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Russian Football National League

The Russian Football National League (FNL) (Russian: Первенство Футбольной Национальной Лиги, Pervenstvo Futbol'noy Natsional'noy Ligi; sometimes named as Second Russian Premier League; complete official name FONBET-Russian Football Championship among the club teams of FNL, Russian: ФОНБЕТ-Первенство России по футболу среди команд клубов ФНЛ[1] for sponsorship reasons), formerly called Russian First Division (Russian: Первый дивизион) is the second level of Russian professional football.

Russian Football National League
Football National League logo.png
Founded1992; 27 years ago (1992)
CountryRussia Russia
ConfederationUEFA
Number of teams20
Level on pyramid2
Promotion toPremier League
Relegation toProfessional League
Domestic cup(s)Russian Cup
Current championsTambov
(2018–19)
Most championshipsChernomorets
Tyumen
Shinnik Yaroslavl
Luch-Energiya
Anzhi (2 titles)
Websitehttp://www.1fnl.ru/
2019-20 Russian National Football League

The Professional Football League used to run the division. Since 2011, it has been managed by the Football National League.

The league consists of 20 clubs. After each season the two top clubs are promoted to the Premier League, and the bottom five clubs are relegated to the Russian Professional Football League. Third and fourth team play in home-and-away promotion play-offs against the 13th and 14th Premier League teams. In case one or more clubs are not licensed to participate for the upcoming season, the teams previously relegated are kept in the league instead, in the order of last season's standings. The reserve squads of the Premier League teams (such as FC Spartak-2 Moscow) are not eligible for promotion, only for relegation.

HistoryEdit

Due to the dissolution of the Soviet Union, all Russian clubs of the former Soviet Top League and Soviet First League unified into the Russian Top Division, which meant that the new second tier of Russian football would remain regionalized. For the first two seasons the second tier competition was conducted in three separate groups formed by geographical region, and in 1994 a single division was formed.

2019–20 clubsEdit

Winners and top scorersEdit

Season Winners Also promoted Top scorer
1992 Zhemchuzhina-Amerus (West)
KAMAZ Naberezhnye Chelny (Centre)
Luch Vladivostok (East)
 –   Gocha Gogrichiani (Zhemchuzhina-Amerus, West) – 26
  Oleg Teryokhin (Sokol Saratov, Centre) – 27
  Vyacheslav Kartashov (Irtysh Omsk, East) – 19
1993 Chernomorets Novorossiysk (West, not promoted)
Lada Togliatti (Centre)
Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen (East)
 –   Sergey Burdin (Chernomorets Novorossiysk, West) – 25
  Vladimir Filimonov (Zvezda Perm, Centre) – 37
  Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen, East) – 22
1994 Chernomorets Novorossiysk Rostselmash Rostov-on-Don   Dmitri Silin (Baltika Kaliningrad) – 35
1995 Baltika Kaliningrad Lada Togliatti
Zenit Saint Petersburg
  Sergei Bulatov (Baltika Kaliningrad) – 29
1996 Dinamo-Gazovik Tyumen Shinnik Yaroslavl
Fakel Voronezh
  Varlam Kilasonia (Lokomotiv Saint Petersburg) – 22
1997 Uralan Elista  –   Aleksei Chernov (Lada-Grad Dimitrovgrad) – 29
1998 Saturn Moscow Region Lokomotiv Nizhny Novgorod   Andradina (Arsenal Tula) – 27
1999 Anzhi Makhachkala Fakel Voronezh   Konstantin Paramonov (Amkar Perm) – 23
2000 Sokol Saratov Torpedo-ZIL Moscow   Andrei Fedkov (Sokol Saratov) – 26
2001 Shinnik Yaroslavl Uralan Elista   Vitaly Kakunin (Neftekhimik Nizhnekamsk) – 20
2002 Rubin Kazan Chernomorets Novorossiysk   Vyacheslav Kamoltsev (Chernomorets Novorossiysk) – 20
  David Chaladze (Rubin Kazan) – 20
2003 Amkar Perm Kuban Krasnodar   Aleksandr Panov (Dynamo Saint Petersburg) – 23
2004 Terek Grozny Tom Tomsk   Andrei Fedkov (Terek Grozny) – 38
2005 Luch-Energia Vladivostok Spartak Nalchik   Yevgeni Alkhimov (Lokomotiv Chita) – 24
2006 Khimki Kuban Krasnodar   Yevgeni Alkhimov (Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast) – 25
2007 Shinnik Yaroslavl Terek Grozny   Dmitri Akimov (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 34
2008 FC Rostov Kuban Krasnodar   Denis Popov (Torpedo Moscow/Chernomorets Novorossiysk) – 24
2009 Anzhi Makhachkala Sibir Novosibirsk
Alania Vladikavkaz
  Aleksei Medvedev (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 18
2010 Kuban Krasnodar Volga Nizhny Novgorod
Krasnodar
  Otar Martsvaladze (Volga Nizhny Novgorod) – 21
2011–12 Mordovia Saransk Alania Vladikavkaz   Ruslan Mukhametshin (Mordovia Saransk) – 31
2012–13 Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast Tom Tomsk   Spartak Gogniyev (Ural Sverdlovsk Oblast) – 17
2013–14 Mordovia Saransk Arsenal Tula
Torpedo Moscow
Ufa
  Aleksandr Kutyin (Arsenal Tula) – 19
2014–15 Krylia Sovetov Anzhi Makhachkala   Yannick Boli (Anzhi Makhachkala) – 15
2015–16 Gazovik Orenburg Arsenal Tula
Tom Tomsk
  Artyom Delkin (Gazovik Orenburg) – 16
  Khasan Mamtov (Tyumen) – 16
  Maksim Zhitnev (Sibir Novosibirsk) – 16
2016–17 Dynamo Moscow Tosno
SKA-Khabarovsk
  Kirill Panchenko (Dynamo Moscow) – 24
2017–18 Orenburg Krylia Sovetov Samara
Yenisey Krasnoyarsk
  Artyom Kulishev (Dynamo Saint Petersburg) – 17
2018–19 Tambov Sochi   Maksim Barsov (Sochi) – 19

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Футбольная национальная лига". 1fnl.ru. Retrieved 31 December 2018.

External linksEdit