21st Century Fox
Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., doing business as 21st Century Fox (21CF), was an American multinational mass media corporation that was based in Midtown Manhattan, New York City. It was one of the two companies formed from the 2013 spin-off of the publishing assets of News Corporation, as founded by Rupert Murdoch in 1980.
Headquarters of 21st Century Fox on 1211 Avenue of the Americas
|21st Century Fox|
|Fate||Majority of assets sold to The Walt Disney Company; portions of assets sold to Comcast, Sinclair Broadcast Group, and Yankee Global Enterprises; remaining assets spun off to Fox Corporation|
|Founded||June 28, 2013|
|Defunct||March 20, 2019|
|Headquarters||1211 Avenue of the Americas, |
New York City, New York,
|Revenue||US$30.400 billion (2018)|
|US$4.410 billion (2018)|
|US$4.464 billion (2018)|
|Total assets||US$53.831 billion (2018)|
|Total equity||US$19.564 billion (2018)|
Number of employees
|Website||21cf.com (now redirects to thewaltdisneycompany.com/21cf)|
|Footnotes / references|
21st Century Fox was the legal successor to News Corporation dealing primarily in the film and television industries. It was the United States' fourth-largest media conglomerate until its acquisition by The Walt Disney Company in 2019. The other company, the present-day News Corporation, holds Murdoch's print interests and other media assets in Australia (both owned by him and his family via a family trust with 39% interest in each). Murdoch was co-executive chairman, while his sons Lachlan Murdoch and James Murdoch were co-executive chairman and CEO, respectively.
21st Century Fox's assets included the Fox Entertainment Group—owners of the 20th Century Fox film studio (the company's partial namesake), the Fox television network, and a majority stake in National Geographic Partners—the commercial media arm of the National Geographic Society, among other assets. It also had significant foreign operations, including the prominent Indian television channel operator Star India. The company ranked No. 109 in the 2018 Fortune 500 list of the largest United States corporations by total revenue.
On July 27, 2018, 21st Century Fox shareholders agreed to sell the majority of its assets to Disney for $71.3 billion. The sale covered the majority of 21CF's entertainment assets, including 20th Century Fox, FX Networks, and National Geographic Partners among others. Following a bidding war with Fox, Sky plc (a British media group which Fox held a stake in) was acquired separately by Comcast, while Fox's FSN regional sports networks was sold to Sinclair Broadcast Group to comply with antitrust rulings. The remainder, consisting primarily of the Fox and MyNetworkTV networks, and Fox's national news and sports operations, were spun out into a new company, Fox Corporation, which began trading on March 19, 2019. Disney's acquisition of 21CF was closed on March 20 after which the remaining 21CF's assets were scattered across the divisions of Disney.
21st Century Fox was formed by the splitting of entertainment and media properties from News Corporation. In February 2012, Natalie Ravitz accepted a position to become Rupert Murdoch's Chief of Staff at News Corporation.
News Corporation's board approved the split on May 24, 2013, while shareholders approved the split on June 11, 2013; the company completed the split on June 28 and formally started trading on the NASDAQ on July 1.
Murdoch stated that performing this split would "unlock the true value of both companies and their distinct assets, enabling investors to benefit from the separate strategic opportunities resulting from more focused management of each division." The move also came in the wake of a series of scandals that had damaged the reputation of the company's publishing operations in the United Kingdom. The split was structured so that the old News Corporation would change its name to 21st Century Fox and spin off its publishing assets into a "new" News Corporation.
While the company was originally announced as the Fox Group, on April 16, 2013, Murdoch announced the new name as a way to suggest the retaining of 20th Century Fox's heritage as the group advances into the future. Its logo was officially unveiled on May 9, 2013, featuring a modernized version of the iconic Fox searchlights designed by Pentagram.
However, the 21st Century Fox brand does not extend to the existing 20th Century Fox division (which remains under its original name).
