Deputy prime minister

  (Redirected from Deputy Prime Minister)

A deputy prime minister or vice prime minister is, in some countries, a government minister who can take the position of acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent. The position is often likened to that of a vice president, as both positions are "number two" offices, but there are some differences.

The states of Australia and provinces of Canada each have the analogous office of deputy premier. In the devolved administrations of the United Kingdom, an analogous position is that of the deputy First Minister, albeit the position in Northern Ireland has equivalent powers to the First Minister differing only in the titles of the offices. In Canada, the position of deputy prime minister should not be confused with the Canadian Deputy Minister of the Prime Minister of Canada, a nonpolitical civil servant position.

A deputy prime minister traditionally serves as acting prime minister when the prime minister is temporarily absent or incapable of exercising power. The deputy prime minister is often asked to succeed to the prime minister's office following the prime minister's sudden death or unexpected resignation, but that is not necessarily mandated by the constitution. This government position is often a job that is held simultaneously with another ministry, and is usually given to one of the most senior or experienced ministers of the cabinet. The holder of this office may also be deputy leader of the governing party, or perhaps the leader of the junior party of a coalition government.

Little scholarly attention has focused on deputy prime ministers, as they are sometimes less involved in the political power plays of government and more focus on the work at hand. A 2009 study in Political Science identified nine 'qualities' of deputy prime ministership: temperament; relationships with their Cabinet and caucus; relationships with their party; popularity with the public; media skills; achievements as deputy prime minister; relationship with the prime minister; leadership ambition; and method of succession.[1]

By contrast, the structure of the Government of Russia[2] and Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine provides for several deputy prime ministers or vice prime ministers.[3] In the case of the Russian government, the Prime Minister is responsible for defining the scope of the duties for each of their deputies,[4] who also may head a specific ministry: e.g. the former Minister of Finance of Russia, Alexey Kudrin, also serves as one of the deputies of the prime ministers or vice-premiers. One or two of these deputy prime ministers may hold the title of a First Deputy Prime Minister. Russian federal law indicates that in accordance with the order established in advance, one of the deputy prime ministers may temporarily substitute for the Prime Minister in their absence. Customarily, however, it is to one of the "First" Deputy Prime Ministers that the prime-ministerial duties may be delegated. At the same time, in the case of Prime Minister's resignation, the law allows the President of Russia to choose any of the current vice-premiers to serve as an acting Prime Minister until the confirmation of the new government.[5]

There is also the special case of Belgium: in the Federal Government of Belgium, a deputy prime minister not only replaces the prime minister in the case they are incapacitated, but also acts as the link between the government and their political party. In short, in Belgium, a Deputy prime minister is the voice of their political party in the federal government, and they are the voice of the government in their political party. The Prime minister and the deputy prime ministers form what is called the "inner cabinet" (kernkabinet; conseil des ministres restreint or kern), an instance where the most important political decisions are discussed and taken.

