20th Century Animation, Inc. (originally known as Fox Family Films, Fox Animation Studios, and 20th Century Fox Animation and sometimes referred to as Fox Animation) is an American animation studio located in Century City, Los Angeles. Formed in 1994, it is organized as a division and label of 20th Century Studios (formerly 20th Century Fox), a subsidiary of the Walt Disney Studios, and is tasked with producing animated feature-length films. At one point, 20th Century Animation had two subsidiaries: Fox Animation Studios, which was shut down on June 26, 2000 and Blue Sky Studios (the latter became the primary unit of 20th Century Animation), which was closed on April 10, 2021.
|Parent||20th Century Studios|
(The Walt Disney Studios)
|Footnotes / references|
The studio has produced a total of 29 feature films (6 films as Fox Family Films, 3 films from Fox Animation Studios, 13 feature films from Blue Sky Studios, and 7 original films), most of them being distributed by 20th Century Studios. Their first film was Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie and their first animated film was Anastasia, with the most recent release being The Ice Age Adventures of Buck Wild, which was released by Walt Disney Pictures. Its upcoming slate of productions include The Bob's Burgers Movie and Night at the Museum: Kahmunrah Rises Again.
Before 20th Century Fox started its animation division, Fox released its first seven animated films, such as Hugo the Hippo (1975), Wizards, Raggedy Ann & Andy: A Musical Adventure (1977), Fire and Ice (1983), FernGully: The Last Rainforest (1992) Once Upon a Forest (1993) and The Pagemaster (1994).
In May 1993, Fox agreed to a two-year first-look deal with Nickelodeon for family films. The deal would mostly include original material, though a Nickelodeon executive did not rule out the possibility of making films based on The Ren & Stimpy Show, Rugrats and Doug. However, no films came out of the deal due to the 1994 acquisition of Paramount Pictures by Nickelodeon's parent company, Viacom, and they would distribute the film projects instead.
1994–1998: Formation and early years
The division initially started in February 1994 as Fox Family Films, as one of four film divisions of 20th Century Fox under executive John Matoian. The division was planned to produce six feature films a year as part of a plan to produce more films per year overall. Fox senior vice president of production Chris Meledandri was transferred into the unit as executive vice president in March 1994 after having been hired the previous year. The week of May 6, 1994, Fox Family announced the hiring of Don Bluth and Gary Goldman for a new $100 million animation studio which began construction that year in Phoenix, Arizona. In three years, the animation studio would produce and release its first film, Anastasia. In September 1994, Matoian was promoted by Rupert Murdoch to head up the Fox network. Meledandri was selected to head up the unit in 1994.
It produced live-action films such as Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie (1995), Dunston Checks In (1996) and Home Alone 3. By August 1997, Fox Family had decreased the number of live films. R.L. Stine agreed with Fox Family Films in January 1998 for a film adaptation of the Goosebumps book franchise with Tim Burton producing.
1997–2020: 20th Century Fox Animation, Fox Animation Studios and success with Blue Sky Studios
In August of 1997, Fox's Los Angeles-based visual effects company, VIFX, acquired majority interest in Blue Sky Studios to form a new visual effects and animation company, temporarily renamed "Blue Sky/VIFX". Blue Sky had previously did the character animation of MTV Films' first film Joe's Apartment. Following the studio's expansion, Blue Sky produced character animation for the films Alien Resurrection, A Simple Wish, Mouse Hunt, Star Trek: Insurrection and Fight Club. VIFX was later sold to another VFX studio Rhythm and Hues Studios in March 1999. According to Blue Sky founder Chris Wedge, Fox considered selling Blue Sky as well by 2000 due to financial difficulties in the visual effects industry in general.