On January 8, 2014, Rupert Murdoch announced plans to delist 21st Century Fox's shares from the Australian Securities Exchange, in favor of solely trading on the NASDAQ. Its listing in Australia was a holdover from its period as News Corporation, and 21st Century Fox has relatively little presence in Australia, unlike News Corp. Murdoch stated that the changes, which were expected to be complete by June 2014, would "simplify the capital and operating structure" of 21st Century Fox and provide "improved liquidity" to shareholders. Also that month, the company acquired a majority ownership in YES Network, a New York regional sports network founded by the New York Yankees.
In June 2014, 21st Century Fox made a bid to acquire Time Warner, which had similarly spun off its publishing assets, for $80 billion in a cash and stock deal. The deal, which was rejected by Time Warner's board of directors in July 2014, would have also involved the sale of CNN to ease antitrust issues. On August 5, 2014, 21st Century Fox announced it had withdrawn its bid for Time Warner. The company's stock had fallen sharply since the bid was announced, prompting directors to announce 21st Century Fox would buy back $6 billion of its shares over the following 12 months.
On July 25, 2014, 21st Century Fox announced the sale of Sky Italia and Sky Deutschland to BSkyB for $9 billion, subject to regulatory and shareholder approval. Fox would use the money from the sale, along with $25 billion it received from Goldman Sachs, to attempt another bid for Time Warner.
In December 2014, Fox-owned television studio Shine Group merged with Apollo Global Management's Endemol and Core Media Group to form Endemol Shine Group, which is jointly owned by 21st Century Fox and Apollo.
On September 9, 2015, 21st Century Fox announced a for-profit joint venture with the National Geographic Society, National Geographic Partners, which took ownership of all of National Geographic media and consumer businesses, including National Geographic magazine, and the National Geographic-branded television channels that were already run as a joint venture with Fox. 21st Century Fox holds a 73% stake in the company.
On December 9, 2016, 21st Century Fox announced it had made an offer to acquire the 61% share of Sky plc that it did not already own. The company was valued at £18.5 billion. The deal was approved by the European Commission on April 7, 2017, followed by Ireland's Minister for Communications, Climate Action and Environment on June 27. However, the deal has become subject to scrutiny and an extended regulatory review in the United Kingdom, over concerns surrounding the plurality of British news media that will be owned by the Murdoch family post-merger (counting Sky News, as well as News Corp's newspapers and recent acquisition of radio station operator Wireless Group), and violations of British news broadcasting regulations connected to Sky's former carriage of Fox News Channel in the country. However, a bidding war ensued over the company; in September 2018, Comcast won a regulator-mandated auction with a bid of £17.28 per-share. On September 26, 2018, 21st Century Fox subsequently announced its intent to sell all of its shares in Sky plc to Comcast for £12 billion. On October 4, 2018 21st Century Fox completed the sale of their stake to Comcast, giving the latter a 76.8% controlling stake.
The Kingdom Holding Company, owned by Prince Al-Waleed bin Talal, sold its minority stake in 21st Century Fox during the fiscal quarter ending September 2017. It previously held a 6% stake, which had been reduced to around 5% in 2015. The valuation of the shares, or who they were sold to, is unknown; Al-Waleed was the company's largest single shareholder behind the Murdoch family. The sale was reported after Al-Waleed was arrested in early-November 2017 as part of an anti-corruption probe by the Saudi government.
On December 5, 2017, 21st Century Fox appointed Uday Shankar, Chairman and CEO of Star India, as the company's president for Asia. The new role would oversee Fox's television and online video platform business across the region, and the President of Fox Networks Group Asia would report directly to Shankar (instead of the equivalent at FNG U.S.). This did not affect 20th Century Fox's film business in the region, whose heads would continue to report to the Charman and CEO of the film company.
On April 10, 2018, European Commission officials conducted an unannounced search of Fox Networks Group's West London offices, as part of an antitrust inquiry surrounding broadcast rights to sporting events.
Sale to DisneyEdit
On December 14, 2017, after rumors of such a sale, The Walt Disney Company announced its intent to acquire 21st Century Fox for $52.4 billion after the spin-off of certain businesses, pending regulatory approval. 21st Century Fox president Peter Rice stated that he expected the sale to be completed by mid-2019.
