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FC Dynamo Moscow

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Dynamo Moscow
FC Dynamo Moscow crest.png
Full name Футбольный клуб Динамо Москва
(Football Club Dynamo Moscow)
Nickname(s) Belo-golubye (White-blues)
Dinamiki (Loudspeakers)
Musora (Cops)
Founded 18 April 1923; 94 years ago (1923-04-18)
Ground Arena Khimki VTB Arena
Ground Capacity 18,636
Owner Dynamo Sports Society
Chairman Yevgeni Muravyov
Manager Yuriy Kalitvintsev
League Russian Football National League
2015–16 Russian Football Premier League, 15th (relegated)
Website Club home page
Current season

FC Dynamo Moscow (Dinamo Moscow, FC Dinamo Moskva,[1] Russian: Дина́мо Москва́ [dʲɪˈnamə mɐˈskva]) is a Russian football club based in Khimki, Moscow Oblast, currently playing in the Russian Football National League. It will return to the Russian Premier League for the 2017-18 season.[2]

Dynamo is the oldest Russian football club and it was the only one that had always played in the top tier of Soviet football (along with Dynamo Kyiv) and of Russian football from the end of the Soviet era until they were relegated in 2016. Despite this, it has never won the modern Russian Premier League title.

During the Soviet era, it was affiliated with the MVD (Ministry of Internal Affairs – The Soviet Militia) and with the KGB[3][4] and was a part of Dynamo sports society. Chief of the Soviet security and secret police apparatus NKVD, Lavrentiy Beria, was a patron of the club until his downfall.

From 10 April 2009 the VTB Bank has been the owner of Dynamo after acquiring a 74% share in the club.[5] Boris Rotenberg Sr. was chairman until he resigned on 17 July 2015.[6] On 29 December 2016, Dynamo Sports Society agreed to buy VTB Bank shares back for 1 ruble.[7]

Dynamo's traditional colours are blue and white. Their crest consists of a blue letter "D," written in a traditional cursive style on a white background, with "Moscow" written below it, partially covering a football underneath. The club's motto is "Power in Motion," initially proposed by Maxim Gorky, the famous Russian author, who was once an active member of the Dynamo sports society.

Contents

HistoryEdit

 
Commemorative coin of Lev Yashin, the legendary goalkeeper of the team.

Dynamo Moscow has its roots in the club Morozovtsi Orekhovo-Zuevo Moskva founded as a factory team in 1887. The team was renamed OKS Moskva in 1906 and won a series of Moscow league championships from 1910 to 1914.

After the Russian Revolution, the club eventually found itself under the authority of the Interior Ministry and its head Felix Dzerzhinsky, chief of the Cheka, the Soviet Union's secret police. The club was renamed Dynamo Moscow in 1923 but was also referred to disparagingly as "garbage", a Russian criminal slang term for "police", by some of the supporters of other clubs.

Dynamo won the first two Soviet Championships in 1936 and 1937, a Soviet Cup in 1937, and another pair of national titles in 1940 and 1945. They were also the first Soviet club to tour the West when it played a series of friendlies in the United Kingdom in 1945. Complete unknowns to the British, the Soviet players first drew 3–3 against Chelsea and then defeated Cardiff City 1–10. They defeated an Arsenal side reinforced with Stanley Matthews, Stan Mortensen and Joe Bacuzzi by a score of 3–4 in a match played in thick fog at White Hart Lane. They drew 2–2 against Scottish side Rangers.

They continued to be a strong side at home after World War II, and enjoyed their greatest success through the 1950s. Dynamo captured another five championships between 1949 and 1959, as well as their second Soviet Cup in 1953. Honours were harder to come by after that time. The club continued to enjoy some success in the Soviet Cup, but has not won a national championship since 1976. Even so, Dynamo's 11 national titles make it the country's third-most decorated side behind Dynamo Kyiv (13 titles) and Spartak Moscow (12 titles).

Dynamo's greatest achievement in Europe was in the 1971–72 European Cup Winners' Cup, where they reached the Final at Camp Nou in Barcelona, losing 3–2 to Rangers. This was the first time a Russian side had reached a final in a European competition, a feat not repeated until CSKA Moscow won the UEFA Cup in 2005.