In 1998, following the success of Anastasia, the division was renamed to Fox Animation Studios, refocusing on animated feature films, including stop-motion, mixed media and digital production. The division's live action films in development at the time included Marvel Comics' Silver Surfer, the disaster film spoof Disaster Area, Fantastic Voyage and Goosebumps. The 1998 film Ever After, a Cinderella adaptation, was the division's last live action film. At this time, there were several animated films on the company's development slate: Dark Town with Henry Selick, Chris Columbus and Sam Hamm, Santa Calls at Blue Sky, and Matt Groening (The Simpsons), Steve Oedekerk and Joss Whedon (Buffy the Vampire Slayer) projects. The Phoenix studio at the time was producing Planet Ice expected in 1999 and directed by Art Vitello and Anastasia producer/directors Don Bluth and Gary Goldman's then soon to be announced project. Chris Meledandri remained as the president of the division, which was known by 1999 as 20th Century Fox Animation. The only television series that the Phoenix studio produced was Adventures from the Book of Virtues, which was a co-production between Fox Animation Studios and PorchLight Entertainment; that series would air on PBS between 1996 and December 2000.
20th Century Fox Animation vice president of physical production Chuck Richardson was sent in early December 1999 to Fox subsidiary Blue Sky Studios as general manager and senior vice president. Richardson was sent to prepare Blue Sky for feature animation production.
The Phoenix studio, which kept the Fox Animation Studios name, laid off 2/3 of its employee workforce in February 2000 before its closure in late June of that year, ten days after Titan A.E. was released and six months before Adventures from the Book of Virtues aired its final episode. Fox Animation looked to produce films at Blue Sky and its Los Angeles headquarters.
Chris Wedge, film producer Lori Forte, and Meledandri presented Fox with a script for a comedy feature film titled Ice Age. Studio management pressured staff to sell their remaining shares and options to Fox on the promise of continued employment on feature-length films. The studio moved to White Plains NY and started production on Ice Age. As the film wrapped, Fox, having little faith in the film, feared that it might bomb at the box office, terminated half of the production staff, and tried unsuccessfully to find a buyer for the film and the studio. Instead, Ice Age, Blue Sky's first feature film, was released by Fox in conjunction with 20th Century Fox Animation on March 15, 2002 with financial success and critical acclaim, receiving a nomination for an Academy Award for Best Animated Feature at the 75th Academy Awards in 2003. Ice Age would subsequently spawn a successful franchise and launch Blue Sky into producing feature films and into becoming a household name in feature animation.
In January 2007, Meledandri left for Universal Pictures to set up Illumination there with Vanessa Morrison as his replacement while answering to newly appointed 20th Century Fox Film Group vice chairman Hutch Parker. Morrison moved from the live action division where she handled family-children fare as senior vice president of production. Morrision was making deal with outside producers like she approved a stop-motion adaptation of Roald Dahl's Fantastic Mr. Fox.
In September 2017, Locksmith Animation formed a multi-year production deal with 20th Century Fox, who would distribute Locksmith's films, with Locksmith aiming to release a film every 12–18 months. Fox Animation was later brought on to oversee the deal, which was to bolster Blue Sky's output and replace the loss of distributing DreamWorks Animation films, which are now owned and distributed by Universal Pictures.
On October 30, 2017, Morrison was named president of a newly created 20th Century Fox division, Fox Family, which has a mandate similar to Fox Animation when it was called Fox Family Films. Andrea Miloro and Robert Baird were named co-president of Fox Animation the same day and would also have direct oversight of Blue Sky and oversee the Locksmith Animation deal and grow Fox Animation with other partnerships and producer deals.
2019–present: Disney era, renaming and closure of Blue Sky Studios
On October 18, 2018, it was announced that Fox Animation would be added alongside 20th Century Fox to the Walt Disney Studios following their acquisition, with co-presidents Andrea Miloro and Robert Baird retaining leadership while reporting to Walt Disney Studios Chairman, Alan Horn and Twentieth Century Fox vice chairman Emma Watts.
