly named Dmitry Aleksandrovich Kazhdan (until he left the Soviet Union; Russian: Дми́трий Александро́вич Кажда́н), is a Soviet and Israeli mathematician known for work in representation theory.
|Alma mater||Moscow State University|
|Known for||Kazhdan–Lusztig polynomial|
Kazhdan's property (T)
|Institutions||Hebrew University of Jerusalem|
|Doctoral advisor||Alexandre Kirillov|
|Doctoral students||Alexander Polishchuk|
Kazhdan was born on 20 June 1946 in Moscow, USSR. His father is Alexander Kazhdan. He earned a doctorate under Alexandre Kirillov in 1969 and was a member of Israel Gelfand's school of mathematics. He is Jewish, and emigrated from the Soviet Union to take a position at Harvard University in 1975. He changed his name from Dmitri Aleksandrovich to David and became an Orthodox Jew around that time.
On October 6, 2013, Kazhdan was critically injured in a car accident while riding a bicycle in Jerusalem.
He is known for collaboration with Israel Gelfand, Victor Kac, George Lusztig (on the Kazhdan–Lusztig conjecture on Verma modules), with Grigory Margulis (Kazhdan–Margulis theorem), with Yuval Flicker and S. J. Patterson on the representations of metaplectic groups. Kazhdan's property (T) is widely used in representation theory.
Kazhdan held a MacArthur Fellowship from 1990 to 1995. He was the doctoral advisor of Vladimir Voevodsky, a recipient of the Fields Medal, one of the highest awards in mathematics. Kazhdan has been a member of United States National Academy of Sciences since 1990, of the Israel Academy of Sciences since 2006, and of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences since 2008. In 2012, he was awarded the Israel Prize, the country's highest academic honor, for mathematics and computer science.
- Quantum fields and strings: a course for mathematicians. Vol. 1, 2. Material from the Special Year on Quantum Field Theory held at the Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ, 1996–1997. Edited by Pierre Deligne, Pavel Etingof, Daniel S. Freed, Lisa C. Jeffrey, David Kazhdan, John W. Morgan, David R. Morrison and Edward Witten. American Mathematical Society, Providence, RI; Institute for Advanced Study (IAS), Princeton, NJ, 1999. Vol. 1: xxii+723 pp.; Vol. 2: pp. i--xxiv and 727–1501. ISBN 0-8218-1198-3, 81-06 (81T30 81Txx)
- The MacArthur Fellows Program: the first decade, 1981-1991. 1993. p. 180.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-09-21. Retrieved 2012-04-15.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)