Pakatan Harapan

The Alliance of Hope (Malay: Pakatan Harapan; abbrev: PH) is a Malaysian political coalition which succeeded the Pakatan Rakyat coalition in 2015. At the federal level, it was the ruling coalition for 22 months from May 2018 when it won the 2018 Malaysian general election to February 2020 when Mahathir Mohamad, the Prime Minister in its administration resigned. It was established in September 2015 as an opposition political coalition against the then-ruling Barisan Nasional coalition that ruled the nation from its independence in August 1957 (BN's direct predecessor was known as the ALLIANCE coalition) to its defeat in the 2018 Malaysian general election in May 2018 for almost 61 years. It is currently the largest political coalition with 90 seats in the Dewan Rakyat.[6] While at the state level, it is the ruling coalition in three of the 13 states in the nation, which are Penang, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan. It also garners a two-thirds majority in the state legislative assemblies of Penang and Selangor.

Alliance of Hope
Pakatan Harapan
Malay namePakatan Harapan
ڤاكتن هارڤن
Chinese name希望聯盟
希望联盟
Xīwàng liánméng
Tamil nameநம்பிக்கை கூட்டணி
Alternate namePakatan Harapan Plus
AbbreviationPH
ChairmanAnwar Ibrahim
PresidentWan Azizah Wan Ismail
Deputy PresidentsLim Guan Eng
Mohamad Sabu
Vice-PresidentsChong Chieng Jen
Salahuddin Ayub
M. Kulasegaran
Christina Liew[1]
Founded22 September 2015 (2015-09-22)
Legalised16 May 2018 (2018-05-16)[2]
Preceded byPakatan Rakyat
HeadquartersA-1-09 Merchant Square
Jalan Tropicana Selatan 1
47410 Petaling Jaya (PH Secretariat and PKR)
Kuala Lumpur (DAP and AMANAH)
Penampang (UPKO)
NewspaperThe Rocket
Roketkini
Suara Keadilan
Suara Amanah
Keadilan Daily
Suara Pakatan Daily
Student wingMahasiswa Pakatan Harapan
Youth wingPemuda Pakatan Harapan[3][4]
Women's wingWanita Pakatan Harapan[5]
IdeologyMajority:
Social democracy
Social liberalism
Reformism
Social justice
Multiracialism
Factions:
Islamic democracy
Islamic modernism
Left-wing nationalism
Secularism
Political positionBig tent
Colours  Red and   white
SloganMalaysia Baharu
(For a New Malaysia)
Dewan Negara
8 / 70
Dewan Rakyat
105 / 222
Dewan Undangan Negeri
226 / 607
Chief minister of states
3 / 13
Election symbol
Pakatan-harapan-logo.jpg
Website
pakatanharapan.com.my

The coalition consists of the Democratic Action Party, United Progressive Kinabalu Organisation, People's Justice Party and National Trust Party. Its main allied political parties are the Sabah Heritage Party, Homeland Fighters' Party, Malaysian United Democratic Alliance and Sarawak United Party. The Malaysian United Indigenous Party was a former member party, but it left the coalition in February 2020, triggering the 2020 Malaysian political crisis.[7] The coalition was formed as an alliance of centre-left to centre-right parties to contest the 2018 Malaysian general election. The coalition contested the election under the logo of a component party, the PKR, due to its inability to register as an official political coalition.

After the 2018 Malaysian general election, its Chairman, 4th and former Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad was reappointed to the office as the 7th Prime Minister of Malaysia while its president, Wan Azizah Wan Ismail, was appointed the 12th Deputy Prime Minister of Malaysia.

On 24 February 2020, Mahathir resigned as Prime Minister. Malaysian United Indigenous Party and 11 MPs from PKR subsequently withdrew from Pakatan Harapan, depriving the coalition of its majority in Parliament.[8][9][10]

HistoryEdit

FormationEdit

Pakatan Harapan is a direct successor to the three-party Pakatan Rakyat coalition that consisted of the People's Justice Party, the Democratic Action Party and the Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party. Pakatan Harapan was founded on 22 September 2015, two years after the 2013 general election, due to disagreements and conflicts between PAS and DAP mainly regarding the issue of the implementation of the sharia law, resulting in PAS splitting off from Pakatan Rakyat and the break-up of the coalition on 16 June 2015.[11][12] The dissolution resulted in the formation of a new coalition named Pakatan Harapan, consisting the former Pakatan Rakyat parties, PKR and DAP, and a PAS split-off party, the National Trust Party.[13][14]

On 12 November 2016, a United Malays National Organisation split-off party, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party, founded and led by former Malaysian Prime Minister, Mahathir Mohamad, confirmed that the party was committed to joining the opposition bloc Pakatan Harapan.[15][16] Later, on 13 December, the party formed an electoral pact with Pakatan Harapan,[17] and finally on 14 March 2017, BERSATU officially joined Pakatan Harapan as a member party.[18]

2018 general electionEdit

On 14 July 2017, the Presidential council line-up was confirmed. A common logo was also introduced with the word “Harapan” with the “A” shaped as a chevron in white on a red background. The logo was initially planned to be used by all participating candidates for the 2018 general election, but the use of the logo and registration of the coalition was denied by the Election Commission.[19] To pursue the coalition's plan to contest under a common logo, Pakatan announced that the PKR logo will be used by all component parties of the coalition as its election symbol in the elections,[20] excluding for DAP who chose to contest under their own party flag in Sabah and Sarawak.[21][22][23]

