1211 Avenue of the Americas

1211 Avenue of the Americas (also known as the News Corp. Building) is an International style skyscraper on Sixth Avenue in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. Formerly called the Celanese Building, it was completed in 1973 as part of the later Rockefeller Center expansion (1960s–1970s) dubbed the "XYZ Buildings". The Celanese Corporation would later move to Dallas, Texas. Currently, 1211 is owned by Ivanhoé Cambridge.[3] The structure has a simple slab-like shape devoid of any decoration, its prosaic façade consisting of vertical alternating limestone and glass stripes. The façade stone piers are supernumerary; there are twice as many of them as structurally necessary. The glass bands are continuous and offer no indication of floor levels. These features ably create the visual lack of scale, so the tower does not look overly bulky.[4]

1211 Avenue of the Americas
1211 Avenue of the Americas.jpg
1211 Avenue of the Americas (view from the east) in Midtown Manhattan
Alternative names
  • Celanese Building
  • News Corp. Building
General information
StatusComplete
TypeOffices and television studios (Fox News Channel)
Architectural styleInternational style
Location1211 Avenue of the Americas, New York City, New York
Coordinates40°45′30″N 73°58′55″W / 40.758464°N 73.981806°W / 40.758464; -73.981806Coordinates: 40°45′30″N 73°58′55″W / 40.758464°N 73.981806°W / 40.758464; -73.981806
Construction started1968
Completed1971
Opening1973
OwnerIvanhoé Cambridge
Height
Roof592 ft (180.44 m)
Top floor44
Technical details
Floor count45
Floor area1,854,912 sq ft (170,000 m2)
Lifts/elevators36
Design and construction
ArchitectWallace Harrison (Harrison, Abramovitz & Harris)
DeveloperRockefeller Group Development Corporation
Main contractorCelanese Corporation and Rockefeller Center, Inc.
References
[1][2]
Buildings of Rockefeller Center

Buildings and structures in Rockefeller Center:
1
1 Rockefeller Plaza
2
10 Rockefeller Plaza
3
La Maison Francaise
4
British Empire Building
5
30 Rockefeller Plaza
6
International Building
7
50 Rockefeller Plaza
8
1230 Avenue of the Americas
9
Radio City Music Hall
10
1270 Avenue of the Americas
11
75 Rockefeller Plaza
12
600 Fifth Avenue
13
608 Fifth Avenue
14
1271 Avenue of the Americas
15
1251 Avenue of the Americas
16
1221 Avenue of the Americas
17
1211 Avenue of the Americas

BackgroundEdit

The building was part of the later Rockefeller Center expansion (1960s–1970s) dubbed the "XYZ Buildings".[4] Their plans were first drawn in 1963 by the Rockefeller family's architect, Wallace Harrison, of the architectural firm Harrison & Abramovitz.[5] Their letters correspond to their height. 1251 Avenue of the Americas is the "X" Building as it is the tallest at 750 ft (229 m) and 54 stories, and was the first completed, in 1971. The "Y" is 1221 Avenue of the Americas, which was the second tower completed (1973) and is the second in height (674 ft and 51 stories). The "Z" Building, the shortest and the youngest, is 1211 Avenue of the Americas with 45 stories (592 ft).[6]

The structure is LEED certified (silver level designation) by USGBC.[7]

Notable tenantsEdit

 
Fox News Studios at street level

The building served as the global headquarters for the original News Corporation, founded by Australian-born businessman Rupert Murdoch in 1980. It continues to serve as the headquarters for subsequent spin-offs Fox Corporation (2019–present) and the present-day News Corp (2013–present), and until 2019, 21st Century Fox (2013–2019). The building is well-known for housing the main Fox News studios, part of the Fox News Group which is currently owned by Fox Corp. Well-known News Corp divisions housed within the building include Dow Jones & Company, The Wall Street Journal, and the New York Post.

Other companies unaffiliated with News Corp that lease office space in the building include Annaly Capital Management and Ropes & Gray LLP.

StudiosEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ 1211 Avenue of the Americas at Emporis
  2. ^ 1211 Avenue of the Americas at Structurae
  3. ^ "1211 Avenue of the Americas". Retrieved October 8, 2019.
  4. ^ a b Nash, Eric (1999). Manhattan Skyscrapers. Princeton Architectural Press. p. 127. ISBN 9781568981819. Retrieved December 28, 2018. Celanese Building.
  5. ^ Krinsky, Carol H. (1978). Rockefeller Center. Oxford University Press. p. 117. ISBN 978-0-19-502404-3.
  6. ^ "XYZ Buildings Exxon Building McGraw-Hill Building Celanese Building". Manhattan Skyscrapers. New York, NY: Princeton Archit.Press. pp. 127–130. doi:10.1007/1-56898-652-1_57. ISBN 978-1-56898-545-9.
  7. ^ "1211 Avenue of the Americas". 42 floors. Retrieved December 27, 2018.
  8. ^ "'Sunday Morning Futures' moves to Studio J". News Cast Studio. Retrieved December 15, 2020.