The original incarnation of News Corporation (abbreviated News Corp.) was an American multinational mass media corporation operated and owned by media mogul Rupert Murdoch and headquartered in New York City. Prior to its split in 2013, it was the world's fourth-largest media group in terms of revenue, and News Corporation had become a media powerhouse since its inception, almost dominating the news, television, film and print industries.
|Formerly||News Corporation Limited (1980–2004)|
|NASDAQ: NWSA (Class A)|
NASDAQ: NWS (Class B)
S&P 500 components
S&P/ASX 50 components
|Defunct||28 June 2013|
|Headquarters||1211 Avenue of the Americas, |
(chairman and CEO)
(president & COO)
|Products||Cable network programming, Filmed entertainment, Television, direct-broadcast satellite television, Publishing, and other|
|Subsidiaries||List of assets owned by:|
|Website||newscorp.com at the Wayback Machine (archived June 24, 2013)|
News Corporation was a publicly traded company listed on NASDAQ. Formerly incorporated in Adelaide, South Australia, the company was re-incorporated under Delaware General Corporation Law after a majority of shareholders approved the move on November 12, 2004. News Corporation was headquartered at 1211 Avenue of the Americas, New York, in the newer 1960s–1970s corridor of the Rockefeller Center complex.
On June 28, 2012, after concerns from shareholders in response to its recent scandals and to "unlock even greater long-term shareholder value", founder Rupert Murdoch announced that News Corporation's assets would be split into two publicly traded companies, one oriented towards media, and the other towards publishing. The corporate spin-off formally took place on June 28, 2013; where the present News Corp. was renamed 21st Century Fox and consists primarily of media outlets, while a new News Corp was formed to take on the publishing and Australian broadcasting assets.
Its major holdings at the time of the split were News Limited (a group of newspaper publishers in Murdoch's native Australia), News International (a newspaper publisher in the United Kingdom, whose properties include The Times, The Sun, and the now-defunct News of the World—which was the subject of a phone hacking scandal that led to its closure in July 2011), Dow Jones & Company (an American publisher of financial news outlets, including The Wall Street Journal), the book publisher HarperCollins, and the Fox Entertainment Group (owners of the 20th Century Fox film studio and the Fox Broadcasting Company—one of the United States' major television networks).
News Corp was created in 1980 by Rupert Murdoch, as a holding company for News Limited. News Limited was created in 1923 in Adelaide, funded by the Collins House mining empire for the purpose of publishing anti-union propaganda; subsequently the controlling interest was bought by The Herald and Weekly Times. In 1949, Sir Keith Murdoch took control of The Adelaide News. When he died in 1952, his son Rupert inherited a controlling interest in an Adelaide afternoon tabloid, The News. News Limited operates today as News Corporation's Australian brand, The Australian operating out of Surry Hills, in Sydney.
Expansion into the United StatesEdit
News Ltd. made its first acquisition in the United States in 1973, when it purchased the San Antonio Express and News (the two papers merged in 1984). Soon afterwards it founded the National Star, a supermarket tabloid, and in 1976 it purchased the New York Post.
In 1982, News Corp bought a stake of the movie studio 20th Century Fox, buying the other half in 1984. Also in 1984, News Corp bought Travel Weekly and other trade magazines from Ziff Davis. In 1985, News Corp announced it was buying the Metromedia television stations and its syndication arm Metromedia Producers, setting the stage for the launch of a fourth U.S. commercial broadcasting television network. On September 4, 1985, Murdoch became a naturalized citizen to satisfy the legal requirement that only United States citizens could own American television stations. In 1986, the Metromedia deal was completed, and the Fox Broadcasting Company was launched.
Expansion and consolidationEdit
In 1986 and 1987, News Corp (through subsidiary News International) moved to adjust the production process of its British newspapers, over which the printing unions had long maintained a highly restrictive grip. A number of senior Australian media moguls were brought into Murdoch's powerhouse, including John Dux, who was managing director of the South China Morning Post. This led to a confrontation with the printing unions National Graphical Association and Society of Graphical and Allied Trades. The move of News International's London operation to Wapping in the East End resulted in nightly battles outside the new plant. Delivery vans and depots were frequently and violently attacked. Ultimately the unions capitulated. In 1987, News Corp acquired Harper and Row and merged with British book publisher William Collins, Sons in 1989 to form HarperCollins.
In 1988, News Corp acquired Triangle Publications, publisher of TV Guide, Seventeen, The Atlantic, Playboy, and the Daily Racing Form. To raise money, the trade publications were sold to Reed International.
By 1992, News Corp had gotten huge[clarification needed] debts, which forced it to sell many of the American magazine interests it had acquired in the mid-1980s to K-III Communications, as well spinning off long-held Australian magazines interests as Pacific Magazines. Much of this debt came from its stake in the Sky Television satellite network in the UK, which incurred massive losses in its early years of operation, which (like many of its business interests) was heavily subsidised with profits from its other holdings until it was able to force rival satellite operator BSB to accept a merger on its terms in 1990. (The merged company, BSkyB, has dominated the British pay-TV market since.)
In 1993, News Corp acquired a 63.6% stake of the Hong Kong-based STAR TV satellite network for over $500 million, followed by the purchase of the remaining 36.4% in July 1995. Murdoch declared that:
(Telecommunications) have proved an unambiguous threat to totalitarian regimes everywhere ... satellite broadcasting makes it possible for information-hungry residents of many closed societies to bypass state-controlled television channels.
