People's Justice Party (Malaysia)

  (Redirected from Parti Keadilan Rakyat)

The People's Justice Party (Malay: Parti Keadilan Rakyat, often known simply as KEADILAN or PKR) is a reformist, multiracial political party in Malaysia, formed in 2003 by a merger of the National Justice Party and the older Malaysian People's Party.[3] The party was led by Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail and increased its parliamentary representation from one seat to 31 seats in the 2008 general election, until the five-year political ban imposed on former Deputy Prime Minister Anwar Ibrahim was lifted on 14 April 2008. The party is the second largest party in the Pakatan Harapan coalition that formed the government after defeating Barisan Nasional, which had ruled the country for 60 years since independence in the 2018 election. It enjoys strong support from urban states such as Selangor, Penang and Johor.

People's Justice Party
Malay nameParti Keadilan Rakyat
ڤرتي كعاديلن رعيت
Chinese name人民公正黨
人民公正党
Rénmín gōngzhèng dǎng
Tamil nameமக்கள் நீதி கட்சி
Makkaḷ nīti kaṭci
AbbreviationPKR, KEADILAN
PresidentAnwar Ibrahim
Secretary-GeneralSaifuddin Nasution Ismail
SpokespersonShamsul Iskandar Md. Akin
Deputy PresidentVacant
Vice-PresidentsXavier Jayakumar Arulanandam
Chua Tian Chang
Rafizi Ramli
Chang Lih Kang
Michael Teo
AMK's ChiefAkmal Nasrullah Mohd Nasir
Women's ChiefFuziah Salleh
FounderAnwar Ibrahim
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
Founded10 December 1998 (Formation of Pergerakan Keadilan Sosial NGO)
4 April 1999 (Takeover of Ikatan Masyarakat Islam Malaysia and renamed Parti Keadilan Nasional)
3 August 2003 (Merger with Parti Rakyat Malaysia and renamed Parti Keadilan Rakyat)
Merger ofParti Keadilan Nasional and Parti Rakyat Malaysia (3 August 2003)
Preceded byIkatan Masyarakat Islam Malaysia;
Parti Keadilan Nasional and Parti Rakyat Malaysia
HeadquartersA-1-09, Merchant Square, Jalan Tropicana Selatan 1, 47410 Petaling Jaya, Selangor, Malaysia
NewspaperSuara Keadilan
Think tankInstitut Rakyat
Student wingMahasiswa Keadilan
Youth wingAngkatan Muda Keadilan (AMK)
Women's wingWanita Keadilan
Women's youth wingSrikandi Keadilan
IdeologyProgressivism
Multiracialism
Reformism[1]
Political positionCentre-left
National affiliationBarisan Alternatif (1999–2004)
Pakatan Rakyat (2008–2015)
Pakatan Harapan (Since 2015)
International affiliationLiberal International (Observer)[2]
Colours  Light blue, red, white
SloganKeadilan Untuk Semua
Ketuanan Rakyat
Demi Rakyat
Reformasi
Lawan Tetap Lawan
Membujur Lalu Melintang Patah
AnthemArus Perjuangan Bangsa
Dewan Negara:
6 / 70
Dewan Rakyat:
38 / 222
Dewan Undangan Negeri:
56 / 607
Party flag
Parti Keadilan Rakyat logo.svg
Website
www.keadilanrakyat.org

The party promotes an agenda with a strong emphasis on social justice and anti-corruption. Recently, the party adopted a platform that seeks to abolish the New Economic Policy and replace it with a policy with an emphasis on a non-ethnic approach in poverty eradication and correcting economic imbalances. It is one of the three component parties of the Pakatan Harapan coalition which serves as the official opposition in the Dewan Rakyat.

HistoryEdit

The early yearsEdit

The year 1997 saw the Malaysian economy being affected by the Asian financial crisis. The Finance Minister at the time, Anwar Ibrahim (also a Deputy Prime Minister), instituted a series of economic reforms and austerity measures in response. These actions were exacerbated when he tabled controversial amendments to the Anti Corruption Act that sought to increase the powers of the Anti Corruption Agency.[4] Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad disagreed with these measures and ultimately sacked Anwar from all his posts.[5] This incident and the circumstances in which it happened led to a public outcry in what became known as the Reformasi movement, but it also resulted in the arrest and subsequent incarceration of Anwar on what many believed to be politically motivated charges of sexual misconduct and corruption.[6]

