Celtic Park (Scottish Gaelic: Pàirc Cheilteach) is a football stadium, currently the home of Scottish Premiership team Celtic Football Club, in the Parkhead area of Glasgow, Scotland. With a capacity of 60,832, it is the largest football stadium in Scotland, and the eighth-largest stadium in the United Kingdom. It is also known as Parkhead or Paradise.

Celtic Park
Aerial view of Celtic Park


Celtic Park is located in Glasgow council area
Celtic Park
Celtic Park
Location in Glasgow
LocationThe Celtic Way
Parkhead, Glasgow, Scotland
Coordinates55°50′59″N 4°12′20″W / 55.84972°N 4.20556°W / 55.84972; -4.20556
OwnerCeltic F.C. (1897–present)[1]
Record attendance83,500 v Rangers
1 January 1938
Field size114 x 74 yards (104.2 x 67.7 metres)
SurfaceDesso Grass Hybrid (2017–present)
Opened20 August 1892
Construction cost£35,000 (Main Stand, 1929)[1]
£40M (1994–98 rebuild)[3]
ArchitectDuncan and Kerr (Main Stand, 1929)[1]
Percy Johnson-Marshall Associates (1994–98 rebuild)

Celtic was formed in 1887 and the first Celtic Park opened in Parkhead in 1888. The club moved to the current site in 1892, after the rental charge was greatly increased on the first. The new site was developed into an oval-shaped stadium, with vast terracing sections. The record attendance of 83,500 was set at an Old Firm derby on 1 January 1938.[note 1] The terraces were covered and floodlights installed between 1957 and 1971. The Taylor Report mandated that major clubs should have all-seater stadia by August 1994. Celtic was in a poor financial position in the early 1990s and no major work was carried out until Fergus McCann took control of the club in March 1994. The old terraces were demolished to develop a new stadium in a phased rebuild completed in August 1998. A section of rail seating was installed in 2016.

A UEFA category four stadium,[6] Celtic Park has been used as a venue for Scotland internationals and Cup Finals when Hampden Park has been unavailable. Before the First World War, Celtic Park hosted composite rules shinty-hurling, track and field and the 1897 Track Cycling World Championships. Open-air Masses and First World War recruitment drives were also held there. Celtic Park hosted the opening ceremony of the 2014 Commonwealth Games and has also been used for concerts by the Who and U2.



Original Celtic Park (1888–1892)


Celtic F.C. was formed in November 1887.[1] The original Celtic Park was built at the north east junction of Springfield Road and London Road in Parkhead by a volunteer workforce within six months of formation. Its opening game was a match between Hibernian and Cowlairs.[7] Celtic played its first match on 28 May 1888 at Celtic Park, against Rangers, which Celtic won 5–2.[7] It hosted a British Home Championship match between Scotland and Ireland on 28 March 1891.[8] Celtic was forced to leave this site in 1892, however, when the landlord increased the annual rent from £50 to £450.[1][9]

New Celtic Park (1892–1904)

Celtic Park in the 1890s. This picture shows the pavilion and adjacent stand (the latter destroyed by fire in 1904)

The new stadium was built in a disused brickyard at Janefield Street, 200 yards from the old site.[1] The first turf, which had been transported from County Donegal, was laid by Irish patriot Michael Davitt and planted with shamrocks.[1] He recited a verse that said the turf would "take root and flourish", but it was stolen soon afterwards.[1] A journalist said the move was like "leaving the graveyard to enter paradise", which led to the ground being nicknamed "Paradise",[1][9] although it is also often referred to as "Parkhead".[10] The new Celtic Park was opened on 20 August 1892 with a match against Renton.[1] A journalist writing in the Athletic News described Celtic Park as the best ground in Britain at the time, a title for which it may only have been challenged by Goodison Park, the home of Everton.[1] Celtic Park was immediately successful, attracting record gate receipts and an attendance of 45,107 for the Scotland v England game in the 1894 British Home Championship.[1][11] Celtic F.C. purchased the site for £100,000 in 1897.[1]

The new stadium initially consisted of terracing with a capacity of approximately 40,000. It was an elongated oval shape, similar to Hampden Park.[12] A running track and concrete cycling track were also constructed around the periphery of the pitch.[1] On the northern side of the pitch there was a pavilion and a seated stand.[1] In 1894, Celtic built the first ever press box at a football stadium in Britain, located high up on the main stand at Celtic Park.[13][14] Later in the 1890s, club director James Grant financed the construction of an enclosed windowed stand (completed in 1899),[15] built on stilts on the south side of the pitch.[1] The spectators watched through sliding windows from padded seats, but they had to climb four flights of stairs to reach their position and the windows frequently steamed up.[1]

