Penang State Legislative Assembly

The Penang State Legislative Assembly is the legislature of the Malaysian state of Penang. It is a unicameral institution, consisting of a total of 40 elected lawmakers representing single-member constituencies throughout Penang. The state legislature, whose members are called State Assemblymen, convenes at the Penang State Assembly Building in Penang's capital city of George Town. The Penang State Executive Council, the executive branch of the Penang state government, is drawn from among the State Assemblymen.

Penang State Legislative Assembly

Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang
槟城州议会
பினாங்கு மாநில சட்டமன்றம்
ديوان اوندڠن نݢري ڤولاو ڤينڠ
15th State Legislative Assembly
Type
Type
History
Founded11 July 1959; 64 years ago (1959-07-11)
Leadership
Ahmad Fuzi Abdul Razak
since 1 May 2021 (2021-05-01)
Law Choo Kiang, PHPKR
since 28 June 2013 (2013-06-28)
Deputy Speaker
Azrul Mahathir Aziz, PHAMANAH
since 29 August 2023 (2023-08-29)
Chow Kon Yeow,
PHDAP
since 14 May 2018 (2018-05-14)
Leader of the Opposition
Muhammad Fauzi Yusoff, PN-PAS
since 17 November 2023 (2023-11-17)
Secretary
Maheswari Malayandy
Structure
Seats40
Quorum: 13
Simple majority: 21
Two-thirds majority: 27
Political groups
(As of 24 May 2024)

Government (29)
  PH (27)

  BN (2)

Opposition (10)
  PN (10)

  Vacant (1)

Speaker (1)

  PH (non-MLA)
Committees
5
  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Rights and Privileges Committee
  • Assembly Committee
  • Rules of Proceedings Committee
  • Constitutional Committee
Elections
Plurality First-past-the-post
Last election
12 August 2023
Next election
By 28 October 2028
Meeting place
Penang State Assembly Building, Light Street, George Town, Penang
Website
dun.penang.gov.my

After the 2023 Penang state election and out of the 40 seats, 29 are held by the Pakatan Harapan (PH) and Barisan Nasional (BN) ruling coalitions. Within the PH coalition, the Democratic Action Party (DAP) retains its 19 seats since 2008, the People's Justice Party (PKR) holds 7 seats and the National Trust Party (Amanah) retain just a single seat, while the BN coalition holds 2 seats. The PH and BN coalitions thus command a supermajority in the legislature. Meanwhile, 11 seats are held by the Perikatan Nasional (PN) opposition coalition.

Map of current constituencies (since 2018)

Current composition edit

Government Opposition
PH BN PN
27 2 11
19 7 1 2 7 4
DAP PKR AMANAH UMNO PAS BERSATU
No. Parliamentary Constituency No. State Constituency Portrait Member Coalition (Party) Post
- - - Non-MLA   Law Choo Kiang PH (PKR) Speaker
P041 Kepala Batas N01 Penaga   Mohd Yusni Mat Piah PN (PAS) N/A
N02 Bertam   Reezal Merican Naina Merican BN (UMNO)
N03 Pinang Tunggal   Bukhori Ghazali PN (PAS)
P042 Tasek Gelugor N4 Permatang Berangan   Mohd Sobri Salleh PN (PAS)
N05 Sungai Dua   Muhammad Fauzi Yusoff PN (PAS) Opposition Leader
N06 Telok Ayer Tawar   Azmi Alang PN (BERSATU) N/A
P043 Bagan N07 Sungai Puyu   Phee Syn Tze PH (DAP)
N08 Bagan Jermal   Chee Yeeh Keen PH (DAP)
N09 Bagan Dalam   Kumaran Krishnan PH (DAP)
P044 Permatang Pauh N10 Seberang Jaya   Izhar Shah Arif Shah PN (BERSATU)
N11 Permatang Pasir   Amir Hamzah Abdul Hashim PN (PAS)
N12 Penanti   Zulkefli Bakar PN (BERSATU)
P045 Bukit Mertajam N13 Berapit   Heng Lee Lee PH (DAP)
N14 Machang Bubok   Lee Khai Loon PH (PKR)
N15 Padang Lalang   Daniel Gooi Zi Sen PH (DAP) EXCO Member
P46 Batu Kawan N16 Perai   Sundarajoo Somu PH (DAP)
N17 Bukit Tengah   Gooi Hsiao Leung PH (PKR) N/A
N18 Bukit Tambun   Goh Choon Aik PH (PKR)
P047 Nibong Tebal N19 Jawi   Jason H'ng Mooi Lye PH (DAP) EXCO Member
N20 Sungai Bakap   Vacant N/A
N21 Sungai Acheh   Rashidi Zinol BN (UMNO) EXCO Member
P048 Bukit Bendera N22 Tanjong Bunga   Zairil Khir Johari PH (DAP)
N23 Air Putih   Lim Guan Eng PH (DAP)
  • Former Chief Minister of Penang
  • MP for Bagan
N24 Kebun Bunga   Lee Boon Heng PH (PKR) N/A
N25 Pulau Tikus   Joshua Woo Sze Zeng PH (DAP)
P049 Tanjong N26 Padang Kota   Chow Kon Yeow PH (DAP)
N27 Pengkalan Kota   Wong Yuee Harng PH (DAP) N/A
N28 Komtar   Teh Lai Heng PH (DAP)
P050 Jelutong N29 Datok Keramat   Jagdeep Singh Deo PH (DAP) Deputy Chief Minister II
N30 Sungai Pinang   Lim Siew Khim PH (DAP) EXCO Member
N31 Batu Lancang   Ong Ah Teong PH (DAP) N/A
P051 Bukit Gelugor N32 Seri Delima   Connie Tan Hooi Peng PH (DAP)
N33 Air Itam   Joseph Ng Soon Siang PH (DAP)
N34 Paya Terubong   Wong Hon Wai PH (DAP) EXCO Member
P052 Bayan Baru N35 Batu Uban   Kumaresan Aramugam PH (PKR) N/A
N36 Pantai Jerejak   Fahmi Zainol PH (PKR) EXCO Member
N37 Batu Maung   Mohamad Abdul Hamid PH (PKR) Deputy Chief Minister I
P053 Balik Pulau N38 Bayan Lepas   Azrul Mahathir Aziz PH (AMANAH) Deputy Speaker
N39 Pulau Betong   Mohamad Shukor Zakariah PN (PAS) N/A
N40 Telok Bahang   Muhamad Kasim PN (BERSATU)

