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Malaysian general election, 1999

A general election was held on Monday, 29 November 1999 for members of the 10th Parliament of Malaysia. Voting took place in all 193 parliamentary constituencies of Malaysia, each electing one Member of Parliament to the Dewan Rakyat, the dominant house of Parliament. State elections also took place in 394 state constituencies in 11 out of 13 states of Malaysia (except Sabah and Sarawak) on the same day.

Malaysian general election, 1999

← 1995 29 November 1999 (1999-11-29) 2004 →

All 193 seats to the Dewan Rakyat
97 seats needed for a majority
Registered9,564,071
Turnout6,631,094 (69.3%)
  First party Second party Third party
  Mahathir Mohamad addressing the UN 2003.jpg BA Penampang Sabah Joseph-Pairin-Kitingan-02.jpg
Leader Mahathir Mohamad Fadzil Noor Joseph Pairin Kitingan
Party BN Barisan Alternatif PBS
Leader since 28 June 1981 24 October 1999 (1999-10-24) 5 March 1985
Leader's seat Kubang Pasu Pendang Keningau
Last election 162 seats, 65.2% 30 seats, 32.8%[1] 8 seats, 3.33%
Seats won 148 45 3
Seat change Decrease 14 Increase 15 Decrease 5
Popular vote 3,748,511 2,667,818 143,342
Percentage 56.53% 40.23% 2.16%
Swing Decrease 8.7% Increase 7.4% Decrease 1.17%

Prime Minister before election

Mahathir Mohamad
BN

Prime Minister-designate

Mahathir Mohamad
BN

Contents

ResultsEdit

Dewan RakyatEdit

6,631,094 out of 9,564,071 registered voters cast their vote in this election. Although Barisan Nasional maintained its majority in Parliament, its overall popular vote dropped to roughly 56%. The parliamentary results are as follows:


e • d Summary of the 29 November 1999 Malaysian Dewan Rakyat election results
Party Vote Seats
Votes % Won % +/–
National Front[a] BN 3,748,511 56.53 148 76.68  14
United Malays National Organisation UMNO 72 37.31  17
Malaysian Chinese Association MCA 29 15.03  1
United Traditional Bumiputera Party PBB 100,062 11 5.70  1
Malaysian Indian Congress MIC 7 3.63  
Sarawak United People's Party SUPP 129,356 7 3.63  
Malaysian People's Movement Party Gerakan 6 3.11  1
Parti Bansa Dayak Sarawak PBDS 51,659 6 3.11  1
Sarawak National Party SNAP 45,519 4 2.07  1
United Pasokmomogun Kadazandusun Murut Organisation UPKO 3 1.55 New
Sabah Progressive Party SAPP 2 1.04  
Liberal Democratic Party LDP 1 0.52  
Barisan Nasional Direct Candidate 11,327 0.18 1 0.52
People's Progressive Party PPP 0 0.00  
People's Justice Front AKAR 0 0.00  
United Sabah People's Party PBRS 0 0.00  
Parties in the informal coalition, Alternative Front BA 2,667,818 40.23 42 21.76  26
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Party[b] PAS 994,279 14.99 27 13.99  20
Democratic Action Party[b] DAP 830,870 12.53 10 5.18  1
National Justice Party[b] KeADILan 773,679 11.67 5 2.59 New
United Sabah Party PBS 143,342 2.16 3 1.55  5
Malaysian People's Party[b] PRM 68,990 1.04 0 0.00  
State Reform Party STAR 23,354 0.35 0 0.00 New
Malaysian Democratic Party MDP 8,001 0.12 0 0.00 New
Pan-Malaysian Islamic Front BERJASA 409 0.01 0 0.00 New
Malaysian People's Justice Front AKIM 274 0.00 0 0.00  
Independents IND 39,385 0.59 0 0.00  
Valid votes 6,455,714
Invalid/blank votes 175,380
Total votes (voter turnout: 69.3%) 6,631,094 100.00 193 100.00 +1
Did not vote 2,932,977
Registered voters 9,564,071
Voting age population (aged 21 years and above) 13,411,519
Malaysian population 22,549,627

Source: Nohlen et al. [1]

  1. ^ Contested using dacing election symbol on the ballot papers.
  2. ^ a b c d Parties in the informal coalition, Alternatif Front (Barisan Alternatif). Contested using separate election symbol on the ballot papers.


Results by stateEdit

State AssembliesEdit

The opposition won a total of 113 state assembly seats, 98 of which went to the PAS, 11 to the DAP and 4 for Keadilan.[2] In the states of Kelantan and Terengganu, the PAS won by a huge margin–41-2 against Barisan Nasional out of a total of 43 seats and 28-4 out of a total of 32 seats respectively, hence allowing them to form the state governments in these states. In addition, PAS also captured one-third of the state seats in Kedah, with the remaining two-thirds going to Barisan Nasional (UMNO won 16 seats, MCA 2 seats in Kedah).

The election results were seen as a great gain for PAS, who previously had no state seats in Kedah and capturing only one seat in Terengganu in the 1995 General Elections. Observers attributed this to the neglect by the Federal Administration in the states of Terengganu and Kelantan.[3]

ReferencesEdit

  • Chin, James (2000). "A New Balance: The Chinese Vote in the 1999 Malaysian General Election". South East Asia Research. 8 (3): 281–299. doi:10.5367/000000000101297299.
  • "Malaysia unlikely to go fundamentalist: Lee Kuan Yew". (Dec. 13, 1999). Agence France Presse.
  1. ^ The previous election was contested under separate parties, mainly PAS and DAP
  2. ^ PILIHAN RAYA UMUM 1999 - DEWAN UNDANGAN NEGERI
  3. ^ Swee-Hock Saw, K. Kesavapany (2006). Malaysia recent trends and challenges. Institute of Southeast Asian Studies. pp. 97–8. ISBN 981-230-339-1.

External linksEdit