The coalition secured an electoral pact with the Sabah-based Sabah Heritage Party for the 2018 general election. WARISAN's president, Shafie Apdal, promised that the party would be represented on the federal cabinet if the coalition came to power,[24] adding that through the electoral pact they will only co-operate with Pakatan as an ally, and not joining the pact as a component party since they will only contest in Sabah, not in Peninsular Malaysia.[25] In that election, Pakatan Harapan swept the election and formed the government in a surprise upset overturning the former ruling party UMNO's decades of uninterrupted rule, as the Malay vote was dissatisfied and mainly went to Amanah and popular former Prime Minister Mahathir Mohamad's party Bersatu, while the Chinese vote was solidly behind parties like DAP and PKR. Following the surprise victory of Pakatan Harapan and WARISAN in the general election, the United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation announced that they have left Barisan Nasional and will form a new Sabah state government with WARISAN and Pakatan Harapan.[26] UPKO and WARISAN are currently both the allies for Pakatan Harapan since both parties are also allied towards each other's in Sabah.[27]

At the state level, due to 2018 general election results the coalition formed the government in the states of Kedah, Penang, Perak, Selangor, Melaka Negeri Sembilan, Johor and Sabah.[note 1] Pakatan Harapan also forms a government with a two-thirds majority in the states of Penang, Selangor and Johor.

Post-electionEdit

On 16 May 2018, the coalition was officially registered.[28]

On 24 February 2020, Mahathir resigned as the Prime Minister. BERSATU which had 26 MPs, withdrew from the ruling Pakatan Harapan coalition. In addition, 11 MPs from PKR resigned from the party to form an independent bloc. This leaves Pakatan Harapan 37 seats short of the 112 seats needed to form a government. The surprise announcement came amid speculation that Mahathir was attempting to form a new ruling coalition that would exclude his designated successor Anwar Ibrahim.[8][9][10] However, Anwar later clarified to reporters that Mahathir did not orchestrate the act. These events also resulted in the number of Pakatan Harapan coalition member parties returned to the original three.[29]

At the state level, Pakatan Harapan lost control of Johor, Melaka, Perak and Kedah. A few PKR, DAP and AMANAH representatives in the state legislative assemblies quit their party and expressed support for the new government Perikatan Nasional in those four states.[30][31][32][33]

Member parties, allied parties, strategic partners and independent memberEdit

Flag Name Ideology Leader(s) Seats
contested
2018 result Current
seats
Votes (%) Seats Composition
Member parties
DAP Democratic Action Party
Parti Tindakan Demokratik
Social democracy Lim Guan Eng 47 17.37%
42 / 222
42 / 105
PKR People's Justice Party
Parti Keadilan Rakyat
Social justice Anwar Ibrahim 71 16.94%
47 / 222
35 / 105
AMANAH National Trust Party
Parti Amanah Negara
Islamic modernism Mohamad Sabu 34 5.43%
11 / 222
11 / 105
UPKO United Progressive Kinabalu Organisation
Pertubuhan Kinabalu Progresif Bersatu
Sabah regionalism Wilfred Madius Tangau 4
(under BN)
0.47%
1 / 222
1 / 105
Allied parties (PH Plus)
WARISAN Sabah Heritage Party
Parti Warisan Sabah
Sabah regionalism Shafie Apdal 17 2.32%
8 / 222
8 / 105
PEJUANG Homeland Fighters' Party
Parti Pejuang Tanah Air[34][35]
Ketuanan Melayu Mahathir Mohamad N/A N/A
0 / 222
4 / 105
PSB Sarawak United Party
Parti Sarawak Bersatu
Sarawakian Regionalism Wong Soon Koh N/A N/A
0 / 222
2 / 105
MUDA Malaysian United Democratic Alliance
Ikatan Demokratik Malaysia[36][37]
Youth politics Syed Saddiq N/A N/A
0 / 222
1 / 105
MAP Malaysian Advancement Party
Parti Kemajuan Malaysia
Egalitarianism Waytha Moorthy Ponnusamy N/A N/A
0 / 222
0 / 105
Strategic partners
PSM Socialist Party of Malaysia
Parti Sosialist Malaysia
Socialism Michael Jeyakumar Devaraj 4 0.03%
0 / 222
0 / 105
SAINS Malaysian Science Aspiration Party
Parti Aspirasi Sains Malaysia
Scientific politics Kenneth Chai N/A N/A
0 / 222
0 / 105
MIRA Minority Rights Action Party
Parti Tindakan Hak Minoriti
Liberal democracy S. Gobi Krishnan N/A N/A
0 / 222
0 / 105
HINDRAF Hindu Rights Action Force
Barisan Bertindak Hak-Hak Hindu
Indian interests Uthayakumar Ponnusamy
Vasantha Kumar Krishnan
Waytha Moorthy Ponnusamy
Manoharan Malayaram
Ganabatirau Veraman
N/A N/A
0 / 222
0 / 105
Independent member
IND Independent
Ahli Parlimen Bebas
N/A Maszlee Malik
(P151 Simpang Renggam)
24 0.59%
3 / 222
1 / 105