Fire and rebuilding (1904–1957)

The stadium in 1906

In May 1904, a fire destroyed the older north grandstand and severely damaged the adjacent pavilion;[16][17] this prompted Celtic to buy the newer Grant Stand outright.[18] The north enclosure was rebuilt by the following year.[19]

By 1927 the Grant Stand had become unsafe and was demolished, to be replaced in summer 1929 by a new single-tier Main Stand, designed by Duncan and Kerr.[1] This stand, which cost £35,000 and provided 4,800 seats, was smaller and less ornate than the Main Stand at Ibrox.[1] The Celtic Park main stand had a similar feature to Ibrox, however, in the pedimented roof gable over the press box.[1] Prior to its completion, the old pavilion on the opposite side of the field which dated from the original construction of the ground in 1892 and had partly escaped the 1904 fire (it had been 'reduced to cinders' in that blaze according to hastily filed contemporary reports)[16] burned down entirely in March 1929, destroying some of the club's old records and photographs (the trophies were stored elsewhere). [17][20] The club had to play the rest of their matches in the 1928–29 season at nearby Shawfield Stadium[17][21] (reciprocating an earlier arrangement in 1914 when Clyde suffered similar damage to their ground)[22] and also had to replace the roof of the stand next to the pavilion, which then became known as the "Hayshed".[23]

Although it was only the third biggest ground in Glasgow, the rebuilt Celtic Park had a greater capacity than any club stadium in England.[1] The record attendance for a Celtic match at Celtic Park was set by an Old Firm derby against Rangers on New Year's Day 1938.[1] Some sources give the attendance for this game as 92,000,[24][5] but contemporary sources suggest that the attendance was approximately 83,500.[1][4]

Stadium improvements (1957–1990)

Main entrance to Celtic Park

Significant improvements were carried out between 1957 and 1971, partly due to the great success Celtic achieved under the management of Jock Stein.[1] A roof was built over the back of the western "Celtic End" terrace in 1957,[23] while floodlights were installed in 1959.[1] They were first used on 12 October, in a friendly match against Wolves.[1] The northern "Hayshed" terrace, which became known as the "Jungle", was concreted in 1966 and a new roof was erected.[1][23][19] A roof was built over the eastern "Rangers End" terrace in 1967, using the same design as the Rangers End at Hampden Park. All of this work meant that Celtic had more covered terracing than any other stadium in Britain, except Wembley.[1] There were 4,800 seats, all in the Main Stand, in an overall capacity of 80,000.[1] A further 3,900 seats were installed in the Main Stand paddock area in 1971.[1] A new roof was erected over the Main Stand in 1971,[19] which cost £250,000.[1] It was supported by a "goalpost" framework, with the top girder measuring 97.5 metres long.[1] The design was flawed, however, as the roof provided little shelter to the paddock seats, and retractable columns had to be installed to provide stability in case of high winds or heavy snow.[1] Celtic later sued the designers and won damages.[1]

The regulations in the Safety of Sports Grounds Act 1975 reduced the capacity of Celtic Park to 56,500, but the club then increased the terracing to raise capacity to 67,000.[1] In 1986, £1 million was spent on replacing the western terrace roof with a replica of the eastern terrace, which had been designed nearly twenty years earlier.[25][19] The original red brick facade to the Main Stand was replaced during the club's centenary year in 1988, while lounges and offices were installed.[25][19] Although the Main Stand had been modernised, terracing was still predominant at Celtic Park.[25] This stood in contrast to most other major stadia in Britain, particularly Ibrox, where seating capacities had been increased.[25] This left Celtic badly placed when the Taylor Report mandated that all major clubs had to have an all-seater stadium.[25]

Celtic difficulties and fully seated stadia (1990–1994)