In 1995, the Fox network became the object of scrutiny from the FCC when it was alleged that its Australian base made Murdoch's ownership of Fox illegal. The FCC, however, ruled in Murdoch's favor, stating that his ownership of Fox was in the public's best interests. It was also noted that the stations themselves were owned by a separate company whose chief shareholder was a U.S. citizen, Murdoch, although nearly all of the stations' equity was controlled by News Corp. In the same year, News Corporation announced a deal with MCI Communications to develop a major news website as well as funding a conservative news magazine, The Weekly Standard. In the same year, News Corp launched the Foxtel pay television network in Australia in a partnership with Telstra and Publishing and Broadcasting Limited. On July 17, 1996, News Corporation acquired New World Communications (who acquired a stake in 1994) and was completed on January 22, 1997. In October 1996, the Fox Entertainment Group established the Fox News Channel, a 24-hour Cable News network to compete against Time Warner's rival channel CNN.
In 1999, News Corporation significantly expanded its music holdings in Australia by acquiring the controlling share in a leading Australian-based label, Michael Gudinski's Mushroom Records, merging it with already held Festival Records to create Festival Mushroom Records (FMR). Both Festival and FMR were managed by Rupert Murdoch's son James Murdoch for several years.
Also mid 1999, The Economist reported that News Corp paid comparatively lower taxes and Newscorp Investments specifically had made £11.4 billion ($20.1 billion) in profits over the previous 11 years but had not paid net corporation tax. It also reported that after an examination of the available accounts, Newscorp could normally have been expected to pay corporate tax of approximately $350 million. The article explained that in practice, the corporation's complex structure, international scope and use of offshore tax havens allowed News Corporation to pay minimal[clarification needed] taxes.
Development since 2000Edit
In late 2003, News Corp acquired a 34% stake in DirecTV Group (formerly Hughes Electronics), operator of the largest American satellite TV system, from General Motors for US$6 billion. DirecTV was sold to Liberty Media in 2008 in exchange for its holding in News International.
In January 2005, shortly after reincorporation in the United States, News Corporation announced that it was buying out Fox Entertainment Group. The manoeuvre delisted Fox from the New York Stock Exchange; Fox traded on the NYSE under the ticker FOX.
In 2004, Murdoch set aside $2 billion and handpicked a team of young executives to look at possible ways to use the Web as a distribution platform. That team was composed of four rising stars: Ross Levinsohn, Adam Bain, Travis Katz and Michael Kirby. The four became the backbone of what would become News Corp's digital division, Fox Interactive Media.
Shortly after, in July 2005, News Corporation purchased the social networking website Myspace for $580 million. News Corporation had beat out the first incarnation of Viacom by offering a higher price for the website, and the purchase was seen as a good investment at the time. Of the $580 million purchase price, approximately $327 million has been attributed to the value of Myspace according to the financial adviser fairness opinion. Within a year, Myspace had tripled in value from its purchase price.
In February 2007, Murdoch announced at the McGraw-Hill Media Summit that the Fox Entertainment Group would launch a new business news channel later in the year, which would compete directly against rival network CNBC. Murdoch explained that the channel would be more "business-friendly" than CNBC, because he felt that they "leap on every scandal, or what they think is a scandal." In July 2007, News Corp. reached a deal to acquire Dow Jones & Company, owners of The Wall Street Journal, of $5 billion for. Despite CNBC already having a contract with Dow Jones to provide content and services to the network, the Fox Entertainment Group officially launched the Fox Business Network on October 15, 2007. Alexis Glick, the network's original morning show host and vice president of business news, indicated that its lawyers had reviewed the details of Dow Jones' contract with CNBC, but noted that it would still "actively use" other Dow Jones properties.
In September 2009, News Corp established NewsCore, a global wire service set up to provide news stories to all of News Corp's journalistic outlets.
In April 2010, News Corporation sold Bulgarian broadcaster bTV, which it launched on 1 June 2000, as part of a deal to Central European Media Enterprises (CME) for $400 million in addition to another $13 million for working capital adjustment. The deal included cable channels bTV Comedy and Btv Cinema and News Corporation's 74% stake in Radio Company CJ which included five radio stations.
In September 2010, due to the Fijian government's requirement that the country's media outlet must be 90% owned by Fiji Nationals, News Corporation sold 90% of their stake in their Fijian newspapers (Fiji Times, Nai Lalakai, and Shanti Dut) to Motibhai Group of Companies.
In late February 2011, News Corp officially put the now-struggling Myspace up for sale, which was estimated to be worth $50–200 million. Losses from the last quarter of 2010 were $156 million, over double of the previous year, which dragged down the otherwise strong results of parent News Corp. Its struggles were attributed to the growth of the competing social network Facebook. The deadline for bids, May 31, 2011, passed without any above the reserve price of $100 million being submitted. The rapid deterioration in Myspace's business during the most recent quarter had deterred many potent suitors. Later in June, Specific Media and pop singer Justin Timberlake bought the site for $35 million, which CNN reported noted was "far less than the $580 million News Corp. paid for Myspace in 2005." Murdoch went on to call the Myspace purchase a "huge mistake".
On July 13, 2011, Rupert Murdoch announced that the company would withdraw its takeover bid for BSkyB due to concerns relating to the News of the World scandal. News Corporation already owned, and continues to own, 39.1% of BSkyB.
