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The Sabah State Legislative Assembly (Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah) is a part of the Legislature of Sabah, Malaysia, the other being the Governor of Sabah. The Assembly meets at the Sabah State Legislative Assembly Building at Likas in the state capital of Kota Kinabalu.

Sabah State Legislative Assembly

Malay: Dewan Undangan Negeri Sabah
沙巴州议会
ديوان اوندڠن نڬري سابه
15th Sabah State Legislative Assembly
Coat of arms or logo
Insignia of Sabah State Legislative Assembly
Type
Type
History
Founded25 September 1963
Leadership
Yang di-Pertua Negeri
Juhar Mahiruddin
since 1 January 2011
Speaker
Syed Abas Syed Ali, Independent
since 7 August 2015
Deputy Speaker
Ahmad Abdul Rahman, Independent
since 7 June 2018
Deputy Speaker
George Anthony Ginibun, WARISAN
since 26 June 2018
Mohd. Shafie Apdal, WARISAN
since 12 May 2018
Opposition Leader
Jeffrey Kitingan, STAR
11 June 2018 – 14 April 2019
Musa Aman, UMNO
15 April 2019 – present
Secretary
Bernard Joseph Dalinting, Independent
Structure
Seats60 Elected Members +
5 Nominated Members
Quorum: 20
Simple majority: 31
Two-thirds majority: 40
Sabah State Legislative Assembly seating, 2018.svg
Political groups
(As of 21 May 2019)

Government:
     WARISAN (32)
Confidence and supply:
     Pakatan Harapan (19)

  •      PPBM (9)
  •      DAP (7)
  •      PKR (3)

     UPKO (5)
Opposition:
     Gabungan Bersatu Sabah (8)

     Barisan Nasional (1)

Committees[1]
Elections
Plurality: First-past-the-post (60 single-member constituencies)
Last election
9 May 2018
Next election
11 September 2023 or earlier
Meeting place
KotaKinabalu Sabah DewanUndanganNegeriSabah-01.jpg
Sabah State Legislative Assembly Building, Likas, Kota Kinabalu
Website
www.sabah.gov.my/dun

This unicameral legislature is currently having 60 seats representing state constituencies elected through a first-past-the-post electoral system across the state.

Like at the federal level in Malaysia, Sabah uses a Westminster-style parliamentary government, in which members are elected to the Legislative Assembly through general elections, from which the Chief Minister and the Cabinet are appointed based on majority support. The Chief Minister is head of government, while the Governor acts as head of state. The largest party not forming the government is known as the Official Opposition, its leader being recognised as Leader of the Opposition by the Speaker.

Members of the Assembly refer to themselves as "Members of the Legislative Assembly" (MLAs) and sometimes as "state assemblymen".

The current Assembly was elected on 9 May 2018 as part of the 15th Sabah State Legislative Assembly. A coalition of Sabah Heritage Party (WARISAN), Democratic Action Party (DAP) and People's Justice Party (PKR), with confidence and supply of United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation (UPKO), formed a government on 12 May 2018.

Contents

LawmakingEdit

In accordance with the traditions of the Westminster system, most laws originate with the cabinet (Government bills), and are passed by the legislature after stages of debate and decision-making. Ordinary members may introduce privately (Private Members' Bills), play an integral role in scrutinising bills in debate and committee and amending bills presented to the legislature by cabinet.

