Viktor Borisovich Khristenko (Russian: Виктор Борисович Христенко; born 28 August 1957) is a Russian politician who was chairman of the board of the Eurasian Economic Commission from 1 February 2012 to 1 February 2016. He was First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia from 31 May 1999 to 10 January 2000 and Minister of Industry from 9 March 2004 to 31 January 2012.

Viktor Khristenko
Виктор Христенко
Khristenko in 2007
Chairman of the Board of the Eurasian Economic Commission
In office
1 February 2012 – 1 February 2016
Preceded bypost established
Succeeded byTigran Sargsyan
Minister of Industry
In office
9 March 2004 – 31 January 2012
Preceded byAndrey Fursenko
Succeeded byDenis Manturov
First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia
In office
31 May 1999 – 10 January 2000
Prime MinisterSergei Stepashin
Vladimir Putin
Preceded byMikhail Zadornov
Succeeded byVladimir Putin
Personal details
Born (1957-08-28) 28 August 1957 (age 66)
Chelyabinsk, Soviet Union
SpouseTatyana Golikova

Early life and education


Khristenko was born in Chelyabinsk on 28 August 1957.[1][2] Kristenko graduated in 1979 from Chelyabinsk Mechanical Engineering Institute with a specialization in construction management and Economics. In 1983, he completed his Candidate of Sciences in Management at the Moscow Institute of Management.[3] Khristenko has acknowledged the influence of Georgy Shchedrovitsky in his approach to management.[4] He contributed three chapters to Methodological School of Management, a book based on the work of Shchedrovitsky's Moscow Methodological Circle and its successors.[5]



Ministerial posts in the Yeltsin Presidency


In 1998, Viktor Khristenko was appointed as Deputy Prime Minister for Economy and Finance in Sergei Kiriyenko's Cabinet. Described as a "little-known reformist", his appointment drew quite some attention as it was seen as a sign towards economic reform under the Yeltsin Presidency.[6] He however didn't survive the government reshuffling under the following Prime Minister Primakov. From 1999 until early 2000, he was however appointed to Vladimir Putin's First Cabinet serving as First Deputy Prime Minister.

Ministerial posts in the Putin Presidency


In February 2004, Khristenko briefly served as the acting Prime Minister of Russia,[7] when President Vladimir Putin fired Prime Minister Mikhail Kasyanov on 24 February 2004.

Khristenko was described as a "broadly reformist technocrat," who had shown "loyalty mixed with extreme caution," unlike the outgoing prime minister who had "openly disagreed with Mr Putin several times, criticizing the criminal investigations into the owners of Yukos.[8] The Washington Post called Kasyanov "the most powerful ally of big business remaining in the Russian government." Khristenko, 46 at the time, was promoted from deputy prime minister to acting prime minister.[1] Putin commented that Kasyanov's ousting was not related to the results of the government's activities, which he characterized as positive, but rather was caused by a necessity to once again confirm his position, which would guide the development of the country after 14 March 2004.[9]

Two weeks ahead of the 2004 presidential election, Putin however nominated Mikhail Fradkov to become the next prime minister, four days later to be confirmed by the State Duma.[10] On 9 March 2004, Kristenko was appointed Minister of Industry and Trade instead, a post which he held until 31 January 2012.

Chairman of the Eurasian Economic Commission


Khristenko became the first Chairman of the Eurasian Economic Commission, which started operations in February 2012. He resigned on 1 February 2016.

Personal life


Khristenko's second wife, Tatyana Golikova, was Minister of Health and Social Development from 2007 to 2012. They married in 2003.

Honours and awards



  1. ^ a b Baker, Peter; Glasser, Susan B. (25 February 2004). "Putin Fires Premier, Cabinet in Surprise Pre-Election Move". The Washington Post. p. A17. Retrieved 19 August 2010.[dead link]
  2. ^ "Viktor Khristenko" (PDF). ECE. Retrieved 25 August 2013.
  3. ^ Russia Profile Viktor Khristenko Archived 28 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ Rindzeviciute, Egle (2015). "The Future as an Intellectual Technology in the Soviet Union: From Centralised Planning to Reflexive Management". Cahiers du Monde Russe. 56 (1): 111–134. doi:10.4000/monderusse.8169.
  5. ^ Khristenko V. B., Viktor; Reus, A. G.; Zinchenko, A. P. (2014). Methodological School of Management. London: Bloomsbury. ISBN 9781472910295.
  6. ^ "Viktor Khristenko: the third reformer". BBC News. 29 April 1998. Retrieved 19 January 2015.
  7. ^ Russia from 1991: Prime Ministers Rulers
  8. ^ Financial Times, 25 February 2004, cited via Ian Jeffries: Political Developments in Contemporary Russia
  9. ^ "Виктор Христенко приступил к исполнению обязанностей главы правительства Archived 16 February 2005 at the Wayback Machine" (Viktor Khristenko Becomes Acting Prime-Minister), Lenta, 24 February 2004
  10. ^ March 2004, Russia Rulers
Political offices
Preceded by Acting Prime Minister of Russia
Succeeded by