Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah
The Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah is the ceremonial head of state of the Malaysian state of Sabah. Other meaning is "His Excellency" Governor of Sabah. The Yang di-Pertua Negeri is styled Tuan Yang Terutama (TYT) (English: His Excellency).
|Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah|
|Style||Tuan Yang Terutama |
|Status||Head of State|
|Residence||Istana Negeri, Peti Surat 10093, 88500 Kota Kinabalu|
|Appointer||Yang di-Pertuan Agong|
|Term length||4 Years |
(At the Yang di-Pertuan Agong Pleasure)
|Inaugural holder||Mustapha Harun|
|Formation||16 September 1963|
The current office bearer, Juhar Mahiruddin, was sworn in on 1 January 2011.
The office of the Yang di-Pertua Negeri (Governor) is established by the Constitution of Sabah. According to Article 1 (1) of the Constitution, the office must exist and be appointed by the Yang di-Pertuan Agong (King) after consultation with the Chief Minister. Every governor is appointed for a term of 4-years. However, the King reserves the power to extend his term of appointment.
The Governor has neither deputy nor assistant. However, in event of his inability to govern the state due to illness, absence or any other cause, the King reserves the power to appoint a person to exercise the function of the Governor.
Functions, powers and privilegesEdit
Many functions and powers of the King – at the federal level – are delegated to the Governor at the state level – like the other Rulers of States. The Governor, however, has no power and function towards the Judiciary.
Article 10 of the Constitution describes that the Governor has to act according to the Constitution and makes decisions based on the advice from the State Cabinet. However, he may also act on his own discretion in certain matters.
The Constitution provides the power to the Governor to appoint key officers of the State. Most of them are appointed after consultation with the Chief Minister, except in appointing the Chief Minister. The same process occurred during dismissal of an office bearer.
The Constitution also describes powers of the Governor in the State Legislative Assembly. All bills must be assented by the Governor in 30 days after a bill passed. The Governor also has to address the Assembly annually.
List of Yang di-Pertua NegeriEdit
|№||Portrait||Yang di-Pertua Negeri||Term of office|
|Took office||Left office||Days|
|1||Mustapha Harun||16 September 1963||16 September 1965||2 years, 0 days|
|2||Pengiran Ahmad Raffae||16 September 1965||16 September 1973||8 years, 0 days|
|3||Fuad Stephens||16 September 1973||28 July 1975||1 year, 315 days|
|4||Mohd Hamdan Abdullah||28 July 1975||10 October 1977||2 years, 74 days|
|5||Ahmad Koroh||12 October 1977||25 June 1978||256 days|
|6||Mohamad Adnan Robert||25 June 1978||31 December 1986||8 years, 189 days|
|7||Mohammad Said Keruak||1 January 1987||31 December 1994||7 years, 364 days|
|8||Sakaran Dandai||1 January 1995||31 December 2002||7 years, 364 days|
|9||Ahmadshah Abdullah||1 January 2003||31 December 2010||7 years, 364 days|
|10||Juhar Mahiruddin||1 January 2011||Incumbent||10 years, 128 days|
Living former Yang di-Pertua NegeriEdit
Two former Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah are alive, the oldest being Sakaran Dandai (1995–2002, born 1930).
|Name||Term as Yang di-Pertua Negeri||Date of birth|
|Sakaran Dandai||1995–2002||15 April 1930|
|Ahmadshah Abdullah||2003–2010||9 December 1946|
The most recent death of a former Yang di-Pertua Negeri was that of Mohammad Adnan Robert (1978–1987), in 2003.
- "Yang di-Pertua Negeri". Sabah Government. Retrieved 17 June 2016.
- "Constitution of the State of Sabah: Part 1" (PDF). Attorney-General's Chamber of the State of Sabah. Retrieved 1 October 2013.
- Previously, the Chief Minister is appointed after consultation with the Federal Prime Minister.
- "Mantan Tuan Yang Terutama Yang di-Pertua Negeri Sabah". Sabah Government. Retrieved 13 April 2011.