List of leadersEdit

Chairman

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office
1 Mahathir Mohamad
(b. 1925)
  2017 2020
2 Anwar Ibrahim
(b. 1947)
  2020 Incumbent

President

No. Name
(Birth–Death)
Portrait Term of office
1 Wan Azizah Wan Ismail
(b. 1952)
  2017 Incumbent

Women Chief

No. Name

(Birth–Death)

Portrait Term of office
1 Zuraida Kamaruddin
(b. 1958)
2017 2020
2 Chong Eng
(b. 1957)
2021 2021
3 Raj Muni Sabu
(b. unknown)
2021 Incumbent

Youth Chief

No. Name

(Birth–Death)

Portrait Term of office
1 Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad
(b. 1982)
2017 2018
2 Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman
(b. 1992)
2018 2020
3 Shazni Munir Mohd Ithnin
(1987-2021)
2021 2021
4 Howard Lee Chuan How
(b. 1983)
2021 Incumbent

Leadership structureEdit

 
Anwar Ibrahim, the incumbent Chairman of Pakatan Harapan.

Elected representativesEdit

Dewan Negara (Senate)Edit

SenatorsEdit

Dewan Rakyat (House of Representatives)Edit

Members of Parliament of the 14th Malaysian ParliamentEdit

Pakatan Harapan has 105 members in the House of Representatives (with allied parties).

State No. Parliament Constituency Member Party
  Perlis P002 Kangar Noor Amin Ahmad PKR
  Kedah P004 Langkawi Mahathir Mohamad PEJUANG
P005 Jerlun Mukhriz Mahathir PEJUANG
P006 Kubang Pasu Amiruddin Hamzah PEJUANG
P008 Pokok Sena Mahfuz Omar AMANAH
P009 Alor Setar Chan Ming Kai PKR
P010 Kuala Kedah Azman Ismail PKR
P014 Merbok Nor Azrina Surip PKR
P015 Sungai Petani Johari Abdul PKR
P017 Padang Serai Karuppaiya Muthusamy PKR
P018 Kulim-Bandar Baharu Saifuddin Nasution Ismail PKR
  Penang P043 Bagan Lim Guan Eng DAP
P044 Permatang Pauh Nurul Izzah Anwar PKR
P045 Bukit Mertajam Steven Sim Chee Keong DAP
P046 Batu Kawan Kasthuriraani Patto DAP
P048 Bukit Bendera Wong Hon Wai DAP
P049 Tanjong Chow Kon Yeow DAP
P050 Jelutong Sanisvara Nethaji Rayer Rajaji Rayer DAP
P051 Bukit Gelugor Ramkarpal Singh DAP
P052 Bayan Baru Sim Tze Tzin PKR
P053 Balik Pulau Muhammad Bakhtiar Wan Chik PKR
  Perak P057 Parit Buntar Mujahid Yusof Rawa AMANAH
P060 Taiping Teh Kok Lim DAP
P062 Sungai Siput Kesavan Subramaniam PKR
P064 Ipoh Timor Wong Kah Woh DAP
P065 Ipoh Barat Kulasegaran Murugeson DAP
P066 Batu Gajah Sivakumar Varatharaju Naidu DAP
P068 Beruas James Ngeh Koo Ham DAP
P070 Kampar Thomas Su Keong Siong DAP
P071 Gopeng Lee Boon Chye PKR
P074 Lumut Mohd Hatta Ramli AMANAH
P076 Teluk Intan David Nga Kor Ming DAP
P077 Tanjong Malim Chang Lih Kang PKR
  Pahang P080 Raub Tengku Zulpuri Shah Raja Puji DAP
P083 Kuantan Fuziah Salleh PKR
P088 Temerloh Anuar Tahir AMANAH
P089 Bentong Wong Tack DAP
  Selangor P094 Hulu Selangor June Leow Hsiad Hui PKR
P096 Kuala Selangor Dzulkefly Ahmad AMANAH
P097 Selayang William Leong Jee Keen PKR
P100 Pandan Wan Azizah Wan Ismail PKR
P101 Hulu Langat Hasanuddin Mohd. Yunus AMANAH
P102 Bangi Ong Kian Ming DAP
P103 Puchong Gobind Singh Deo DAP
P104 Subang Wong Chen PKR
P105 Petaling Jaya Maria Chin Abdullah PKR
P106 Damansara Tony Pua Kiam Wee DAP
P107 Sungai Buloh Sivarasa Rasiah PKR
P108 Shah Alam Khalid Samad AMANAH
P109 Kapar Abdullah Sani Abdul Hamid PKR
P110 Klang Charles Anthony Santiago DAP
P111 Kota Raja Mohamad Sabu AMANAH
P113 Sepang Mohamed Hanipa Maidin AMANAH
  Kuala Lumpur P114 Kepong Lim Lip Eng DAP
P115 Batu Prabakaran M. Parameswaran PKR
P116 Wangsa Maju Tan Yee Kew PKR
P117 Segambut Hannah Yeoh Tseow Suan DAP
P118 Setiawangsa Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad PKR
P120 Bukit Bintang Fong Kui Lun DAP
P121 Lembah Pantai Fahmi Fadzil PKR
P122 Seputeh Teresa Kok Suh Sim DAP
P123 Cheras Tan Kok Wai DAP
  Negeri Sembilan P128 Seremban Anthony Loke Siew Fook DAP
P130 Rasah Cha Kee Chin DAP
P132 Port Dickson Anwar Ibrahim PKR
P133 Tampin Hasan Baharom AMANAH
  Malacca P136 Tangga Batu Rusnah Aluai PKR
P137 Hang Tuah Jaya Shamsul Iskandar Md. Akin PKR
P138 Kota Melaka Khoo Poay Tiong DAP
  Johor P141 Sekijang Natrah Ismail PKR
P142 Labis Pang Hok Liong DAP
P144 Ledang Syed Ibrahim Syed Noh PKR
P145 Bakri Yeo Bee Yin DAP
P146 Muar Syed Saddiq Syed Abdul Rahman MUDA
P149 Sri Gading Shahruddin Md Salleh PEJUANG
P151 Simpang Renggam Maszlee Malik IND
P152 Kluang Wong Shu Qi DAP
P159 Pasir Gudang Hassan Abdul Karim PKR
P160 Johor Bahru Akmal Nasrullah Mohd Nasir PKR
P161 Pulai Salahuddin Ayub AMANAH
P162 Iskandar Puteri Lim Kit Siang DAP
P163 Kulai Teo Nie Ching DAP
  Labuan P166 Labuan Rozman Isli WARISAN
  Sabah P169 Kota Belud Isnaraissah Munirah Majilis @ Fakharuddy WARISAN
P170 Tuaran Wilfred Madius Tangau UPKO
P171 Sepanggar Mohd. Azis Jamman WARISAN
P172 Kota Kinabalu Chan Foong Hin DAP
P173 Putatan Awang Husaini Sahari PKR
P174 Penampang Darell Leiking WARISAN
P175 Papar Ahmad Hassan WARISAN
P181 Tenom Noorita Sual DAP
P186 Sandakan Vivian Wong Shir Yee DAP
P188 Lahad Datu (Silam) Mohammadin Ketapi WARISAN
P189 Semporna Mohd. Shafie Mohd. Apdal WARISAN
P190 Tawau Christina Liew Chin Jin PKR
P191 Kalabakan Ma'mun Sulaiman WARISAN
  Sarawak P192 Mas Gading Mordi Bimol DAP
P195 Bandar Kuching Kelvin Yii Lee Wuen DAP
P196 Stampin Chong Chieng Jen DAP
P202 Sri Aman Masir Kujat PSB
P208 Sarikei Wong Ling Biu DAP
P211 Lanang Alice Lau Kiong Yieng DAP
P212 Sibu Oscar Ling Chai Yew DAP
P214 Selangau Baru Bian PSB
P219 Miri Michael Teo Yu Keng PKR
Total Perlis (1), Kedah (10), Penang (10), Perak (12), Pahang (4), Selangor (16), F.T. Kuala Lumpur (9), Negeri Sembilan (4), Malacca (3), Johor (13), F.T. Labuan (1), Sabah (13), Sarawak (9)