On June 6, 2012, News Corporation announced that it would buy out ESPN Inc.'s stake in ESPN Star Sports to gain full control over the Asia-Pacific sports network. In January 2013, News Corp. attained 54.5% majority control of Sky Deutschland.
On February 4, 2013, News Corporation announced the sale of IGN and its related properties to the publishing company Ziff Davis. News Corp. had planned to spin-off IGN as an independent company, but failed to do so.
In July 2011, News Corp closed down the News of the World newspaper in the United Kingdom due to allegations of phone hackings. The allegations include trying to access former Prime Minister Gordon Brown's voice mail, and obtain information from his bank accounts, family's medical records, and private legal files. Allegations of hacking have also been brought up in relation to former Prime Minister Tony Blair, and the Royal Family. Other allegations put out by The Guardian newspaper include the exploitation, with intent to gain access to or use private information, of a list of 4,332 names or partial names, 2,987 mobile phone numbers, 30 audio tapes of varying length and 91 PIN codes, of a kind required to access the voicemail of the minority of targets who change the factory settings on their mobile phones. The names are said to include those of British victims of September 11, 2001 terror attacks, family members of victims of the "7/7" bombings on London's transit system, family members of British troops killed overseas, Milly Dowler, a 13-year-old missing British girl who was later found dead, actor Hugh Grant and a lawyer representing the family of Princess Diana's lover at the inquest into her death.
Allegations about the violation of ethical standards by the News Corporation subsidiary News of the World have been speculatively applied to News Corporation holdings in the United States. Senator John Rockefeller (D-WV) stated on July 12, 2011, that there should be a government investigation into News Corporation "to ensure that Americans have not had their privacy violated." His statement was echoed on Wednesday by Sen. Robert Menendez (D-NJ), who specifically requested an investigation into 9/11 victims, as well as Sen. Frank Lautenberg (D-NJ) who encouraged an investigation by the Securities and Exchange Commission. On July 13, 2011, Representative Peter King (R-NY) wrote a letter to the FBI requesting an investigation into News Corporation's ethical practices, and on July 14, the FBI opened a probe into the hacking of 9/11 victims. Les Hinton, chief executive of the media group's Dow Jones, resigned on July 15, saying, "I have seen hundreds of news reports of both actual and alleged misconduct during the time I was executive chairman of News International and responsible for the company. The pain caused to innocent people is unimaginable. That I was ignorant of what apparently happened is irrelevant and in the circumstances I feel it is proper for me to resign from News Corp, and apologize to those hurt by the actions of the News of the World."
In 2012, following a BBC Panorama report, allegations were made that News Corp subsidiary NDS Group had used hackers to undermine pay TV rivals around the world. Some of the victims of the alleged hacking, such as Austar, were later taken over by News Corp and others such as Ondigital later went bust. NDS had originally been set up to provide security to News Corp's pay TV interests but emails obtained by Fairfax Media revealed they had also pursued a wider agenda by distributing the keys to rival set-top box operators and seeking to obtain phone records of suspected rivals. The emails were from the hard drive of NDS European chief Ray Adams. In 2012, it was also revealed that Australian Federal police were working with UK police to investigate hacking by News Corp.
Split and 21st Century Fox's eventual sale to DisneyEdit
On June 28, 2012, Rupert Murdoch announced that, after concerns from shareholders in response to the recent scandals and to "unlock even greater long-term shareholder value", News Corporation's assets would be split into two publicly traded companies, one oriented towards media, and the other towards publishing. News Corp's publishing operations were spun out into a present-day News Corporation with Robert James Thomson, editor of The Wall Street Journal, as CEO. The present News Corporation, which retains most of its media properties (such as the Fox Entertainment Group and 20th Century Fox) and Murdoch as CEO, was renamed 21st Century Fox. Murdoch remains chairman for both companies.
Shareholders approved the split on June 11, 2013. On June 19, 2013, preliminary trading for the new News Corp on the Australian Securities Exchange commenced in preparation for the formal split that was finalized on June 28, 2013. Shareholders received one share of New News Corp for every four shares they owned of the old News Corp. The two new companies began trading on the NASDAQ on July 1, 2013. 21st Century Fox and most of its businesses were later acquired by the Walt Disney Company in 2019; its US broadcast, sports, and news assets were spun-off to Fox Corporation which would be retained under Murdoch ownership.
- In August 2005, the Murdoch family owned only about 29% of the company of which as of June 2013 had been diluted to around 17%. However, nearly all of these shares were voting shares which currently stand at 39% of the total voting shares, and Rupert Murdoch retained effective control of the company. Nonetheless, John Malone of Liberty Media had built up a large stake, with about half of the shares being voting shares. Therefore, in November 2006, News Corporation announced its intention to transfer its 38.5% interest in DirecTV Group to John Malone's Liberty Media; in return it bought back Liberty's 16.3% stake in News Corp., giving Murdoch tighter control of the latter firm. Murdoch sold 17.5 million class A shares in December 2007.
- Another major stakeholder has been Al-Waleed bin Talal, of the Saudi Royal Family. In 1997, Time reported that Al-Waleed owned about five percent of News Corporation. In 2010, Alwaleed's stake in News Corp. was about 7 percent, amounting to $3 billion. In 2013, News Corp. had a $175 million (19 percent) investment in Al-Waleed's Rotana Group, the Arab world's largest entertainment company. Al-Waleed sold all his shares in November 2017
News Corporation organises an annual management conference, discussing media issues related to geopolitics. Attendees include News Corporation executives, senior journalists, politicians and celebrities. Previous events were in Cancún, Mexico, and the Hayman Island off the coast of Australia. The events are private and secretive, there are no records available for the agenda or talks given at the conferences, and no uninvited journalists are permitted access.