View inside Celtic Park

Celtic was heavily in debt and had been significantly outgrown by Rangers commercially in the early 1990s.[25][26] The Celtic board initially prevaricated in response to the Taylor Report, partly due to divisions in the board.[25] Celtic director Brian Dempsey proposed a development on land he controlled at Robroyston, but he was opposed by fellow directors, Michael Kelly and Chris White, who had Dempsey removed from the board.[27] Despite these divisions, a proposal to build a new 52,000-seat stadium on industrial waste ground at Cambuslang was unveiled in April 1992.[25][28] The £100 million scheme was meant to include wider commercial developments that would fund the completed stadium, which would have only provided 32,000 seats in a first phase of construction.[25] There was scepticism about the plan, however, as it was unclear how Celtic or their partner in the project, Superstadia, would raise the necessary finance.[25] The proposed site would have had to be decontaminated,[29] and contradictory statements about the ownership structure of the development were issued.[25] Outline planning permission was granted in May 1993.[30]

A deadline of August 1994 had been set to convert all major grounds to be fully seated.[30] Even with planning permission granted, the first phase of the Cambuslang scheme would not be ready until 1995.[30] As a stop-gap measure, Celtic installed 5,033 seats in the Jungle at the end of the 1992–93 season, at a cost of £350,000.[30][31] The board hoped Celtic would be given a special dispensation from the rules.[30] Installing seats in the Jungle itself caused an emotional reaction.[30] Due to redevelopment work at Hampden, the 1993 Scottish Cup Final between Rangers and Aberdeen was to be played at Celtic Park.[30] This meant that in the last competitive game in front of the Jungle, it would have been occupied by Rangers fans.[30] To give the Celtic supporters last use, a friendly match between veteran Celtic and Manchester United players was arranged.[30]

During the 1993–94 season, the board continued to talk optimistically about their plans.[30] They claimed in February to have £20 million of funding in place from Gefinor, a Swiss financial institution.[30][32] The claim was denied by Gefinor, who denied that they had even had any contact with the club.[33] Celtic then came under severe pressure from the Bank of Scotland, who demanded a £1 million reduction in the club's overdraft, placing the club under threat of bankruptcy.[26][30][34] With minutes to spare before a deadline set by the Bank, the board capitulated and sold control to Scots-Canadian businessman Fergus McCann.[26][30][34]

Redevelopment (1994–2011)

The Lisbon Lions Stand at Celtic Park

McCann quickly discarded the Cambuslang scheme and instead started plans to bring Celtic Park into compliance with the Taylor Report.[30] The capacity would have been only 34,000 if seats had been installed in the remaining terraces, which nevertheless was greater than Celtic's average attendance in the previous six seasons.[35] McCann, who believed the club could fill a much larger stadium, decided instead to effectively build a new stadium.[30][35] In the summer of 1994, the Jungle, East Terracing and West Terracing were demolished, with only the structure of the Main Stand left intact.[30] The relatively new Jungle seats were used to refresh the seating in the Main Stand.[30] Celtic played their home games at Hampden Park during the 1994–95 season, which cost the club £500,000 in rent.[30] Celtic raised over £26 million to fund the work from two share issues: £12.3 million in a rights issue (£9.4 million invested by McCann) and £14 million in a public offering.[30][35] 10,000 ordinary fans bought into the public offering, while season ticket sales rose from 7,000 to 26,000.[30]

The detailed plans were finalised in December 1994.[30] The club intended to build a 60,000-seat stadium, to be completed in three phases.[30] The first phase was the new North Stand, which was designed by Percy Johnson-Marshall Associates, engineered by Hutter Jennings Titchmarsh, and built by Miller Construction.[30] Celtic Park reopened with a friendly against Newcastle on 5 August 1995,[30] with the new 26,970-capacity North Stand and the existing 7,850-capacity Main (South) Stand in place.[12] This was augmented by a temporary stand, holding 2,800 seats, on the site of the former West Terracing.[12] Phase two of the redevelopment was completed in August 1996, with the opening of the 13,006-capacity East Stand.[12] Phase 3a was completed in February 1998 with the opening of the South West Corner. This was followed by Phase 3b, the Jock Stein Stand on the former West Terracing site, which was opened in August 1998 with a match against Liverpool.[36] This third phase added another 13,006 seats, bringing the total capacity of the new Celtic Park to 60,411.[2] Phases 2 and 3 were built by Barr Construction. The whole redevelopment, which made Celtic Park the biggest club stadium in Britain, cost £40 million.[3] In the 1998–99 season the average attendance was 59,224 and season ticket sales exceeded 53,000,[3] the highest number in Britain at the time.[37]

A panorama of the redeveloped Celtic Park taken in 2006

Safe standing (2011–present)


In September 2011, Celtic started a feasibility study into creating a safe standing section in Celtic Park.[38] In June 2015, Celtic received safety approval for a proposal to install rail seating.[39][40][41][42] A section of 2,975 rail seats was installed in the Lisbon Lions Stand during the 2016 close season.[43][44][45]