Under the terms of the deal, 21st Century Fox will spin off an entity that was initially being referred to as "New Fox", consisting of the Fox Broadcasting Company, Fox News, Fox Business Network, and the national operations of Fox Sports (such as Fox Sports 1, Fox Sports 2, and Big Ten Network, but excluding its regional sports networks), and Disney will acquire the remainder of 21st Century Fox. This will include key entertainment assets such as the 20th Century Fox film studio and its subsidiaries, a stake in Hulu, the U.S. pay television subsidiaries FX Networks, Fox Sports Networks, and National Geographic Partners, and international operations such as Star TV. The acquisition is primarily intended to bolster two over-the-top content endeavors—ESPN+ and a planned Disney entertainment service. Disney will lease the 20th Century Fox backlot in Century City, Los Angeles for seven years.
The proposed transaction has raised antitrust issues, due to concerns that it could lead to a tangible loss in competition in the film and sports broadcasting industries. Several legal experts and industry analysts have expressed the opinion that the transaction is likely to receive regulatory approval, but would be scrutinized by regulators.
In February 2018, the Wall Street Journal reported that Comcast, owner of NBCUniversal, was considering a counter-offer. Despite initially bidding $60 billion earlier, Fox had rejected Comcast's offer due to the possibility of antitrust concerns. On May 5, 2018, it was reported that Comcast was preparing to make an unsolicited, all-cash counteroffer to acquire the 21st Century Fox's assets Disney has offered to purchase, contingent on the outcome of an antitrust lawsuit AT&T's acquisition of Time Warner. Comcast confirmed on May 23, 2018 that it was "considering, and is in advanced stages of preparing, an offer for the businesses that Fox has agreed to sell to Disney."
A shareholder vote on the sale was scheduled for special shareholder meetings by Fox and Disney on July 10, 2018, at the New York Hilton Midtown and New Amsterdam Theatre respectively, although Fox warned that it might "postpone or adjourn" the meeting if Comcast were to follow through with its intent to make a counter-offer. It was also reported that Disney was preparing an all-cash offer of its own to counter Comcast's bid.
On June 13, 2018, the day after AT&T was given an approval to merge with Time Warner, Comcast officially announced a $65 billion counter-offer to acquire the 21st Century Fox's assets Disney had offered to purchase. However, on June 20, 2018, Disney agreed to increase its bid to a $71.3 billion cash-and-stock offer. Fox agreed to the new offer.
The proposed purchase was given antitrust approval by the Department of Justice on June 27, 2018, under the condition that Disney divest all of Fox's regional sports networks. The networks could either be divested to third-parties, or retained by "New Fox". On July 19, 2018, Comcast announced it was dropping its bid for Fox in order to focus on its bid for Sky. On July 27, 2018, it was reported that Fox and Disney shareholders had "overwhelmingly" approved the proposed purchase. The acquisition was expected to be completed by late January 2019, after remaining regulatory approvals are granted in China and the European Union.
In October 2018, it was reported that the new, post-merger organizational structure of "New Fox" would be implemented by January 1, 2019, ahead of the closure of the Disney sale (which was still expected to occur within the early of March).
On November 6, 2018, the European Commission approved the sale, pursuant to the divestment of A&E Networks properties in Europe deemed to overlap with those of Fox. At a shareholders' meeting the following week, it was revealed that the new company would simply be known as "Fox". On November 19, 2018, the deal was approved unconditionally by Chinese regulators.
On January 7, 2019, 21st Century Fox filed the registration statement for "New Fox", under the name Fox Corporation, with the U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. In an SEC filing, Fox stated that it did not intend to bid for its former regional sports networks.
In February 2019, it was reported by Bloomberg that Disney had planned to divest the international Fox Sports operations in Brazil and Latin America to secure antitrust clearance in Brazil and Mexico, as they both compete with ESPN International properties in their respective regions. On February 27, 2019, the sale was approved by Brazil's Administrative Council for Economic Defense (CADE), with Disney having agreed to the expected divestiture of Fox Sports Latin America. CADE coordinated with regulators in Mexico and Chile in evaluating the transaction. Mexico approved the sale on March 12, 2019, with similar concessions. Clearance in Brazil and Mexico was reported to be the last major hurdles for the sale.