The 2006 event in Pebble Beach, California was led by Rupert Murdoch. According to a copy of the agenda leaked to the Los Angeles Times and other media accounts, issues discussed related from Europe to broadcasting and new media, terrorism to the national policy. The event included speeches from Murdoch, Actor and former governor of California Arnold Schwarzenegger, former British Prime Minister Tony Blair, Bono, Al Gore, Senator John McCain and Bill Clinton while Israel's President, Shimon Peres, appeared on a panel named "Islam and the West". Other notable attendees included Newt Gingrich and Nicole Kidman.
In anticipation of US midterm elections, News Corporation donated $1 million to the Republican Governors Association in June 2010. The move was criticised by Democrats, who said this was evidence of News Corporation's news outlets conservative leanings (see Fox News Channel controversies). The Democratic Governors Association also criticised the donation and demanded more transparency in the reporting by News Corporation companies. DGA head Nathan Daschle wrote to the chairman of News Corporation company Fox News, Roger Ailes: "In the interest of some fairness and balance, I request that you add a formal disclaimer to your coverage any time any of your programs covers governors or gubernatorial races between now and election day."
Around the same time, News Corporation also donated $1 million to the United States Chamber of Commerce. The Chamber aggressively supported the Republican effort to retake Congress in 2010. This donation and an earlier $1 million contribution that News Corporation made to the Republican Governor's Association led media critics to question whether the company had crossed an ethical line for a media company.
The company's Board of Directors consisted of 16 individuals at the time of its break up:
- Rupert Murdoch (Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer)
- José María Aznar (Former Prime Minister of Spain)
- Natalie Bancroft (Director)
- Peter Barnes
- James W. Breyer
- Chase Carey (President and Chief Operating Officer)
- Elaine Chao
- David F. DeVoe (Chief Financial Officer)
- Viet Dinh
- Sir Roderick Ian Eddington
- Joel I. Klein (Executive Vice President)
- James Murdoch (Chairman & Chief Executive Officer, Europe & Asia)
- Lachlan Murdoch
- Álvaro Uribe (Former President of Colombia)
- Stanley S. Shuman (Director Emeritus)
- Arthur M. Siskind (Director Emeritus, Senior Advisor to the Chairman)
Office of the chairmanEdit
This section needs additional citations for verification. (February 2013) (Learn how and when to remove this template message)
List of companies and businesses owned by News Corporation prior to its formal split on June 28, 2013. All media and broadcasting assets, except media assets owned by News Limited, now belong to The Walt Disney Company and Fox Corporation (successors to 21st Century Fox), its legal successors. Meanwhile, newspapers and other publishing assets, including media assets under News Limited, were spun off as a new News Corp.
- HarperCollins book publishing company
- HarperCollins India
- Zondervan Christian book publisher
- Inspirio – religious gift production.
- Australia published by News Limited.
- The Australian (Nationwide)
- Community Media Group (16 QLD & NSW suburban/regional titles)
- Cumberland-Courier Newspapers (23 suburban/commuter titles)
- The Courier-Mail (Queensland)
- The Sunday Mail (Queensland)
- The Cairns Post (Cairns, Queensland)
- The Gold Coast Bulletin (Gold Coast, Queensland)
- The Townsville Bulletin (Townsville, Queensland)
- The Daily Telegraph (New South Wales)
- The Sunday Telegraph (New South Wales)
- Herald Sun (Victoria)
- Sunday Herald Sun (Victoria)
- The Weekly Times (Victoria)
- Leader Newspapers (33 suburban Melbourne titles)
- MX (Sydney, Melbourne and Brisbane CBD)
- The Geelong Advertiser (Geelong, Victoria)
- The Advertiser (South Australia)
- The Sunday Mail (South Australia)
- Messenger Newspapers (11 suburban Adelaide, SA titles)
- The Sunday Times (Western Australia)
- The Mercury (Tasmania)
- Quest Newspapers (19 suburban Brisbane, QLD titles)
- The Sunday Tasmanian (Tasmania)
- Northern Territory News (Northern Territory)
- The Sunday Territorian (Northern Territory)
- The Tablelands Advertiser (Atherton Tablelands and the Far North, Queensland)
- Papua New Guinea
- Papua New Guinea Post-Courier (National) (62.5%)
- UK and Ireland newspapers, published by subsidiaries of News International Ltd.
- US newspapers and magazines
- The New York Post
- Dow Jones & Company
- Consumer Media Group
- Enterprise Media Group
- Dow Jones Newswires – global, real-time news and information provider.
- Factiva – provides business news and information together with content delivery tools and services.
- Dow Jones Indexes – stock market indexes and indicators, including the Dow Jones Industrial Average.
- Dow Jones Financial Information Services – produces databases, electronic media, newsletters, conferences, directories, and other information services on specialised markets and industry sectors.
- Betten Financial News – leading Dutch language financial and economic news service.
- Local Media Group
- Ottaway Community Newspapers – 8 daily and 15 weekly regional newspapers.
- STOXX (33%)- joint venture with Deutsche Boerse and SWG Group for the development and distribution of Dow Jones STOXX indices.
- Vedomosti (33%) – Russia's leading financial newspaper (joint venture with Financial Times and Independent Media).