On March 21, 2019, Disney announced that Fox Animation (including Blue Sky Studios) would be integrated as new units within the Walt Disney Studios with Co-presidents Andrea Miloro and Robert Baird continuing to lead the studio reporting directly to Alan Horn. Miloro step down as co-president in late July 2019. In August 2019, Walt Disney Animation Studios head Andrew Millstein was named as co-president of Blue Sky for day-to-day operations alongside Baird, while Pixar Animation Studios president Jim Morris would also be taking a supervisory role over Millstein. With the Disney take over, the Locksmith deal left 20th Century Fox for Warner Bros. in October 2019 except for the first and now only film under the deal, Ron's Gone Wrong.
With the August 2019 20th Century Fox slate overhaul announcement, projects from 20th Century Fox franchises such as Night at the Museum, Diary of the Wimpy Kid, and Ice Age were announced for the then-upcoming Disney+ streaming service. These projects would later be announced during Disney's Investor Day in December 2020 as animated feature films for the aforementioned streaming service. The first of these projects was an animated reboot of Diary of a Wimpy Kid, which was released on December 3, 2021 under Walt Disney Pictures.
On January 17, 2020, Disney dropped the "Fox" name from the two main film studio units acquired from 21st Century Fox—20th Century Fox and Fox Searchlight Pictures, while there were no mention of changes to other lesser-known feature film units. Fox Animation took on its current name on January 28, 2020.
Unlike animation studios such as Pixar or Walt Disney Animation Studios, 20th Century Animation does not act as a typical animation studio, but rather as a division and somewhat of a distribution label for animated films that are made under or acquired by 20th Century Studios. An example of this is with Fox Animation Studios and Blue Sky Studios' films, since they were both subsidiaries of the company. Another example of this is Fantastic Mr. Fox. Additionally, Ron's Gone Wrong was the first and only film made under a deal between 20th Century and Locksmith Animation.
However, similar to Warner Animation Group, Sony Pictures Animation, Paramount Animation, DreamWorks Animation and Illumination, the animation production of 20th Century Animation's films (except for Blue Sky Studios) is outsourced to other studios. For example, The Simpsons Movie was animated at Film Roman alongside AKOM and Rough Draft Studios, while Ron's Gone Wrong, a co-production with Locksmith Animation, was animated by DNEG. The Book of Life was developed outside of 20th Century Animation at Reel FX, with the studio co-producing the film later on. Diary of a Wimpy Kid and The Ice Age Adventures of Buck Wild were animated by Bardel Entertainment.
Fox Animation Studios (headquartered in Phoenix, Arizona) and Blue Sky Studios (headquartered in White Plains, New York and later Greenwich, Connecticut) animated their respective films internally, however Anastasia and Titan A.E. were outsourced to multiple animation studios, including Bardel Entertainment, Reality Check Studios, and Blue Sky, when the latter of the three was still a VFX studio.
Both Fox Animation Studios and Blue Sky had their own unique animation style, with the former having the same animation style as Don Bluth.
Fox Family Films
- Mighty Morphin Power Rangers: The Movie (June 30, 1995; co-production with Saban Entertainment and Toei Company)
- Dunston Checks In (January 12, 1996)
- Jingle All the Way (November 22, 1996; co-production with 1492 Pictures)
- Turbo: A Power Rangers Movie (March 28, 1997; co-production with Saban Entertainment and Toei Company)
- Home Alone 3 (December 12, 1997; co-production with Hughes Entertainment)
- Ever After (July 31, 1998)
Fox Animation Studios
From 1994 to 2000, Fox operated Fox Animation Studios, a traditional animation studio which was started to compete with Walt Disney Animation Studios, which was experiencing great success with films such as The Little Mermaid, Beauty and the Beast, Aladdin and The Lion King. The Fox studio, however, was not as successful. Their first feature Anastasia made nearly $140 million at the worldwide box office on a $53 million budget in 1997, but their next feature, Titan A.E., was a large financial loss, losing $100 million for 20th Century Fox in 2000. The lack of box office success, coupled with the rise of computer animation, led Fox to shut down the studios.