Current compositionEdit

No. State Constituency Member Coalition (Party) Post
WARISAN 32 | PH 19 | UPKO 5 | GBS 8 | BN 1
N1 Banggi Mohamad Mohammarin WARISAN Assistant Minister
N2 Tanjong Kapor Ben Chong Chen Bin WARISAN Assistant Minister
N3 Pitas Bolkiah Ismail[N 1][2][3][4] WARISAN N/A
N4 Matunggong Julita Majunki[N 2] GBS (PBS)[5] N/A
N5 Tandek Anita Baranting[N 3][5][6] WARISAN N/A
N6 Tempasuk Musbah Jamli[N 4][7] WARISAN N/A
N7 Kadamaian Ewon Benedick[N 5][8][9] UPKO Minister
N8 Usukan Japlin Akim[N 6][10] PH (PPBM) N/A
N9 Tamparuli Jahid Jahim[N 7] GBS (PBS)[5] N/A
N10 Sulaman Hajiji Noor[N 6][N 8][10][11] PH (PPBM) N/A
N11 Kiulu Joniston Bangkuai[N 9] GBS (PBS)[5] N/A
N12 Karambunai Azhar Matussin WARISAN Assistant Minister
N13 Inanam Kenny Chua Teck Ho PH (PKR) Assistant Minister
N14 Likas Tan Lee Fatt PH (DAP) N/A
N15 Api-Api Christina Liew Chin Jin PH (PKR) Deputy Chief Minister
N16 Luyang Phoong Jin Zhe [zh] PH (DAP) Minister
N17 Tanjong Aru Junz Wong Hong Jun WARISAN Minister
N18 Petagas Uda Sulai WARISAN Assistant Minister
N19 Kapayan Janie Lasimbang PH (DAP) Assistant Minister
N20 Moyog Jenifer Lasimbang WARISAN Assistant Minister
N21 Kawang Ghulam Haidar Khan Bahadar[N 6][10] PH (PPBM) N/A
N22 Pantai Manis Aidi Moktar WARISAN Minister
N23 Bongawan Daud Yusof WARISAN Minister
N24 Membakut Mohd. Arifin Mohd. Arif[N 6][10] PH (PPBM) N/A
N25 Klias Isnin Aliasnih[N 6][10] PH (PPBM) N/A
N26 Kuala Penyu Limus Jury[N 10][2][3][4] UPKO N/A
N27 Lumadan Matbali Musah[N 6] PH (PPBM) N/A
N28 Sindumin Yusof Yacob WARISAN Minister
N29 Kundasang Joachim Gunsalam[N 11] GBS (PBS)[5] N/A
N30 Karanaan Masidi Manjun[N 6][N 12][10][11] PH (PPBM) N/A
N31 Paginatan Abidin Madingkir[N 13][8] UPKO N/A
N32 Tambunan Jeffrey Kitingan GBS (STAR) N/A
N33 Bingkor Robert Nordin GBS (STAR) N/A
N34 Liawan Rasinin Kautis WARISAN Assistant Minister
N35 Melalap Peter Anthony WARISAN Minister
N36 Kemabong Jamawi Jaafar[N 14][8][9] WARISAN N/A
N37 Sook Ellron Alfred Angin[N 15][12][13][14][15][16] GBS (STAR) N/A
N38 Nabawan Bobbey Ah Fang Suan[N 16][14][17][18][10][19] PH (PPBM) N/A
N39 Sugut James Ratib[N 17][2][3][4][20] UPKO N/A
N40 Labuk Abd. Rahman Kongkawang[N 18] GBS (PBS)[5] N/A
N41 Gum-Gum Arunarsin Taib
(Assistant Minister)
WARISAN Assistant Minister
N42 Sungai Sibuga Musa Aman BN (UMNO) Opposition Leader
N43 Sekong Arifin Asgali WARISAN Assistant Minister
N44 Karamunting Hiew Vun Zin WARISAN Assistant Minister
N45 Elopura Calvin Chong Ket Kiun PH (DAP) N/A
N46 Tanjong Papat Frankie Poon Ming Fung PH (DAP) Minister
N47 Kuamut Masiung Banah[N 19][2][3][4][21][22] WARISAN N/A
N48 Sukau Saddi Abdul Rahman[N 20][23] WARISAN N/A
N49 Tungku Assaffal P. Alian WARISAN Assistant Minister
N50 Lahad Datu Dumi Pg. Masdal WARISAN N/A
N51 Kunak Norazlinah Arif WARISAN Assistant Minister
N52 Sulabayan Jaujan Sambakong WARISAN Minister
N53 Senallang Shafie Apdal WARISAN Chief Minister
N54 Bugaya Manis Buka Mohd. Darah WARISAN N/A
N55 Balung Osman Jamal[N 21][8][9][24][9][25] WARISAN N/A
N56 Apas Nizam Abu Bakar Titingan[N 6][10] PH (PPBM) N/A
N57 Sri Tanjong Jimmy Wong Sze Phin PH (DAP) Assistant Minister
N58 Merotai Sarifuddin Hata WARISAN Assistant Minister
N59 Tanjong Batu Hamisa Samat[N 22][8][9] WARISAN N/A
N60 Sebatik Abd. Muis Picho[N 23][8][9]
(Assistant Minister)
WARISAN N/A
Nominated member Wilfred Madius Tangau[N 24][26] UPKO Deputy Chief Minister
Nominated member Lorreto Padua Jr.[N 25] WARISAN N/A
Nominated member Terrence Siambun[N 26] WARISAN N/A
Nominated member Jaffari Waliam[N 27][27] PH (PKR) N/A
Nominated member Loh Ee Eng[N 28][28] PH (DAP) N/A


