Malaysian United Indigenous Party

The Malaysian United Indigenous Party (Malay: Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia), abbreviated BERSATU or PPBM, is a nationalist political party in Malaysia.[2] The party was preceded by the United Indigenous Association of Malaysia (Persatuan Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia). It is a major component of the ruling Perikatan Nasional coalition, which was formed to replace the Pakatan Harapan-coalition government of which it was a member. BERSATU was approved and fully registered on January 14, 2017, by the Registrar of Societies (ROS) and the use of the BERSATU logo was authorized by the Malaysian Election Commission (SPR). The party held the Prime Ministerial position as well as the majority of positions in the cabinet from 10 May 2020 to 16 August 2021.[8] The party's founding members came from the United Malays National Organisation (UMNO) and Barisan Nasional rebel group Gabungan Ketua Cawangan Malaysia in 2016.

Malaysian United Indigenous Party
Malay nameParti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia
ڤرتي ڤريبومي برساتو مليسيا
Chinese name馬來西亞土著團結黨
Mǎláixīyà tǔzhù tuánjié dǎng
Tamil nameபிபிபீஏம் (மலேசிய ஐக்கிய மக்கள் கட்சி)
AbbreviationBERSATU / PPBM
PresidentMuhyiddin Yassin[1]
Deputy PresidentAhmad Faizal Azumu
Vice-PresidentsRonald Kiandee
Mohd Radzi Md Jidin
Mohd. Rafiq Naizamohideen
Azmin Ali
Secretary-GeneralHamzah Zainudin
Youth ChiefWan Ahmad Fayhsal
Women ChiefRina Harun
FounderMahathir Mohamad
Founded7 September 2016[2][3]
Registered14 January 2017[4]
Legalised14 January 2017[5]
Split fromUMNO
Preceded byPersatuan Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia
(United Indigenous Association of Malaysia)
HeadquartersTingkat 8, Menara Yayasan Selangor, No 18A Jalan Persiaran Barat PJS 52 46200 Petaling Jaya
NewspaperMY BERSATU[6]
Think tankInstitut Masa Depan Malaysia
Youth wingPemuda ARMADA
Women's wingSrikandi BERSATU
Women's youth wingSrikandi Muda BERSATU
Associate wingBersekutu BERSATU
Membership (2020)563,524[7]
IdeologyMalay nationalism
Social conservatism
Bumiputera nationalism
Islamic democracy
Political positionCentre-right
National affiliationPakatan Harapan (2017–2020)
Perikatan Nasional (since 2020)
Gabungan Rakyat Sabah (since 2020)
Colors    Red and white
SloganBersatu, Beramanah, Bermaruah
(United, Trustworthy, Dignified)
AnthemPerjuangan Kita
Dewan Negara Malaysia
13 / 70
Dewan Rakyat Malaysia
32 / 222
Dewan Undangan Negeri
39 / 612
Chief ministers in Malaysia
(Menteri Besar & Chief Minister)
1 / 13
Election symbol
Logo Perikatan Nasional.svg
Party flag
Bendera BERSATU.svg
(Since 2017)

Full membership in the party is limited to only bumiputeras (indigenous communities of Malaysia). Non-bumiputeras can join the party as associate members, although they are not eligible to vote and run in party elections.[9] However, qualified individuals can be appointed to certain key party posts.



On 10 August 2016, former UMNO Deputy President Muhyiddin Yassin submitted a registration application for Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia. The party's leadership consisted of Muhyiddin as president, Mukhriz Mahathir as vice-president, and Mahathir Mohamad as chairman. BERSATU's formation was undertaken by former members of UMNO in opposition to the then-prime minister Najib Razak.[10]

On 12 November 2016, the party committed to joining the opposition coalition Pakatan Harapan, which then consisted of the Parti Keadilan Rakyat, the Democratic Action Party, and the Parti Amanah Negara. The coalition awaited a decision from the Malaysian Islamic Party, a fellow member of the opposition.[11][12] Later, on 13 December, the party formally joined Pakatan Harapan by signing the Cooperation and Common Framework Agreement.[13]

2018 general electionEdit

On 7 January 2018, Pakatan Harapan announced BERSATU chairman Mahathir Mohamad as the coalition's prime ministerial candidate.[14]