Dewan Undangan Negeri (State Legislative Assembly)Edit

State No. Parliamentary

constituency

No. State Constituency Member Party
  Perlis P02 Kangar N7 Sena Asrul Nizan Abd Jalil PKR
N8 Indera Kayangan Gan Ay Ling PKR
N9 Kuala Perlis Nor Azam Karap PKR
  Kedah P05 Jerlun N3 Kota Siputeh Salmee Said AMANAH
P06 Kubang Pasu N6 Jitra Mukhriz Mahathir PEJUANG
P08 Pokok Sena N11 Derga Tan Kok Yew DAP
P09 Alor Setar N12 Suka Menanti Zamri Yusuf PKR
N13 Kota Darul Aman Teh Swee Leong DAP
N14 Alor Mengkudu Phahrolrazi Zawawi AMANAH
P10 Kuala Kedah N15 Anak Bukit Amiruddin Hamzah PEJUANG
N16 Kubang Rotan Mohd. Asmirul Anuar Rais AMANAH
N17 Pengkalan Kundor Ismail Salleh AMANAH
P12 Jerai N22 Gurun Johari Abdul PKR
P14 Merbok N25 Bukit Selambau Summugam Rengasamy PKR
P15 Sungai Petani N28 Bakar Arang Ooi Tze Min PKR
P18 Kulim-Bandar Baharu N35 Kulim Yeo Keng Chuan PKR
  Penang P41 Kepala Batas N3 Pinang Tunggal Ahmad Zakiyuddin Abdul Rahman PKR
P42 Tasek Gelugor N6 Telok Ayer Tawar Mustapha Kamal Ahmad PKR
P43 Bagan N7 Sungai Puyu Phee Boon Poh DAP
N8 Bagan Jermal Soon Lip Chee DAP
N9 Bagan Dalam Satees Muniandy DAP
P44 Permatang Pauh N11 Permatang Pasir Muhammad Faiz Mohamed Fadzil AMANAH
N12 Penanti Norlela Ariffin PKR
P45 Bukit Mertajam N13 Berapit Heng Lee Lee DAP
N14 Machang Bubok Lee Khai Loon PKR
N15 Padang Lalang Chong Eng DAP
P46 Batu Kawan N16 Perai Ramasamy Palanisamy DAP
N17 Bukit Tengah Gooi Hsiao Leung PKR
N18 Bukit Tambun Goh Choon Aik PKR
P47 Nibong Tebal N19 Jawi H’ng Mooi Lye DAP
N20 Sungai Bakap Amar Pritpal Abdullah PKR
P48 Bukit Bendera N22 Tanjong Bunga Zairil Khir Johari DAP
N23 Air Putih Lim Guan Eng DAP
N24 Kebun Bunga Ong Khan Lee PKR
N25 Pulau Tikus Chris Lee Chun Kit DAP
P49 Tanjong N26 Padang Kota Chow Kon Yeow DAP
N27 Pengkalan Kota Gooi Zi Sen DAP
N28 Komtar Teh Lai Heng DAP
P50 Jelutong N29 Datok Keramat Jagdeep Singh Deo DAP
N30 Sungai Pinang Lim Siew Khim DAP
N31 Batu Lancang Ong Ah Teong DAP
P51 Bukit Gelugor N32 Seri Delima Syerleena Abdul Rashid DAP
N33 Air Itam Joseph Ng Soon Seong DAP
N34 Paya Terubong Yeoh Soon Hin DAP
P52 Bayan Baru N35 Batu Uban Kumaresan Aramugam PKR
N36 Pantai Jerejak Saifuddin Nasution Ismail PKR
N37 Batu Maung Abdul Halim Hussain PKR
P53 Balik Pulau N38 Bayan Lepas Azrul Mahathir Aziz AMANAH
N39 Pulau Betong Mohd.Tuah Ismail PKR
  Perak P60 Taiping N16 Kamunting Mund. Fadhil Nuruddin AMANAH
N17 Pokok Assam Leow Thye Yih DAP
N18 Aulong Nga Kor Ming DAP
P62 Sungai Siput N22 Jalong Loh Sze Yee DAP
P63 Tambun N23 Manjoi Asmuni Awi AMANAH
N24 Hulu Kinta Muhamad Arafat Varisai Mahamad PKR
P64 Ipoh Timur N25 Canning Jenny Choy Tsi Jen DAP
N26 Tebing Tinggi Abdul Aziz Bari DAP
N27 Pasir Pinji Howard Lee DAP
P65 Ipoh Barat N28 Bercham Ong Boon Piow DAP
N29 Kepayang Ko Chung Sen DAP
P66 Batu Gajah N31 Jelapang Cheah Poh Hian DAP
N32 Menglembu Chaw Kam Foon DAP
P68 Bruas N37 Pantai Remis Wong May Ing DAP
N38 Astaka Teoh Yee Chern DAP
P70 Kampar N42 Keranji Chong Zhemin DAP
P71 Gopeng N44 Sungai Rapat Mohammad Nizar Jamaluddin AMANAH
N45 Simpang Pulai Tan Kar Hing PKR
N46 Teja Ng Shy Ching PKR
P74 Lumut N51 Pasir Panjang Yahaya Mat Nor AMANAH
P76 Teluk Intan N55 Pasir Bedamar Terence Naidu Rajan Naidu @ Rajanaidu DAP
P77 Tanjong Malim N57 Sungkai Sivanesan Achalingam DAP
N59 Behrang Aminuddin Zulkipli AMANAH
  Pahang P78 Cameron Highlands N1 Tanah Rata Chiong Yoke Kong DAP