FoundationEdit

Building on the momentum of the Reformasi, a political movement called the Social Justice Movement (Malay: Pergerakan Keadilan Sosial) was launched on 10 December 1998.[7] It was led by Dr Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, wife of Anwar.[8] But, facing difficulties in registering Adil as a political party, the reformasi movement took over a small dormant party formed in 1991, Ikatan Masyarakat Islam Malaysia, and relaunched it as the National Justice Party (Malay: Parti Keadilan Nasional) on 4 April 1999, just in time to take part in the 1999 general elections.[9] The party has been noted as having rough similarities with the now-defunct multi-racial social democratic Parti Keadilan Masyarakat Malaysia.[10] The party was joined by the Democratic Action Party, the Malaysian People's Party and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party in a broadly based electoral alliance known as Barisan Alternatif to take on the ruling BN coalition in the 1999 general elections.[11]

ArrestsEdit

Between 27 and 30 September 1999, seven activists, including Keadilan leaders; Vice-President Tian Chua, N. Gobalakrishnan, Youth leader Mohd Ezam Mohd Nor, Mohamed Azmin Ali, Fairus Izuddin and Dr Badrul Amin Baharun; were arrested and as a result prevented from contesting in the elections.[12] Further arrests were made on 10 April 2001 and those arrested were subsequently charged and incarcerated under the Internal Security Act.[13] They became known as the Reformasi 10.[14]

1999 general electionEdit

The party entered the campaign with many of its key leaders under arrest and as a result saw it winning only five parliamentary seats in the elections despite gaining 11.67% of the total votes cast. The Barisan Alternatif as a whole gained 40.21% of the total votes cast with PAS gaining 27 seats and DAP gaining ten seats.

Merger with Parti Rakyat MalaysiaEdit

The post election period saw negotiations between KeADILan and Parti Rakyat Malaysia on a possible merger.[15] Despite some opposition in both parties to the move,[16][17] a 13-point Memorandum of Understanding was eventually signed by the two parties on 5 July 2002.[18] On 3 August 2003, the new merged entity was officially launched and assumed its current name.[19] Somehow, as PRM had yet to be de-registered by the authorities, the remained dissidents convened a National Congress in Johor Bahru and elected a new Executive Committee led by former PRM youth leader, Hassan Abdul Karim to resume political activities on 17 April 2005.

2004 general electionEdit

As the new amendments to the party constitution had yet to be approved by the Registrar of Societies, candidates from PRM contested the 2004 general election using the symbol of the old National Justice Party.[20] The party fared poorly in the elections and only managed to retain one parliamentary seat, Permatang Pauh which is held by Dr Wan Azizah, despite winning 9% of the popular vote. The poor showing was later attributed to malapportionment and gerrymandering in the delineation of constituencies, with one estimate suggesting that on average, a vote for the BN government was worth 28 times the vote of a Keadilan supporter.[21]

Anwar Ibrahim freedEdit

On 2 September 2004, in a decision by the Federal Court, Anwar Ibrahim's sodomy conviction was overturned and he was freed. This unexpected turn of events came timely for KEADILAN which was facing flagging morale due to its dismal performance in the elections.

2008 general electionEdit

In the 2008 elections, PKR won 31 seats in Parliament, with the DAP and PAS making substantial gains as well with 28 seats and 23 seats respectively. In total, the taking of 82 seats by the opposition to BN's 140 seats made it the best performance in Malaysian history by the opposition, and denied BN the two-thirds majority required to make constitutional changes in the Dewan Rakyat.

PKR also successfully contested the state legislative elections which saw the loose coalition of PKR, DAP and PAS forming coalition governments in the states of Kelantan, Kedah, Penang, Perak and Selangor. The offices of the Menteri Besar of Selangor and the Deputy Chief Minister of Penang were held by KEADILAN elected representatives, Khalid Ibrahim and Mohd Fairus Khairuddin, respectively.