On 10 May 2018, one day after the election, Mahathir claimed victory, ending Barisan Nasional and UMNO's rule over the country. The parties had ruled the country since its independence, during which time Mahathir had participated as prime minister from 1981 to 2003.[15] Mahathir was sworn in as Malaysia's fourth Prime Minister for the second time at 93 years of age, making him the world's oldest head of government.[16]

On 18 September 2018, UMNO veteran Mustapa Mohamed left the party, citing disagreements with UMNO's party direction, and later joined BERSATU on 27 October. This foreshadowed an exodus of UMNO members, which began with Sabah UMNO on 12 December, as nine of its ten state assemblymen, five of its six MPs, and two senators left to join BERSATU.[17] On 14 December 2018, six UMNO MPs left the party, including former minister Hamzah Zainudin, who claimed that an additional 36 Barisan Nasional MPs had signed a pledge of allegiance to Prime Minister Mahathir.[18][19] The six MPs remained independents before officially joining BERSATU on 12 February 2019.[20]

Collapse of the Pakatan Harapan governmentEdit

On 24 February 2020, Mahathir resigned as the Prime Minister. BERSATU, which had 26 MPs, withdrew from the ruling Pakatan Harapan coalition. In addition, 11 MPs from Parti Keadilan Rakyat (PKR) resigned from the party to form an independent bloc. This left the Pakatan Harapan government without a majority in parliament. The surprise announcement came amid speculation that Mahathir was attempting to form a new ruling coalition that would exclude his designated successor Anwar Ibrahim.[21][22][23] However, Anwar later clarified to reporters that Mahathir did not orchestrate the act.[24] At 9 pm, BERSATU leaders held an emergency meeting at its headquarters to discuss the future direction of the party.[25] Members of Bersatu rejected Mahathir's resignation as the party's chairman and pledged their support for him to be the prime minister. The party's secretary-general Marzuki Yahya said that the members of BERSATU's supreme council were unanimous in their support for Mahathir.[26] The member parties of Pakatan Harapan also announced their support for Mahathir to remain as prime minister in the aftermath of his resignation.

On 26 February, Azmin and the 10 other MPs who left PKR announced that they were joining BERSATU amid rumours that Pakatan Harapan MPs would abandon support for Mahathir. The 10 other MPs are Zuraida Kamaruddin, Saifuddin Abdullah, Baru Bian, Kamarudin Jaffar, Mansor Othman, Rashid Hasnon, Ali Biju, Willie Mongin and Jonathan Yasin.[27]

On 28 February, BERSATU then released a statement announcing their support for the party's president, Muhyiddin Yassin for the position of prime minister, backed by the 26 Bersatu MPs and 10 others led by Azmin.[28] However, BERSATU Supreme Council member Kadir Jasin claimed he was never invited for a discussion or informed about Muhyiddin's nomination.[29] This was followed by 60 MPs from UMNO, PAS, Malaysian Chinese Association and Malaysian Indian Congress also announcing their support for Muhyiddin,[30] with all of UMNO's and PAS' MPs signing statutory declarations supporting Muhyiddin.[31] Muhyiddin Yassin's aide also confirmed that Azmin Ali and 10 other former PKR MPs have officially joined BERSATU the same day.[32]

On 29 February, BERSATU Youth chief Syed Saddiq declared that he would never work with those involved in corruption to form a government, referring to UMNO. BERSATU's youth wing Armada posted a statement to say that it would continue to back the party's supreme council's decision in its meeting on 24 February to support Mahathir as prime minister, suggesting a split within Bersatu over Mahathir and Muhyiddin's candidacy.[33]

Formation of the Perikatan Nasional governmentEdit

BERSATU President, Muhyiddin Yassin and his allies including party leaders from UMNO, PAS, Gabungan Parti Sarawak, Parti Bersatu Rakyat Sabah, and Homeland Solidarity Party had an audience with the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to discuss the formation of a government,[34][35] and announced that the coalition consisting of Bersatu, UMNO, PAS, PBRS, GPS, and STAR will be called Perikatan Nasional.[36] The new coalition claimed that they had majority support in parliament to elect a Prime Minister and to form a government.[37]

On 1 March, Muhyiddin Yassin was sworn in as the eighth prime minister in front of the Agong at the Istana Negara on the morning of 1 March 2020.[38]