Seating arrangement edit

The seating arrangement of the Penang State Legislative Assembly is as follows.[1]

N08 Bagan Jermal N27 Pengkalan Kota N33 Air Itam N31 Batu Lanchang N17 Bukit Tengah N13 Berapit N14 Machang Bubok N35 Batu Uban
N18 Bukit Tambun N28 Komtar N02 Bertam N23 Air Putih
N32 Seri Delima B Vacant
N25 Pulau Tikus N38 Bayan Lepas (Deputy Speaker)
N24 Kebun Bunga N10 Seberang Jaya C A N34 Paya Terubong (EXCO Member) N36 Pantai Jerejak (EXCO Member)
N09 Bagan Dalam N11 Permatang Pasir N22 Tanjong Bunga (EXCO Member) N16 Perai (EXCO Member)
N07 Sungai Puyu N06 Telok Ayer Tawar N21 Sungai Acheh (EXCO Member) N15 Padang Lalang (EXCO Member)
N39 Pulau Betong N03 Pinang Tunggal N29 Datok Keramat (Deputy Chief Minister II) N19 Jawi (EXCO Member)
N20 Sungai Bakap N01 Penaga N37 Batu Maung (Deputy Chief Minister I) N30 Sungai Pinang (EXCO Member)
N40 Telok Bahang N12 Penanti State Legal Advisor State Financial Officer
N04 Permatang Berangan N05 Sungai Dua (Opposition Leader) Secretary N26 Padang Kota (Chief Minister) State Secretary
Speaker
Yang Di-Pertua Negeri

Role edit

The Penang State Legislative Assembly's main function is to enact legislation and policies relating to the State List and Joint List as defined in the Federal Constitution. Its members also provide oversight on the state's executive branch of government, ensuring the state departments and agencies enforce the aforementioned legislation.[2] Debates in the Assembly are presided over by the Speaker.

The leader of the party or coalition with a majority in the Assembly is appointed as the Chief Minister by the Tuan Yang Terutama Tun Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Penang. The Chief Minister heads the state's executive, known as the State Executive Council, whose members are also drawn from the Assembly.

Committees edit

The State Assembly also consists of committees to handle administrative matters. The committees include:[3]

  • Public Accounts Committee
  • Committee on Privileges
  • House Committee
  • Standing Orders Committee
  • Constitution Committee

Speakers Roll of Honour edit

The following is the Speaker of the Penang State Legislative Assembly Roll of Honour, since 1959:[4]

No. Speaker Term start Term end Party Constituency
1 Sulaiman Ahmad 6 January 1959 1 April 1964 Alliance (UMNO) Alma
25 April 1964 19 March 1969
2 Harun Sirat 10 May 1969 31 July 1974 Gerakan Alma
24 August 1974 16 June 1978 BN (Gerakan) Bukit Tengah
3 Hassan Md. Noh 8 July 1978 29 March 1982 BN (UMNO) Penaga
4 Teh Ewe Lim 22 April 1982 19 July 1986 BN (Gerakan) Datok Keramat
5 Ooi Ean Kwong 3 August 1986 5 October 1990 BN (Gerakan) Datok Keramat
6 Abdul Rahman Abbas 21 October 1990 4 April 1995 BN (UMNO) Bertam
7 Yahaya Abdul Hamid 25 April 1995 10 November 1999 BN (UMNO) Pinang Tunggal
29 November 1999 2 March 2004
21 March 2004 12 February 2008 Non-MLA
8 Abdul Halim Hussain 8 March 2008 27 June 2013 PR (PKR) Non-MLA
9 Law Choo Kiang 28 June 2013 10 April 2018 PH (PKR) Bukit Tambun
2 August 2018 28 June 2023 Non-MLA
29 August 2023 Incumbent

Election pendulum edit

The 2023 Penang state election witnessed 29 governmental seats and 11 non-governmental seats filled the Penang State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 25 safe seats and 1 fairly safe seats, while the non-government side has 4 safe seats and 3 fairly safe seats.

GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Sungai Acheh Rashidi Zainol UMNO 50.33
Bayan Lepas Azrul Mahathir Aziz AMANAH 52.35
Batu Maung Mohamad Abdul Hamid PKR 54.65
Fairly safe
Bertam Reezal Merican Naina Merican UMNO 56.24
Safe
Sungai Pinang Lim Siew Khim DAP 65.13
Bukit Tengah Gooi Hsiao-Leung PKR 68.58
Machang Bubok Lee Khai Loon PKR 69.12
Pantai Jerejak Fahmi Zainol PKR 69.94
Bagan Dalam Kamaran Krishnan DAP 71.49
Tanjong Bunga Zairil Khir Johari DAP 72.82
Datok Keramat Jagdeep Singh Deo DAP 72.61
Perai Sundarajoo Somu DAP 76.76
Batu Uban Kumaresan Aramugam PKR 76.83
Jawi H’ng Mooi Lye DAP 79.50
Air Itam Joseph Ng Soon Seong DAP 79.22
Seri Delima Connie Tan Hooi Peng DAP 80.57
Bukit Tambun Goh Choon Aik PKR 80.64
Bagan Jermal Chee Yeeh Keen DAP 84.77
Air Putih Lim Guan Eng DAP 85.63
Pulau Tikus Joshua Woo Sze Zeng DAP 85.09
Komtar Teh Lai Heng DAP 86.61
Padang Kota Chow Kon Yeow DAP 87.83
Kebun Bunga Lee Boon Heng PKR 87.83
Padang Lalang Daniel Gooi Zi Sen DAP 87.85
Sungai Puyu Phee Syn Tze DAP 90.48
Paya Terubong Wong Hon Wai DAP 91.58
Batu Lancang Ong Ah Teong DAP 92.12
Berapit Heng Lee Lee DAP 94.44
Pengkalan Kota Wong Yee Harng DAP 94.64
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Sungai Bakap Nor Zamri Latiff PAS 52.67
Pulau Betong Mohamad Shukor Zakariah PAS 52.92
Telok Bahang Muhamd Kasim BERSATU 53.48
Telok Ayer Tawar Azmi Alang BERSATU 55.26
Fairly Safe
Permatang Pasir Amir Hamzah Abdul Hashim PAS 56.49
Seberang Jaya Izhar Shah Arif Shah BERSATU 56.69
Penanti Zulkefli Bakar BERSATU 58.28
Safe
Sungai Dua Muhammad Fauzi Yusoff PAS 62.26
Pinang Tunggal Bukhori Ghazali PAS 62.74
Penaga Mohd. Yusni Mat Piah PAS 63.24
Permatang Berangan Mohd Sobri Saleh PAS 69.50

List of Assemblies edit

Assembly Term

began

Members Election Committee Majority party/coalition
1st 1959 Wong Pow Nee I Alliance
2nd 1964 Wong Pow Nee II Alliance
3rd 1969 Lim Chong Eu I Gerakan (1969-1973)

Barisan Nasional (1973-1974)

4th 1974 Lim Chong Eu II Barisan Nasional
5th 1978 Lim Chong Eu III Barisan Nasional
6th 1982 Lim Chong Eu IV Barisan Nasional
7th 1986 Lim Chong Eu V Barisan Nasional
8th 1990 Koh Tsu Koon I Barisan Nasional
9th 1995 Koh Tsu Koon II Barisan Nasional
10th 1999 Koh Tsu Koon III Barisan Nasional
11th 2004 Koh Tsu Koon IV Barisan Nasional
12th 2008 Lim Guan Eng I Pakatan Rakyat
13th 2013 Lim Guan Eng II Pakatan Rakyat (2013-2015)

Pakatan Harapan (2015-2018)

14th 2018 Chow Kon Yeow I Pakatan Harapan
15th 2023 Chow Kon Yeow II Pakatan Harapan and Barisan Nasional

See also edit

References edit

  1. ^ "Persidangan dewan undangan negeri penggal keempat belas" (PDF). Dewan Undangan Negeri Pulau Pinang.
  2. ^ Role and Membership of the State Assembly Penang State Assembly Portal
  3. ^ List of State Assembly Committees Penang State Assembly Portal
  4. ^ Senarai Yang di-Pertua Dewan Undangan Negeri

External links edit