VTB Bank era (2009–2016)Edit

At the end of the 2008 season, Dynamo finished third, qualifying for the 2009–10 Champions League preliminary round. On 29 July 2009, Dynamo recorded a 0–1 away win against Celtic at Celtic Park,[8] which gave them a strong advantage going into the second leg. However, Celtic comfortably defeated Dynamo 0–2 in Moscow to progress,[9] sending Dynamo into the Europa League play-off round where the club was eliminated by Bulgarian side CSKA Sofia after a 0–0 away draw in Sofia and a 1–2 home defeat in Moscow.

In 2012, after a poor start to the season in which it lost its first five league games, Dynamo replaced interim manager Dmitri Khokhlov with the Romanian Dan Petrescu, who managed to pull the club out of the relegation zone into a position in the upper-half of the league table. The team was close to qualifying for a place in European competition, but a failure to win in the last matchday left them in seventh, two points below the last Europa League qualifier position. Despite his efforts, Petrescu's contract was terminated on 8 April 2014 by mutual agreement after a heavy loss to league outsiders Anzhi Makhachkala 0–4.[10] As Dynamo Director of Sports Guram Adzhoyev stated, "Last year Dan drew the team from the complicated situation, lifted it to the certain level, but recently we have seen no progress."[11] Petrescu was replaced by Stanislav Cherchesov as manager. Under his management, Dynamo qualified for the group stage of the 2014–15 UEFA Europa League in which they won every game before falling to Napoli in the Round of 16. Dynamo was only able to finish in fourth place in the 2014–15 season after a string of poor results in the latter stages.

In June 2015, Dynamo was excluded from 2015–16 Europa League competition for violating Financial Fair Play break-even requirements.[12][13] As a result, VTB Bank proposed to transfer 74 percent of the shares of the club to the Dynamo sports society. Under the proposed plan, the society would own 100 percent of shares of Dynamo as it did in 2009, while the shares of the VTB Arena would still be held by the Bank. The move would allow the club to comply with the requirements of Financial Fair Play, and VTB Bank would continue to provide support to Dynamo to the extent consistent with Financial Fair Play regulations.

Manager Stanislav Cherchesov was replaced by the returning Andrey Kobelev, and many foreign players, such as Mathieu Valbuena, Balázs Dzsudzsák and Kevin Kurányi, subsequently left Dynamo. Several young Dynamo prospects, such as Grigori Morozov, Aleksandr Tashayev and Anatoli Katrich, who won the Under-21 competition in the 2014–15 season, were introduced to the first-team squad.

On 22 December 2015, Chairman of Dynamo's board of directors Vasili Titov announced that the shares had not been transferred to the Dynamo society; that FFP compliance rather than the share transfer was the top priority for the club; and that he expected the club to achieve compliance by April 2016.[14]

After the winter break of the 2015–16 season, the club results got much worse. Dynamo won only one game out of 12 played in 2016, Kobelev was fired with 3 games left, and on the final day of the season, Dynamo lost 0-3 to FC Zenit St. Petersburg at home, dropped to 15th place in the table and was relegated from the Premier League for the first time in history.

In October 2016, with Dynamo leading the second-tier Russian Football National League at the time, the newly appointed club president Yevgeni Muravyov claimed that club's debts stand at 13 billion rubles (approximately 188 million euros) and unless a new owner is found shortly or VTB re-commits to covering the club's debts, the club might declare bankruptcy. That would most likely mean the loss of professional license and relegation to the fourth-level Russian Amateur Football League.[15]

Dynamo Society era (since 2016)Edit

On 29 December 2016, Dynamo Sports Society agreed to buy VTB Bank shares back for 1 ruble.[7] On 13 January 2017, VTB Bank announced they will sponsor Dynamo Sports Society to the amount of 10.64 billion rubles for the period from 2017 to 2019 (approximately 167 million euros as of that date). HC Dynamo Moscow and other teams of the society will also be financed under that deal.[16] On 1 February 2017, former club president Boris Rotenberg said that the 75 million euro debt the football club owes to Rotenberg's companies has been restructured and "is not harming anybody".[17] On 12 April 2017, with 7 games left to play in the 2016–17 season, Dynamo secured the return to the top level Russian Premier League for 2017–18. That is the FNL record for the earliest a team secured promotion.[2]

RivalriesEdit

 
Spartak vs Dinamo in Luzhnikí on 14 March 2010.