On the morning of 2 March, Muhyiddin arrived at the Perdana Putra building, which functions as the Prime Minister's Office, to begin his official duties as the Prime Minister. Muhyiddin held meetings with Chief Secretary Mohd Zuki Ali, General Affendi Buang, the Chief of Defence Forces, and Abdul Hamid Bador, the Inspector-General of Police.[39] Later that night, Muhyiddin addressed the nation in his first televised message as the prime minister. In his address, he told the nation that he had no prior intention to become the prime minister and denied being a traitor but due to the political turmoil in the country, he had stepped up in order to avoid prolonging the crisis further. He also reassured that he will only choose individuals who are clean, virtuous and of high calibre to be in his cabinet. Before ending his message, he thanked former prime minister Mahathir for his service to the country.[40]

On 19 May, it was revealed that BERSATU had received a letter on 5 May from the Registrar of Societies stating that Mahathir was no longer party chairman after his resignation in February. The letter also confirmed the legality of Muhyiddin assuming the role of chairman until an election was held.[41]

On 28 May, Mahathir Mohamad, Mukhriz Mahathir, Syed Saddiq, Maszlee Malik and Amiruddin Hamzah were expelled from Bersatu.[42] They decried the move as illegal and reflective of Muhyiddin's insecurities and dictatorial leadership. In a joint statement, they disputed the interpretation of their decision not to join Muhyiddin's government benches in Parliament as joining another party, which results in automatic revocation of memberships, according to the party constitution.[43] Muhyiddin defended the expulsion and insisted that the five members who were removed from the party as having breached the party constitution by sitting with the opposition in Parliament.[44]

On 4 June, Deputy Works Minister Shahruddin Md Salleh of BERSATU resigned from his position, calling his decision to join the Perikatan Nasional government "incorrect" and adding that he should have considered his constituents who "voted for Pakatan Harapan" in 2018.[45] On 19 July, his BERSATU membership was terminated after he submitted a notice changing the position of his seat in the Dewan Rakyat from the government bloc to the opposition bloc.[46]

On 6 June, former UMNO member Syed Abu Hussin Hafiz, MP for Bukit Gantang, submitted an application form to join the party. Present were Bersatu MPs Senior Minister for Economy and Minister of International Trade and Industry, Azmin Ali and Deputy Minister of Energy and Natural Resources Ali Biju.[47]

Fall of Perikatan Nasional and formation of BN-led governmentEdit

On 16 August 2021, Muhyiddin Yassin and his cabinet tendered their resignation to the Agong due to the loss of majority in the Dewan Rakyat, causing the party to lose the PM post that the party has held since the 2018 general election.[48] On 20 August 2021, Bersatu and the other parties in the PN coalition choose to support Ismail Sabri Yaakob of UMNO as the Prime Minister of Malaysia, thus giving him a simple majority in the Dewan Rakyat and was chosen as Prime Minister.[49]

GRS Party registration approval in RoSEdit

The GRS party registration letter was sent on 26 February 2022 and confirmed by Datuk Seri Panglima Haji Hajiji Noor (BERSATU Sabah State Chairman) on his press statement to BERNAMA reporters.[50]
This political party was legalised as an official single entity coalition party on 11 March 2022 and approved by Registrar of Societies (RoS).[51]
Datuk Seri Panglima Haji Hajiji Noor said, The GRS Party's BERSATU Sabah Branch and PN-BERSATU of Peninsular Malaysia will be two different parties with ideological differences. BERSATU Sabah will give priority to the natives of Sabah, including all citizens of Sabah.[52]


Breach Violation of COVID19 Prevention SOPEdit

On 29 Jul 2021, a few Bersatu members from the women wing have been caught red handed as they breach the SOP violation by dancing at a hotel near glenmerie while the citizens of Malaysia are forced to stay at homes. Some of the members are caught not wearing face masks and practising social distancing. This has been investigated by the police and the police said they will take further action. Rina Harun said that she is no way involved in this situation.[53][54]