Anwar's return to politicsEdit

On 14 April 2008, Anwar celebrated his official return to the political stage, as his ban from public office expired a decade after he was sacked as deputy prime minister. One of the main reasons the opposition seized a third of parliamentary seats and five states in the worst ever showing for the BN coalition that has ruled for half a century, was due to him leading at the helm.[22] A gathering of more than 10,000 supporters greeted Anwar in a rally welcoming back his return to politics. In the midst of the rally, police interrupted Anwar after he had addressed the rally for nearly half an hour and forced him to stop the gathering.[23]

Malaysia's government intensified its efforts on 6 March to portray opposition figure Anwar Ibrahim as political turncoats, days ahead of Malaysian general election, 2008 on 8 March that would determine whether he posed a legitimate threat to the ruling coalition.[24] Campaigning wrapped up 7 March for general elections that would see gains for Malaysia's opposition amid anger over race and religion among minority Chinese and Indians.[25] Malaysians voted on 8 March 2008 in parliamentary elections.[25] Election results showed that the ruling government suffered a setback when it failed to obtain two-thirds majority in parliament, and five out of 12 state legislatures were won by the opposition parties.[26] Reasons for the setback of the ruling party, which had retained power since the nation declared independence in 1957, were the rising inflation, crime and ethnic tensions.[27]

Permatang Pauh by-electionEdit

Malaysia's government and ruling coalition declared defeat in a landslide victory in the by-election by Anwar Ibrahim. Muhammad Muhammad Taib, information chief of the United Malays National Organisation which leads the BN coalition stated: Yes of course we have lost . . . we were the underdogs going into this race.[28] Malaysia's Election Commission officials announced Anwar won by an astounding majority against Arif Shah Omar Shah of National Front coalition and over Prime Minister Abdullah Badawi's UMNO.[29] Reuters reported that according to news website Malaysiakini, Anwar Ibrahim had won with a majority of 16,210 votes. He had won 26,646 votes, while BN's Arif Omar won 10,436 votes.[30] Anwar's People's Justice Party's spokeswoman Ginie Lim told BBC: "We won already. We are far ahead".[29]

On 28 August 2008, Anwar, dressed in a dark blue traditional Malay outfit and black "songkok" hat, took the oath at the main chamber of Parliament house in Kuala Lumpur, as MP for Permatang Pauh at 10.03 am before Speaker Tan Sri Pandikar Amin Mulia. He formally declared Anwar the leader of the 3-party opposition alliance. With his wife Wan Azizah Wan Ismail and his daughter Nurul Izzah Anwar, also a parliamentarian, Anwar announced: "I'm glad to be back after a decade. The prime minister has lost the mandate of the country and the nation".[31][32] Anwar needed at least 30 government lawmakers especially from Sabah and Sarawak MPs' votes to defect to form a government.[33][34]

Other developmentsEdit

In December 2005 PKR organised its second national congress.[35] Among the motions passed was the New Economic Agenda[36] that envisioned a non-racial economic policy to replace the race-based New Economic Policy. PKR managed a breakthrough into Sarawak politics in May 2006. In Sarawak state elections, Dominique Ng, a lawyer and activist, won in the Padungan constituency in Kuching, a majority Chinese locale. KEADILAN lost narrowly in Saribas, a Malay-Melanau constituency by just 94 votes. Sarawak is a traditional BN stronghold. PKR has also pursued an aggressive strategy of getting key personalities from within and outside politics. In July 2006, Khalid Ibrahim, former CEO of Permodalan Nasional Berhad and Guthrie, was appointed as Treasurer of the PKR.

Kajang MoveEdit

In 2014, the Party's Strategy Director then Vice-President-cum-Secretary-General, Rafizi Ramli initiated the failed Kajang Move in a bid to topple the 14th Menteri Besar of Selangor, Abdul Khalid Ibrahim, and install the party's de facto leader Anwar Ibrahim as his replacement. The political manoeuvre resulted in a nine-month political crisis within the state of Selangor and the Pakatan Rakyat coalition, that also involved the palace of Selangor, a by-election costing RM1.6 million in taxpayers’ money, the party losing one seat in Selangor's assembly and Malaysian Parliament. PKR also ended up not getting the Menteri Besar that it wanted.[37] The crisis concluded with the appointment of PKR's Deputy President, Azmin Ali, as the 15th Menteri Besar of Selangor. Most analysts say that the Kajang Move was a great failure.[38]

PD MoveEdit

On 12 September 2018 the incumbent Danyal Balagopal Abdullah resigned as Member of Parliament for Port Dickson to allow Anwar Ibrahim, who had been granted a royal pardon by the country's monarch the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to re-enter parliament after a 3-year absence. The resignation caused the Port Dickson by-election, 2018 and was dubbed the 'PD Move'. Anwar won the seat with an increased majority against six other candidates.[39]

Collapse of the Pakatan Harapan governmentEdit

The 2020 Malaysian political crisis culminated in the collapse of the Pakatan Harapan government. The political crisis began when several political forces, including then PKR deputy president Azmin Ali, attempted to form a new government without going through a general election. This was achieved through the withdrawal of BERSATU from the coalition and the exit of Azmin Ali along with 10 other PKR MPs. This deprived the coalition of its majority and paved the way for Muhyiddin Yassin, with the support of the newly-formed Perikatan Nasional coalition to form a new government with himself as Prime Minister.