P80 Raub N7 Tras Chow Yu Hui DAP
P82 Indera Mahkota N13 Semambu Lee Chean Chung PKR
P83 Kuantan N14 Teruntum Sim Chon Siang PKR
P88 Temerloh N30 Mentakab Woo Chee Wan DAP
P89 Bentong N33 Bilut Lee Chin Chen DAP
N34 Ketari Young Syefura Othman DAP
N35 Sabai Kamache Doray Rajoo DAP
P90 Bera N38 Triang Leong Yu Man DAP
  Selangor P92 Sabak Bernam N2 Sabak Ahmad Mustain Othman PKR
P93 Sungai Besar N4 Sekinchan Ng Suee Lim DAP
P94 Ulu Selangor N6 Kuala Kubu Baharu Lee Kee Hiong DAP
N7 Batang Kali Harumaini Omar PEJUANG
P95 Tanjong Karang N9 Permatang Rozana Zainal Abidin PKR
P96 Kuala Selangor N10 Bukit Melawati Juwairiya Zulkifli PKR
N11 Ijok Idris Ahmad PKR
N12 Jeram Mohd Shaid Rosli PEJUANG
P97 Selayang N13 Kuang Sallehudin Amiruddin PEJUANG
N14 Rawang Chua Wei Kiat PKR
N15 Taman Templer Mohd Sany Hamzan AMANAH
P98 Gombak N16 Sungai Tua Amirudin Shari PKR
N18 Hulu Kelang Saari Sungib AMANAH
P100 Pandan N21 Pandan Indah Izham Hashim AMANAH
N22 Teratai Lai Wai Chong IND
P101 Ulu Langat N23 Dusun Tua Edry Faizal Eddy Yusof DAP
P102 Bangi N25 Kajang Hee Loy Sian PKR
N26 Sungai Ramal Mazwan Johar AMANAH
N27 Balakong Wong Siew Ki DAP
P103 Puchong N28 Seri Kembangan Ean Yong Hiah Wah DAP
N29 Seri Serdang Siti Mariah Mahmud AMANAH
P104 Subang N30 Kinrara Ng Sze Han DAP
N31 Subang Jaya Michelle Ng Mei Sze DAP
P105 Petaling Jaya N32 Seri Setia Halimey Abu Bakar PKR
N33 Taman Medan Syamsul Firdaus Mohamed Supri PKR
N34 Bukit Gasing Rajiv Rishyakaran DAP
P106 Damansara N35 Kampung Tunku Lim Yi Wei DAP
N36 Bandar Utama Jamaliah Jamaluddin DAP
N37 Bukit Lanjan Elizabeth Wong PKR
P107 Sungai Buloh N38 Paya Jaras Mohd.Khairuddin Othman PKR
N39 Kota Damansara Shatiri Mansor PKR
P108 Shah Alam N40 Kota Anggerik Najwan Halimi PKR
N41 Batu Tiga Rodziah Ismail PKR
P109 Kapar N42 Meru Mohd. Fakhrulrazi Mohd. Mokhtar PKR
P110 Klang N45 Bandar Baru Klang Teng Chang Khim DAP
N46 Pelabuhan Klang Azmizam Zaman Huri PKR
N47 Pandamaran Leong Tuck Chee DAP
P111 Kota Raja N48 Sentosa Gunaraj George PKR
N49 Sungai Kandis Mohd.Zawawi Ahmad Mughni PKR
N50 Kota Kemuning Ganabatirau Veraman DAP
P112 Kuala Langat N52 Banting Lau Weng San DAP
N53 Morib Hasnul Baharuddin AMANAH
P113 Sepang N54 Tanjong Sepat Borhan Aman Shah PKR
N56 Sungai Pelek Ronnie Liu Tian Khiew DAP
  Negeri Sembilan P126 Jelebu N1 Chennah Anthony Loke Siew Fook DAP
N4 Kelawang Bakri Sawir AMANAH
P127 Jempol N8 Bahau Teo Kok Seong DAP
P128 Seremban N9 Lenggeng Suhaimi Kassim AMANAH
N10 Nilai Arul Kumar Jambunathan DAP
N11 Lobak Chew She Yong DAP
N12 Temiang Ng Chin Tsai DAP
N13 Sikamat Aminuddin Harun PKR
N14 Ampangan Mohamad Rafie Ab. Malik PKR
P129 Kuala Pilah N18 Pilah Mohamad Nazaruddin Sabtu PKR
P130 Rasah N20 Labu Ismail Ahmad PKR
N21 Bukit Kepayang Nichole Tan Lee Koon DAP
N22 Rahang Mary Josephine Pritam Singh DAP
N23 Mambau Yap Yew Weng DAP
N24 Seremban Jaya Gunasekaren Palasamy DAP
P131 Rembau N25 Paroi Mohd Taufek Abd Ghani AMANAH
P132 Port Dickson N29 Chuah Yek Diew Ching PKR
N30 Lukut Choo Ken Hwa DAP
N33 Sri Tanjong Ravi Munasamy PKR
P133 Tampin N36 Repah Veerapan Superamaniam DAP
  Melaka P135 Alor Gajah N7 Gadek Saminathan Ganesan DAP
N8 Machap Jaya Ginie Lim PKR
N9 Durian Tunggal Mohd Sofi Abdul Wahab AMANAH
P136 Tangga Batu N14 Klebang Gue Teck PKR
P137 Hang Tuah Jaya N16 Ayer Keroh Kerk Chee Yee DAP
N17 Bukit Katil Adly Zahari AMANAH
P138 Kota Melaka N19 Kesidang Seah Shoo Chin DAP