On 29 Jun 2021, Mohd Rashid Hasnon and a group of suspected majority from bersatu politicians are caught red-handed in a video showing them breaching violation of COVID-19 prevention SOP procedures violation for having a durian fest in Johor Baharu, Johor. Rashid initially denied stating that it was taken place last year and before the SOP was imposed. However netizens and police have found reasonable evidence that Rashid was indeed lying. Rashid eventually gave in that he did violate SOP procedures and apologies to the media. He said that he will cooperate with the police for the investigation and face the consequences.Zuraida Kamaruddin was also seen in the photo as well but she denies attending a durian feast.[55]

Suspicious fraudulent majority supportEdit

On 4 August 2021, Putrajaya, Muhyiddin Yassin submitted a motion of confidence to the Yang di Pertuan Agong of Malaysia stating that he had received numerous declarations which provided that he still had the majority support within the lower house of parliament Dewan Rakyat. Therefore, the action of resignation under Federal Constitution of Malaysia under section 43(4) isn't valid nor legal.[56][57] He stated that the motion of no confidence will take place in September if the parliament has doubts of his ruling. However, this statement has been rejected by opposition leader Anwar Ibrahim who claims that 112 or more MPs have rejected Perikatan Nasional. Therefore,Anwar Ibrahim's statement concludes that Muyhiddin claims isn't valid and potentially fraudulent.[58]

Following Anwar Ibrahim's statement, On 6 Aug 2021, Muhyiddin had stated during a press conference in Pagoh, Johor that is he is still confident that he still hold majority support within the Parliament.[59]

Refusal of resignation as Prime Minister of MalaysiaEdit

Following Perikatan Nasional loss of Majority support, Muhyiddin Yassin had conducted a press statement on 13 August 2021 which states he will not be resigning despite he has lost the majority support. He also said that he will be waiting on the upcoming vote of confidence which will be taken place in September because he does not believe that there is a political party or coalition that holds a majority currently and he may fear for a catastrophic disaster if new government to be form to control the COVID-19 pandemic in Malaysia is late like vaccination process. He urges the opposition to stand on his side. He said "If the government (Perikatan Nasional Government) gets bipartisan support (support from any opposition) in Dewan Rakyat and Dewan Negara which is more than 2/3 majority, an amendment will be made to the Constitution (Federal Constitution of Malaysia) to introduce a two term limit to the Prime Minister's post and Anti Hopping Laws will be also tabled in the parliament".[60]

Misclaims Takyuddin Parliament of MalaysiaEdit

Law Minister Takiyuddin Hassan had misled Parliament on the annulment of the emergency ordinances, said Istana Negara. In a statement today, the palace said Takiyuddin and Attorney-General Idrus Harun also did not fulfil their promise to the Yang di-Pertuan Agong to have the matter debated in Parliament. The palace said the Agong was "amat dukacita" (deeply disappointed) that Parliament was informed on July 26 that the ordinances were revoked.[61][62]

Instigation of Sheraton MoveEdit

Following the Political Infighting within Pakatan Harapan and Perikatan Nasional Government. Bersatu President Muhyiddin Yassin together with PAS President Abdul Hadi Awang and PKR defected members led by Azmin Ali formed the Perikatan Nasional and working along side with UMNO leaders Abdul Hadi Awang and Ismail Sabri Yaakob to causing a power vacuum after then Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad resignation then simple majority in the Malaysian Government causing many political instability which led to Malaysian political crisis.[63][64][65]


The main objectives of the party are:

  • Islam will remain the religion of the Federation and the right of non-Muslims to profess and practice their religion in peace and harmony will be respected.
  • Upholding the dignity and sovereignty of the institution of the Malay Rulers.
  • Maintain the special position of the Malays and natives of Sabah and Sarawak and the legitimate rights of all communities.
  • Empowering Malay as the national language and to preserve the rights of all people to learn their native language.
  • Uphold parliamentary democracy and the doctrine of separation of powers by strengthening democratic institutions through comprehensive institutional reform.
  • Strengthening the agenda against corruption and abuse of power to establish good governance practices, honesty and integrity;
  • Maintaining people's fundamental rights as enshrined in the Federal Constitution, upholding the values of universal justice in line with the Islamic religion, and uphold the supremacy of the constitution, rule of laws and principles of justice and equality.
  • Forming a Malaysian society that is inclusive, progressive, dynamic and scientific and appreciate art, culture and tradition as a reference to build a prosperous and developed country.
  • Fighting for social justice, distribution of national wealth, welfare of the people and eradicating poverty irrespective of race and religion.
  • Supporting the principle that every citizen has the right to succeed in obtaining a quality education and to perfect themselves through an education system that emphasises the development of talent, creativity and innovation, and that practices values and implements policies and initiatives that are consistent with bridging the gap between urban and rural areas.
  • Fostering unity and harmony among the people of various races and religions, maintaining political stability and national security, and spur sustainable economic development in the interest of the people and the country.
  • Applying the party's principles as National Principles and supporting the Federal Constitution and the State Constitutions.