On March 12, 2019, Disney officially announced that the sale would be completed on March 20, 2019. On March 19, 2019, the spin-off of Fox Corporation from 21st Century Fox was completed in preparation for final consummation of the sale.
On its formation in 2013, Murdoch was chairman and chief executive officer (CEO) of the company, while Chase Carey took the posts of president and chief operating officer. Co-chairman and Co-CEO positions were created in 2014 and filled by Lachlan Murdoch and James Murdoch, respectively, both sons of Rupert Murdoch.
On July 1, 2015, Lachlan Murdoch was elevated to Co-Executive Chairman alongside his father and James Murdoch replaced his father as CEO. Former COO Chase Carey became Executive Vice-Chairman.
21st Century Fox primarily consisted of the media and broadcasting properties that were owned by its predecessor, such as the Fox Entertainment Group and Star India. News Corporation's broadcasting properties in Australia, such as Foxtel and Fox Sports Australia, remain a part of the newly renamed News Corp Australia—which was spun off with the new News Corp and was not a part of 21st Century Fox.
Music and radioEdit
- Fox Entertainment Group: 20th Century Fox's parent company
- 20th Century Fox: a film production/distribution company
- 20th Century Fox Television – primetime television programming.
- 20th Television – television distribution (syndication).
- Fox 21 – low scripted/budgeted television production company.
- Fox Television Animation - animation production company.
- Fox Television Studios- market specific programming e.g. and network television company.
- 20th Century Fox Animation - animation production company.
- Blue Sky Studios – production of computer animated films
- 20th Century Fox Home Entertainment - home video distribution company
- Boom! Studios (minority stake) – comic book and graphic novel publisher
- Zero Day Fox – web series/films production company.
- Fox VFX Lab
- New Regency Productions (80%) – general audience feature films.
- Regency Enterprises (20%) – parent company of New Regency Productions.
- Fox Star Studios fully owned -the Studio for Indian Movie's Production and Distribution.
- Endemol Shine Group, production and distribution company (joint venture with Apollo Global Management) 50%
- Fox Television Stations Productions, folded into 20th Television after Cops was cancelled by Fox.
- Fox Broadcasting Company (Fox), a US broadcast television network
- MyNetworkTV, a US broadcast television network
- Movies!, a US free-to-air television network (in partnership with Weigel Broadcasting with both owning 50%)
- Fox Television Stations, a group of owned and operated Fox television stations
- Tata Sky (30%), an Indian Direct To Home Television Service Provider. (in partnership with Tata Group (70%))
- Fox Networks Group Asia Pacific (formerly STAR TV), an Asian satellite TV service having 300 million viewers in 53 countries, mainly in Taiwan, China & other Asian countries
- Star India, satellite TV network with landing rights in India.
Cable TV channels owned (in whole or part) and operated by 21st Century Fox include:
- Fox Business Network, a business news channel.
- Fox Movie Channel, an all-movie channel that airs commercial-free movies from 20th Century Fox's film library
- Fox News Channel, a 24-hour news and opinion channel
- Fox Sports Networks, a chain of US regional cable news television networks broadcasting local sporting events linked together by national sports news programming. Local channels include "Fox Sports Southwest", "Fox Sports Detroit", etc. (some affiliates are owned by Cablevision.)
- Fox College Sports, a college sports network consisting of three regionally aligned channels, mostly with archived Fox Sports Net programmes but also some live and original content.
- Fox Sports International
- Fox Soccer Channel, a United States digital cable and satellite network specialising mainly in soccer.
- Fox Soccer Plus, a sister network to FSC, but including coverage of other sports. Launched in 2010 after News Corporation picked up many of the broadcast rights abandoned by Setanta Sports when it stopped broadcasting in the U.S later transfered to 21st Century Fox.
- FX Networks, a cable network broadcasting reruns of programming previously shown on other channels, but recently creating its own programming, including the Emmy Award-winning programmes The Shield and Damages.