- The Timesledger Newspapers of Queens, New York:
- Bayside Times, Whitestone Times, Flushing Times, Little Neck Ledger, Jamaica Times, Astoria Times, Forest Hills Ledger
- The Courier-Life Newspapers in Brooklyn
- The Brooklyn Paper
- Caribbean Life
- Flatbush Jewish Journal
- Alpha Magazine
- Australian Country Style
- Australian Golf Digest
- Australian Good Taste
- Big League
- Donna Hay
- Fast Fours
- GQ (Australia)
- Gardening Australia
- InsideOut (Aust)
- Lifestyle Pools
- Live to Ride
- Overlander 4WD
- Modern Boating
- Modern Fishing
- Pure Health
- Super Food Ideas
- Truck Australia
- Truckin' Life
- twowheels scooter
- Vogue (Australia)
- Vogue Entertaining & Travel
- Vogue Living
- Inside Out magazine
Music and radioEdit
- Fox Film Music Group
- Fox News Radio
- Wireless Group Plc (acquired in June 2016, encompassing UK & Ireland radio stations Virgin Radio, TalkSport, U105 Belfast, LMFM (Louth-Meath), Q102 Dublin, FM104, 96FM Cork)
- Majority ownership of the Brisbane Broncos (68.9%) and full ownership of the Melbourne Storm rugby league team.
- Colorado Rockies (15%)
- Fox Entertainment Group: 20th Century Fox's parent company
- 20th Century Fox: a film production/distribution company (transferred to Disney)
- 20th Century Fox Television – primetime television programming. (partially transferred to Disney)
- 20th Television – television distribution (syndication).
- Fox 21 – low scripted/budgeted television production company.
- Fox Television Animation – animation production company.
- Fox Television Studios (productions)- market specific programming e.g. COPS and network television company.
- Fox Television Studios International
- Fox World Productions
- Fox Faith – Promotion and distribution of Christian and related "family friendly" movies on DVD and some theatrical release.
- Fox Studios Australia, Sydney, New South Wales
- Blue Sky Studios – production of CGI films e.g. Ice Age (transferred to Disney).
- Fox Filmed Entertainment
- New Regency Productions (20%) – general audience feature films.
- Regency Enterprises (20%) – parent company of New Regency Productions (50%).
- Fox Star Studios fully owned -the Studio for Indian Movie's Production and Distribution.
News Corp agreed to sell eight of its television stations to Oak Hill Capital Partners for approximately $1.1 billion as of December 22, 2007. The stations are US Fox affiliates. These stations, along with those already acquired by Oak Hill that were formerly owned by The New York Times Company, formed the nucleus of Oak Hill's Local TV LLC division.
- Fox Broadcasting Company (Fox), a US broadcast television network
- MyNetworkTV, a US broadcast television network
- Fox Television Stations, a group of owned and operated Fox television stations
- BSkyB, United Kingdom & Ireland (39.1% holding). In practice, a controlling interest.
- Sky Network Television, New Zealand (44%)
- Sky Italia (100%), Italy's largest pay TV service (previously owning part of Stream TV)
- Sky Deutschland (54.5%), Germany's largest pay TV provider
- Tata Sky (30%), an Indian DirectToHome TeleVision Service Provider. (in partnership with Tata Group (70%))
- Foxtel (25%), Australia, a joint venture with Telstra (50%) and Consolidated Media Holdings (25%)
- FOX Italy, Italian Broadcast and Production Company (with 2 HDTV)
- Star TV Channels (Satellite TeleVision Asian Region), an Asian satellite TV service having 300 million viewers in 53 countries, mainly in India, China & other Asian countries
- Phoenix Television (17.6%), satellite TV network with landing rights in Hong Kong, and select provinces on Mainland China.
Cable TV channels owned (in whole or part) and operated by News Corporation include:
- Fox Business Network, a business news channel.
- Fox Classics, a channel airing classic TV shows and movies
- Fox Movie Channel, an all-movie channel that airs commercial-free movies from 20th Century Fox's film library
- Fox News Channel, a 24-hour news and opinion channel
- Fox Sports Networks, a chain of US regional cable news television networks broadcasting local sporting events linked together by national sports news programming. Local channels include "Fox Sports Southwest", "Fox Sports Detroit", etc. (some affiliates are owned by Cablevision.)
- Fox College Sports, a college sports network consisting of three regionally aligned channels, mostly with archived Fox Sports Net programmes but also some live and original content.
- Fox Sports International
- Fox Soccer Channel, a United States digital cable and satellite network specialising mainly in soccer.
- Fox Soccer Plus, a sister network to FSC, but including coverage of other sports, most notably rugby. Launched in 2010 after News Corporation picked up many of the broadcast rights abandoned by Setanta Sports when it stopped broadcasting in the U.S.
- Fox Pan American Sports (37.9%) – joint venture with Hicks, Muse, and Tate & Furst.
- FX Networks, a cable network broadcasting reruns of programming previously shown on other channels, but recently creating its own programming, including the Emmy Award-winning programmes The Shield and Damages.
- FUEL TV
- Big Ten Network, cable and satellite channel dedicated to The Big Ten Conference, launched August 2007 (49%)
- National Geographic Channel (joint venture with National Geographic Society) 67%
- National Geographic Channel International 75%
- Nat Geo Mundo (joint venture with National Geographic Society)
- Nat Geo Wild (joint venture with National Geographic Society)
- YES Network (49%), regional cable sports network; broadcasts New York Yankees and Brooklyn Nets games, among other teams.