List of leadersEdit


Order Name Term of office Remarks
1 Mahathir Mohamad 7 September 2016 24 February 2020
Muhyiddin Yassin 24 February 2020 23 August 2020 Acting
Position abolished[66]


Order Name Term of office Remarks
1 Muhyiddin Yassin 7 September 2016 Incumbent

Vice President

Order Name Term of office Remarks
1 Mukhriz Mahathir 7 September 2016 28 May 2020
2 Ahmad Faizal Azumu 23 August 2020 Incumbent

Youth Chief

Order Name Term of office Remarks
1 Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman 7 September 2016 28 May 2020
2 Wan Ahmad Fayhsal Wan Ahmad Kamal 16 August 2020 Incumbent

Leadership structureEdit

Elected representativesEdit

Dewan Negara (Senate)Edit


Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)Edit

Members of Parliament of the 14th Malaysian ParliamentEdit

BERSATU has 32 members in the House of Representatives.

State No. Parliament Constituency Member Party
  Kelantan P027 Tanah Merah Ikmal Hisham Abdul Aziz BERSATU
P030 Jeli Mustapa Mohamed BERSATU
  Terengganu P038 Hulu Terengganu Rosol Wahid BERSATU
  Penang P042 Tasek Gelugor Shabudin Yahaya BERSATU
P047 Nibong Tebal Mansor Othman BERSATU
  Perak P056 Larut Hamzah Zainudin BERSATU
P058 Bagan Serai Noor Azmi Ghazali BERSATU
P059 Bukit Gantang Syed Abu Hussin Hafiz BERSATU
P063 Tambun Ahmad Faizal Azumu BERSATU
  Pahang P082 Indera Mahkota Saifuddin Abdullah BERSATU
  Selangor P092 Sabak Bernam Fasiah Fakeh BERSATU
P093 Sungai Besar Muslimin Yahaya BERSATU
P098 Gombak Mohamed Azmin Ali BERSATU
P099 Ampang Zuraida Kamaruddin BERSATU
  Kuala Lumpur P119 Titiwangsa Rina Harun BERSATU
P124 Bandar Tun Razak Kamaruddin Jaffar BERSATU
  Negeri Sembilan P129 Kuala Pilah Eddin Syazlee Shith BERSATU
  Malacca P134 Masjid Tanah Mas Ermieyati Samsudin BERSATU
P135 Alor Gajah Mohd. Redzuan Md. Yusof BERSATU
  Johor P140 Segamat Edmund Santhara Kumar Ramanaidu BERSATU
P143 Pagoh Muhyiddin Yassin BERSATU
P150 Batu Pahat Mohd Rashid Hasnon BERSATU
P154 Mersing Abdul Latiff Ahmad BERSATU
  Sabah P167 Kudat Abdul Rahim Bakri BERSATU
P177 Beaufort Azizah Mohd Dun BERSATU
P178 Sipitang Yamani Hafez Musa BERSATU
P179 Ranau Jonathan Yasin BERSATU
P183 Beluran Ronald Kiandee BERSATU
P184 Libaran Zakaria Edris BERSATU
P188 Lahad Datu Mohammadin Ketapi BERSATU
  Sarawak P198 Puncak Borneo Willie Mongin BERSATU
P205 Saratok Ali Biju BERSATU
Total Kelantan (2), Terengganu (1), Penang (2), Perak (4), Pahang (1), Selangor (4), F.T. Kuala Lumpur (2), Negeri Sembilan (1), Malacca (2), Johor (4),Sabah (7),Sarawak (2)

Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly)Edit

Malaysian State Assembly RepresentativesEdit

State No. Federal Constituency No. State Constituency Member Party
  Kedah P4 Langkawi N01 Ayer Hangat Juhari Bulat
N02 Kuah Mohd Firdaus Ahmad
P6 Kubang Pasu N05 Bukit Kayu Hitam Halimahton Shaadiah Saad
P12 Jerai N21 Guar Chempedak Abdul Rahman Ismail
P15 Sungai Petani N29 Sidam Robert Ling Kui Ee
P17 Padang Serai N34 Lunas Azman Nasruddin
  Kelantan P30 Jeli N37 Air Lanas Mustapa Mohamed
  Penang P41 Kepala Batas N02 Bertam Khaliq Mehtab Mohd. Ishaq
P42 Permatang Pauh N10 Seberang Jaya Afif Bahardin
P47 Nibong Tebal N21 Sungai Acheh Zulkifli Ibrahim
P53 Balik Pulau N40 Telok Bahang Zolkifly Md. Lazim
  Perak P57 Parit Buntar N09 Kuala Kurau Abdul Yunus Jamahri
P70 Kampar N43 Tulang Sekah Nolee Ashilin Mohamed Radzi
P72 Tapah N47 Chenderiang Ahmad Faizal Azumu
P73 Pasir Salak N49 Sungai Manik Zainol Fadzi Paharudin
  Selangor P98 Gombak N17 Gombak Setia Hilman Idham
P99 Ampang N19 Bukit Antarabangsa Mohamed Azmin Ali
P109 Kapar N44 Selat Klang Abdul Rashid Asari
P113 Sepang N55 Dengkil Adhif Syan Abdullah
  Malacca P136 Tangga Batu N11 Sungai Udang Mohd Aleef Yusof
P139 Jasin N24 Bemban Mohd Yadzil Yaakub
  Johor P143 Pagoh N7 Bukit Kepong Sahruddin Jamal
P154 Mersing N32 Endau Alwiyah Talib
  Sabah P167 Kudat N3 Pitas Ruddy Awah
P168 Kota Marudu N6 Bandau D. Wetrom @ Mohd Fikri Bahanda
P169 Kota Belud N8 Pintasan Fairuz Renddan
P170 Tuaran N12 Sulaman Hajiji Mohd Noor
P175 Papar N28 Kawang Ghulam Haidar Khan Bahadar
P176 Kimanis N31 Membakut Mohd. Arifin Mohd. Arif
P177 Beaufort N32 Klias Isnin Aliasnih
N33 Kuala Penyu Limus Jury
P179 Ranau N37 Karanaan Masidi Manjun
P181 Tenom N43 Kemabong Rubin Balang
P182 Pensiangan N46 Nabawan Abd Ghani Yassin
P183 Beluran N49 Labuk Samad Jambri
P190 Tawau N68 Apas Nizam Abu Bakar Titingan
P191 Kalabakan N73 Sebatik Hassan Pg Amir
- Nominated Member Jaffari Walliam
Nominated Member Amisah Yassin
Total Kedah (6), Kelantan (1), Penang (4), Perak (4), Selangor (4), Malacca (2), Johor (2), Sabah (16)

State governmentsEdit

State Leader type Member Party State Constituency
  Sabah Chief Minister Hajiji Noor BERSATU Sulaman

General election resultsEdit

Election Total seats won Seats contested Total votes Voting Percentage Outcome of election Election leader
13 / 222

After the victory in General Election 2018 -
31 / 222
52 718,648 5.95%  13 seats; Governing coalition
(Pakatan Harapan, later Perikatan Nasional)
Mahathir Mohamad

After the victory in General Election 2018 - Muhyiddin Yassin

State election resultsEdit

State election State Legislative Assembly
Perlis Kedah Kelantan Terengganu Penang Perak Pahang Selangor Negeri Sembilan Malacca Johor Sabah Sarawak Total won / Total contested
2/3 majority
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
0 / 15
5 / 36
0 / 45
0 / 32
2 / 40
1 / 59
0 / 42
6 / 56
0 / 36
2 / 28
8 / 56
24 / 104
11 / 73
11 / 19
2 / 28
2 / 15
2 / 56
2 / 33

