Menteri Besar of Selangor

The Menteri Besar of Selangor is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Selangor. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly.

Menteri Besar of Selangor
Coat of arms of Selangor.svg
Amirudin Shari.profile photo.jpg
Amirudin Shari

since 19 June 2018
Government of Selangor
StyleYang Amat Berhormat Dato' Menteri Besar (The Most Honourable Dato' Menteri Besar)
Member ofSelangor State Executive Council
Reports toSelangor State Legislative Assembly
ResidenceJalan Permata 7/1, Seksyen 7, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor
SeatTingkat 21, Bangunan Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, 40503 Shah Alam, Selangor
Sultan of Selangor
Term length5 years or lesser, renewable once (while commanding the confidence of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly
With State Elections held no more than five years apart)
Constituting instrumentLaws of the Constitution of Selangor 1959
Inaugural holderHamzah Abdullah
FormationJune 1947; 73 years ago (1947-06)

The 16th and current Menteri Besar of Selangor is Amirudin Shari, who took office on 19 June 2018.[1]


According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Selangor shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.

The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.

If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.

Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.


The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.

The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Selangor politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.

Caretaker Menteri BesarEdit

The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.

List of Menteris Besar of SelangorEdit

The following is the list of Menteris Besar of Selangor since 1947:[2][3][4]

Colour key (for political parties):
  Independent /   Alliance /   Barisan Nasional   PKR   Pakatan Harapan

# Portrait Name
Political party[a] Term of office Electoral
1   Hamzah Abdullah
(1890–d. unknown)
Independent June 1949 1 July 1949
2   Raja Uda Raja Muhammad
1 July 1949
September 1954
March 1953
August 1955
3   Othman Mohamad
(1905–d. unknown)
Alliance (UMNO) March 1953 September 1954
4   Abdul Aziz Abdul Majid
August 1955 1956
5   Muhammad Ismail Abdul Latiff
1956 1958
6   Abdul Jamil Abdul Rais
1958 May 1959
7   Abu Bakar Baginda
MLA for Dengkil, 1959–1964
30 May 1959 19 March 1964

1959 (1st)

8   Harun Idris
MLA for Morib, 1964–1978
19 March 1964 24 March 1976

1964 (2nd)
1969 (3rd)
1974 (4th)

9   Hormat Rafei
MLA for Telok Datoh, 1963–1974
MLA for Banting, 1974–1982
15 April 1976 3 May 1982

– (4th)
1978 (5th)

10   Ahmad Razali Mohamad Ali
MLA for Kampong Bharu, 1967–1974
MLA for Dengkil, 1974–1978
MLA for Ampang, 1982–1986
4 May 1982 13 August 1986

1982 (6th)

11   Muhammad Muhammad Taib
(b. 1945)
MLA for Batang Kali, 1982–1999
14 August 1986 14 April 1997

1986 (7th)
1990 (8th)
1995 (9th)

12   Abu Hassan Omar[5]
MLA for Permatang, 1997–2004
6 June 1997 9 August 2000

– (9th)
1999 (10th)

13   Mohamed Khir Toyo
(b. 1965)
MLA for Sungai Panjang, 1999–2013
18 August 2000 13 March 2008

– (10th)
2004 (11th)

14   Abdul Khalid Ibrahim[6]
(b. 1946)
MLA for Ijok, 2008–2013
MLA for Pelabuhan Klang, 2013-2018
PR (PKR) 13 March 2008 23 September 2014

2008 (12th)
2013 (13th)

15   Mohamed Azmin Ali[7]
(b. 1964)
MLA for Hulu Kelang, 1999–2004
MLA for Bukit Antarabangsa, since 2008
23 September 2014 18 June 2018

– (13th)
2018 (14th)

16   Amirudin Shari[1]
(b. 1980)
MLA for Batu Caves, 2008–2018,
MLA for Sungai Tua, since 2018
19 June 2018 Incumbent – (14th)
  1. ^ This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.

Living former Menteris BesarEdit

Name Term of office Date of birth
Muhammad Muhammad Taib 1986–1997 29 July 1945 (age 75)
Mohamed Khir Toyo 2000–2008 6 August 1965 (age 55)
Abdul Khalid Ibrahim 2008–2014 14 December 1946 (age 74)
Mohamed Azmin Ali 2014-2018 25 August 1964 (age 56)


  1. ^ a b "Amirudin angkat sumpah MB Selangor, Rodziah dilantik EXCO". Berita Harian. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
  2. ^ "Sejarah Menteri Besar". Selangor State Government portal. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
  3. ^ "Selangor". Retrieved 3 June 2010.
  4. ^ "Sejarah Menteri Besar Selangor". Selangor State Government. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
  5. ^ "Abu Hassan: Why I resigned". New Straits Times. 11 August 2000. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
  6. ^ "Khalid angkat sumpah MB Selangor". MalaysiaKini. 13 March 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
  7. ^ "PKR's Azmin Ali is new Selangor MB: Sultan's secretary". Channel NewsAsia. 22 September 2014. Archived from the original on 26 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.