- Big Ten Network, cable and satellite channel dedicated to The Big Ten Conference, launched August 2007 (51%)
- National Geographic Channel (joint venture with National Geographic Society) 67%
- National Geographic Global Networks 75%
- Nat Geo Mundo (joint venture with National Geographic Society)
- Nat Geo Wild (joint venture with National Geographic Society)
- YES Network (80%), regional cable sports network; broadcasts New York Yankees and Brooklyn Nets games, among other teams.
- Fox Networks Group, domestic cable channels offering different formats of Fox programming in over thirty countries worldwide.
- Latin America
- Fox Networks Group Latin America – channels available in over 17 countries in Latin America
- LAPTV (Latin American Pay Television) operates 8 cable movie channels throughout South America excluding Brazil.
- Rede Telecine operated 5 cable movie channels in Brazil.
- Fox Telecolombia – Spanish-language television production. (51%)
- Fox Sports Digital Media
- Hulu (30%) – online video streaming site in partnership with NBCUniversal, Disney and WarnerMedia.
- Fox Digital Entertainment – digital content, mobile applications, and video games publisher and developer
- Ozanian, Mike (March 8, 2019). "New York Yankees Buy Back YES Network For $3.47 Billion". Forbes. Retrieved March 20, 2019.
- "Twenty-First Century Fox 2018 Annual Report Form (10-K)". U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission. August 13, 2018. Retrieved August 23, 2018.
- "Fortune 500 Companies 2018: Who Made the List". Fortune. Retrieved November 10, 2018.
- New Disney Registration Statement
- Flint, Joe (January 31, 2012). "Murdoch taps New York City education official as his chief of staff". Company Town (Blog). Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 22, 2016.
- Wall, Matthew (June 11, 2013). "News Corp shareholders vote to split company into two". BBC News Online.
- Rushe, Dominic (June 18, 2013). "Rupert Murdoch splits empire but keeps faith in tomorrow's newspapers". The Guardian.
- James, Meg (May 24, 2013). "News Corp. board approves company split, set for June 28". Los Angeles Times.
- James, Meg (April 30, 2013). "News Corp. plans June 11 shareholder vote on company split". Los Angeles Times.
- Staff (June 28, 2012). "News Corp confirms plan to split the media giant". BBC News Online.
- Turner, Nick; Lee, Edmund (December 3, 2012). "News Corp. Will Use Fox Name as Breakup Proceeds". Bloomberg News.
- Staff (May 30, 2013). "New News is good news, says mogul". Business Day. South Africa. Archived from the original on June 30, 2013.
- Sweney, Mark (December 21, 2012). "News Corp's head of demerged newspaper arm may take home £2.5m". The Guardian.
- Chozik, Amy (December 21, 2012). "In Filing, News Corp. Says Publishing Business Showed $2.1 Billion Loss". Media Decoder. The New York Times.
- Welch, Chris (May 9, 2013). "21st Century Fox logo unveiled ahead of News Corp split". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved March 22, 2016.
- Finke, Nikki (April 16, 2013). "21st Century Fox Is Rupert Murdoch's Renamed Entertainment Giant "To Take Us Into Future"". Deadline Hollywood.
- Finke, Nikki (April 16, 2013). "No Name Change for 20th Century Fox". Deadline Hollywood.
- "News Corp officially splits in two". BBC News Online. June 28, 2013.
- Fixmer, Andy (January 9, 2014). "Murdoch's 21st Century Fox Abandons Australia Listing". Bloomberg News.
- James, Meg (January 8, 2014). "Fox stock may no longer trade in Murdoch's native Australia". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 8, 2014.
- "21st Century Fox Acquires Majority Control of YES Network". Broadcasting & Cable. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- Sorkin, Andrew; De La Merced, Michael (July 16, 2014). "Rupert Murdoch Is Rebuffed in Offer for Time Warner". The New York Times. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
- "21st Century Fox withdraws bid for Time Warner". BBC News Online. August 5, 2014. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- Saba, Jennifer; Kim, Soyoung (August 5, 2014). "Murdoch withdraws bid to acquire Time Warner". Reuters. Retrieved August 5, 2014.
- Holton, Kate; Abboud, Leila (July 25, 2014). "BSkyB to pay $9 billion to create Sky Europe". Reuters. Retrieved July 25, 2014.