During the political crisis, in a Facebook Live broadcast of a night prayer session at Anwar's residence, Anwar said that he had been informed of a "treachery" having been committed that involved "former friends from Bersatu and a small group from PKR".[40] Later, Azmin, in a statement, claimed that his action was to protect Mahathir, who was forced to choose a date for the transition of power during Pakatan Harapan presidential meeting on 21 February, and the statutory declaration presented to the Agong was to cement support for Mahathir, not to elect a new prime minister.[41] He further said that the real traitor was the faction that tried to usurp Mahathir.[42]

On 24 February, PKR held a press conference where its general secretary, Saifuddin Nasution Ismail, announced that Azmin and the Minister of Housing and Local Government, Zuraida Kamaruddin, who was then a vice president of PKR, had been dismissed by the party.[43] Saifuddin explained that they were expelled due to their actions on 23 February which went against the party's official line regarding the position of prime minister.[44] Azmin later announced that he would be forming an independent bloc at the parliament along with Zuraida and other nine MPs who had decided to exit the party following his expulsion.[45]

PKR held a meeting at its headquarters on 1 March 2020.[46] While leaving the headquarters after the meeting ended, members who were associated with the former deputy president Azmin Ali, such as the vice-president Tian Chua and the former party's youth wing deputy chief Afif Bahardin, was harassed and assaulted by PKR supporters. Both were accused of being "traitors". Police later revealed that one arrest had been made in relation to the incident involving Chua, with at least two reports were lodged.[47]

A large number of grassroots members of PKR have left the party since the political crisis started. Three PKR Kelantan branch leaders announced that they were leaving the party on 26 February after Azmin and Zuraida Kamaruddin, the party's vice president, were sacked from their positions and expelled.[48] Around 2,000 members from the Pasir Puteh branch left the party on 28 February, stating that they were disappointed with the party's leadership.[49] 536 members from the Kota Raja branch also left the party on 1 March, citing that they no longer believed in the party's direction.[50] On 2 March, around 400 members of PKR in Perak also left the party, arguing that the party had lost its focus on nation building and was only focused on the transition of power to the party's president, Anwar Ibrahim.[51] This was later followed by the exit of 500 members from the Arau and Padang Besar branches on 15 March. They too cited that they had lost confidence with the party's leadership under Anwar.[52]

On 4 March, Afif Bahardin from PKR resigned from his position in Penang State Executive Council.[53] He stated that he was pressured by the party's state and central leadership to resign from his post.[54] Afif is a known supporter of Azmin Ali while the latter was still the party's deputy president.[55] PKR's Norlela Ariffin was appointed as the new state councillor and was sworn in on 12 March in front of the Yang Dipertua Negeri, Abdul Rahman Abbas.[56][57]. Also PKR assemblyman from Pemanis, Chong Fat Full formally announced his exit from his party to become a Perikatan-friendly independent, thus resulting in Perikatan Nasional effectively controlling 29 seats in the state assembly against Harapan's 27.[58]

On 12 May, two PKR assemblymen representing Sidam (Robert Ling Kui Ee) and Lunas (Azman Nasrudin) left the party citing lack of confidence in Anwar and an alleged purge of grassroots members aligned towards Azmin as their reasons, to become independents friendly towards Perikatan Nasional.[59] Later in the day, Kedah state opposition leader Muhammad Sanusi Md Nor announced the formation of a new government with the support of 23 state assemblymen including the two ex-PKR members and four of six Bersatu assemblymen previously aligned with Pakatan Harapan.[60][61]

On 17 May, Srikandi Keadilan Chief, Nurainie Haziqah Shafii exit party.The decision was taken after no longer confident and believing in the idealism of the struggle and the direction of PKR at this time.[62]