|1||Anastasia||November 21, 1997||$53 million||$140 million||86%||61||as Fox Family Films|
|2||Bartok the Magnificent||November 16, 1999||$24.8 million||N/A||N/A||N/A||Direct-to-video release|
|3||Titan A.E.||June 16, 2000||$75–90 million||$36.8 million||50%||48||co-production with David Kirschner Productions|
Blue Sky Studios
From 1997 until 2021, Fox owned Blue Sky Studios, a computer animation company known for the Ice Age franchise. Fox has had much more success with the studio, with the box office receipts of their films becoming competitive with the likes of Pixar and DreamWorks Animation. On March 21, 2019, Blue Sky Studios was integrated as a separate unit within Walt Disney Studios, yet they would continue to report to Fox Animation presidents Andrea Miloro and Robert Baird. In February 2021, Disney had announced that Blue Sky would cease all operations and close sometime within April 2021, eventually shuttering on April 10, 2021.
Blue Sky released thirteen feature films, numerous short films and television specials. Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs is the studio's highest-grossing film. Major feature films include:
|#||Title||Release date||Distributor/Co-production with||Budget||Gross||Rotten Tomatoes||Metacritic|
|1||Ice Age||March 15, 2002||20th Century Fox||$59 million||$383 million||77%||60|
|2||Robots||March 11, 2005||$75 million||$260 million||64%||64|
|3||Ice Age: The Meltdown||March 31, 2006||$80 million||$660 million||57%||58|
|4||Dr. Seuss' Horton Hears a Who!||March 14, 2008||$85 million||$297 million||79%||71|
|5||Ice Age: Dawn of the Dinosaurs||July 1, 2009||$90 million||$886 million||46%||50|
|6||Rio||April 15, 2011||$484 million||72%||63|
|7||Ice Age: Continental Drift||July 13, 2012||$95 million||$877 million||37%||49|
|8||Epic||May 24, 2013||$93 million||$268 million||65%||52|
|9||Rio 2||April 11, 2014||$103 million||$500 million||47%||49|
|10||The Peanuts Movie||November 6, 2015||$99 million||$246 million||87%||67|
|11||Ice Age: Collision Course||July 22, 2016||$105 million||$408 million||18%||34|
|12||Ferdinand||December 15, 2017||20th Century Fox
|$111 million||$296 million||71%||58|
|13||Spies in Disguise||December 25, 2019||20th Century Fox[a]
|$100 million||$171 million||76%||51|
Co-productions and original films
Starting in 2007, 20th Century Animation occasionally produces their own films without Blue Sky Studios' involvement while also co-producing films from other studios. The company is not credited on these films like how they are with Blue Sky's films and Fox Animation Studios' Anastasia and Titan A.E. As of 2021, The Simpsons Movie remains their highest-grossing original film.
All films listed are produced and or distributed by 20th Century Studios unless noted otherwise.
|Untitled Family Guy film||co-production with Fuzzy Door Productions|
|Untitled seventh Ice Age film|||
|Untitled The Simpsons Movie sequel||co-production with Gracie Films|
|Untitled third Rio film|||
S Combines live-action with animation.
|1||Olive, the Other Reindeer||December 17, 1999||co-production with The Curiosity Company, DNA Productions, Flower Films, and Fox Television Studios|
|2||Ice Age: A Mammoth Christmas||November 24, 2011||co-production with Blue Sky Studios and Reel FX Creative Studios|
|3||Ice Age: The Great Egg-Scapade||March 20, 2016||co-production with Blue Sky Studios, 20th Century Fox Television and Arc Productions|
|1||Gone Nutty||November 26, 2002||co-production with Blue Sky Studios|
|2||Aunt Fanny's Tour of Booty||September 27, 2005||co-production with Blue Sky Studios and Reel FX Creative Studios|
|3||No Time for Nuts||November 21, 2006||co-production with Blue Sky Studios|
|4||Surviving Sid||December 9, 2008|
|5||Scrat's Continental Crack-Up||December 25, 2010|
|6||Scrat's Continental Crack-Up: Part 2||December 16, 2011|
|7||The Longest Daycare||July 13, 2012||co-production with Gracie Films, AKOM Studios, and Film Roman; released with Ice Age: Continental Drift|
|8||Umbrellacorn||July 26, 2013||co-production with Blue Sky Studios|
|9||Cosmic Scrat-tastrophe||November 6, 2015|
|10||Scrat: Spaced Out||October 11, 2016|
|11||Playdate with Destiny||March 6, 2020||co-production with Gracie Films; released with Onward; first short film produced under Disney|
All films list are distributed by 20th Century Studios unless noted otherwise.