Lists of deputy prime ministersEdit

State Office Officeholder Assumed office
  Albania Deputy Prime Minister Erion Braçe 17 January 2019
  Armenia Deputy Prime Minister Tigran Avinyan 11 May 2018
Mher Grigoryan
  Australia Deputy Prime Minister Barnaby Joyce 22 June 2021
  Austria Vice-Chancellor Werner Kogler 7 January 2020
  Bahamas Deputy Prime Minister Desmond Bannister 6 December 2020[6]
  Belgium Deputy Prime Minister Pierre-Yves Dermagne 1 October 2020
Sophie Wilmès
Georges Kilkinet
Vincent Van Peteghem
Frank Vandenbroucke
Petra De Sutter
Vincent Van Quickenborne
  Belize Deputy Prime Minister Cordel Hyde 16 November 2020
  Cambodia Deputy Prime Minister Sar Kheng 3 February 1992
Hor Namhong 16 July 2004
Tea Banh 16 July 2004
Bin Chhin 5 September 2007
Yim Chhaily 25 September 2008
Men Sam An 25 September 2008
Ke Kim Yan 12 March 2009
Prak Sokhonn 6 September 2018
Aun Pornmoniroth 6 September 2018
Chea Sophara 6 September 2018
  Canada Deputy Prime Minister Chrystia Freeland 20 November 2019
  China First Vice Premier Han Zheng 19 March 2018
Second Vice Premier Sun Chunlan
Third Vice Premier Hu Chunhua
Fourth Vice Premier Liu He
  Croatia Deputy Prime Minister Damir Krstičević 19 October 2016
Predrag Štromar 9 June 2017
Davor Božinović 19 July 2019
Zdravko Marić
  Czech Republic First Deputy Prime Minister Jan Hamáček 27 June 2018
Deputy Prime Minister Alena Schillerová 30 April 2019
Karel Havlíček 30 April 2019
  East Timor Deputy Prime Minister Armanda Berta dos Santos 29 May 2020
Deputy Prime Minister José Maria dos Reis 24 June 2020
  Eswatini Deputy Prime Minister Themba N. Masuku[7] 4 November 2018
  Ethiopia Deputy Prime Minister of Ethiopia Demeke Mekonnen 21 September 2012
  Finland Deputy Prime Minister Annika Saarikko 10 September 2020
  Germany Vice-Chancellor Olaf Scholz 14 March 2018
  Greece Deputy Prime Minister Panagiotis Pikrammenos 9 July 2019
  Hungary Deputy Prime Minister Zsolt Semjén 1 June 2010
Sándor Pintér 18 May 2018
Mihály Varga 18 May 2018
  India Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2004) N/A
  Ireland Tánaiste Leo Varadkar 27 June 2020
  Israel Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2013) N/A
Vice Prime Minister Vacant (since 2016)
  Italy Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2019) N/A
  Jamaica Deputy Prime Minister Horace Chang 7 September 2020
  Japan Deputy Prime Minister Tarō Asō 26 December 2012
  Kazakhstan First Deputy Prime Minister Alihan Smaiylov 25 February 2019
Deputy Prime Minister Roman Sklyar 18 September 2019
Eraly Togjanov 11 February 2020
  Lebanon Deputy Prime Minister Saadeh Al Shami 10 September 2021
  Lesotho Deputy Prime Minister Mathibeli Mokhothu 21 May 2020
  Luxembourg Deputy Prime Minister Etienne Schneider 4 December 2013
  Malaysia Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2021) N/A
  Malta Deputy Prime Minister Chris Fearne 17 July 2017
  Mauritius Deputy Prime Minister Louis Steven Obeegadoo 25 June 2020
Vice Prime Minister Fazila Jeewa-Daureeawoo 16 November 2017
  Montenegro Deputy Prime Minister Dritan Abazović 4 December 2020
  Namibia Deputy Prime Minister Netumbo Nandi-Ndaitwah 21 March 2015
    Nepal Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2021) N/A
  Netherlands Deputy Prime Minister Hugo de Jonge 26 October 2017
Kajsa Ollongren
Carola Schouten
  New Zealand Deputy Prime Minister Grant Robertson 6 November 2020
  Pakistan Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2012) N/A
  Papua New Guinea Deputy Prime Minister Sam Basil 1 October 2020
  Poland Deputy Prime Minister Jarosław Gowin 16 November 2015
Piotr Gliński
Jacek Sasin 4 June 2019
Jarosław Kaczyński 6 October 2020
  Portugal Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 2015) N/A
  Romania Deputy Prime Minister Dan Barna 23 December 2020
Deputy Prime Minister Kelemen Hunor 23 December 2020
  Russia First Deputy Chairman of the Government Andrey Belousov 21 January 2020
Deputy Chairman of the Government Viktoria Abramchenko 21 January 2020
Dmitry Grigorenko 21 January 2020
Marat Khusnullin 21 January 2020
Alexey Overchuk 21 January 2020
Yury Borisov 18 May 2018
Yury Trutnev 31 August 2013
Tatyana Golikova 18 May 2018
Dmitry Chernyshenko 21 January 2020
  Saint Kitts and Nevis Deputy Prime Minister Shawn Richards 22 February 2015
  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Deputy Prime Minister Montgomery Daniel 7 November 2020
  Samoa Deputy Prime Minister Vacant (since 11 September 2020)[8][9] N/A
  Serbia First Deputy Prime Minister Ivica Dačić 27 April 2014
Deputy Prime Minister Rasim Ljajić 27 July 2012
Zorana Mihajlović 27 April 2014
Nebojša Stefanović 11 August 2016
  Singapore Deputy Prime Minister Heng Swee Keat 1 May 2019
  Slovenia Deputy Prime Minister Zdravko Počivalšek 13 March 2020
Matej Tonin
Aleksandra Pivec
  Solomon Islands Deputy Prime Minister Manasseh Maelanga[10] 1 November 2019
  South Korea Deputy Prime Minister Yoo Eun-hae 2 October 2018
Hong Nam-ki 10 December 2018
  Spain Deputy Prime Minister Carmen Calvo 7 June 2018
  Sweden Deputy Prime Minister Margot Wallström 3 October 2014
Isabella Lövin 25 May 2016
  Syria Deputy Prime Minister Ali Abdullah Ayyoub 2020
  Taiwan Vice Premier Shen Jong-chin 19 June 2020
  Thailand Deputy Prime Minister Prawit Wongsuwan 30 August 2014
Wissanu Krea-ngam
Jurin Laksanawisit 10 July 2019
Anutin Charnvirakul
Don Pramudwinai 12 August 2020
Supattanapong Punmeechaow
  Tonga Deputy Prime Minister Sione Vuna Fa'otusia 10 October 2019
  Tuvalu Deputy Prime Minister Minute Alapati Taupo 20 September 2019
  United Kingdom Deputy Prime Minister Dominic Raab 15 September 2021
First Secretary of State Dominic Raab 24 July 2019
  Vanuatu Deputy Prime Minister Ishmael Kalsakau[11] 21 April 2020
  Vietnam First Deputy Prime Minister Trương Hòa Bình 9 April 2016
Deputy Prime Minister Phạm Bình Minh 13 November 2013
Vũ Đức Đam
Vương Đình Huệ 9 April 2016
Trịnh Đình Dũng

Position abolishedEdit

Former countriesEdit


  1. ^ Steven Barnes, 'What About Me? Deputy Prime Ministership in New Zealand', Political Science, Vol. 61, No. 1, 2009, pp. 33-49
  2. ^ Article 110.2 of the Constitution of Russian Federation
  3. ^ Article 114 of the Constitution of Ukraine
  4. ^ "Article 25 of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of Russian Federation" from December 17, 1997". Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  5. ^ "Article 8 of the Federal Constitutional Law "On the Government of Russian Federation". Retrieved 2012-07-25.
  6. ^ "PM announces Desmond Bannister as new Deputy Prime Minister, relaxation of measures for Christmas season". Retrieved 2020-12-23.
  7. ^ "eSwantini appoints King Mswati's daughter as ICT Minister". Africanews. 2018-11-04. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  8. ^ "Samoa's Deputy Prime Minister Resigns from Cabinet". Samoa Global News. 2020-09-11. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  9. ^ "Samoa PM rules out appointing a deputy before elections". RNZ. 2020-09-17. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  10. ^ "Maelanga appointed Solomons' deputy PM". RNZ. 2019-11-01. Retrieved 2020-11-19.
  11. ^ "Vanuatu's new PM appoints his new Cabinet". RNZ. 2020-04-21. Retrieved 2020-11-19.