On 5 June, Member of Parliament (MP) for Lubok Antu, Jugah Muyang resigned from the PKR and pledged support for Perikatan Nasional (PN) coalition. The next day (6 June), Jugah went to the Seri Perdana, the official residence of the prime minister to hand over his support letter to Muhyiddin. On the other hand, an Independent MP, Syed Abu Husin Hafiz, MP for Bukit Gantang was also there to hand over the application form to join and support the Bersatu. Also present were Bersatu MPs Senior Minister for Economy and Minister of International Trade and Industry, Azmin Ali and Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Ali Biju. It was also reported that Jugah was convinced by Azmin to support the ruling PN coalition to empower its administration.[63][64][65]

On June 13 Dr Daroyah Alwi, Deputy Speaker & EXCO announced that she had quit the PKR party and became an independent assemblyman in support of the Perikatan Nasional coalition. She came out on the grounds that he had "lost confidence in the President (Anwar Ibrahim) and his harpist leadership of the idealism of the struggle". [66]

On 21 June, 50 Johor PKR women leader members exit party after losing faith in the party's top leadership.[67]

On 22 June, 25 PKR grassroots leaders Saratok branch exit party. PKR Saratok branch once led by Ali Biju. They left PKR because they lost confidence in the party. [68]

On 24 June, Afif Bahardin announced his departure from the PKR for joining Malaysian United Indigenous Party.[69]

On 27 June, 19 Jelebu branch PKR Committee members exit party after claiming to have lost faith in the PKR leadership.[70]

On 29 June PKR Women’s chief & EXCO, Hanizah Talha sack from PKR. In 11 July she was no longer State Exco member. Haniza Talha has described PKR’s decision to sack her from the party as an “act of revenge”.[71][72][73]

On 30 June, Salleh Said Keruak, former Sabah Minister Chief & former UMNO member canceled his application to join PKR after thinking deeply and taking into account today's political landscape including PKR's internal turmoil. He said, the decision was made last April and with the cancellation he remained non-partisan since leaving UMNO in 2018. Previously, Salleh applied to join PKR in October last year.[74]

On 1 July, Terengganu PKR women chief, Sharifah Norhayati Syed Omar Alyahya exit PKR along with 131 other members. The decision was made after seeing injustice in the party's top leadership.[75]

On 4 July, Zulkifli Ibrahim sacked from PKR and joining Perikatan Nasional (PN). He insisted that the PKR disciplinary committee should have summoned him for investigations before making any decisions.[76]. Also, 250 PKR member from Ampang leave the party[77] & 2 PKR councillors quit party (Jess Choy and Shoba Selvarajoo, who is a PKR women’s exco). Claimed to have lost confidence in PKR president Anwar Ibrahim and his leadership, citing the “embarrassing” party polls.[78]

On 11 July, almost 100 Anak Muda Keadilan (AMK) Port Dickson members exit PKR. Making The AMK Port Dickson branch is paralyzed. The action was taken as the party was weakening and unable to win seats in the next general election & PKR is too discussing narrow politics just to make PKR President, Anwar Ibrahim as the Prime Minister alone.[79] Fuziah Salleh appointed new PKR women's chief replaces Haniza Talha, who was expelled from the party.[80]

On 15 July Jempol PKR branch chief, Karip Mohd Salleh along with 25 other members exit party. Making The PKR Jempol branch is dissolved. The decision was made after each of them had lost faith in the party leadership in navigating the leadership ranks either at the federal or state levels.[81]

On 30 July, Inanam assemblyman & Sabah PKR Vice chairman, Kenny Chua Teck Ho sack from PKR for backing Musa[82]

On 9 August, former BERSATU Kuala Krau Division division chief Mohamad Rafidee Hashim left the party and joined Parti Keadilan Rakyat. He said his action to join PKR was because he was confident that the party was more consistent and principled in its efforts to fight for reform.[83]

IdeologyEdit

PKR’s constitution has as one of their core principles,[84] the establishment of "a society that is just and a nation that is democratic, progressive and united". In practice, the party has primarily focused on promoting social justice,[85] economic justice,[86][87] eliminating political corruption[88] and human rights issues[89] within a non-ethnic framework.[90]

Structure and membershipEdit

 
PKR branch office in Iskandar Puteri, Johor.

Current office bearersEdit

Elected representativesEdit

Dewan Negara (Senate)Edit

SenatorsEdit

Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)Edit

Members of Parliament of the 14th Malaysian ParliamentEdit

PKR has 38 members in the House of Representatives.

