Sergei Vadimovich Stepashin (Russian: Серге́й Вади́мович Степа́шин; born 2 March 1952) is a Russian politician who briefly served as Prime Minister of Russia in 1999. Prior to this he had been appointed as federal security minister by President Boris Yeltsin in 1994, a position from which he resigned from in 1995 as a consequence of the Budyonnovsk hospital hostage crisis. Subsequent to his tenure as Prime Minister he served as Chairman of the Accounts Chamber of Russia from 2000 until 2013.
|Prime Minister of Russia|
12 May 1999 – 9 August 1999
|Preceded by||Yevgeny Primakov|
|Succeeded by||Vladimir Putin|
|First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia|
27 April 1999 – 19 May 1999
|Prime Minister||Yevgeny Primakov|
Acting PM himself
|Preceded by||Vadim Gustov|
|Succeeded by||Nikolai Aksyonenko|
|Minister of Internal Affairs|
30 March 1998 – 12 May 1999
|Prime Minister||Sergey Kiriyenko|
|Preceded by||Anatoly Kulikov|
|Succeeded by||Vladimir Rushaylo|
|Minister of Justice|
2 July 1997 – 30 March 1998
|Prime Minister||Viktor Chernomyrdin|
|Preceded by||Valentin Kovalev|
|Succeeded by||Pavel Krasheninnikov|
|Director of the Federal Security Service|
2 March 1994 – 30 June 1995
|Preceded by||Nikolai Golushko|
|Succeeded by||Mikhail Barsukov|
Sergei Vadimovich Stepashin
2 March 1952
Port-Arthur, Kvantun Oblast, USSR (now Lüshunkou, China)
|Alma mater||Lenin Political-Military Academy, Finance Academy|
|Awards||Order of Courage|
Early life and educationEdit
Stepashin was born in Port-Arthur, Kvantun Oblast, USSR (now Lüshunkou, China) on 2 March 1952. He graduated from the Higher Political School of the USSR Ministry of the Interior (1973), in 1981 from the Lenin Military-Political Academy, and in 2002 from the Finance Academy. He is a Doctor of Law, Professor, and has a rank of the State Advisor on Justice of the Russian Federation. His military rank is colonel general.
Stepashin served as the Head of the FSK (the predecessor of the FSB) from February 1994 until June 1995. He then became justice minister, serving from 1997 to March 1998, and interior minister, holding that office from March 1998 to May 1999, when he was appointed and confirmed by parliament as prime minister. Yeltsin made it fairly clear when he appointed him Prime Minister that Stepashin would only hold the position temporarily, and he was replaced in August 1999 by future president Vladimir Putin.
Stepashin's attitude towards the Chechen conflict was markedly different from that of Vladimir Putin. Stepashin had, for example, presented leaders of the separatist regime in Chechnya with monogrammed pistols, praised the activities of the religious extremists who had taken over several Dagestani villages, and had proclaimed publicly: "We can afford to lose Dagestan!".
After having been fired from the position of Prime Minister, Stepashin joined the political party Yabloko for the Russian parliamentary elections of 1999 and was elected to the State Duma, the lower house of the Russian parliament. Later on he resigned his parliamentary seat and became head of the Account Chamber of the Russian Federation, the federal audit agency. He holds his job to date.
Most recently, he has been asked by lawyers for Hermitage Capital, once among Russia's top foreign investors, to investigate what it says was a series of fake tax refunds which defrauded Russian taxpayers of 11.2 billion roubles ($382 million), according to lawyers Brown Rudnick in a letter to Stepashin.
Since 2007, Stepashin is the head of the revived Imperial Orthodox Palestine Society.
Honours and awardsEdit
- Order of Merit for the Fatherland;
- 2nd class (2 March 2007) - for outstanding contribution to the strengthening and development of state financial control, and many years of honest work
- 3rd class (2 March 2002) - for great contribution to strengthening Russian statehood and many years of conscientious service
- 4th class (28 February 2012)
- Order of Courage (28 December 1998) - for his great personal contribution to strengthening the rule of law and order, displaying courage and dedication
- Medal "For Distinguished Service to the Public Order"
- Medal "For Distinction in Military Service", 1st and 2nd classes
- Commander of the Legion of Honour (France)
- Commander 1st Class of the Order of the Polar Star (Sweden)
- Order of Diplomatic Service Merit, 1st class (Republic of Korea, 2004)
- Order of St. Seraphim of Sarov (Russian Orthodox Church);
- Order of the Commonwealth (CIS Interparliamentary Assembly)
- Diploma of the Government of the Russian Federation (2 October 2006) - for his great personal contribution to the development and strengthening of public financial control, more efficient use of the federal budget
- Honour of the State Duma of the Russian Federation "For merits in development of parliamentarism" (2006)
- Honorary Citizen of Murom (2006)
- Order of Saint Nicholas the Wonderworker, 1st class (Russian Imperial House)
- Honorary Doctor of the Diplomatic Academy of Russia (25 October 2011)
- Order the "Community"
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-03-07. Retrieved 2009-08-31.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Tishkov, Valery (2005). "Dynamics of a Society at War". In Richard Sakwa (ed.). Chechnya: From Past to Future (1st ed.). London: Anthem Press. pp. 157–181. ISBN 978-1-84331-164-5.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Sergei Vadimovich Stepashin.|
- Official website
- A biography of Stepashin by V. Pribylovsky (in Russian)
- Sergei Stepashin[permanent dead link] at Armen Oganesyan's talkshow "Vis-a-Vis with the World" (in English)
- Sergei Stepashin at Armen Oganesyan's talkshow "Vis-a-Vis with the World" (in Russian)
| Director of the Federal Security Service
| Minister of Justice
| Minister of Internal Affairs
| Prime Minister of Russia
| Chairman of the Accounts Chamber of Russia