Structure and facilities


Stadium design

Interior view showing the stadium design of Celtic Park

Celtic Park was an oval stadium, but has been converted to a rectangular stadium. It is intended to create an enclosed and intimidating atmosphere for big games.[12][46] The ground is split into four geographic sections, officially known as the North, Jock Stein (West), Lisbon Lions (East) and Main (South) Stands. The North, East and West stands form a continuous two tier loop.[24] The two end stands each have a capacity of 13,000, while the North Stand holds 27,000. The Main Stand holds just under 8,000, giving a total capacity of 60,411.[2] It received 60% of the votes when BBC Radio Five Live conducted a poll in 2002 to find the favourite sports venue in the United Kingdom.[46]

Stands of Celtic Park

Bronze statue of Jock Stein (1922–1985) outside stadium, by sculptor John McKenna.

The North Stand is squeezed into a tight space between the pitch and the Eastern Necropolis cemetery.[12] Part of the upper tier is cantilevered over the graveyard.[12] To save at least £1 million of additional steelwork, fourteen internal pillars were installed to support the roof.[12] Some local residents objected to the North Stand because of the shadow cast over the cemetery, which Celtic believed was necessary to complete the overall project.[47] The proposals were passed because the local officials felt that Celtic had come up with the best solution possible to the problem.[47] Celtic paid £10,000 to compensate residents who had been promised open space "from the centre of the earth to the sky".[12] The structure also had to take account of the need to maintain access into the North Stand along Janefield Street, which has been closed to the public since the redevelopment.[47] Between the two tiers there are 18 executive boxes and a restaurant.[12] There are 1600 seats in the lower section of the North Stand which have a heated element, operated by a foot switch.[12]

The Main (South) Stand is now the oldest part of the stadium, having first been built in 1929,[1] although a new roof was installed in 1971[1] and the facade was rebuilt in 1988.[25] Translucent sheets were added to the Main Stand roof in 1998, to allow more sunlight to reach the pitch.[24] Suspended from the roof girder of the Main Stand is a glass-fronted box, which used to house the press box, but was converted into two executive boxes in 1988.[12] Alongside the main horizontal truss are two retractable columns.[12] These can swing down to a fixing point on the rear wall of the former paddock, which provides additional stability in case of high winds or heavy snow.[1][12]

The East Stand opened in 1996; it was renamed in 2000 after the Lisbon Lions, the Celtic team that won the 1967 European Cup Final.[48] The renaming ceremony was a few days after a Scottish Cup tie had to be postponed after strong winds had damaged guttering in the stand.[48] Away team fans are housed in the Lisbon Lions Stand, in the south east corner of the ground.[24] Some of the away section has its view restricted[24] by one of the supporting pillars of the Main Stand. Celtic offer a discounted price on these seats.[24][49]

Writing in 1996, Simon Inglis noted that the approaches to the Main Stand were an area of urban deprivation "reminiscent of Belfast during the Troubles".[12] Redevelopment work was carried out in the land surrounding the stadium ahead of the 2014 Commonwealth Games, in a scheme dubbed the Celtic Triangle,[50] in addition to extensive rebuilding of housing in the nearby Barrowfield,[51] Dalmarnock[52] and Parkhead residential districts and the construction of the Commonwealth Arena and Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome directly opposite the stadium.[53] Since 2005, statues of Brother Walfrid,[54] Jimmy Johnstone,[55] Jock Stein[56] and Billy McNeill[57] have been erected outside the Main Stand.

Statue of Jimmy Johnstone (1944–2006).

In summer 2015, the exterior of the stadium was adorned with a display of printed banners which will remain permanently.[58] Fifteen green-coloured sections at either end of the stadium – each 21 metres high – form a display which reads 'Paradise' and depicts images of noted players from throughout the club's history (58 players in total, with a different set shown on each stand). Photographic banners of significant events and trophy wins are displayed on further panels at the corners between the main stand and the end stands. The project was controlled by the Frame agency with design input from Coatbridge-based artist Jim Scullion.[59][58]

Possible developments


Celtic have considered the possibility of increasing the capacity of Celtic Park by redeveloping the Main Stand.[60] A completed two-tier bowl stadium would give Celtic Park a capacity of nearly 75,000.[12] Celtic chief executive Peter Lawwell stated in April 2007 that another 8,000 could be added to the capacity, but the work was not considered cost-effective.[60] This position was re-iterated in November 2022, when Celtic chief executive Michael Nicholson estimated that redeveloping the main stand would cost up to £100 million.[61]