Since its establishment in 1923, Dynamo's historical rival has been Spartak Moscow. Clashes between the clubs were seen by their fans and more generally as the most important games in the Soviet Union for more than three decades, attracting thousands of spectators. (Ironically, however, on New Year's Day in 1936, it was a combined Dynamo-Spartak team that traveled to Paris to face Racing Club de France, then one of Europe's top teams.) Dynamo clinched the first-ever Soviet League by beating Spartak 1–0 at Dynamo Stadium in front of 70,000 spectators. Spartak responded by winning the championship the following year. But after Dynamo's decline in the late 1970s, the rivalry has faded. Since the collapse of the Soviet Union, first CSKA Moscow and then Zenit Saint Petersburg have emerged as the top clubs in Russian football, with the rivalries between Dynamo and its Moscow neighbours such as Spartak Moscow and Lokomotiv assuming less significance.

StadiumEdit

 
View of the historical Dynamo Stadium, home of Dynamo from 1928 to 2008. In 2011, it was demolished in preparation for a new stadium to be built, which will be known as the VTB Arena.

Dynamo's ground used to be the historic Dynamo Stadium in Petrovsky Park, which seats 36,540. In 2008, it was closed for demolition. It is to be replaced by VTB Arena in 2017, which will have a capacity of 27,000 (adjustable up to 45,000). Until its completion, Dynamo has been sharing Arena Khimki with rivals CSKA Moscow since 2010, before the new ground for the latter, Arena CSKA, was completed in 2016.

Average attendanceEdit

Year Average
1970 30,331
1971 28,833
1972 21,787
1973 19,967
1974 24,333
1975 23,327
1976 15,529
1977 17,667
1978 8,987
1979 10,147
1980 10,088
1981 10,804
1982 8,853
1983 8,576
1984 9,359
1985 9,129
Year Average
1986 13,527
1987 16,507
1988 11,600
1989 13,813
1990 9,233
1991 7,627
1992 4,323
1993 4,465
1994 2,882
1995 3,713
1996 3,476
1997 6,000
1998 5,127
1999 8,367
2000 8,867
Year Average
2001 6,933
2002 6,800
2003 6,600
2004 5,300
2005 8,500
2006 8,067
2007 9,733
2008 13,067
2009 7,752
2010 7,116
2011-12 10,193
2012-13 7,516
2013-14 7,860
2014-15 8,176
2015–16 5,956

HonoursEdit

League and cup historyEdit

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe Top Scorer Head Coach
1992 1st 3 26 14 6 6 55 29 34 UC 3rd round (Last 16)     Gasimov – 16     Gazzaev
1993 1st 3 34 16 10 8 65 38 42 Semi-finals UC 3rd round (Last 16)     Simutenkov – 16     Gazzaev
    Golodets
1994 1st 2 30 13 13 4 55 35 39 Semi-finals UC 1st round     Simutenkov – 21     Beskov
1995 1st 4 30 16 8 6 45 29 56 Winner UC 2nd round (Last 32)     Terekhin – 11     Beskov
    Golodets
1996 1st 4 34 20 7 7 60 35 67 Semi-finals CWC Quarter-finals     Cheryshev – 17     Golodets
1997 1st 3 34 19 11 4 50 20 68 Runner-Up UC 1st round     Terekhin – 17     Golodets
1998 1st 9 30 8 15 7 31 30 39 Quarter-finals     Terekhin – 12     Golodets
    Yartsev
1999 1st 5 30 12 8 10 44 41 44 Runner-Up UC 2nd round (Last 32)     Terekhin – 14     Yartsev
    Petrushin
2000 1st 5 30 14 8 8 45 35 50 Quarter-finals   Gusev – 12     Gazzaev
2001 1st 9 30 10 8 12 43 51 38 Round of 16 UC 1st round   Khazov – 10     Gazzaev
    Novikov
2002 1st 8 30 12 6 12 38 33 42 Quarter-finals UC 2nd round   Koroman – 6     Novikov
    Prokopenko
2003 1st 6 30 12 10 8 42 29 46 Round of 32   Bulykin – 9     Prokopenko
  Hřebík
2004 1st 13 30 6 11 13 27 38 29 Round of 16   Korchagin – 4   Hřebík
    Bondarenko
    Romantsev
2005 1st 8 30 12 2 16 36 46 38 Round of 16   Derlei – 13     Romantsev
  Wortmann
    Kobelev
2006 1st 14 30 8 10 12 31 40 34 Quarter-finals   Derlei – 7     Semin
    Kobelev
2007 1st 6 30 11 8 11 37 35 41 Quarter-finals   Kolodin – 9     Kobelev
2008 1st 3 30 15 9 6 41 29 54 Round of 16   Kerzhakov – 7     Kobelev
2009 1st 8 30 12 6 12 31 37 42 Semi-finals CL
EL
3rd qualifying round
Play-off round
  Kerzhakov – 12     Kobelev
2010 1st 7 30 9 13 8 39 31 40 Round of 8   Kurányi – 9     Kobelev
  Božović
2011–12 1st 4 44 20 12 12 66 50 72 Runner-Up   Kurányi – 13   Božović
    Silkin
2012–13 1st 7 30 14 6 10 41 34 48 Quarter-finals EL PO   Kurányi – 10
  Kokorin - 10
    Silkin
    Khokhlov
  Petrescu
2013–14 1st 4 30 15 7 8 54 37 52 Round of 32   Kokorin – 10   Petrescu
    Cherchesov
2014–15 1st 4 30 14 8 8 53 36 50 Round of 16   Kurányi – 10     Cherchesov
2015–16 1st 15 30 5 10 15 25 47 25 Quarter-finals EL Disqualified   Kokorin – 4
  Ionov – 4
  Kozlov – 4
    Kobelev
2016–17 2nd 38 Round of 16 TBD     Kalitvintsev