Nominated membersEdit

The Governor may, at the advice of the Chief Minister, appoint not more than six nominated members of the Assembly.[29] On 16 May 2018, Wilfred Madius Tangau (UPKO) and Stephen Wong (DAP) were made nominated members of the Assembly, the same day they were admitted to the Cabinet. On 11 June 2018, Lorreto Padua Jr. and Terrence Siambun, both are of WARISAN, were made nominated members of the Assembly.[30]

Seating arrangementEdit

State Financial Officer State Legal Advisor State Secretary State Attorney - General
Serjeant-at-Arm
Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant
Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant
Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant
Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant Vacant
N14 Likas N46 Tanjong Papat
Vacant N21 Kawang N47 Kuamut N45 Elopura N22 Pantai Manis N51 Kunak Vacant Vacant
(Nominated member) N24 Membakut N3 Pitas N16 Luyang N7 Kadamaian N60 Sebatik Vacant Vacant
(Nominated member) N38 Nabawan Vacant Vacant
(Nominated member) N55 Balung N59 Tanjong Batu N30 Karanaan the Mace N28 Sindumin N44 Karamunting N19 Kapayan Vacant
N27 Lumadan N26 Kuala Penyu N10 Sulaman N17 Tanjong Aru N49 Tungku Vacant
N56 Apas N5 Tandek N39 Sugut N31 Paginatan (Nominated member) N12 Karambunai N18 Petagas Vacant
N25 Klias N6 Tempasuk N50 Lahad Datu Vacant
N8 Usukan N48 Sukau N54 Bugaya N36 Kemabong N35 Melalap N2 Tanjong Kapor N34 Liawan Vacant
Vacant N52 Sulabayan
Vacant Vacant Vacant N37 Sook N15 Api - Api N58 Merotai N41 Gum - Gum Vacant
Vacant N33 Bingkor N11 Kiulu N32 Tambunan (Nominated member) N13 Inanam N20 Moyog Vacant
Vacant N40 Labuk N29 Kundasang N42 Sungai Sibuga (Opposition Leader) N53 Senallang (Chief Minister) N57 Sri Tanjong N1 Banggi Vacant
Vacant N4 Matunggong N9 Tamparuli Secretary N43 Sekong N23 Bongawan Vacant
Speaker

OfficeholdersEdit

Chair occupantsEdit

Chair occupants of the Assembly are appointed by the Governor on the Chief Minister's advice. Syed Abas Syed Ali (BN-UMNO) is the Speaker since 7 August 2015[31] and remains in the office after the state election that resulted in the change of governing party.[32] He is assisted by two Deputy Speakers, Ahmad Abdul Rahman (Independent) who was installed into the office on 7 June 2018[32][33] and George Anthony Ginibun (WARISAN) who was installed on 26 June 2018.[34][35]

Majority leaderEdit

The majority leader is always the Chief Minister, who also leads the Cabinet. He is appointed by the Governor on the basis that he is able to command a majority in the Assembly. Mohd. Shafie Apdal (WARISAN), MLA for Senallang, has been the Chief Minister since 12 May 2018.