|Title||Release date||Studio||Animation service(s)||Notes|
|FernGully: The Last Rainforest||April 10, 1992||FAI Films
|Rough Draft Studios, Inc.
A. Film Production
Karen Johnson Productions
Kroyer Productions, Inc. Luk Film
The Chandler Group
Lumenj Productions, Inc
Nick Vasu, Inc
Wang Film Productions
Saerom Co., Ltd.
Hanho Animation Studios
Slam Mammoth Animation Co., Ltd
Time Art Studios
|FernGully 2: The Magical Rescue||March 17, 1998||FAI Films
Rosen Harper Entertainment
Wild Brain Productions
|Wang Film Productions||Sequel to FernGully: The Last Rainforest|
|Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Squeakquel||December 23, 2009||Fox 2000 Pictures
|Rhythm and Hues Studios||Sequel to Alvin and the Chipmunks|
|Alvin and the Chipmunks: Chipwrecked||December 16, 2011||Third installment in the Alvin and the Chipmunks series|
|Alvin and the Chipmunks: The Road Chip||December 18, 2015||Fox 2000 Pictures
|Fourth installment in the Alvin and the Chipmunks series|
|Isle of Dogs||March 23, 2018||Fox Searchlight Pictures
American Empirical Pictures
|Ice Age: Scrat Tales||April 13, 2022||Blue Sky Studios||N/A||Television series for Disney+. Blue Sky Studios' last completed project before shutting down.|
|Diary of a Wimpy Kid: Rodrick Rules||2022||Walt Disney Pictures||Bardel Entertainment[d]||Sequel to Diary of a Wimpy Kid|
DNEG Feature Animation
|DNEG||Originally in production at Blue Sky Studios. Later cancelled due to Blue Sky's closure and revived by Netflix.|
This list does not include follow-up films not produced by 20th Century Animation
|1997–1999||Anastasia||2||0||0||Fox Animation Studios|
|2002–present||Ice Age||6||0||7||Blue Sky Studios|
|2007–present||The Simpsons||1||15||5||Gracie Films|
|2007–2015||Alvin and the Chipmunks||1||0||0|
|2011–2014; TBA||Rio||2||0||0||Blue Sky Studios|
|2021–present||Diary of a Wimpy Kid||1||0||0|
|1998||Anastasia||Best Music, Original Song||"Journey to the Past" by Stephen Flaherty (music), Lynn Ahrens (lyrics)||Nominated|
|Best Music, Original Musical or Comedy Score||Lynn Ahrens, Stephen Flaherty, and David Newman|
|2002||Ice Age||Best Animated Feature||Chris Wedge|
|2009||Fantastic Mr. Fox||Wes Anderson|
|2011||Rio||Best Original Song||"Real in Rio" by Carlinhos Brown & Sérgio Mendes (music); Siedah Garrett (lyrics)|
|2017||Ferdinand||Best Animated Feature||Carlos Saldanha and Lori Forte|
|1997||Anastasia||Best Animated Feature||20th Century Fox, Fox Animation Studios||Nominated|
|2000||Titan A.E.||20th Century Fox Animation, Fox Animation Studios, David Kirschner Productions|
|2002||Ice Age||20th Century Fox Animation, Blue Sky Studios|
|2007||The Simpsons Movie||20th Century Fox Animation|
|2009||Fantastic Mr. Fox||20th Century Fox|
|2011||Rio||Blue Sky Studios|
|2014||The Book of Life||20th Century Fox, Reel FX Animation Studios|
|2015||The Peanuts Movie||20th Century Fox Animation, Blue Sky Studios|
|2021||Ron's Gone Wrong||Outstanding Achievement for
Character Design in a Feature Production
|Outstanding Achievement for
Production Design in an Animated Feature Production
|Aurélien Predal, Till Nowak and Nathan Crowley|
British Animation Awards
|2022||Ron's Gone Wrong||Best Long Form||Sarah Smith, Jean-Philippe Vine and Octavio E. Rodriguez||Won|
|Writers Award||Sarah Smith and Peter Baynham||Nominated|
|2015||The Peanuts Movie||Best Animated Feature Film||Steve Martino||Nominated|
|Best Original Song||"Home" Music by: Nick Jonas, Nick Monson & Justin Tranter, Lyrics by: Jonas & Tranter|
- under Walt Disney Studios Motion Pictures
- The actual animation took place at 3 Mills Studios.