In February 2017, Celtic published plans for a hotel and museum development in an area of land between the Main Stand and London Road.[62] Those outline plans were approved in September 2017, with conditions about the size of any retail space.[63][64] Amended plans were submitted in July 2020.[64]

Other uses

Celtic Park hosted the 2014 Commonwealth Games opening ceremony

Celtic Park has been a home venue for the Scotland national football team over 20 times, the most of any ground apart from the national stadium, Hampden Park.[65] Scotland secured qualification for the 1998 FIFA World Cup with a 2–0 win against Latvia at Celtic Park[66] having beaten Austria there by the same scoreline earlier in the qualifying process,[67] and in 2006 achieved a 6–0 scoreline against the Faroe Islands[68] at the stadium after Hampden was double-booked with a Robbie Williams concert.[69]

The ground most recently hosted a Scotland game in November 2014 (a UEFA Euro 2016 qualifier against Republic of Ireland, won 1–0)[70] when Hampden was unavailable because it had been reconfigured for use as an athletics stadium during the 2014 Commonwealth Games.[71] Celtic Park also hosted both national cup finals during the 2013–14 season for this reason.[72][73] While Hampden Park was being redeveloped during the 1990s, Celtic Park hosted the 1993[30] and 1998[74] Scottish Cup Finals and the 1993,[75] 1996[75] and 1998[76] Scottish League Cup Finals, all five featuring Rangers, which were played before, during and after Celtic Park's own major redevelopments.

Before the First World War, Celtic Park was a multi-event venue.[1] It hosted the first ever composite rules shinty-hurling match in Scotland, in 1897.[77] Track and field meetings were held every summer, while the only World Cycling Championship to be staged in Scotland was held at Celtic Park in 1897.[1][78] An experimental floodlit football game was played on Christmas Day 1893.[1] This was unsuccessful due to the ball repeatedly striking the lamps, which were hung over the pitch by wiring.[1] Rugby league football was first played in Scotland at Celtic Park, when it hosted a game between a Northern Rugby Football Union representative side and the touring Australian team in 1909.[79] Open-air Masses and a parade for the Coronation of King George V were staged.[1] Celtic Park, along with many other football stadiums, hosted recruitment drives during the First World War.[80] During one such event at Celtic Park, a demonstration of trench warfare was carried out.[1][80] The first pukka speedway race meeting in Scotland was held at Celtic Park on 28 April 1928. It staged 12 meetings in all before closing in July 1928[1] (although some of the events may have been staged at the neighbouring Nelson Recreation Ground).[81]

Celtic Park has been used for concerts by the Who (1976), Bryan Adams (1992), Prince (1992) and U2 (1993). Wet Wet Wet played there in September 1997, but their performance had to be postponed by a day to avoid clashing with the funeral of Diana, Princess of Wales.[82] Paul McCartney planned a Celtic Park date in his 2003 Back in the World tour, but it was cancelled.[83][84] American evangelical Christian missionary Billy Graham held an outdoor event at the ground in 1991, his first visit to Scotland since 1955.[85] One of the supporting speakers was Aberdeen player Brian Irvine, who had scored the winning penalty kick against Celtic in the 1990 Scottish Cup Final.[85]

Celtic Park was used for the opening ceremony of the 2014 Commonwealth Games opened by Queen Elizabeth II.[86][87] With Hampden also being used for the Games, Celtic played two European ties at Murrayfield Stadium instead.[88][89][90] Owing to further redevelopment work on Celtic Park in 2015,[91] Celtic scheduled three pre-season games for St Mirren Park.[92]

Celtic Park hosted the 2018–19 final of the Pro14, contested by Leinster and Glasgow, which was the first rugby union match played on the ground.[93][94]



The main railway stations in Glasgow, Central and Queen Street, are approximately 45 minutes walking distance from Celtic Park.[24] Local trains from Glasgow Central on the Argyle Line serve Dalmarnock railway station, which is about 10 minutes walking distance from the ground.[24] Fans travelling to Celtic Park also use Bellgrove and Bridgeton stations, which are both approximately one mile away.[95] Between 1897 and 1964, Celtic Park was served by the eponymous Parkhead Stadium railway station.[96] The stadium is served by First Glasgow bus route numbers 2 , 8 , 61 , 64 , 240 and 255 along with McGills service 164 .[97][98] Celtic Park sits adjacent to the A74 (London Road), near to the M74 and M8 motorways.[24][97] Visitors to the ground travelling by car can park in the surrounding streets.[24] The new Glasgow East End Regeneration Route, which links the two motorways, runs close by Celtic Park.[50][99]