Minority leaderEdit

Minority leader is always the Leader of the Opposition appointed by the largest party not forming the government. On 4 July 2018, Dr. Jeffrey Kitingan (USA-STAR), MLA for Tambunan, has been reported selected as interim Leader of the Opposition until Musa Aman (BN-UMNO), MLA for Sungai Sibuga take the oath of office and the leadership in the Opposition.[36]

Election pendulumEdit

The 14th General Election witnessed 29 governmental seats (later with addition of 10 members from non-governmental seats (6 from UPKO and 4 from UMNO) that decided to support the creation of new state government) and 31 non-governmental seats (later became 21 seats after 10 of them decided to support new government) filled the Sabah State Legislative Assembly. The government side has 11 safe seat and 4 fairly safe seat, while the non-government side has 2 safe seats and 5 fairly safe seats.

GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Melalap Peter Anthony WARISAN 46.81
Liawan Rasinin Kautis WARISAN 47.75
Banggi Mohamad Mohamarin WARISAN 47.79
Petagas Uda Sulai WARISAN 47.97
Kunak Norazlinah Arif WARISAN 48.20
Tungku Assaffal P. Alian WARISAN 49.89
Bongawan Dr. Daud Yusof WARISAN 50.62
Gum-Gum Arunarsin Taib WARISAN 51.10
Sindumin Dr. Yusof Yacob WARISAN 51.90
Merotai Sarifuddin Hata WARISAN 51.94
Tanjong Kapor Ben Chong Chen Bin WARISAN 54.31
Pantai Manis Aidi Moktar WARISAN 54.52
Karambunai Azhar Matussin WARISAN 54.66
Lahad Datu Dumi Pg. Masdal WARISAN 55.58
Fairly safe
Tanjong Papat Frankie Poon Ming Fung DAP 56.20
Tanjong Aru Junz Wong Hong Jun WARISAN 56.23
Sekong Arifin Asgali WARISAN 56.55
Api-Api Christina Liew Chin Jin PKR 57.04
Safe
Moyog Jenifer Lasimbang WARISAN 61.39
Inanam Kenny Chua Teck Ho PKR 62.33
Karamunting Hiew Vun Zin WARISAN 63.67
Elopura Calvin Chong Ket Kiun DAP 68.68
Kapayan Janie Lasimbang DAP 71.95
Sri Tanjong Jimmy Wong Sze Phin DAP 72.00
Sulabayan Jaujan Sambakong WARISAN 74.91
Senallang Mohd. Shafie Apdal WARISAN 75.97
Bugaya Manis Buka Mohd. Darah WARISAN 77.51
Likas Tan Lee Fatt DAP 82.57
Luyang Ginger Phoong Jin Zhe DAP 84.38
NON-GOVERNMENT SEATS
Marginal
Bingkor Robert Tawik @ Nordin STAR 33.19
Kundasang Joachim Gunsalam PBS 37.14
Matunggong Julita Majunki PBS 41.80
Kiulu Joniston Bangkuai PBS 42.39
Pitas Bolkiah Ismail UMNO 44.40
Klias Isnin Aliasnih UMNO 44.94
Tamparuli Jahid Jahim PBS 45.46
Sebatik Abd. Muis Picho UMNO 46.70
Tambunan Dr. Jeffrey Gapari @ Geoffrey Kitingan STAR 46.78
Balung Osman Jamal UMNO 47.08
Kadamaian Ewon Benedick UPKO 47.80
Paginatan Abidin Madingkir UPKO 48.84
Tempasuk Musbah Jamli UMNO 50.82
Tanjong Batu Hamisa Samat UMNO 50.92
Tandek Anita Baranting PBS 51.21
Usukan Japlin Akim UMNO 52.40
Kemabong Jamawi Ja’afar UMNO 52.68
Sook Ellron Alfred Angin PBRS 53.21
Apas Nizam Abu Bakar Titingan UMNO 53.58
Sungai Sibuga Musa Aman UMNO 53.59
Labuk Abd. Rahman Kongkawang PBS 53.64
Kuala Penyu Limus Jury UPKO 54.64
Kawang Ghulam Haidar Khan Bahadar UMNO 54.97
Sugut James Ratib UPKO 55.77
Fairly safe
Lumadan Matbali Musah UMNO 56.65
Membakut Mohd. Arifin Mohd. Arif UMNO 57.22
Kuamut Masiung Banah UPKO 59.00
Sukau Saddi Abdu Rahman UMNO 59.14
Nabawan Bobbey Ah Fang Suan UPKO 59.52
Safe
Karanaan Masidi Manjun UMNO 63.98
Sulaman Hajiji Mohd. Noor UMNO 69.62

