First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
A First Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, commonly referred to as the First Deputy Prime Minister, is a member of the Russian Government. The First Deputy is to be proposed by the Prime Minister, and approved by the President. However, this office is not provisioned by Constitution and it is not separate office.
|First Deputy Chairman of the|
Government of the Russian Federation
|Первый Заместитель Председателя Правительства Российской Федерации|
|Style||Mr First Deputy Chairman|
|Term length||No fixed term|
|Inaugural holder||Gennady Burbulis|
|Formation||6 November 1991|
The Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Russia says, that "The Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries". First of all, First Vice-Premier is Vice-Premier, all others are distribution of responsibilities among Vice-Premiers inside the Government. There can be more than one First Vice-Premier, therefore written distribution of responsibilities is the most important document. The Federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation" says "in the case of temporary absence of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, his duties are performed by one of the Deputy Chairmen of the Government of the Russian Federation in accordance with a written distribution of responsibilities". It's automatically and President's Executive Order is not required in that moment.
|First Deputy PM||Party||Term of Office||Other offices held while
First Deputy PM
|Gennady Burbulis||Independent||6 November 1991||14 April 1992||Secretary of State||Yeltsin—Gaidar|
|Yegor Gaidar||Independent||2 March 1992||15 December 1992||Minister of Finance|
(to 2 April)
Acting Prime Minister
(from 15 June)
|Vladimir Shumeyko||Independent||2 June 1992||20 January 1994||Minister of Press
(from 5 October 1993)
|Oleg Lobov||Independent||15 April 1993||18 September 1993||Minister of Economy||Chernomyrdin I|
|Yegor Gaidar||Democratic Choice||18 September 1993||20 January 1994||Acting Minister of Economy|
|Oleg Soskovets||Independent||30 April 1993||20 June 1996||none|
|Anatoly Chubais||Democratic Choice||5 November 1994||16 January 1996||none|
|Vladimir Kadannikov||Independent||25 January 1996||9 August 1996||none|
|Oleg Lobov||Independent||18 June 1996||14 August 1996||Presidential Representative in Chechnya|
|Alexei Bolshakov||Independent||14 August 1996||17 March 1997||none||Chernomyrdin II|
|Anatoly Chubais||Democratic Choice||17 March 1997||23 March 1998||Minister of Finance|
(to 20 November 1997)
|Boris Nemtsov||Independent||17 March 1997||18 April 1998||Minister of Energy
(24 April – 20 November 1997)
|Sergey Kiriyenko||Independent||23 March 1998||24 April 1998||Acting Prime Minister[n 1]||Kiriyenko|
|Yuri Maslyukov||Communist Party||11 September 1998||12 May 1999||none||Primakov|
|Vadim Gustov||Independent||18 September 1998||27 April 1999||none|
|Sergey Stepashin||Independent||27 April 1999||12 May 1999||Minister of Internal Affairs|
|Nikolay Aksyonenko||Independent||21 May 1999||10 January 2000||Minister of Railways||Stepashin|
|Mikhail Zadornov||Independent||25 May 1999||28 May 1999||Minister of Finance||Stepashin|
|Viktor Khristenko||Independent||31 May 1999||10 January 2000||none||Stepashin|
|Vladimir Putin||Independent||9 August 1999||16 August 1999||Acting Prime Minister[n 1]||Putin I|
|Mikhail Kasyanov||Independent||10 January 2000||17 May 2000||Minister of Finance|
|Dmitry Medvedev||Independent||14 November 2005||7 May 2008||none||Fradkov II|
|Sergei Ivanov||United Russia||15 February 2007||7 May 2008||none|
|Viktor Zubkov||United Russia||12 May 2008||7 May 2012||Chairman of the Board of Gazprom
(from 27 June 2008)
|Igor Shuvalov||Independent||12 May 2008||18 May 2018||none||Putin II|
|Anton Siluanov||United Russia||18 May 2018||15 January 2020||Minister of Finance||Medvedev II|
|Andrey Belousov||Independent||21 January 2020||Incumbent||Acting Prime Minister
(30 April – 19 May 2020)
- A candidate for the prime minister should be a deputy prime minister in an outgoing cabinet. If he is not, he would be appointed as such shortly before the cabinet's dismissal. This leds to a situation when the same person acts as interim prime minister and deputy to himself until official approval of the new PM by the State Duma.
"Федеральный конституционный закон № 2-ФКЗ «О Правительстве Российской Федерации»" [Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of the Russian Federation"]. Article 8, Act of 17 December 1997 (in Russian).
- Ministries, political parties, etc
- Статья №110 от 12 декабря 1993 «Глава 6. Правительство Русской Федерации». (Article #110 of 12 December 1993 Chapter 6. The Government of the Russian Federation. ).
- Статья №112 от 12 декабря 1993 «Глава 6. Правительство Русской Федерации». (Article #112 of 12 December 1993 Chapter 6. The Government of the Russian Federation. ).
- "Беспремьерная ситуация". Коммерсантъ.
- "Совет директоров ОАО «Газпром» — Зубков Виктор Алексеевич" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2009-11-23.