- Team, Trefis. "Fox Will Raise $9 Billion Cash By Selling Its Italian And German Pay-TV Business". Forbes. Retrieved September 22, 2017.
- Andreeva, Nellie (December 17, 2014). "Endemol, Shine & Core Joint Venture Gets Name, Sets More Top Execs, Merges Distribution & International Operations". Deadline Hollywood. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved November 10, 2017.
- "National Geographic magazine is now a for-profit business thanks to Fox". The Verge. Vox Media. Retrieved September 9, 2015.
- "National Geographic Society and 21st Century Fox Agree to Expand Partnership". National Geographic. September 9, 2015. Retrieved September 23, 2015.
- "21st Century Fox Agrees to Buy Sky". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 11, 2016.
- "Sky and 21st Century Fox agree £18.5bn takeover deal". BBC News. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- "Sky and 21st Century Fox seal takeover deal". BBC News. Retrieved December 15, 2016.
- Mitchell, Henry Chu,Robert (April 7, 2017). "European Commission Clears Fox Acquisition of Sky". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved June 28, 2017.
- Szalai, George (June 27, 2017). "Fox's Sky Takeover Gets Regulatory Clearance in Ireland". The Hollywood Reporter. Eldridge Industries. Retrieved June 27, 2017.
- "Fox News Scandals, Political Influence Concerns Cast Long Shadow Over Sky Review". Variety. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- "Murdoch's Sky bid likely to be referred to competition authorities". The Guardian. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- "Major Setback for Murdoch in $15 Billion Sky Takeover". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved June 29, 2017.
- editor, Graham Ruddick Media (November 6, 2017). "Fox News shows broke UK TV impartiality rules, Ofcom finds". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved November 7, 2017.
- Waterson, Jim (September 20, 2018). "Sky takeover battle must go to auction, orders regulator". the Guardian. Retrieved September 20, 2018.
- Clark, Kate (September 22, 2018). "Comcast outbids Fox in $40B battle for Sky". TechCrunch. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- "Sky: Comcast outbids Fox with £30bn bid for broadcaster". BBC News. September 22, 2018. Retrieved September 22, 2018.
- Waterson, Jim (September 26, 2018). "Rupert Murdoch's Sky reign to end as Fox sells all shares to Comcast". The Guardian. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- Clarke, Stewart (September 25, 2018). "Comcast Buys Over 30% of Sky on Open Market, Seeks More Before Takeover Deadline". Variety. Retrieved September 27, 2018.
- Clarke, Stewart (October 9, 2018). "Comcast Closes Deal for Fox's Sky Stake, Owns Over 75% of European Pay-TV Giant". Variety. Retrieved October 11, 2018.
- "Saudi prince sells 21st Century Fox stake in blow to Murdochs". The Guardian. November 8, 2017. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved November 8, 2017.
- "Uday Shankar Named President of 21st Century Fox, Asia" (Press release). 21st Century Fox. Business Wire. December 5, 2017. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Laghate, Gaurav (December 5, 2017). "Star India CEO Uday Shankar appointed President of 21st Century Fox Asia". The Economic Times. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- "21st Century Fox appoints Star India Chairperson and CEO Uday Shankar its Asia President". Scroll.in. December 5, 2017. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Choudhary, Vidhi (December 6, 2017). "21st Century Fox appoints Star India chief Uday Shankar as Asia president". Mint. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Frater, Patrick (December 5, 2017). "Uday Shankar to Head 21st Century Fox in Asia". Variety. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Tartaglione, Nancy (December 5, 2017). "Star India Chief Uday Shankar Named President 21st Century Fox, Asia". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Whittock, Jesse (December 5, 2017). "Star CEO to be new 21st Century Fox Asia boss". TBI Vision. Retrieved January 3, 2019.
- Clarke, Todd Spangler,Stewart (April 10, 2018). "Fox Networks Group's London Offices Raided by European Commission". Variety. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- Boffey, Daniel (April 10, 2018). "21st Century Fox's London office raided in market abuse inquiry". The Guardian. Retrieved April 11, 2018.