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Bolkiah Ismail contested the state election as a Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, switching allegiance to WARISAN on 13 May 2018.
  2. ^ Julita Majunki contested the state election as a Barisan Nasional (PBS) candidate, after which his party decided to leave BN on 12 May 2018.
  3. ^ Anita Baranting contested the state election as a Barisan Nasional (PBS) candidate, after which her party decided to leave BN on 12 May 2018, switching allegiance to WARISAN on 6 March 2019.
  4. ^ Musbah Jamli contested the state election as a Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, switching allegiance to WARISAN on 25 January 2019.
  5. ^ Ewon Benedick contested the state election as a Barisan Nasional (UPKO) candidate, after which he become one of the six members of the UPKO in forming an alliance with WARISAN on 12 May 2018.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h Former UMNO Sabah members joined PPBM on 15 March 2019.
  7. ^ Jahid Jahim contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (PBS) candidate, his party decide to leaving BN on 12 May 2018.
  8. ^ Hajiji Noor contested the state election as a Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, after which he switched to PPBM on 15 March 2019.
  9. ^ Joniston Bangkuai contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (PBS) candidate, his party decide to leaving BN on 12 May 2018.
  10. ^ Limus Jury contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UPKO) candidate, he as one of the six members of the party decide to form an alliance with WARISAN on 13 May 2018.
  11. ^ Joachim Gunsalam contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (PBS) candidate, his party decide to leaving BN on 12 May 2018.
  12. ^ Masidi Manjun contested the state election as a Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, after which he switched to PPBM on 15 March 2019.
  13. ^ Abidin Madingkir contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UPKO) candidate, he as one of the six members of the party decide to form an alliance with WARISAN on 12 May 2018.
  14. ^ Jamawi Jaafar contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, switch allegiance to WARISAN on 12 May 2018.
  15. ^ Ellron Angin contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (PBRS) candidate, his party decide to leaving BN on 12 May 2018. He then officially joining STAR on 17 December 2018.
  16. ^ Bobbey Ah Fang Suan contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UPKO) candidate. It is known at the first that he is the only UPKO member that refused to seal an alliance with WARISAN as been did by six other members of his party. However, following the assembly oath on 12 June 2018, it is reported that every DUN members are representing their respective parties. On 6 April 2019, he officially joined PPBM.
  17. ^ James Ratib contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, he as one of the six members of the party decide to form an alliance with WARISAN on 13 May 2018.
  18. ^ Abd. Rahman Kongkawang contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (PBS) candidate, his party decide to leaving BN on 12 May 2018.
  19. ^ Masiung Banah contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UPKO) candidate, he as one of the six members of the party decide to form an alliance with WARISAN on 13 May 2018. He left UPKO on 24 November 2018 to become independent before officially joining WARISAN on 18 December 2018.
  20. ^ Saddi Abdul Rahman contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, left the party on 1 August 2018 and switch allegiance to WARISAN on 10 December 2018.