N20 Kota Laksamana Low Chee Leong DAP
N21 Duyong Damian Yeo Shen Li DAP
N22 Bandar Hilir Tey Kok Kiew DAP
P139 Jasin N24 Bemban Wong Fort Pin DAP
  Johor P140 Segamat N2 Jementah Tan Chen Choon DAP
P141 Sekijang N4 Kemelah Sulaiman Mohd Nor AMANAH
P142 Labis N6 Bekok Ramakrishnan Suppiah DAP
P144 Ledang N10 Tangkak Ee Chin Li DAP
N11 Serom Faizul Amri Adnan PKR
P145 Bakri N12 Bentayan Ng Yak Howe DAP
N13 Simpang Jeram Salahuddin Ayub AMANAH
N14 Bukit Naning Md.Ysahrudin Kusni PKR
P146 Muar N15 Maharani Nor Hayati Bachok AMANAH
P147 Parit Sulong N17 Semerah Mohd. Khuzzan Abu Bakar PKR
P148 Ayer Hitam N19 Yong Peng Chew Peck Choo DAP
P149 Sri Gading N21 Parit Yaani Amunolhuda Hassan AMANAH
P150 Batu Pahat N23 Penggaram Gan Peck Cheng DAP
N24 Senggarang Khairuddin A. Rahim PKR
P152 Kluang N28 Mengkibol Chew Chong Sin DAP
N29 Mahkota Muhamad Said Jonit PKR
P153 Sembrong N30 Paloh Sheikh Umar Bagharib Ali DAP
P158 Tebrau N40 Tiram Gopalakrishnan Subramaniam PKR
P159 Pasir Gudang N42 Johor Jaya Liow Chai Tung DAP
P160 Johor Bahru N45 Stulang Chen Kah Eng DAP
P161 Pulai N46 Perling Cheo Yee How DAP
P162 Iskandar Puteri N48 Skudai Tan Hong Pin DAP
N49 Kota Iskandar Dzulkefly Ahmad AMANAH
P163 Kulai N51 Bukit Batu Jimmy Pua Wee Tse PKR
N52 Senai Tee Boon Tsong DAP
P164 Pontian N54 Pulai Sebatang Muhammad Taqiuddin Che'man AMANAH
P165 Tanjung Piai N55 Pekan Nanas Yeo Tung Siong DAP
  Sabah P167 Kudat N1 Banggi Mohamad Mohammarin WARISAN
N4 Tanjong Kapor Ben Chong Chen Bin WARISAN
P169 Kota Belud N11 Kadamaian Ewon Benedick UPKO
P171 Sepanggar N17 Karambunai Azhar Matussin WARISAN
N18 Inanam Peto Galim PKR
P172 Kota Kinabalu (Jesselton) N19 Likas Tan Lee Fatt DAP
N20 Api-Api Chtistiina Liew PKR
N21 Luyang Phoong Jin Zhe DAP
P173 Putatan N22 Tanjong Aru Junz Wong Hong Bin WARISAN
N23 Petagas Awang Ahmad Sah WARISAN
P174 Penampang N25 Kapayan Jannie Lasimbang DAP
N26 Moyog Darell Leiking WARISAN
P175 Papar N27 Limbahau Juil Nuatim WARISAN
P176 Kimanis N30 Bongawan Dr Daud Yusof WARISAN
P178 Sipitang N35 Sindumin Dr Yusof WARISAN
P181 Tenom N42 Melalap Peter Anthony WARISAN
P184 Libaran N50 Gum-Gum Arunarsin Taib WARISAN
P185 Batu Sapi N53 Sekong Alias Haji Sani WARISAN
N54 Karamunting Hiew Vun Zin WARISAN
P186 Sandakan N55 Elopura Calvin Chong Ket Kiun DAP
N56 Tanjong Papat Frankie Poon DAP
P188 Lahad Datu N60 Tungku Assaffal Samsul Kamal WARISAN
N61 Segama Mohammadin Ketapi WARISAN
N62 Silam Dumi Masdal WARISAN
N63 Kunak Norazlinah Arif WARISAN
P189 Semporna N64 Sulabayan Jaujan Sambakong WARISAN
N65 Senallang Mohd Shafie Apdal WARISAN
P190 Tawau N69 Sri Tanjong Justin Wong Yung Bin DAP
N70 Kukusan Rina Jainal WARISAN
P191 Kalabakan N72 Merotai Sarifudin Hata WARISAN
  Sarawak P192 Mas Gading N1 Opar Ranum Mina PSB
P195 Bandar Kuching N10 Pending Violet Yong Wui Wui DAP
N11 Batu Lintang See Chee How PSB
P196 Stampin N12 Kota Sentosa Chong Chieng Jen DAP
P203 Lubok Antu N33 Engkilili Johnical Rayong Ngipa PSB
P211 Lanang N51 Bukit Assek Irene Mary Chang Oi Ling DAP
N52 Dudong Tiong Thai King PSB
P212 Sibu N53 Bawang Assan Wong Soon Koh PSB
N54 Pelawan David Wong Kee Woan DAP
P217 Bintulu N68 Tanjong Batu Chiew Chiu Sing DAP
P222 Lawas N81 Ba'kelalan Baru Bian PSB
Total Perlis (3), Kedah (13), Penang (33), Perak (23), Pahang (9), Selangor (44), Negeri Sembilan (20), Malacca (11), Johor (27), Sabah (30), Sarawak (11)