See also



  1. ^ Newspaper reports at the time indicate that the officially returned attendance was given as 83,500, with an estimated further 10,000 supporters locked out of the ground for safety reasons.[4] However, the ground's capacity was gauged at the time as being around 88,000 and several subsequent sources (including the club's official website) have since revised the attendance up to 92,000.[5]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at Inglis 1996, p. 432
  2. ^ a b c "Celtic Football Club". spfl.co.uk. Scottish Professional Football League. Retrieved 22 January 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "McCann sells Celtic shares". BBC News. 20 September 1999. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  4. ^ a b "Happy New Year for Celtic and Queens Park". The Glasgow Herald. 3 January 1938. p. 16. Retrieved 26 November 2017.
  5. ^ a b Hannan, Martin (2012). Hail! Hail!: Classic Celtic Old Firm Clashes. Mainstream Publishing. ISBN 9781780577128.
  6. ^ "TYNECASTLE RATED IN TOP UEFA CATEGORY". Hearts of Midlothian. Retrieved 13 October 2023.
  7. ^ a b "The Birth of Celtic". Hibernianfc.co.uk. Hibernian F.C. 11 August 2009. Archived from the original on 21 January 2012. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  8. ^ "Scotland A Squad". Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  9. ^ a b "Celtic spirit shines on". FIFA. Archived from the original on 14 March 2013. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  10. ^ Swan, Craig (11 November 2011). "Former Celtic star urges Old Firm to sell stadium names to save clubs". Daily Record. Archived from the original on 14 November 2011. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  11. ^ "Scotland A Squad". Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 14 November 2011.
  12. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Inglis 1996, p. 435
  13. ^ White, John (2006). The Celtic Football Miscellany. Carlton Books. p. 27. ISBN 978-1-84442162-6.
  14. ^ Harris, Tim (2008). Sport: Almost Everything You Ever Wanted to Know. Yellow Jersey. p. 98. ISBN 978-0224080217.
  15. ^ "Celtic New Grand Stand (contemporary newspaper report)". 21 October 1899. Archived from the original on 29 September 2018. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via The Celtic Wiki.
  16. ^ a b "Great fire at Celtic Park". Evening Telegraph. 10 May 1904. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via Play Up Liverpool.
  17. ^ a b c John Quinn (2012). Jungle Tales: Celtic Memories of an Epic Stand. Random House. ISBN 9781780577272. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  18. ^ Brian Wilson (2017). Celtic: The Official History. Birlinn. ISBN 9780857909312. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  19. ^ a b c d e Angus Wright (19 February 2018). "In pictures: The evolution of Celtic Park through the years". The Scotsman. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  20. ^ "Celtic Team Photos Destroyed (contemporary newspaper report)". 28 March 1929. Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via The Celtic Wiki.
  21. ^ Brian Wilson (2017). Celtic: The Official History. Birlinn. ISBN 9780857909312. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  22. ^ "Crossing The River - Early Years at Shawfield - 1898-1919". Clyde F.C. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
  23. ^ a b c "Celtic Park". The Stadium Guide. 25 March 2015. Retrieved 23 October 2018.
  24. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Celtic". Scottish Football Ground Guide. Duncan Adams. Archived from the original on 11 March 2016. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Inglis 1996, p. 433
  26. ^ a b c Hughes, Rob (9 March 1994). "Glasgow's White Knight". The New York Times. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  27. ^ Symon, Ken (29 October 2006). "Proposed Celtic site sold for houses". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  28. ^ "Former Celtic director says the club's proposed move to Cambuslang 25 years ago would have benefitted town". Daily Record / Rutherglen Reformer. 14 April 2017. Retrieved 15 April 2017.
  29. ^ Caven, Bill (21 January 1993). "Residents told of problems over planned Celtic stadium". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  30. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y Inglis 1996, p. 434