- The film was originally in-production at 20th Century Studios, but was changed to a Walt Disney Pictures release before completion.
- also production company
- The actual animation took place at 3 Mills Studios and Studio Babelsberg.
- "C4551182 – 20th Century Animation, Inc". California Business Search. January 28, 2020. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
- Burton, Michelle (June 12, 2011). "Long Beach Animation Careers – A Profile of the Art Scene, Top Employers, & Animation Schools/Programs". Animation Career Review. Archived from the original on September 7, 2017. Retrieved April 9, 2015.
- Lang, Brent (August 9, 2019). "Disney Taps Andrew Millstein, Clark Spencer for Top Animation Posts". Variety. Retrieved August 9, 2019.
- Petrikin, Chris (February 18, 1998). "Fox renamed that toon". Variety. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (2021-02-09). "Disney Closing Blue Sky Studios, Fox's Once-Dominant Animation House Behind 'Ice Age' Franchise". Deadline. Archived from the original on February 9, 2021. Retrieved 2021-02-09.
- Marshall, Dave; Robinson, Phil (March 1998). "FernGully 2: The Magical Rescue -Getting the Money on the Screen". Animation World Magazine. No. 2.12. Archived from the original on February 26, 2002. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- O'Steen, Kathleen (March 1, 1994). "Matoian firmed at Fox family unit". Variety. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- "Toledo Blade – Google News Archive Search". news.google.com. Retrieved 2016-08-13.
- "Viacom captures Paramount". The Baltimore Sun. February 16, 1994. Retrieved August 3, 2019.
- O'Steen, Kathleen (March 28, 1994). "Meledandri joins Fox family film wing". Variety. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- Kaye, Jeff (May 6, 1994). "Company Town : Fox Heats Up the Animation Wars : Movies: Heavyweight Don Bluth discusses the deal that will bring him and Gary Goldman home from Ireland". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- Cerone, Daniel Howard (July 4, 1995). "A More Grown-Up Look for Fox : Television: With new entertainment president John Matoian and a powerful distribution system, the fourth network plans to expand its audience". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- Lang, Brent (November 1, 2018). "How Chris Meledandri Became the Most Powerful Man in Animation". Variety. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
While Meledandri might have been a late convert to the genre, his big break came in 1994, when he was tapped to head Fox’s family division,...
- Flamm, Matthew (January 9, 1998). "Between The Lines". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on December 30, 2014. Retrieved August 17, 2013.
- "Imaginative Pix takes interest in Blue Sky". Variety. August 27, 1997. Archived from the original on February 9, 2021. Retrieved March 24, 2022.
- Friedman, Jake S. (2014). The Art of Blue Sky Studios. San Rafael, California: Insight Editions. ISBN 9781608873173.
- Graser, Marc (March 3, 1999). "Fox to sell visual F/X division to R&H". Variety. Variety Media. Archived from the original on February 19, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
- "Business – Fox Films To Focus On Animated Fare". Animation World Magazine. April 1998. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
- "Chris Meledandri To Receive PGA's 2014 Visionary Award". Deadline. October 28, 2013. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
While there, he became founding president of 20th Century Fox Animation,...