- Fox International Channels, domestic cable channels offering different formats of Fox programming in over thirty countries worldwide.
- Fox Life
- Fox Life HD
- Fox Crime
- Fox Horror
- Fox Movies
- Fox Sports
- Speed Channel
- National Geographic Channel
- National Geographic Channel HD
- National Geographic Wild
- National Geographic Adventure
- National Geographic Music
- National Geographic Junior
- Real Estate TV
- Fox Toma 1 – Spanish-language television production.
- Fox Telecolombia – Spanish-language television production. (51%)
- Utarget.Fox – European and Latin American online ad company, plus now handles TV ad sales.
- Central & South America
- Fox Latin American Channels – channels available in over 17 countries in Latin America
- National Geographic Channel
- National Geographic Channel HD
- National Geographic Wild
- Nat Geo Music
- Universal Channel
- Universal HD
- Fox Channel
- Fox HD
- Fox Life
- Fox Sports
- Speed Channel
- Baby TV
- Fox One-Stop Media – advertising sales for company owned and third party channels in Latin America
- LAPTV (60%) (Latin American Pay Television) operates 8 cable movie channels throughout South America excluding Brazil.
- Telecine (12.5%) operates 5 cable movie channels in Brazil.
- Fox Latin American Channels – channels available in over 17 countries in Latin America
- Hathway Cable & Datacom (22.2%), India's 2nd largest cable network through 7 cities including Bangalore, Chennai, Delhi, Mumbai & Pune
- Total TV (20%), a pay TV platform with JV partner KOO's Group majority owner (80%). News Corp also has a 20% interest in the KOO's Group directly.
- News Corp. Digital Media
- Foxsports.com – website with sports news, scores, statistics, video and fantasy sports
- Hulu (27%) – online video streaming site in partnership with NBCUniversal and Disney.
- Flektor – provides Web-based tools for photo and video editing and mashups.
- Slingshot Labs – web development incubator (Includes the sites DailyFill).
- Strategic Data Corp – interactive advertising company which develops technology to deliver targeted internet advertising.
- WhatIfSports.com – sports simulation and prediction website. Also provides fantasy-style sports games to play.
- Indya.com – 'India's no. 1 Entertainment Portal'
- ROO Group Inc (5% increasing to 10% with performance targets)
- News Digital Media
- News.com.au – Australia's most popular news website in 2013 and as of April 2014
- CareerOne.com.au (50%) – recruitment advertisement website in partnership with Monster Worldwide.
- Moshtix.com.au – a ticket retailer
- Learning Seat
- Wego News owns minority stake in Wego.com
- Weair News owns minority stake in weair.com
- Netus (75%) – investment co. in online properties.
- Move, Inc (80%)
- REA Group (60.7%)
- Business Services s.r.l. Access our internationalization service opens to endless proposals and possibilities of rooting in markets around the world.
- Casa.it (69.4%), Sky Italia also holds a 30.6% share
- atHome group, operator of leading realestate websites in Luxembourg, France, Belgium and Germany.
- Altowin (51%), provider of office management tools for realestate agents in Belgium.
- Propertyfinders.com (50%), News International holds the remaining 50%
- Sherlock Publications, owner of hotproperty.co.uk portal and magazine titles 'Hot Property', 'Renting' and 'Overseas'
- ukpropertyshop.co.uk, most comprehensive UK estate agent directory.
- PropertyLook, property websites in Australia and New Zealand.
- HomeSite.com.au home renovation and improvement website.
- Square Foot Limited, Hong Kong's largest English Language property magazine and website
- Primedia – Holding co. of Inside DB, a Hong Kong lifestyle magazine.
- TadpoleNet Media (10%) Hosts of ArmySailor.com
- New Zealand
- Fox Sports Grill (50%) – Upscale sports bar and restaurant with 7 locations: Scottsdale, Arizona; Irvine, California; Seattle; Plano, Texas; Houston; San Diego; and Atlanta.
- Fox Sports Skybox (70%) – Sports fans' Bar & Grill at Staples Center and six airport restaurants.
- News America Marketing (US) – (100%) – nation's leading marketing services company, products include a portfolio of in-store, home-delivered and online media under the SmartSource brand.
- Rotana (19%) – Largest Arab entertainment company owned by Saudi Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal
- The Daily – iPad only newspaper delivered daily.
- Making Fun – social game developer for making games for social networking sites, smartphones, tablets and other devices.
- Lane Bryant
- "News Corp investors agree US move". BBC News. October 26, 2004. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- Fabrikant, Geraldine (April 7, 2004). "Market Place; News Corp. Plans to Follow Its Chief to the United States". The New York Times. Retrieved March 27, 2010.
- "Forbes". Forbes. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
- "Fortune". CNN. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- "PowerPoint Presentation" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on June 8, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- Siklos, Richard (February 9, 2009). "Why Disney wants DreamWorks". CNN. Retrieved May 20, 2010.
- "News Corporation – Annual Report 2007". Newscorp.com. June 30, 2007. Archived from the original on June 29, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Uh-oh! Looks like your site is down". www.bowmanandcompany.com.au.
- Reed, Jason. "The secret history of News Corp: a media empire built on spreading propaganda". The Conversation. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
- Merrett, D.T. "Collins House". eMelbourne. School of Historical & Philosophical Studies, The University of Melbourne. Retrieved January 31, 2021.
