Government of Sabah

The Sabah State Government is an authority governing Sabah, one of 13 states of Malaysia, based in Kota Kinabalu, the state capital. The state government adheres to and is created by both the Federal Constitution of Malaysia, the supreme law of Malaysia, and the Constitution of the State of Sabah, the supreme law of the State.

Sabah State Government
Kerajaan Negeri Sabah
Coat of arms of Sabah.svg
Agency overview
Formed31 August 1963 (57 years ago) (1963-08-31)
JurisdictionSabah
HeadquartersKota Kinabalu, Sabah, Malaysia
Annual budgetRM 4.1 billion (2018)[1]
Minister responsible
Agency executive
  • Safar Untong, State Secretary
Parent agencyGovernment of Malaysia
Child agency
  • 10 ministries
Websitewww.sabah.gov.my

The state government has only two branches: executive and legislative. Sabah has no judiciary branch due to the federalisation of court system in Malaysia. Although Sabah has jurisdictions towards Sharia and Native Courts (and their respective laws),[2][3] both courts are still considered a part of the state executive branch.

LegislativeEdit

The state legislature consists of only a unicameral house called the State Legislative Assembly. All 60 members of the Assembly are elected from single-member districts by universal adult suffrage. The Assembly follows a multi-party system and the governing body is elected through a first-past-the-post system. The State, however, may appoint up to 6 nominated members of the Assembly based on conditions provided by the State Constitution.

The Assembly has a maximum mandate of five years by law. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri may dissolve the state legislature at any time and usually does so upon the advice of the Chief Minister.

ExecutiveEdit

CabinetEdit

Executive power is vested in the Cabinet led by the Chief Minister. The State Constitution stipulates that the Chief Minister must be a member of the State Legislative Assembly who, in the opinion of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri, commands a majority in the State Legislative Assembly. The Cabinet is chosen among members of the State Legislative Assembly and is responsible to that body. The executive branch of the government consists of the Chief Minister as the head of the government, followed by the various ministers of the Cabinet.

State ministries and agenciesEdit

Since 8 October 2020, Sabah State Government comprises the following ministries, which subsequently divided to following agencies:[4]

Ministry State agencies Additional charge of Federal matters[5]
Chief Minister's Department State departments:

State statutory bodies:

State-owned companies:

Under the Chief Minister:
  • Communication and multimedia
  • Defence
  • Foreign affairs
  • Health
  • Internal security
  • Other Federal matters


Under Minister with Special Duties:

  • Education
  • Higher education
Ministry of Agriculture and Fisheries State departments:

State statutory bodies:

None
Ministry of Community Development and People's Wellbeing State departments:

State statutory bodies:

  • Consumer affairs
  • Unity and national integration
Ministry of Finance State departments:

State statutory bodies:

State-owned companies:

None
Ministry of Industrial Development State departments:

State statutory boards:

State-owned companies:

None
Ministry of Local Government and Housing State departments:

State statutory bodies:

None
Ministry of Rural Development State departments: None
Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation State departments:

State-owned companies:

None
Ministry of Tourism, Culture and Environment State departments:

State statutory boards:

None
Ministry of Works State departments:

State statutory boards:

None
Ministry of Youth and Sports State statutory bodies:

State-owned companies:

None

Head of governmentEdit

The Chief Minister of Sabah (Malay: Ketua Menteri Sabah) is the indirectly elected head of government of Sabah. He is officially appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor), who in His Excellency's judgement is likely to command the confidence of the majority of the members of State Legislative Assembly. He heads the State Cabinet, whose members are appointed by the Yang di-Pertua Negeri on the advice of the Chief Minister. The Chief Minister and his Cabinet shall be collectively responsible to State Legislative Assembly. The Chief Minister's Department is the body and ministry in which the Chief Minister exercises its functions and powers.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Lajius, Leolerry (17 November 2017). "Sabah peruntukkan RM4,104.35 juta untuk Bajet Negeri 2018". Sayang Sabah (in Malay). Retrieved 14 December 2017.
  2. ^ Both courts are under the jurisdiction of the Minister of State for Law and Native Affairs.
  3. ^ Federal Constitution, Ninth Schedule, List IIA, Item 13.
  4. ^ "Senarai Jabatan dan Agensi Kerajaan Negeri". Sabah State Government. Retrieved 18 December 2016.
  5. ^ "Penugasan Urusan Kerajaan: Pembahagian Portfolio-portfolio bagi Ahli-ahli Jemaah Menteri" (PDF). Warta Kerajaan Negeri Sabah (in Malay). 2020-11-12. Retrieved 2020-11-15.