European campaignsEdit

Season Round Competition Country Opposing Team Score Venue
1972 RU Cup Winners' Cup   Rangers 2–3 Camp Nou, Barcelona
1978 SF Cup Winners' Cup   Austria Wien 3–3 on aggregate, 4–5(p) Two-legged
1985 SF Cup Winners' Cup   Rapid Wien 2–4 on aggregate Two-legged

UEFA rankingEdit

As of 14 December 2016[21]
Rank Country Team Points
75   Eintracht Frankfurt 27.299
76   Dynamo Moscow 27.246
77   Torino 26.999

PlayersEdit

Current squadEdit

As of 24 February 2017, according to the FNL official website Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1   GK Anton Shunin
2   DF Grigori Morozov
3   DF Sebastian Holmén
4   DF Vladimir Rykov
5   DF Vitali Dyakov
8   FW Kirill Panchenko
9   FW Pavel Pogrebnyak
10   MF Aleksandr Zotov
11   DF Ivan Temnikov
12   DF Dmitri Belorukov
13   DF Sergei Terekhov
14   FW Ivan Markelov
21   FW Fatos Bećiraj
22   GK Igor Leshchuk
No. Position Player
23   MF Anton Sosnin
25   DF Aleksei Kozlov
26   DF Nikita Kalugin
41   MF Aleksandr Sapeta
42   GK Sergei Narubin
43   GK Stanislav Cherchesov Jr.
48   FW Yevgeni Lutsenko
77   MF Anatoli Katrich
87   MF Valeri Saramutin
88   MF Aleksandr Tashayev
90   FW Nikolay Obolsky
96   MF Maksim Kuzmin
98   FW Anton Terekhov
  MF Aleksei Ionov

FC Dynamo-2 MoscowEdit

Following Dynamo's relegation from the Russian Football Premier League (which holds its own competition for the Under-21 teams of the Premier League clubs) at the end of the 2015–16 season, the reserve squad FC Dynamo-2 Moscow received professional license and was registered to play in the third-tier Russian Professional Football League, beginning with the 2016–17 season.

Notable playersEdit

For details of Dynamo Moscow players with a Wikipedia article, see List of FC Dynamo Moscow players.

Most appearancesEdit

R Player Nat. App.
1 Aleksandr Novikov     327
2 Lev Yashin   326
3 Valery Maslov     319
4 Aleksandr Makhovikov     287
5 Gennady Yevryuzhikhin     283
6 Viktor Anichkin   282
7 Sergei Nikulin     280
8 Viktor Tsaryov     279
9 Andrei Kobelev     253
10 Aleksei Petrushin     244

Most goalsEdit

R Player Nat. Goals
1 Sergei Solovyov   127
2 Konstantin Beskov     91
3 Vasili Kartsev   72
4 Valery Gazzaev     70
5 Igor Chislenko     68
6 Oleg Teryokhin     67
7 Vasili Trofimov     67
8 Vladimir Ilyin     63
9 Vladimir Savdunin     62
10 Vladimir Kozlov     54

One-Club MenEdit

Player Nationality Position Debut Last Match
Vasili Trofimov   FW 1931 1949
Lev Yashin   GK 1949 1971
Viktor Tsarev     MF 1955 1966
Eduard Mudrik     DF 1957 1968
Vladimir Kesarev     DF 1956 1965
Nikolai Tolstykh     DF 1977 1983