  31. ^ Traynor, Jim (21 April 1993). "Last stand in the Jungle". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  32. ^ McSeveny, Colin (26 February 1994). "Bank that likes to say nothing". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  33. ^ Wilson, Iain (2 March 1994). "Celtic's Swiss bankers kick out the £20m stadium deal". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  34. ^ a b Watson, Donna (6 February 2008). "Former Celtic Director Brian Dempsey in Heart Drama". Daily Record. Archived from the original on 2 November 2009. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  35. ^ a b c "Fergus the Celtic seer". Scotland On Sunday. Johnston Press. 29 February 2004. Retrieved 29 April 2022.
  36. ^ Buckland, Simon (9 August 1998). "Football: Leonhardsen too smart for Celtic". The Independent on Sunday. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  37. ^ Paul, Ian (6 August 1998). "McCann deserves a little cheer". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  38. ^ "Celtic studying feasibility of standing area at Celtic Park". STV. STV Group. 23 September 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  39. ^ "Celtic 'frustrated' as rail seating proposal awaits approval". BBC Sport. 11 June 2014. Retrieved 11 June 2014.
  40. ^ "Celtic: Safe-standing proposals not met with approval". BBC Sport. 13 August 2014. Retrieved 13 August 2014.
  41. ^ Gray, Rebecca (9 June 2015). "Celtic get green light to install standing areas at Parkhead". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  42. ^ "Celtic to introduce safe standing area with rail seating". BBC Sport. 9 June 2015. Retrieved 9 June 2015.
  43. ^ "Celtic safe standing plans to go ahead from next season". BBC Sport. 4 May 2016. Retrieved 9 May 2016.
  44. ^ "Celtic Park standing area work begins". BBC Sport. 16 June 2016. Retrieved 16 June 2016.
  45. ^ "Celtic open new safe standing section in win over Wolfsburg". BBC Sport. 16 July 2016. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  46. ^ a b "Celtic Park voted top venue". BBC Sport. 16 August 2002. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  47. ^ a b c MacCalman, John (5 October 1994). "Councillors approve £22m Celtic Park plan". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 10 November 2011. [dead link]
  48. ^ a b "Weather blow to fans' hopes". BBC News. 29 January 2000. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  49. ^ "Club FAQs". Celticfc.net. Celtic FC. Archived from the original on 1 November 2011. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  50. ^ a b Braiden, Gerry (7 December 2009). "Makeover planned in Paradise". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  51. ^ "Barrowfield Housing". The Glasgow Story. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  52. ^ "Glasgow Athletes' Village in bid to build 125 new homes in tented site". Evening Times. 18 April 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  53. ^ "National Indoor Sports Arena (NISA) & Sir Chris Hoy Velodrome Precinct". 2014 Commonwealth Games website. Archived from the original on 28 October 2012. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  54. ^ Ferguson, Ron (3 November 2005). "What Walfrid is saying to fans today". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  55. ^ "Statue of Jimmy Johnstone unveiled". STV. STV Group. 13 December 2008. Archived from the original on 11 November 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  56. ^ "Celtic unveil Jock Stein statue". The Daily Telegraph. 5 March 2011. Archived from the original on 12 January 2022. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  57. ^ "Celtic reveal Billy McNeill tribute statue". BBC Sport. 19 December 2015. Retrieved 4 March 2017.
  58. ^ a b "Art Attack: See Celtic Park as you have never seen it before". Evening Times. 14 July 2015. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  59. ^ "Coatbridge sports artist Jim is world-class". Daily Record. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  60. ^ a b "Strachan's not leaving for England – Lawwell". Evening Times. Herald & Times Group. 30 April 2007. Archived from the original on 8 February 2009. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  61. ^ "Michael Nicholson has no immediate plans to redevelop Celtic Park". STV Sport. 4 November 2022. Retrieved 4 November 2022.
  62. ^ "Celtic unveils plans for hotel and museum complex". BBC News. 21 February 2017. Retrieved 21 February 2017.
  63. ^ "Celtic get go-ahead for hotel and museum project". BBC News. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 30 September 2017.
  64. ^ a b Sabljak, Ema (18 July 2020). "Celtic FC takes steps to continue hotel and museum plans at Parkhead". Glasgow Times. Retrieved 28 January 2023.