- King, Susan (November 18, 1999). "Sidekick Bat Spreads His Wings in 'Bartok'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
...,says Chris Meledandri, president of 20th Century Fox Animation.
- A. Schechter, Pamela (1996). "TV's Fall Animation Lineup". Animation World Network. Retrieved March 29, 2015.
- D. Johnson, Bruce (November 1, 1997). "PBS Special Report: Program profiles: Adventures From the Book of Virtues". Kidscreen. Archived from the original on April 20, 2014. Retrieved April 1, 2015.
Production begins with Fox Animation Studios in Phoenix.
- Lyons, Charles (December 9, 1999). "Blue Sky for Richardson". Variety.
- Eller, Claudia (June 29, 2000). "20th Century Fox Closes Its Phoenix Animation Studio". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 14, 2019.
- Fritz, Ben (May 2, 2008). "Fox animation soars under Blue Sky". Variety. Variety Media. Archived from the original on June 28, 2017. Retrieved March 23, 2022.
- "The 75th Academy Awards, 2003". Oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Archived from the original on April 17, 2018. Retrieved June 10, 2018.
- LaPorte, Nicole (January 30, 2007). "Fox's big toon-up". Variety. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- Debruge, Peter (July 30, 2008). "Vanessa Morrison". Variety. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Lang, Brent (September 20, 2017). "Fox, Locksmith Animation Ink Multi-Year Production, Development Deal". Variety Magazine. Retrieved February 15, 2018.
- Lang, Brent (October 30, 2017). "Vanessa Morrison Named Head of Fox Family in Animation Division Overhaul". Variety. Retrieved March 26, 2019.
- Kilday, Gregg (October 30, 2017). "Fox Animation Names Andrea Miloro, Robert Baird Co-Presidents". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 31, 2018.
- D'Alessandro, Anthony (October 18, 2018). "Disney Finalizes Film Studio Brass Under Alan Horn: Emma Watts Confirmed To Run Fox". Deadline. Retrieved October 22, 2018.
- Hipes, Patrick (March 21, 2019). "After Trying Day, Disney Sets Film Leadership Lineup". Deadline.com. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
Fox Animation (including Blue Sky Studios) will continue to be led by Co-Presidents Andrea Miloro and Robert Baird.
- Lang, Brent (July 25, 2019). "Andrea Miloro Out as Fox Animation Co-President". Variety. Retrieved July 26, 2019.
- Clarke, Stewart (October 31, 2019). "Warner Signs Multi-Picture Deal With Elisabeth Murdoch's Locksmith Animation". Variety. Retrieved November 1, 2019.
- Donnelly, Matt (August 13, 2019). "Fox Feels the Pressure From Disney As Film Flops Mount". Variety. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
- Peters, Jay (2020-12-10). "Here are all the new Marvel, Star Wars, and other projects Disney announced at its investor day". The Verge. Archived from the original on December 11, 2020. Retrieved 2020-12-11.
- Vary, Adam B. (January 17, 2020). "Disney Drops Fox Name, Will Rebrand as 20th Century Studios, Searchlight Pictures". Variety. Retrieved April 4, 2020.
- Giardina, Carolyn (February 9, 2021). "Disney Shutting Blue Sky Animation Studio". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on 2021-02-09. Retrieved February 9, 2021.
- Brody, Richard (November 2, 2009). "Wild, Wild Wes". The New Yorker. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
And doing it on the industrial scale required for a studio motion picture—this one is being produced by Twentieth Century Fox Animation—is a gigantic undertaking.
- Kilday, Gregg (October 30, 2017). "Vanessa Morrison Takes on New Role as President, Fox Family". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved March 17, 2022.
..., as well as independent projects such as Book of Life and Fantastic Mr. Fox.