Pakatan Harapan state governmentsEdit

State Leader type Member Party State Constituency
  Negeri Sembilan Menteri Besar Aminuddin Harun PKR Sikamat
  Penang Chief Minister Chow Kon Yeow DAP Padang Kota
  Selangor Menteri Besar Amirudin Shari PKR Sungai Tua
State Leader type Member Party State Constituency
  Penang Deputy Chief Minister I Ahmad Zakiyuddin Abdul Rahman PKR Pinang Tunggal
  Penang Deputy Chief Minister II Ramasamy Palanisamy DAP Perai
State Leader type Member Party State Constituency
  Johor Speaker Suhaizan Kayat AMANAH Non-MLA
  Johor Deputy Speaker Gan Peck Cheng DAP Penggaram
  Negeri Sembilan Speaker Zulkefly Mohamad Omar AMANAH Non-MLA
  Negeri Sembilan Deputy Speaker Ravi Munusamy PKR Sri Tanjung
  Penang Speaker Law Choo Kiang PKR Non-MLA
  Penang Deputy Speaker Amar Pritpal Abdullah PKR Sungai Bakap
  Selangor Speaker Ng Suee Lim DAP Sekinchan
  Selangor Deputy Speaker Hasnul Baharuddin AMANAH Morib

Anwar Shadow Cabinet (2021–)Edit

On 9 May 2021, the Pakatan Harapan secretariat has announced the members of nine committees to address issues of the day, given the Perikatan Nasional government's "inability to lead the country".

