First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia

A First Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, commonly referred to as the First Deputy Prime Minister, is a member of the Russian Government.[2] The First Deputy is to be proposed by the Prime Minister, and approved by the President.[3] However, this office is not provisioned by Constitution and it is not separate office.

First Deputy Chairman of the
Government of the Russian Federation
Первый Заместитель Председателя Правительства Российской Федерации
Андрей Белоусов на Съезде железнодорожников (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Andrey Belousov

since 21 January 2020
StyleMr First Deputy Chairman
(informal)
His Excellency
(diplomatic)
NominatorPrime Minister
AppointerPresident
Term lengthNo fixed term
Inaugural holderGennady Burbulis
Formation6 November 1991; 30 years ago (1991-11-06)[1]

The Chapter 6 of the Constitution of Russia says, that "The Government of the Russian Federation consists of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, Deputy Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation and federal ministries". First of all, First Vice-Premier is Vice-Premier, all others are distribution of responsibilities among Vice-Premiers inside the Government. There can be more than one First Vice-Premier, therefore written distribution of responsibilities is the most important document. The Federal constitutional law "On the Government of the Russian Federation" says "in the case of temporary absence of the Chairman of the Government of the Russian Federation, his duties are performed by one of the Deputy Chairmen of the Government of the Russian Federation in accordance with a written distribution of responsibilities". It's automatically and President's Executive Order is not required in that moment.[4]

ListEdit

First Deputy PM Party Term of Office Other offices held while
First Deputy PM
Cabinet
  Gennady Burbulis Independent 6 November 1991 14 April 1992 Secretary of State Yeltsin—Gaidar
  Yegor Gaidar Independent 2 March 1992 15 December 1992 Minister of Finance
(to 2 April)
Acting Prime Minister
(from 15 June)
  Vladimir Shumeyko Independent 2 June 1992 20 January 1994 Minister of Press
(from 5 October 1993)
Yeltsin—Gaidar
Chernomyrdin I
Oleg Lobov Independent 15 April 1993 18 September 1993 Minister of Economy Chernomyrdin I
  Yegor Gaidar Democratic Choice 18 September 1993 20 January 1994 Acting Minister of Economy
  Oleg Soskovets Independent 30 April 1993 20 June 1994 none
  Anatoly Chubais Democratic Choice 5 November 1994 16 January 1996 none
  Vladimir Kadannikov Independent 25 January 1996 9 August 1996 none
  Oleg Lobov Independent 18 June 1996 14 August 1996 Presidential Representative in Chechnya
  Alexei Bolshakov Independent 14 August 1996 17 March 1997 none Chernomyrdin II
  Viktor Ilyushin Independent none
  Vladimir Potanin Independent none
  Anatoly Chubais Democratic Choice 17 March 1997 23 March 1998 Minister of Finance
(to 20 November 1997)
  Boris Nemtsov Independent 17 March 1997 18 April 1998 Minister of Energy
(24 April – 20 November 1997)
Chernomyrdin II
Kiriyenko
  Sergey Kiriyenko Independent 23 March 1998 24 April 1998 Acting Prime Minister[n 1] Kiriyenko
  Yuri Maslyukov Communist Party 11 September 1998 12 May 1999 none Primakov
  Vadim Gustov Independent 18 September 1998 27 April 1999 none
  Sergey Stepashin Independent 27 April 1999 12 May 1999 Minister of Internal Affairs
  Nikolay Aksyonenko Independent 21 May 1999 10 January 2000 Minister of Railways Stepashin
Putin I
  Mikhail Zadornov Independent 25 May 1999 28 May 1999 Minister of Finance Stepashin
  Viktor Khristenko Independent 31 May 1999 10 January 2000 none Stepashin
Putin I
  Vladimir Putin Independent 9 August 1999 16 August 1999 Acting Prime Minister[n 1] Putin I
  Mikhail Kasyanov Independent 10 January 2000 17 May 2000 Minister of Finance
  Dmitry Medvedev Independent 14 November 2005 7 May 2008 none Fradkov II
Zubkov
  Sergei Ivanov United Russia 15 February 2007 7 May 2008 none
  Viktor Zubkov United Russia 12 May 2008 7 May 2012 Chairman of the Board of Gazprom
(from 27 June 2008)[5]
Putin II
  Igor Shuvalov Independent 12 May 2008 18 May 2018 none Putin II
Medvedev I
  Anton Siluanov United Russia 18 May 2018 15 January 2020 Minister of Finance Medvedev II
  Andrey Belousov Independent 21 January 2020 Incumbent Acting Prime Minister
(30 April – 19 May 2020)
Mishustin

NotesEdit

  1. ^ a b A candidate for the prime minister should be a deputy prime minister in an outgoing cabinet. If he is not, he would be appointed as such shortly before the cabinet's dismissal. This leds to a situation when the same person acts as interim prime minister and deputy to himself until official approval of the new PM by the State Duma.
    "Федеральный конституционный закон № 2-ФКЗ «О Правительстве Российской Федерации»" [Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of the Russian Federation"]. Article 8, Act of 17 December 1997 (in Russian).

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Ministries, political parties, etc
  2. ^ Статья №110 от 12 декабря 1993 «Глава 6. Правительство Русской Федерации». (Article #110 of 12 December 1993 Chapter 6. The Government of the Russian Federation. ).
  3. ^ Статья №112 от 12 декабря 1993 «Глава 6. Правительство Русской Федерации». (Article #112 of 12 December 1993 Chapter 6. The Government of the Russian Federation. ).
  4. ^ "Беспремьерная ситуация". Коммерсантъ.
  5. ^ "Совет директоров ОАО «Газпром» — Зубков Виктор Алексеевич" (in Russian). Archived from the original on 2009-11-23.

SourcesEdit