- McClintock, Pamela (December 12, 2012). "Fox Animation Teaming With Guillermo del Toro on 'Book of Life' (Exclusive)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved December 13, 2012.
- SGI (April 4, 2002). "Blue Sky Is Red Hot With Ice Age" (Press release). PR Newswire. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- Moltenbrey, Karen (August 2000). "After Earth". Computer Graphics World. Archived from the original on February 9, 2021. Retrieved March 22, 2015.
- Kaye, Jeff (May 6, 1994). "COMPANY TOWN : Fox Heats Up the Animation Wars : Movies: Heavyweight Don Bluth discusses the deal that will bring him and Gary Goldman home from Ireland". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- Eller, Claudia (June 29, 2000). "20th Century Fox Closes Its Phoenix Animation Studio". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 24, 2013.
- "Anastasia – Box Office Mojo". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved January 24, 2022.
- Palmeri, Christopher (September 19, 2013). "Despicable Me 2 Producer Knows How to Win the Box Office". Bloomberg. Retrieved April 11, 2015.
- "Vanessa Morrison Re-Ups With Fox, Brian Keane With Blue Sky After 'Ice Age 4′". Deadline. July 18, 2012. Retrieved December 21, 2013.
- "Imaginative Pix takes interest in Blue Sky". Variety. August 28, 1997. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
- Hipes, Patrick (March 21, 2019). "After Trying Day, Disney Sets Film Leadership Lineup". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
- Williams, Trey (March 21, 2019). "Disney Keeps Key Leaders in Place After Day of Layoffs at Fox". TheWrap.com. Retrieved March 21, 2019.
- Scheck, Franck (October 11, 2014). "'The Book of Life': Film Review". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved October 11, 2014.
- Whitten, Sarah (2020-04-03). "Disney sets new dates for 'Mulan,' 'Black Widow,' 'Jungle Cruise' and more". CNBC. Retrieved 2020-04-03.
- "Bob's Burgers Movie, The King's Man Get Disney Film Delays". IGN. January 22, 2021. Retrieved January 22, 2021.
- Pedersen, Erik (December 10, 2020). "Disney+ Programming: Here's What Was Announced Or Confirmed For Streamer During Disney Investor Day". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved December 13, 2020.
- Weintraub, David (August 5, 2021). "Shawn Levy on the 'Night at the Museum' Animated Movie, 'Shadow and Bone' Season 2, and the Future of 'I Am Not Okay With This'". Collider. Retrieved August 5, 2021.
- Evans, Nick (July 1, 2019). "Yes, Seth MacFarlane Is Still Planning A Family Guy Movie". Cinemablend. Archived from the original on July 23, 2019. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- PR Page for Ice Age Adventures of Buck Wild
- Burwick, Kevin (August 10, 2018). "The Simpsons Movie 2 Reportedly in Development at Fox". movieweb.com. Retrieved August 10, 2018.
- Reilly, Nick (July 22, 2019). "Matt Groening confirms 'The Simpsons Movie' sequel". NME. Retrieved July 22, 2019.
- Debruge, Peter (28 June 2012). "Ice Age: Continental Drift". Variety. Retrieved 30 July 2018.
- "Umbrellacorn (2013)". Blue Sky Studios. Archived from the original on June 10, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- "Umbrellacorn". Rooftop Films. Archived from the original on July 6, 2014. Retrieved October 19, 2013.
- Truitt, Brian (November 6, 2015). "Sneak peek: Scrat heads to space for 'Ice Age' short". USA Today. Archived from the original on February 9, 2021. Retrieved November 6, 2015.
- "Ice Age: Collision Course 4K Blu-ray". Blu-ray.com. August 30, 2016. Retrieved September 7, 2016.
- Ice Age Movies (August 30, 2016). "#IceAge #CollisionCourse is coming to Blu-ray & DVD Oct. 11 with all-new heroes, worlds and adventures! Here's your exclusive sneak peek at a Special Feature". Facebook. Retrieved September 7, 2016.