  65. ^ "Scotland Home Record by Venue". londonhearts.com. London Hearts Supporters' Club. 2004. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  66. ^ Gallacher, Ken (13 October 1997). "Made in Scotland, fashioned with skill and a lot of grit". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  67. ^ Shaw, Phil (2 April 1997). "Scotland inspired by Gallacher: Football". The Independent. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  68. ^ "Scotland surge sees off Faroes". UEFA. 2 September 2006. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  69. ^ "Burns expects Scotland to enliven 'group of death' with Faroe cruise". The Independent. 30 August 2006. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  70. ^ "Maloney earns Scotland win against Ireland". UEFA. 14 November 2014. Retrieved 26 September 2017.
  71. ^ "Scotland: Gordon Strachan hails Celtic Park atmosphere". BBC Sport. 13 November 2014. Retrieved 17 November 2014.
  72. ^ "Scottish League Cup final: Celtic Park hosts Aberdeen v Inverness". BBC Sport. 5 February 2014. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  73. ^ "Celtic Park to host 2013/2014 Scottish Cup final". BBC Sport. 30 October 2013. Retrieved 19 May 2014.
  74. ^ "The Scottish Cup". Scottishfa.co.uk. Scottish Football Association. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  75. ^ a b "Scotland – List of League Cup Finals". James M. Ross. RSSSF. 4 November 2011. Archived from the original on 31 October 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  76. ^ McKinney, David (30 November 1998). "Rangers stutter to tense victory". The Independent. Archived from the original on 25 January 2013. Retrieved 13 November 2011.
  77. ^ "The first combined shinty/hurling match 1897". A Sporting Nation. BBC. November 2005. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  78. ^ "Celtic Park - Cycling (contemporary newspaper reports)". Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via The Celtic Wiki.
  79. ^ "Scotland". rlwc2013.com. Rugby League International Federation. Archived from the original on 25 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2013.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  80. ^ a b "Bravery of fallen heroes". Celticfc.net. Celtic FC. 11 November 2011. Archived from the original on 12 October 2016. Retrieved 11 November 2011.
  81. ^ Jim Henry. "Glasgows Speedways - the pre war years". Retrieved 23 October 2018 – via The Celtic Wiki.
  82. ^ Fulton, Rick (12 September 1997). "Caught Live". Daily Record. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  83. ^ McDougall, Liam (16 March 2003). "After 13 years, Macca's back for maybe his last Scottish gig". Sunday Herald. Herald & Times Group. Archived from the original on 17 April 2003. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  84. ^ Sloan, Billy; Merritt, Mike (28 February 2010). "Sir Paul McCartney set to play Glasgow gig for first time in 20 years". Sunday Mail. Archived from the original on 28 July 2010. Retrieved 12 November 2011.
  85. ^ a b "Paradise enow". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. 11 June 1991. Retrieved 12 November 2011. [dead link]
  86. ^ "Celtic Park". Glasgow 2014. Retrieved 8 November 2011.
  87. ^ "Glasgow 2014: Commonwealth Games begin at Celtic Park". BBC News. 24 July 2014. Retrieved 26 July 2014.
  88. ^ "Celtic choose Murrayfield for Champions League qualifiers". BBC Sport. 13 March 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  89. ^ Lamont, Alasdair (6 August 2014). "Celtic 0–2 Legia Warsaw". BBC Sport. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  90. ^ "Celtic manager Ronny Deila praises Murrayfield pitch". BBC Sport. 21 July 2014. Retrieved 17 October 2014.
  91. ^ Keown, Gary (14 July 2015). "Exclusive: Celtic Park boasts a whole new look thanks to groundbreaking branding project". The Herald. Herald & Times Group. Retrieved 15 July 2015.
  92. ^ "Celtic face David Moyes' Real Sociedad in pre-season". BBC Sport. 6 June 2015. Retrieved 20 June 2015.
  93. ^ "Pro14: Celtic Park to stage the 2018-19 Final". BBC Sport. 4 May 2018. Retrieved 4 May 2018.
  94. ^ English, Tom (25 May 2019). "Glasgow Warriors 15-18 Leinster: Holders win Pro14 final at Celtic Park". BBC Sport. Retrieved 25 May 2019.
  95. ^ Dalton, Alastair (10 November 2011). "Parkhead and Ibrox 'should get their own rail stations'". The Scotsman. Johnston Press. Retrieved 10 November 2011.
  96. ^ Butt (1995)
  97. ^ a b "Location". Celticfc.net. Celtic F.C. Archived from the original on 1 November 2011. Retrieved 9 November 2011.
  98. ^ "Greater Glasgow Network Map" (PDF). First Glasgow. Retrieved 16 July 2011.
  99. ^ "New £25m Clyde Gateway road opens in Glasgow". BBC News. 26 April 2012. Retrieved 24 June 2012.
Preceded by UCI Track Cycling World Championships

Succeeded by