|Died||January 30, 1998 (aged 84)|
New York City, United States
|Citizenship||Russian, Polish, American|
|Alma mater||University of Warsaw|
|Known for||Eilenberg–Steenrod axioms|
|Awards||Wolf Prize (1986)|
Leroy P. Steele Prize (1987)
|Thesis||On the Topological Applications of Maps onto a Circle (1936)|
|Doctoral advisors||Kazimierz Kuratowski|
|Doctoral students||Jonathan Beck|
Early life and educationEdit
He earned his Ph.D. from University of Warsaw in 1936, with thesis On the Topological Applications of Maps onto a Circle; his thesis advisors were Kazimierz Kuratowski and Karol Borsuk. He died in New York City in January 1998.
Eilenberg's main body of work was in algebraic topology. He worked on the axiomatic treatment of homology theory with Norman Steenrod (whose names the Eilenberg–Steenrod axioms bear), and on homological algebra with Saunders Mac Lane. In the process, Eilenberg and Mac Lane created category theory.
Later in life he worked mainly in pure category theory, being one of the founders of the field. The Eilenberg swindle (or telescope) is a construction applying the telescoping cancellation idea to projective modules.
Eilenberg contributed to automata theory and algebraic automata theory. In particular, he introduced a model of computation called X-machine and a new prime decomposition algorithm for finite state machines in the vein of Krohn–Rhodes theory.
Eilenberg was also a prominent collector of Asian art. His collection mainly consisted of small sculptures and other artifacts from India, Indonesia, Nepal, Thailand, Cambodia, Sri Lanka and Central Asia. In 1991–1992, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York staged an exhibition from more than 400 items that Eilenberg had donated to the museum, entitled The Lotus Transcendent: Indian and Southeast Asian Art From the Samuel Eilenberg Collection. In reciprocity, the Metropolitan Museum of Art donated substantially to the endowment of the Samuel Eilenberg Visiting Professorship in Mathematics at Columbia University.
- Eilenberg, Samuel (1974). Automata, Languages and Machines, Volume A. ISBN 0-12-234001-9.
- Eilenberg, Samuel (1976). Automata, Languages and Machines, Volume B. ISBN 0-12-234002-7.
- Eilenberg, Samuel; Ganea, Tudor (1957). "On the Lusternik-Schnirelmann category of abstract groups". Annals of Mathematics. 2nd Series. 65 (3): 517–518. doi:10.2307/1970062. JSTOR 1970062. MR 0085510.
- Eilenberg, Samuel; Mac Lane, Saunders (1945). "Relations between homology and homotopy groups of spaces". Annals of Mathematics. 46 (3): 480–509. doi:10.2307/1969165. JSTOR 1969165.
- Eilenberg, Samuel; Mac Lane, Saunders (1950). "Relations between homology and homotopy groups of spaces. II". Annals of Mathematics. 51 (3): 514–533. doi:10.2307/1969365. JSTOR 1969365.
- Eilenberg, Samuel; Moore, John C. (1962), "Limits and spectral sequences", Topology, 1 (1): 1–23, doi:10.1016/0040-9383(62)90093-9, ISSN 0040-9383
- Eilenberg, Samuel; Niven, Ivan (1944). "The "fundamental theorem of algebra" for quaternions". Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. 50 (4): 246–248. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1944-08125-1. MR 0009588.
- Eilenberg, Samuel; Steenrod, Norman E. (1945). "Axiomatic approach to homology theory". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 31 (4): 117–120. Bibcode:1945PNAS...31..117E. doi:10.1073/pnas.31.4.117. PMC 1078770. PMID 16578143.
- Eilenberg, Samuel; Steenrod, Norman E. (1952). Foundations of algebraic topology. Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press. MR 0050886.
- Samuel Eilenberg at the Mathematics Genealogy Project
- Mac Lane, Saunders (1956). "Review: Homological algebra, by Henri Cartan and Samuel Eilenberg". Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. 62 (6): 615–624. doi:10.1090/S0002-9904-1956-10082-7.
- Pace, Eric (February 3, 1998), "Samuel Eilenberg, 84, Dies; Mathematician at Columbia", The New York Times
- Bass, Hyman; Cartan, Henri; Freyd, Peter; Heller, Alex; Mac Lane, Saunders (1998). "Samuel Eilenberg (1913–1998)" (PDF). Notices of the American Mathematical Society. 45 (10): 1344–1352.
- Spanier, Edwin H. (1958). "Review: Foundations of Algebraic Topology, by S. Eilenberg and N. Steenrod". Bulletin of the American Mathematical Society. 64 (4): 190–192. doi:10.1090/s0002-9904-1958-10204-9.