State No. Parliament Constituency Member Party
  Perlis P002 Kangar Noor Amin Ahmad PKR
  Kedah P009 Alor Setar Chan Ming Kai PKR
P010 Kuala Kedah Azman Ismail PKR
P014 Merbok Nor Azrina Surip PKR
P015 Sungai Petani Johari Abdul PKR
P017 Padang Serai Karuppaiya Muthusamy PKR
P018 Kulim-Bandar Baharu Saifuddin Nasution Ismail PKR
  Penang P044 Permatang Pauh Nurul Izzah Anwar PKR
P052 Bayan Baru Sim Tze Tzin PKR
P053 Balik Pulau Muhammad Bakhtiar Wan Chik PKR
  Perak P062 Sungai Siput Kesavan Subramaniam PKR
P071 Gopeng Lee Boon Chye PKR
P077 Tanjong Malim Chang Lih Kang PKR
  Pahang P083 Kuantan Fuziah Salleh PKR
  Selangor P094 Hulu Selangor June Leow Hsiad Hui PKR
P097 Selayang William Leong Jee Keen PKR
P100 Pandan Wan Azizah Wan Ismail PKR
P104 Subang Wong Chen PKR
P105 Petaling Jaya Maria Chin Abdullah PKR
P107 Sungai Buloh Sivarasa Rasiah PKR
P109 Kapar Abdullah Sani Abdul Hamid PKR
P112 Kuala Langat Xavier Jayakumar Arulanandam PKR
  Kuala Lumpur P115 Batu P. Prabakaran M. Parameswaran PKR
P116 Wangsa Maju Tan Yee Kew PKR
P118 Setiawangsa Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad PKR
P121 Lembah Pantai Fahmi Fadzil PKR
  Negeri Sembilan P132 Port Dickson Anwar Ibrahim PKR
  Malacca P136 Tangga Batu Rusnah Aluai PKR
P137 Hang Tuah Jaya Shamsul Iskandar Md. Akin PKR
  Johor P141 Sekijang Natrah Ismail PKR
P144 Ledang Syed Ibrahim Syed Noh PKR
P158 Tebrau Steven Choong Shiau Yoon PKR
P159 Pasir Gudang Hassan Abdul Karim PKR
P160 Johor Bahru Akmal Nasrullah Mohd Nasir PKR
  Sabah P173 Putatan Awang Husaini Sahari PKR
P190 Tawau Christina Liew Chin Jin PKR
  Sarawak P209 Julau Larry Sng Wei Shien PKR
P219 Miri Michael Teo Yu Keng PKR
Total Perlis (1), Kedah (6), Penang (3), Perak (3), Pahang (1), Selangor (8), F.T. Kuala Lumpur (4), Negeri Sembilan (1), Malacca (2), Johor (5), Sabah (2), Sarawak (2)

Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly)Edit

Malaysian State Assembly RepresentativesEdit

State No. State Constituency Member Party
  Perlis N7 Sena Asrul Nizan Abd Jalil PKR
N8 Indera Kayangan Gan Ay Ling PKR
N9 Kuala Perlis Nor Azam Karap PKR
  Kedah N12 Suka Menanti Zamri Yusuf PKR
N22 Gurun Johari Abdul PKR
N25 Bukit Selambau Summugam Rengasamy PKR
N28 Bakar Arang Ooi Tze Min PKR
N35 Kulim Yeo Keng Chuan PKR
  Penang N2 Pinang Tunggal Ahmad Zakiyuddin Abdul Rahman PKR
N6 Telok Ayer Tawar Mustapha Kamal Ahmad PKR
N12 Penanti Norlela Ariffin PKR
N14 Machang Bubok Lee Khai Loon PKR
N17 Bukit Tengah Gooi Hsiao-Leung PKR
N18 Bukit Tambun Goh Choon Aik PKR
N21 Sungai Bakap Amar Pritpal Abdullah PKR
N24 Kebun Bunga Ong Khan Lee PKR
N35 Batu Uban Kumaresan Aramugam PKR
N36 Pantai Jerejak Saifuddin Nasution Ismail PKR
N37 Batu Maung Abdul Halim Hussain PKR
N39 Pulau Betong Mohd.Tuah Ismail PKR
  Perak N24 Hulu Kinta Muhamad Arafat Varisai Mahamad PKR
N45 Simpang Pulai Tan Kar Hing PKR
N46 Teja Ng Shy Ching PKR
  Pahang N13 Semambu Lee Chean Chung PKR
N14 Teruntum Sim Chon Siang PKR
  Selangor N9 Permatang Rozana Zainal Abidin PKR
N10 Bukit Melawati Juwairiya Zulkifli PKR
N11 Ijok Idris Ahmad PKR
N14 Rawang Chua Wei Kiat PKR
N16 Sungai Tua Amirudin Shari PKR
N25 Kajang Hee Loy Sian PKR
N32 Seri Setia Halimey Abu Bakar PKR
N33 Taman Medan Syamsul Firdaus Mohamed Supri PKR
N37 Bukit Lanjan Elizabeth Wong PKR
N38 Paya Jaras Mohd.Khairuddin Othman PKR
N39 Kota Damansara Shatiri Mansor PKR
N40 Kota Anggerik Najwan Halimi PKR
N41 Batu Tiga Rodziah Ismail PKR
N46 Pelabuhan Klang Azmizam Zaman Huri PKR
N48 Sentosa Gunaraj George PKR
N49 Sungai Kandis Mohd.Zawawi Ahmad Mughni PKR
N51 Tanjong Sepat Borhan Ahmad Shah PKR
  Negeri Sembilan N13 Sikamat Aminuddin Harun PKR
N14 Ampangan Mohamad Rafie Ab. Malik PKR
N18 Pilah Mohamad Nazaruddin Sabtu PKR
N20 Labu Ismail Ahmad PKR
N29 Chuah Yek Diew Ching PKR
N33 Sri Tanjong Ravi Munasamy PKR
  Melaka N8 Machap Jaya Ginie Lim PKR
N14 Klebang Gue Teck PKR
  Johor N14 Bukit Naning Md.Ysahrudin Kusni PKR
N17 Semerah Mohd. Khuzzan Abu Bakar PKR
N40 Tiram Gopalakrishnan Subramaniam PKR
N51 Bukit Batu Jimmy Pua Wee Tse PKR
  Sabah N15 Api-Api Christina Liew PKR
N18 Inanam Peto Galim PKR
Total Perlis (3), Kedah (5), Penang (12), Perak (3), Pahang (2), Selangor (17), Negeri Sembilan (6), Malacca (2), Johor (4), Sabah (2)

Parliamentary SpokespersonEdit

The table below lists the spokesperson of the People's Justice Party of Malaysia in the 14th Parliament session issued on the 4th of July 2020. The purpose of the spokesperson is to shadow the portfolios and ministries or to act as a shadow cabinet for the National Alliance Government.

Spokesperson Portfolio Constituency
Anwar Ibrahim Leader of the Opposition Port Dickson
Wan Azizah Wan Ismail Advisory Council Chairperson Pandan
Johari Abdul Defence and Home Affairs Sungai Petani
Saifuddin Nasution Ismail Finance, Cost of Living and Consumer Affairs Kulim-Bandar Baharu
Xavier Jayakumar Natural Resources, Water and Energy Kuala Langat
Chang Lih Kang Housing, Local Government and Infrastructure Tanjong Malim
Nurul Izzah Anwar Women, Family and Community Development Permatang Pauh
Lee Boon Chye Health Gopeng
Fuziah Salleh Environment Kuantan
Wong Chen International Trade and Industry Subang
Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad Education Setiawangsa
Larry Sng Wei Shien Sabah and Sarawak Julau
Shamsul Iskandar Mohd. Akin Rural Development Hang Tuah Jaya
Akmal Nasir Youth and Sports Johor Bahru
Syed Ibrahim Syed Noh Digital Technology, Telecommunications and Transport Ledang
Abdullah Sani Abdul Hamid Work and Worker's Rights Kapar
Ahmad Fahmi Mohamed Fadzil Communications, Arts and Culture Lembah Pantai
William Leong Jee Keen Parliament and Administration Selayang
Muhammad Bakhtiar Wan Chik Tourism Balik Pulau
Sim Tze Tzin Agriculture and Commodities Bayan Baru
Sivarasa Rasiah Law Sungai Buloh
Deputy Spokesperson Portfolio Constituency
Karuppaiya Muthusamy Defence and Home Affairs Padang Serai
Steven Choong Shiau Yoon Finance, Cost of Living and Consumer Affairs Tebrau
Michael Teo Yu Keng Natural Resources, Water and Energy Miri
Noor Amin Ahmad Housing, Local Government and Infrastructure Kangar
Nor Azrina Surip Women, Family and Community Development Merbok
Azman Ismail Health Kuala Kedah
Maria Chin Abdullah Environment Petaling Jaya
Tan Yee Kew International Trade and Industry Wangsa Maju
Rusnah Aluai Education Tangga Batu
Awang Husaini Sahari Sabah and Sarawak Putatan
Kesavan Subramaniam Rural Development Sungai Siput
P. Prabakaran Youth and Sports Batu
June Leow Hsiad Hui Digital Technology, Telecommunications and Transport Hulu Selangor
Hassan Abdul Karim Work and Worker's Rights Pasir Gudang
Chan Ming Kai Communications, Arts and Cultures Alor Setar
Christina Liew Chin Jin Tourism Tawau
Hajah Natrah Ismail Agriculture and Commodities Sekijang