- July 29, Julie Domel on; PM, 2011 at 3:38 (July 29, 2011). "Rupert Murdoch's 1973 purchase of E-N". From the Vault. Retrieved April 7, 2021.
- Wayne, Leslie (November 22, 1984). "Murdoch Buys 12 Ziff Publication". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
- Revolution on Fleet Street, Time magazine, August 21, 1996.
- Eichenwald, Kurt (August 8, 1988). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Murdoch Agrees to Buy TV Guide In a $3 Billion Sale by Annenberg". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
- Fabrikant, Geraldine (May 6, 1989). "Murdoch to Sell Travel Businesses". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved July 21, 2018.
- Palmer, Rhonda (July 27, 1993). "Murdoch catches rising Star". Variety.
- Shenon, Philip (August 23, 1993). "THE MEDIA BUSINESS; Star TV Extends Murdoch's Reach". The New York Times.
- George Monbiot (April 22, 2008). "The most potent weapon wielded by the empires of Murdoch and China". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
- "Fox Presents Its Lineup for News Channel".
- "Rupert Murdoch Laid Bare". Archived from the original on January 17, 2008.
- "Tax free: Rupert Murdoch's zero status". BBC News. March 25, 1999. Retrieved April 25, 2010.
- Lazaroff, Leon (January 11, 2005). "Murdoch to buy out Fox shares". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
- "News Corporation Completes Acquisition of Fox". News Corp. Retrieved October 11, 2012.
- "Special report: How News Corp got lost in Myspace". Reuters. April 7, 2011. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
- Lapinski, Trent (September 11, 2006). "MySpace: The Business of Spam 2.0 (Exhaustive Edition)". ValleyWag. Archived from the original on March 12, 2008. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
- "News Corp in $580m internet buy". BBC News. July 19, 2005. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
- Haden, Jeff (January 12, 2011). "MySpace Layoffs Are A Good Reminder how Uncool Rupert Murdock's acquisition of the social media was?". Time. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- "Internet Entrepreneur & Myspace Founder Brad Greenspan Leads Investment Group Seeking to Take Non-Controlling Stake in Dow Jones Corp" (Press release). PR Newswire. June 20, 2007. Retrieved March 13, 2008.
- Rupert Murdoch Speaks His Mind, Business Week, February 2007.
- "Murdoch Wins His Bid for Dow Jones". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved May 11, 2013.
- Fox Business makes TV debut, Hollywood Reporter, 16 October 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007. Archived October 17, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- Fox Business Network blazes new trail, USA Today, 14 October 2007. Retrieved October 17, 2007.
- Rupert Murdoch's News Corp launches global service to link all its outlets, Guardian.co.uk, 7 September 2009. Retrieved September 15, 2010.
- Staff writers of The Australian (September 15, 2010). "News Limited sells Fiji Times to Fijian company Motibhai". The Australian. Retrieved January 29, 2011.
- "News Corp taps Allen & Co for MySpace interest – sources". Reuters. February 5, 2011.
- Vascellaro, Jessica E. (June 30, 2011). "News Corp. Selling Myspace to Specific Media". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved October 23, 2011.
- Vascellaro, Jessica E.; Adams, Russell (February 25, 2011). "Myspace Opens Books to Prospective Buyers". The Wall Street Journal.
- Swisher, Kara (June 3, 2011). "The Myspace Sweepstakes Drag on–Another Bid Deadline Today As Sale Deadline Looms". All Things D.
- Laurie Segall (June 29, 2011). "News Corp. sells Myspace to Specific Media". CNN. Retrieved June 29, 2011.
- "News Corp.'s Rupert Murdoch calls Myspace buy a 'huge mistake'". Los Angeles Times. October 21, 2011. Retrieved June 30, 2012.
- Chandrasekhar, Indu; Wardrop, Murray; Trotman, Andy (July 7, 2005). "News of the World phone hacking scandal: timeline". The Daily Telegraph. London. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- "News Corp to buy out ESPN from ESS, Sawhney to leave". The Hindu. June 6, 2012.
- Christoph Steitz & Harro Ten Wolde (January 14, 2013). "News Corp to grab control of Sky Deutschland". Reuters.
- "News Corp.'s IGN Poised to Sell to J2's Ziff Davis". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved February 4, 2013.
- "IGN Entertainment sold by News Corp to publisher Ziff Davis". Digital Spy. Retrieved February 4, 2013.
- Nick Davies & David Leigh (July 11, 2011). "News International papers targeted Gordon Brown". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- "Our phone hacking victims list". The Guardian. July 12, 2011. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- Holton, Kate (July 13, 2011). "UPDATE 1-BSkyB investors eye cash after deal collapse". Reuters. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- Stelter, Brian (July 13, 2011). "News Corp. Newspapers May Face U.S. Inquiry". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- "U.S. lawmakers urge feds to investigate Murdoch media company". July 14, 2011. Retrieved December 5, 2017.
- Rashbaum, William (July 14, 2011). "F.B.I. Opens Inquiry Into Hacking of 9/11 Victims". The New York Times. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- BBC, BBC. "News Corp's Les Hinton resigns amid phone-hack scandal". BBC. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- Chenoweth, Neil Pay TV Piracy Hits News, The Financial Review, March 28, 2012, online Retrieved May 4, 2012
- Tingle, Laura & Daley, Gemma Federal Police Join News Probe, The Financial Review, March 28, 2012, online Retrieved May 4, 2012
- "News Corp confirms plan to split the media giant". BBC News. June 28, 2012. Retrieved June 28, 2012.