See alsoEdit


  1. ^ "Muhyiddin menang tanpa bertanding Presiden Bersatu". 16 July 2020.
  2. ^ a b Mazwin Nik Anis (8 September 2016). "Zahid: RoS approves Muhyiddin's party, will be known as PPBM". The Star. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  3. ^ Azura Abas; Irwan Shafrizan Ismail; Zanariah Abd Mutalib (5 April 2018). "(Update) RoS slaps provisional dissolution order on PPBM". New Straits Times. Retrieved 11 May 2018.
  4. ^ the Sun Daily (14 January 2017). "Muhyiddin: PPBM officially registered to ROS and EC". the Sun Daily. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  5. ^ the Sun Daily (14 January 2017). "ROS: PPBM has been legalised and approved to ROS and EC". the Sun Daily. Retrieved 14 January 2017.
  6. ^ "This apps information is from the official website of BERSATU (please see the bottom of the official website of BERSATU)". Retrieved 21 August 2021. Muhyiddin: Sila muat turun aplikasi rasmi MyBERSATU seperti yang tertera di bahagian paling bawah laman web rasmi Parti BERSATU Malaysia
  7. ^ Madiha Abdullah (9 September 2020). "Bersatu sasar 1 juta ahli menjelang hujung tahun ini" [Bersatu is targeting 1 million members by the end of this year] (in Malay). Astro AWANI. Retrieved 3 November 2021.
  8. ^ Utusan Digital, Zareen Humairah Sejahan (16 August 2021). "All Perikatan Nasional Cabinet resign". Utusan Digital. Retrieved 16 August 2021.
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  10. ^ Leong, Trinna (10 August 2016). "Muhyiddin registers Mahathir's new party, Parti Pribumi Bersatu Malaysia". The Straits Times.
  11. ^ Melissa Goh (12 November 2016). "'The only way to win is to unite and contest under one party': Mahathir". Channel NewsAsia. Archived from the original on 15 December 2017. Retrieved 12 November 2016.
  12. ^ Sheridan Mahavera (16 November 2016). "By courting rural Muslims, has Malaysia's opposition found key to winning power for first time in 60 years?". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on 19 November 2016. Retrieved 16 November 2016.
  13. ^ Hana Naz Harun (13 December 2016). "PPBM officially signs agreement to join Pakatan Harapan". New Straits Times. Archived from the original on 14 December 2016. Retrieved 13 December 2016.
  14. ^ Mohamed, Iskandar Shah (7 January 2018). "Mahathir calon PM Pakatan Harapan". Harian Metro.
  15. ^ Teoh, Shannon (9 May 2018). "Malaysia GE: Opposition coalition Pakatan Harapan set to form govt after winning simple majority". The Straits Times.
  16. ^ "Malaysia's Mahathir Mohamad sworn in after shock comeback victory". BBC News. 10 May 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  17. ^ Muguntan Vanar, Stephanie Lee and Natasha Joibi (12 December 2018). "Sabah Umno exodus sees nine of 10 Aduns, five of six MPs leave". The Star. Retrieved 15 December 2018.
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  19. ^ KOYA, MAZWIN NIK ANIS, MUGUNTAN VANAR and ZAKIAH. "Six more MPs leave Umno". The Star.
  20. ^ Jr, MAZWIN NIK ANIS and JOSEPH KAOS. "Seven Umno MPs join Bersatu". The Star.
  21. ^ "Malaysia's Mahathir submits resignation, 'quits' his party". Al Jazeera. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  22. ^ Teoh, Shannon (24 February 2020). "Mahathir resigns as Malaysian Prime Minister, PH loses majority after MPs leave". The Straits Times. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  23. ^ Regan, Helen (24 February 2020). "Malaysia's Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad resigns". CNN. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  24. ^ "Mahathir did not mastermind treacherous act, clarifies Anwar". malaysiakini. 24 February 2020. Archived from the original on 24 February 2020. Retrieved 24 February 2020.
  25. ^ Muhammed Ahmad Hamdan (24 February 2020). "Bersatu holds emergency meeting after Dr M quits as chairman, PM". The Edge Markets. Retrieved 17 May 2020.
  26. ^ "Bersatu rejects Mahathir's resignation as party chairman". Channel Newsasia. 25 February 2020. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  27. ^
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External linksEdit

  Media related to Malaysian United Indigenous Party at Wikimedia Commons