  21. ^ Osman Jamal contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, expressing intention to switch allegiance to People's Justice Party (PKR) but his request are not accepted by the party leadership. He then switch to WARISAN on 4 March 2019.
  22. ^ Hamisah Samat contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, switch allegiance to WARISAN on 12 May 2018.
  23. ^ Abd. Muis Picho contested the state election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UMNO) candidate, switch allegiance to WARISAN on 12 May 2018.
  24. ^ Wilfred Madius Tangau contested the parliamentary election as a direct Barisan Nasional (UPKO) candidate for Tuaran, he as one of the six members of the party decide to form an alliance with WARISAN on 12 May 2018, and was made a nominated member of the State Legislative Assembly on 16 May 2018.
  25. ^ Loretto Padua Jr. was made a nominated member of the State Legislative Assembly on 11 June 2018.
  26. ^ Terrence Siambun represented Moyog in the previous Assembly but not contested in the recent state election. Terrence was made a nominated member of the State Legislative Assembly on 11 June 2018.
  27. ^ Jaffari Waliam was not a candidate in the recent state election but co-operated with WARISAN candidate for Gum-Gum while in the 2013 state election he was the Sabah PKR election director. Jaffari was made a nominated member of the State Legislative Assembly on 20 September 2018.
  28. ^ Loh Ee Eng was not a candidate in the recent state election, he was the Sabah DAP Treasurer. Loh was made a nominated member of the State Legislative Assembly on 21 May 2019.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Standing Orders of the Legislative Assembly of the State of Sabah (PDF). Retrieved 26 May 2016. Standing Orders 89, 90 and 91.
  2. ^ a b c d Ruzaini Zulkepli (13 May 2018). "Empat lagi ADUN BN sertai Mohd Shafie?" [Four other BN assemblymen joined Mohd Shafie?] (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  3. ^ a b c d Julia Chan (13 May 2018). "More BN reps to jump ship to Warisan". The Malay Mail. Yahoo! News. Archived from the original on 13 May 2018. Retrieved 13 May 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d Fatimah Zainal (14 May 2018). "Two more Upko reps join Shafie". The Star. Retrieved 14 May 2018.
  5. ^ a b c d e f "PBS quits BN and joins STAR in new coalition". The Star. 13 May 2018. Retrieved 24 August 2018.
  6. ^ Nancy Lai (6 March 2019). "PBS women chief Anita Baranting joins Warisan". The Borneo Post. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  7. ^ Neil Chan (26 January 2019). "Tempasuk Assemblyman joins Warisan". Daily Express. Retrieved 26 January 2019.
  8. ^ a b c d e f Sadho Ram (12 May 2018). "Sabah Musical Chairs To End With Shafie Swearing In As Chief Minister Tonight". Says.com. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  9. ^ a b c d e f Alyaa Azhar (11 May 2018). "Six switch sides, Warisan has majority with 35 seats". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  10. ^ a b c d e f g h "8 ex-Umno reps become first batch of Sabah PPBM members". Free Malaysia Today. 15 March 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  11. ^ a b Zanariah Abd Mutalib; Noor Atiqah Sulaiman (15 March 2019). "4 Ahli Parlimen, 2 ADUN, dua senator Sabah sertai BERSATU" [4 MPs, 2 assemblymen, two Sabah senators join BERSATU] (in Malay). Berita Harian. Retrieved 17 March 2019.
  12. ^ "PBRS is third party to leave Sabah BN". Malaysiakini. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  13. ^ "PBRS wants to work with Warisan". The Borneo Post. 12 May 2018. Retrieved 12 May 2018.