Coaching and medical staffEdit

Role Name
Head coach   Yuriy Kalitvintsev
Assistant manager   Hennadiy Lytovchenko
Assistant manager   Yuri Kovtun
GK coach   Roman Berezovsky
GK coach   Nikolai Gontar
Director of sports Vacant
Team manager   Aleksandr Udaltsov
Administrative Manager   Gennady Samodurov
Press Office   Konstantin Alekseev
Youth team head coach   Sergei Chikishev
Physiotherapist   Sergio de San Martin

Former head coachesEdit

FC Dynamo Moscow coaching history from 1936 to present

GalleryEdit

PersonnelEdit

Club managementEdit

Role Name
Chairman of the Board of directors Vladimir Pronichev
General Director Yevgeni Muravyov
International Affairs and Development Director Alexey Smertin
Player Development Director Sergei Silkin
Security Director Pavel Konovalov

PresidentsEdit

In the Dynamo organization, the position of "president" has not always been present; several times the head of the club was titled as "chief executive officer (CEO)."

 
Nikolai Tolstykh, president of Russian Football Union since 2012. Tolstykh played his entire professional career for Dynamo from 1974 to his retirement in 1983 after a serious injury. After retiring, he served as the team's president and general director on numerous occasions.
Date Position/name
President
1989—1990     Vladimir Pilguy
President
1991—1992     Valery Sysoev
1993—1997     Nikolai Tolstykh
General director
1998     Nikolai Tolstykh
President
1999     Nikolai Tolstykh
General director
2000—2001     Nikolai Tolstykh
2002     Vladimir Ulyanov
2002—2006     Yuri Zavarzin
2006—2009     Dmitry Ivanov
President
2009—2012     Yuri Isaev
2012—2013     Gennady Solovyov
2013—2015     Boris Rotenberg Sr.
General director
2015—2016     Sergey Sysoyev
2016—     Yevgeni Muravyov

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ uefa.com FC Dinamo Moskva
  2. ^ a b «Динамо-Москва» возвращается в Премьер-лигу с рекордом ФНЛ! (in Russian). Russian Football National League. 12 April 2017. 
  3. ^ James Appell (14 August 2008). "Kiev make mincemeat of Spartak". ESPN Soccernet. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  4. ^ Franklin Mossop, Lawrence Booth and Matthew Cunningham (8 May 2003). "Men behaving badly". The Guardian. Retrieved 22 December 2010. 
  5. ^ ВТБ получил 74 процента акций московского "Динамо"
  6. ^ Борис Ротенберг покидает пост президента (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 17 July 2015. 
  7. ^ a b ВФСО "Динамо" приняло решение купить акции одноименного футбольного клуба у банка ВТБ (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 29 December 2016. 
  8. ^ McDaid, David (29 July 2009). "Celtic 0–1 Dynamo Moscow". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  9. ^ McDaid, David (5 August 2009). "D'mo Moscow 0–2 Celtic (agg 1–2)". BBC Sport. British Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved 26 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "Match protocol" (in Russian). Russian Football Premier League. 6 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Динамо" расторгло контракт с Даном Петреску (in Russian). FC Dynamo Moscow. 8 April 2014. 
  12. ^ "FC Dinamo Moskva referred to Adjudicatory Chamber for break-even requirement breach". UEFA. 24 April 2015. 
  13. ^ УЕФА отстранил "Динамо" от участия в ЛЕ-2015/16 за нарушение финансового fair play (in Russian). Rossiya Segodnya. 19 June 2015. 
  14. ^ Василий Титов: ФК "Динамо" будет соответствовать правилам финансового fair-play к апрелю (in Russian). Russian News Agency TASS. 22 December 2015. 
  15. ^ Евгений Муравьев: Не знал, насколько в «Динамо» все сложно (in Russian). Sovetsky Sport. 14 October 2016. 
  16. ^ ВТБ предоставляет обществу "Динамо" спонсорский вклад в 10,6 млрд руб (in Russian). RIA Novosti. 13 January 2017. 
  17. ^ Ротенберг заявил, что долг ФК "Динамо" перед ним "никому не мешает" (in Russian). Russian News Agency TASS. 1 February 2017. 
  18. ^ "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Champions". rsssf.com. 
  19. ^ "USSR (Soviet Union) - List of Cup Finals". rsssf.com. 
  20. ^ "Russia - Cup Finals". rsssf.com. 
  21. ^ UEFA Club Coefficients – UEFA.com

External linksEdit