Menteri Besar of Selangor
The Menteri Besar of Selangor is the head of government in the Malaysian state of Selangor. According to convention, the Menteri Besar is the leader of the majority party or largest coalition party of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly.
|Menteri Besar of Selangor|
|Government of Selangor|
|Style||Yang Amat Berhormat Dato' Menteri Besar (The Most Honourable Dato' Menteri Besar)|
|Member of||Selangor State Executive Council|
|Reports to||Selangor State Legislative Assembly|
|Residence||Jalan Permata 7/1, Seksyen 7, 40000 Shah Alam, Selangor|
|Seat||Tingkat 21, Bangunan Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah, 40503 Shah Alam, Selangor|
Sultan of Selangor
|Term length||5 years or lesser, renewable once (while commanding the confidence of the Selangor State Legislative Assembly|
With State Elections held no more than five years apart)
|Constituting instrument||Laws of the Constitution of Selangor 1959|
|Inaugural holder||Hamzah Abdullah|
According to the state constitution, the Sultan of Selangor shall first appoint the Menteri Besar to preside over the Executive Council and requires such Menteri Besar to be a member of the Legislative Assembly who in his judgment is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of the Assembly, must be an ethnic Malay who professes the religion of Islam and must not a Malaysian citizen by naturalisation or by registration. The Sultan on the Menteri Besar's advice shall appoint not more than ten nor less than four members from among the members of the Legislative Assembly.
The member of the Executive Council must take and subscribe in the presence of the Sultan the oath of office and allegiance as well as the oath of secrecy before they can exercise the functions of office. The Executive Council shall be collectively responsible to the Legislative Assembly. The members of the Executive Council shall not hold any office of profit and engage in any trade, business or profession that will cause conflict of interest.
If a government cannot get its appropriation (budget) legislation passed by the Legislative Assembly, or the Legislative Assembly passes a vote of "no confidence" in the government, the Menteri Besar is bound by convention to resign immediately. The Sultan's choice of replacement Menteri Besar will be dictated by the circumstances. A member of the Executive Council other than the Menteri Besar shall hold office during the pleasure of the Sultan, unless the appointment of any member of the Executive Council shall have been revoked by the Sultan on the advice of the Menteri Besar but may at any time resign his office.
Following a resignation in other circumstances, defeated in an election or the death of the Menteri Besar, the Sultan will generally appoint as Menteri Besar the person voted by the governing party as their new leader.
The power of the Menteri Besar is subject to a number of limitations. Menteri Besar removed as leader of his or her party, or whose government loses a vote of no confidence in the Legislative Assembly, must advise a state election or resign the office or be dismissed by the Sultan. The defeat of a supply bill (one that concerns the spending of money) or unable to pass important policy-related legislation is seen to require the resignation of the government or dissolution of Legislative Assembly, much like a non-confidence vote, since a government that cannot spend money is hamstrung, also called loss of supply.
The Menteri Besar's party will normally have a majority in the Legislative Assembly and party discipline is exceptionally strong in Selangor politics, so passage of the government's legislation through the Legislative Assembly is mostly a formality.
Caretaker Menteri BesarEdit
The legislative assembly unless sooner dissolved by the Sultan with His Majesty's own discretion on the advice of the Menteri Besar shall continue for five years from the date of its first meeting. The state constitution permits a delay of 60 days of general election to be held from the date of dissolution and the legislative assembly shall be summoned to meet on a date not later than 120 days from the date of dissolution. Conventionally, between the dissolution of one legislative assembly and the convening of the next, the Menteri Besar and the executive council remain in office in a caretaker capacity.
List of Menteris Besar of SelangorEdit
|Political party[a]||Term of office||Electoral |
|Independent||June 1949||1 July 1949||–|
|2||Raja Uda Raja Muhammad
|1 July 1949
|Alliance (UMNO)||March 1953||September 1954||–|
|4||Abdul Aziz Abdul Majid
|5||Muhammad Ismail Abdul Latiff
|6||Abdul Jamil Abdul Rais
|7||Abu Bakar Baginda
MLA for Dengkil, 1959–1964
|30 May 1959||19 March 1964|
MLA for Morib, 1964–1978
|19 March 1964||24 March 1976|
MLA for Telok Datoh, 1963–1974
MLA for Banting, 1974–1982
|15 April 1976||3 May 1982|
|10||Ahmad Razali Mohamad Ali
MLA for Kampong Bharu, 1967–1974
MLA for Dengkil, 1974–1978
MLA for Ampang, 1982–1986
|4 May 1982||13 August 1986|
|11||Muhammad Muhammad Taib
MLA for Batang Kali, 1982–1999
|14 August 1986||14 April 1997|
|12||Abu Hassan Omar
MLA for Permatang, 1997–2004
|6 June 1997||9 August 2000|
|13||Mohamed Khir Toyo
MLA for Sungai Panjang, 1999–2013
|18 August 2000||13 March 2008|
|14||Abdul Khalid Ibrahim
MLA for Ijok, 2008–2013
MLA for Pelabuhan Klang, 2013-2018
|PR (PKR)||13 March 2008||23 September 2014|
|15||Mohamed Azmin Ali
MLA for Hulu Kelang, 1999–2004
MLA for Bukit Antarabangsa, since 2008
|23 September 2014||18 June 2018|
MLA for Batu Caves, 2008–2018,
MLA for Sungai Tua, since 2018
|19 June 2018||Incumbent||– (14th)|
- This column names only the Menteri Besar's party. The state government he heads may be a complex coalition of several parties and independents; those are not listed here.
Living former Menteris BesarEdit
|Name||Term of office||Date of birth|
|Muhammad Muhammad Taib||1986–1997||29 July 1945 (age 75)|
|Mohamed Khir Toyo||2000–2008||6 August 1965 (age 55)|
|Abdul Khalid Ibrahim||2008–2014||14 December 1946 (age 74)|
|Mohamed Azmin Ali||2014-2018||25 August 1964 (age 56)|
- "Amirudin angkat sumpah MB Selangor, Rodziah dilantik EXCO". Berita Harian. 19 June 2018. Retrieved 19 June 2018.
- "Sejarah Menteri Besar". Selangor State Government portal. Archived from the original on 4 June 2011. Retrieved 20 April 2011.
- "Selangor". WorldStatesmen.org. Retrieved 3 June 2010.
- "Sejarah Menteri Besar Selangor". selangor.gov.my. Selangor State Government. Retrieved 10 July 2018.
- "Abu Hassan: Why I resigned". New Straits Times. 11 August 2000. Retrieved 1 January 2010.
- "Khalid angkat sumpah MB Selangor". MalaysiaKini. 13 March 2008. Retrieved 2 May 2019.
- "PKR's Azmin Ali is new Selangor MB: Sultan's secretary". Channel NewsAsia. 22 September 2014. Archived from the original on 26 September 2014. Retrieved 25 September 2014.