  14. ^ a b Ruzaini Zulkepli (12 June 2018). "ADUN pembangkang Sabah bukan lagi bersama BN" [Sabah opposition assemblyman is no longer with BN] (in Malay). Astro Awani. Retrieved 13 June 2018. Datuk Bobby Suan (UPKO) dan Datuk Elron Angin (PBRS) yang turut hadir dalam upacara angkat sumpah sebagai ADUN pada hari ini hanya mewakili parti masing-masing sahaja.
  15. ^ Fauzi Suhaimi (13 August 2018). "Politik Sabah: BN bakal bubar, pembangkang tubuh blok baharu" [Sabah Politics: BN will be disbanded, opposition to establish new blocs] (in Malay). Utusan Malaysia. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  16. ^ Johan Aziz (17 December 2018). "Sook YB and former Keningau Umno deputy chief join Star". Daily Express. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  17. ^ Fatimah Zainal (21 June 2018). "Upko out to reinvent itself after breaking away from BN". The Star. Retrieved 21 June 2018. Upko’s Nabawan assemblyman Datuk Bobbey Suan is the only one who did not move with his party to Warisan’s side and is still keeping faith with Barisan.
  18. ^ Tracy Patrick (14 August 2018). "New opposition bloc will bring down curtain on BN in Sabah". Free Malaysia Today. Retrieved 14 August 2018.
  19. ^ "Bobbey sertai PPBM" [Bobbey joined PPBM] (in Malay). Utusan Borneo. 9 April 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019 – via PressReader.
  20. ^ Poliana Ronnie Sidom; Norasikin Daine (16 May 2018). "ADUN Sugut dari BN sertai UPKO" [Sugut assemblyman from BN joins UPKO] (in Malay). Berita Harian. Retrieved 24 May 2018.
  21. ^ Avila Geraldine (24 November 2018). "Masiung Banah quits Upko to become independent". New Straits Times. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  22. ^ "ADUN Kuamut sah sertai Warisan" [Kuamut assemblyman is officially joining Warisan] (in Malay). Bernama. 18 December 2018. Archived from the original on 12 April 2019. Retrieved 12 April 2019.
  23. ^ "Sukau assemblyperson joins Warisan" (in Malay). Bernama. 10 December 2018. Retrieved 10 December 2018.
  24. ^ Lagatah Toyos (18 July 2018). "Cracks in Sabah PKR over OJ". Daily Express. Retrieved 25 July 2018.
  25. ^ "Osman Jamal joins Warisan". The Borneo Post. 4 March 2019. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  26. ^ Mohd Izham Unnip Abdullah; Olivia Miwil (16 May 2018). "Sabah cabinet ministers sworn into office, three new ministries introduced". New Straits Times. Retrieved 16 May 2018.
  27. ^ Chris Maskilone (20 September 2018). "Libaran PKR Chief, Jaffari Waliam is the fifth nominated assemblyman". Sabah News Today. Archived from the original on 27 February 2019. Retrieved 27 February 2019.
  28. ^ Winnie Kasmir; Larry Ralon (18 May 2019). "Poon takes Health; Phoong Sports". Daily Express. Archived from the original on 18 May 2019. Retrieved 18 May 2019.
  29. ^ Sabah (2018). The Constitution of the State of Sabah. Retrieved 23 May 2018. Art. 14(1)(c).
  30. ^ "Warisan-led Sabah government ready to serve - Shafie". New Straits Times. 11 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  31. ^ "Syed Abas Is Sabah State Legislative New Speaker". Bernama. 3 August 2015. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  32. ^ a b "Ahmad angkat sumpah Timbalan Speaker DUN Sabah" (in Malay). Utusan Borneo. 7 June 2018. Retrieved 7 June 2018.
  33. ^ "Lawyer named Deputy Speaker". Daily Express. 8 June 2018. Retrieved 12 June 2018.
  34. ^ Muguntan Vanar (26 June 2018). "George Ginibun appointed the second Sabah deputy Speaker". The Star. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  35. ^ "Ginibun is made Deputy Speaker". Daily Express. 27 June 2018. Retrieved 28 June 2018.
  36. ^ Marzuki, Fifi Harteeny (4 July 2018). "Jeffrey Kitingan Ketua Pembangkang sementara ganti Musa Aman". Astro Awani (in Malay). Retrieved 4 July 2018.

External linksEdit