General election resultsEdit

Election Total seats won Seat Contested Total votes Share of votes Outcome of election Election leader
1999
5 / 193
78 773,679 11.67%  5 seats; Opposition coalition (Barisan Alternatif) Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
2004
1 / 219
80 617,518 8.9%  4 seats; Opposition coalition (Barisan Alternatif) Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
2008
31 / 222
84 1,509,080 18.58%  30 seats; Opposition coalition (Pakatan Rakyat) Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
2013
30 / 222
99 2,254,211 20.39%  1 seats; Opposition coalition (Pakatan Rakyat) Anwar Ibrahim
2018
50 / 222
71 2,046,484 17.10%  20 seats; Governing coalition (Pakatan Harapan) Wan Azizah Wan Ismail

State election resultsEdit

State election State Legislative Assembly
Perlis State Legislative Assembly Kedah State Legislative Assembly Kelantan State Legislative Assembly Terengganu State Legislative Assembly Penang State Legislative Assembly Perak State Legislative Assembly Pahang State Legislative Assembly Selangor State Legislative Assembly Negeri Sembilan State Legislative Assembly Malacca State Legislative Assembly Johor State Legislative Assembly Sabah State Legislative Assembly Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Total won / Total contested
2/3 majority
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
1999
0 / 15
0 / 36
0 / 43
0 / 32
1 / 33
1 / 52
1 / 38
1 / 48
0 / 32
0 / 25
0 / 40
0 / 48
4 / 70
2001
0 / 62
0 / 25
2004
0 / 15
0 / 36
0 / 45
0 / 32
0 / 40
0 / 59
0 / 42
0 / 56
0 / 36
0 / 28
0 / 56
0 / 60
0 / 121
2006
1 / 71
1 / 25
2008
0 / 15
4 / 36
1 / 45
0 / 32
9 / 40
7 / 59
0 / 42
15 / 56
4 / 36
0 / 28
0 / 56
0 / 60
40 / 176
2011
3 / 71
3 / 49
2013
1 / 15
4 / 36
1 / 45
1 / 32
10 / 40
5 / 59
2 / 42
14 / 56
3 / 36
0 / 28
1 / 56
7 / 60
49 / 172
2016
5 / 82
5 / 40
2018
3 / 15
7 / 36
0 / 45
0 / 32
14 / 40
4 / 59
2 / 42
21 / 56
6 / 36
3 / 28
5 / 56
2 / 60
70 / 172
2020
2 / 73
2 / 7

ControversiesEdit

Sodomy allegations against Anwar IbrahimEdit

At 11.03 pm on 29 June 2008, online news portal Malaysiakini reported that an aide of Anwar Ibrahim had lodged a police report claiming that he had been sodomised by Anwar. The news has since been updated with reports that SMS messages are being distributed claiming that the person who made the report is Anwar's aide, Saiful Bukhari, who was arrested earlier today and allegedly forced to make a false confession. The same SMS message also claimed the possibility of Anwar being arrested later today.[91]

Anwar has since denied the allegations claiming that it was a complete fabrication and made in retaliation against him due to his recent acquisition of evidence that implicates the current Inspector General of the Police, Musa Hassan, and the Attorney General, Abdul Gani Patail, in misconduct including fabrication of evidence used against him during the 1998–1999 trials for corruption and sodomy.[92]

Suara Keadilan publication license suspendedEdit

In June 2010, Suara Keadilan's publication was suspended for publishing a report which claimed a government agency is bankrupt. Suara Keadilan is run by opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim's PKR party. The Home Ministry, which oversees Malaysia's newspapers, said it was not satisfied with the paper's explanation for the allegedly inaccurate report.[93]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

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External linksEdit