Viktor Alekseyevich Zubkov (Russian: Ви́ктор Алексе́евич Зубко́в, IPA: [ˈvʲiktər ɐlʲɪˈksʲejɪvʲɪtɕ zʊpˈkof]; born 15 September 1941) is a Russian civil servant, politician and businessman who served as the 36th Prime Minister of Russia from September 2007 to May 2008. He was Vladimir Putin's First Deputy Prime Minister during the presidency of Dmitry Medvedev.
|Prime Minister of Russia|
7 May 2012 – 8 May 2012
|Preceded by||Vladimir Putin|
|Succeeded by||Dmitry Medvedev|
14 September 2007 – 8 May 2008
|Preceded by||Mikhail Fradkov|
|Succeeded by||Vladimir Putin|
|First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia|
12 May 2008 – 21 May 2012
Serving with Igor Shuvalov
|Prime Minister||Vladimir Putin|
|Preceded by||Dmitry Medvedev|
|Succeeded by||Igor Shuvalov|
|Chairman of the Council of Ministers|
of the Union State
15 October 2007 – 27 May 2008
|Preceded by||Mikhail Fradkov|
|Succeeded by||Vladimir Putin|
Viktor Alekseyevich Zubkov
15 September 1941
Kushva, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union
|Political party||Communist Party of the Soviet Union (1966–1991)|
Our Home – Russia (1995–2001)
United Russia (2001–present)
A civil servant who held various positions in the Leningrad Oblast under the Soviet regime, he later served as advisor to Cabinet Ministers. Zubkov was a financial crime investigator until he was nominated on 12 September 2007 by President Vladimir Putin to replace Prime Minister Mikhail Fradkov, who had resigned earlier that day. The nomination was approved in the Duma on 14 September 2007. On 7 May 2008 Zubkov's cabinet was automatically dismissed. This procedure, following an inauguration of the President of Russia is required by the Russian Constitution. After Putin became Prime Minister, Zubkov was appointed First Deputy Prime Minister of Russia.
Life and careerEdit
In 1966, he was drafted to the Soviet Army for an 18-month term. From 1967 to 1985, he worked on leading positions in kolkhozes of Leningrad Oblast. From 1985 to 1991, he occupied several leading positions in the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in Leningrad Oblast: Chairman of the Priozersk City Executive Committee, First Secretary of the Priozersk City Committee of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union, and head of the Department of Agriculture and Food Industry and the Agricultural Department of the Regional Committee of the CPSU. He was also First Deputy Chairman of the Leningrad Oblast Executive Committee from 1989 to 1991.
In January 1992 to November 1993, he was a deputy Chairman of the External Relations Committee of the Saint Petersburg Mayor Office led by Vladimir Putin. From 3 November 1993, to 30 November 1998, Zubkov was the Chief of the Saint Petersburg Department of the State Tax Inspection and simultaneously a Deputy Chairman of the State Tax Inspection for Saint Petersburg.
In December 1998, during the term of Yevgeny Primakov's Cabinet the State Tax Inspection was reorganized into the Tax Ministry of Russia and Zubkov's deputy head position was abolished, but he was immediately reappointed Chief of the Saint Petersburg Directorate of the Tax Ministry. On 23 July 1999, Zubkov was appointed Deputy Tax Minister of Russia for the Northwestern region. In a few days he was also appointed Chief of the Saint Petersburg and Leningrad Oblast Directorate of the Tax Ministry.
On 12 August 1999, he was registered as a contender in the Leningrad Oblast governor election, assisted by Boris Gryzlov as his election campaign manager, but lost the election to Valeriy Serdyukov on 19 September 1999, with 8.64 percent of the vote (4th place out of 16).
On 5 November 2001, he left his positions in the Tax Ministry and was appointed First Deputy Finance Minister of Russia and Chairman of the Financial Monitoring Committee of the ministry, aimed to fight money laundering.
On 16 March 2004, after the dismissal of Mikhail Kasyanov's Cabinet, the Financial Monitoring Committee was renamed to Federal Financial Monitoring Service of the Finance Ministry, but Zubkov retained his position in Mikhail Fradkov's First Cabinet and Mikhail Fradkov's Second Cabinet.
In a 2006 survey of political experts, Zubkov was ranked as Russia's 84th most influential politician.
On 12 September 2007, President Vladimir Putin proposed his candidacy for the post of Prime Minister and on 14 September, the State Duma approved him in the post (he was voted 381 MP). Zubkov resigned 8 May 2008, after Dmitry Medvedev became President.
Some Kremlinologists viewed Zubkov as one more technical Prime Minister, interpreting the move as a way to renew a competition between possible successors. Another theory suggested that Putin chose a man of unquestioning loyalty to help him control powerful factions jostling for position inside the Kremlin. Another clue to his usefulness lies in Zubkov's experience under Putin as the man leading the fight against financial crime. Putin said that there were five people who can run for president and can be elected, including Zubkov. On 13 September, Zubkov himself said he might run for President of Russia in 2008. However, in December 2007, Putin officially gave his support to Dmitry Medvedev for the 2008 presidential election, effectively dashing Zubkov's hopes for the presidency. After Medvedev took office, Zubkov succeeded him as Chairman of Gazprom.
Honours and awardsEdit
- Order "For Merit to the Fatherland"
- 1st class
- 2nd class (19 September 2008) - for his great personal contribution to the economic policy of the state and many years of fruitful activity
- 3rd class (9 May 2006) - for outstanding contribution to protecting the economic interests of the Russian Federation and many years of diligent work
- 4th class (11 April 2000) - for services to the state and a major contribution to the implementation of economic reforms
- Ceremonial dagger
- Order of the Red Banner of Labour (1981)
- Order of the Badge of Honour (1975)
- Medal "Veteran of Labour" (1986)
- Honored Economist of the Russian Federation (16 September 2001) - for services in the field of economics and finance
- Diploma of the Government of the Russian Federation (1998)
- Honorary Citizen of the Leningrad Region (2009)
- Order of Holy Prince Daniel of Moscow, 1st class (Russian Orthodox Church, 2011)
- "Putin names next prime minister", BBC News, 12 September 2007.
- "Putin Dissolves Government, Nominates Viktor Zubkov as New Prime Minister", FOX News, 12 September 2007.
- Duma approves Zubkov for prime minister’s post, ITAR-TASS. Archived 27 September 2007 at the Wayback Machine
- C. J. Chivers, "Putin Shuffles Government, Posing Mystery", The New York Times, 13 September 2007.
- Putin appoints Prime Minister Viktor Zubkov, lenta.ru (in Russian)
- "Виктор Зубков утвержден премьер-министром России". lenta.ru.
- "Putin sets cat among succession pigeons, globeandmail.com".
- RIA Novosti - Russia - Putin says five candidates could run for president -1
- "Russia's new PM says could stand for president, sweissinfo.org". Archived from the original on 5 December 2007.
- Media related to Viktor Zubkov at Wikimedia Commons
- (in Russian) Biography by Vladimir Pribylovsky
- Profile at Gazprom
- Profile: Viktor Zubkow at BBC News, 12 September 2007
- Viktor Zubkov collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Works by or about Viktor Zubkov in libraries (WorldCat catalog)