The committees are Education, Health, Economy, Security, Gender, Youth, Cost-of-Living, Legal, Mobilisation and Plantation and Food Industry. With the Education and Health committee led by Simpang Renggam MP Maszlee Malik and Kuala Selangor MP Dzulkefly Ahmad, respectively.[38][39]

Education Committee

Dr Maszlee Malik (Chairman), Simpang Renggam MP

Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad, Setiawangsa MP

Teo Nie Ching, Kulai MP

Datuk Dr Hasan Bahrom, Tampin MP

Natrah Ismail, Sekijang MP

Steven Sim Chee Keong, Bukit Mertajam MP

Rusnah Aluai, Tangga Batu MP

Health Committee

Datuk Seri Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad (Chairman), Kuala Selangor MP

Dr Lee Boon Chye, Gopeng MP

Dr Kelvin Yii Lee Wuen, Bandar Kuching MP

Datuk Hatta Ramli, Lumut MP

Sim Tze Tzin, Bayan Baru MP

Dr Ong Kian Ming, Bangi MP

Alice Lau Kiong Yieng, Lanang MP

Dr Siti Mariah Mahmud, Seri Serdang MLA

Dr Norlela Ariffin, Penanti MLA

Veerapan Superamaniam, Repah MLA

Niekmah Adam

Zaliha Mustafa

Economy Committee

Wong Chen, Subang MP

Tony Pua, Damansara MP

Datuk Seri Dr Dzulkefly Ahmad, Kuala Selangor MP

Datin Paduka Tan Yee Kew, Wangsa Maju MP

Noor Amin Ahmad, Kangar MP

Ammar Atan

Raja Iskandar Fareez

Syeikh Khuzaifah

E Hun Tan

Security Committee

Mohamad Sabu, Kota Raja MP

Datuk Johari Abdul, Sungai Petani MP and Gurun MLA

Liew Chin Tong


Gender Committee

Fuziah Salleh, Kuantan MP

Chong Eng, Padang Lalang MLA

Aiman Athirah


Youth Committee

Akmal Nasir, Johor Bahru MP

Howard Lee Chuan How, Pasir Pinji MLA


Cost-of-Living Committee

Hassan Abdul Karim, Pasir Gudang MP

Datuk Hasanuddin Mohd Yunus, Hulu Langat MP

Chong Chieng Jen, Stampin MP

Natrah Ismail, Sekijang MP

V Sivakumar, Batu Gajah MP

Chan Foong Hin, Kota Kinabalu MP

Cha Kee Chin, Rasah MP

Norhayati Bachok, Maharani MLA

Legal Committee

Mohamed Hanipa Maidin, Sepang MP

William Leong, Selayang MP

Ramkarpal Singh, Bukit Gelugor MP

Sivarasa Rasiah, Sungai Buloh MP

Muhammad Faiz Fadzil, Permatang Pasir MLA

Fadhlina Sidek, Senator

Zulqarnain Lukman

Mobilisation Committee

Mohamad Sabu, Kota Raja MP

Datuk Seri Shamsul Iskandar Md. Akin, Hang Tuah Jaya MP

Steven Sim Chee Keong, Bukit Mertajam MP


Plantation and Food Industry Committee

Datuk Seri Salahuddin Ayub, Pulai MP

V Sivakumar, Batu Gajah MP

S Kesavan, Sungai Siput MP

Sim Tze Tzin, Bayan Baru MP

General election resultsEdit

Election Total seats won Seats contesed Total votes Voting Percentage Outcome of election Election leader
2018
121 / 222
222 5,615,822 45.56%  53 seats; Governing coalition,
later Opposition coalition
Mahathir Mohamad

State election resultsEdit

State election State Legislative Assembly
Perlis State Legislative Assembly Kedah State Legislative Assembly Kelantan State Legislative Assembly Terengganu State Legislative Assembly Penang State Legislative Assembly Perak State Legislative Assembly Pahang State Legislative Assembly Selangor State Legislative Assembly Negeri Sembilan State Legislative Assembly Malacca State Legislative Assembly Johor State Legislative Assembly Sabah State Legislative Assembly Sarawak State Legislative Assembly Total won / Total contested
2/3 majority
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2 / 3
2016
10 / 82
2018
3 / 15
18 / 36
0 / 45
0 / 32
37 / 40
29 / 59
9 / 42
51 / 56
20 / 36
15 / 28
36 / 56
29 / 60
241 / 587
2020
32 / 73

NotesEdit

  1. ^ The state government of Sabah was formed with a confidence and supply agreement with WARISAN and UPKO.

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External linksEdit