- "News Corp. Will Use Fox Name as Breakup Proceeds". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 3, 2012.
- Sweney, Mark (December 21, 2012). "News Corp's head of demerged newspaper arm may take home £2.5m". The Guardian. Retrieved December 26, 2012.
- Szalai, Georg (May 28, 2013). "News Corp. Unveils Post-Split Logo Based on Rupert Murdoch's Handwriting". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 29, 2013.
- "Rupert Murdoch splits empire but keeps faith in tomorrow's newspapers". The Guardian. June 18, 2013. Retrieved June 18, 2013.
- Wall, Matthew (June 11, 2013). "News Corp shareholders vote to split company into two". BBC News. Retrieved June 11, 2013.
- "'New News Corp' makes muted stock market debut". Retrieved June 19, 2013.
- News Corp and Liberty Media, USA Today, December 22, 2006.
- News Corp Murdoch trust sells shares, The Age, November 16, 2007.
- Macleod, Scott (December 1, 1997). "Prince Alwaleed: The Prince and the Portfolio". Time. Archived from the original on September 13, 2010. Retrieved August 24, 2010.
- Gustin, Sam (August 16, 2010) "News Corp., the Saudi Prince and the 'Ground Zero Mosque'", Daily Finance (AOL), via Rich, Frank (August 21, 2010) "How Fox Betrayed Petraeus",The New York Times, p. WK8 NY ed.. Retrieved August 22, 2010.
- editor, Graham Ruddick Media; Rushe, Dominic (November 8, 2017). "Key Murdoch ally sells stake in 21st Century Fox" – via www.theguardian.com.CS1 maint: extra text: authors list (link)
- "Murdoch's Pebble Beach shindig". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
- Brook, Stephen (July 28, 2006). "Bono and Blair to join Murdoch on the beach". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
- Hinsliff, Gaby (July 23, 2006). "The PM, the mogul and the secret agenda". The Guardian. UK. Retrieved December 1, 2007.
- Greenslade, Roy (August 20, 2010). "Fox News quiet on News Corp's $1m donation to Republicans". The Guardian. London. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- "News Corp. gave $1 million to pro-GOP group – Ben Smith". Politico. Retrieved July 14, 2011.
- Archipelago, World. "Company Profile HarperCollins Publishers Global". corporate.harpercollins.com. Archived from the original on August 21, 2016. Retrieved May 4, 2017.
- "What does Rupert Murdoch own? A little bit of everything". USA Today. Retrieved August 28, 2018.
- Kercheval, Nancy & Danielle Rossingh (December 22, 2007). "News Corp. to Sell U.S. TV Stations for $1.1 billion (Update5)". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 22, 2007.
- It's Official: News Corp Buys 49% Of YES Network. Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 21, 2013.
- "Scout.com – College Sports, Football Recruiting, National Football League, Fantasy Advice & More Front Page". scout.com.
- indya.com Archived June 11, 2010, at the Wayback Machine
- Monique Perry, Head of Media Industry Group, Nielsen. "Holidays give Boost to Travel and Gaming Sites". nielsen.com.CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (link)
- "Job Search, Upload your Resume, Find employment". careerone.com.au. Archived from the original on October 8, 2020. Retrieved February 7, 2021.
- "CarsGuide: Cars for Sale – New & Used Car Sales". CarsGuide.
- in2mobi.com.au Archived July 16, 2007, at the Wayback Machine
- "Local Business Directory Australia". truelocal.com.au.
- "Moshtix – Live Entertainment Tickets". moshtix.com.au.
- "Online Compliance Training – Learning Seat". learningseat.com.au.
- "Cheap Flights, Hotels and Travel Deals". wego.com.
- "Cheap Flights booking – Wego.com". weair.com.
- "Realtor.com Review". NerdWallet. October 6, 2015.
- "Compravendita immobili e terreni – Annunci commerciali". businesservices.com.
- "Case e appartamenti in vendita – Annunci immobiliari". casa.it.
- "Zoopla – Search Property to Buy, Rent, House Prices, Estate Agents". propertyfinders.com.
- "Home Renovation Ideas & Tips for Renovating a House". www.realestate.com.au.
- "tadpolenet.com". Archived from the original on August 1, 2007.
- "LibertyWhip – Those who deny freedom to others, deserve it not for themselves".
- "Expedient InfoMedia". expedientinfomedia.com.
- "News Corp Makes Social-Media Push". The Wall Street Journal. December 20, 2013. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- "News Corp to Buy Video Platform Unruly for $90 Million". The Wall Street Journal. September 16, 2015. Retrieved September 16, 2015.
- "Making Fun debuts as the video-game arm of Rupert Murdoch's empire". VentureBeat. February 25, 2011. Retrieved July 11, 2011.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to News Corporation.|
- Official website
- News Corporation companies grouped at OpenCorporates
- Records of political donations at Opensecrets.org
- News Corp at Bloomberg Businessweek
- News Corp at Forbes
- News Corporation collected news and commentary at The Guardian
- News Corporation collected news and commentary at The New York Times
- Ketupa – News Corporation profile with history and holdings
- News Corp. Holdings and Timeline at Columbia Journalism Review, as of December 24, 2010
- Nieman Journalism Lab. "News Corp.". Encyclo: an Encyclopedia of the Future of News.