- "The Walt Disney Company To Acquire Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., After Spinoff Of Certain Businesses, For $52.4 Billion In Stock". The Walt Disney Company (Press release). December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
- James, Meg (June 28, 2013). "News Corp. divides into two companies; 21st Century Fox is born". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- Steinberg, Cynthia; Littleton, Brian (December 14, 2017). "Disney to Buy 21st Century Fox Assets for $52.4 Billion in Historic Hollywood Merger". Variety. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- Andreeva, Nellie (April 12, 2018). "Disney-Fox Deal To Close By Summer 2019, FBC To Evolve, "Diet Fox" & More Highlights From Fox Town Hall Meeting". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved April 12, 2018.
- Littleton, Cynthia; Steinberg, Brian (December 14, 2017). "Disney to Buy 21st Century Fox Assets for $52.4 Billion in Historic Hollywood Merger". Variety. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
- Sakoui, Anousha (December 14, 2017). "Disney Buys Fox Assets in $52 Billion Split of Murdoch Realm". Bloomberg. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
- Lang, Daniel; Holloway, Brent (December 14, 2017). "Disney to Lease Fox Lot for Seven Years (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved December 19, 2017.
- Johnson, Ted (December 14, 2017). "Disney-Fox Deal Lands at Uncertain Time for Antitrust Enforcement". Variety. Retrieved December 14, 2017.
- James, Meg; Peltz, James F. (December 14, 2017). "Massive Disney-Fox deal expected to get close antitrust scrutiny". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
- Perlman, Matthew (December 14, 2017). "Disney's Fox Deal To Get Scrutiny, But Will Likely Clear". Law360.
- Haring, Bruce (February 12, 2018). "Comcast Mulls Renewing Its 21st Century Fox Assets Pursuit". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
- Staff, Variety (February 12, 2018). "Comcast May Make Another Bid for 21st Century Fox (Report)". Variety. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
- Clarke, Stewart (April 3, 2018). "Disney Could Acquire Sky News in Fox-Sky Deal's Latest Twist". Variety. Retrieved April 3, 2018.
- Roumeliotis, Greg. "Exclusive: Comcast prepares all-cash bid to gate-crash Disney-Fox..." Reuters. Retrieved May 9, 2018.
- Wilson, Bill (April 25, 2018). "Comcast starts £22bn bidding war for Sky". BBC News. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Chmielewski, Dawn C. (May 8, 2018). "Comcast Prepares To Make Unsolicited Offer For Fox". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- Sharma, Amol (May 8, 2018). "Comcast Lines Up Financing for Possible Hostile Bid for 21st Century Fox Assets". Wall Street Journal. ISSN 0099-9660. Retrieved May 8, 2018.
- "Comcast confirms plan to buy 21st Century Fox and control of Hulu". Ars Technica. Retrieved May 24, 2018.
- Faber, David (May 29, 2018). "Disney lines up financing in case Fox board demands cash: Sources". CNBC. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
- "Disney, Fox Set July 10 Shareholder Votes on $52.4B Deal". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved May 30, 2018.
- Munson, Ben (May 29, 2018). "Disney rounding up cash to fight off Comcast's rival bid for Fox". Fierce Cable. Retrieved May 29, 2018.
- "Comcast makes $65 billion offer to steal 21st Century Fox away from Disney". The Verge. June 13, 2018. Retrieved June 13, 2018.
- "Sorry, Comcast: Fox and Disney sign new merger deal, rejecting Comcast bid". Ars Technica. June 20, 2018. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- "Disney Ups Its Bid for 21st Century Fox to $71.3 Billion". The New York Times. June 20, 2018. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- Hagey, Keach; Schwartzel, Erich (June 21, 2018). "21st Century Fox Agrees to Higher Offer From Disney". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved June 26, 2018.
- Littleton, Cynthia (June 27, 2018). "Justice Department Approves Disney's Acquisition of 21st Century Fox With Divestiture of Regional Sports Networks". Variety. Retrieved June 27, 2018.
- Hayes, Dade; Chmielewski, Dawn (July 27, 2018). "Disney And Fox Shareholders Give Historic Merger Votes Of Approval". Deadline Hollywood. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- Schwartzel, Erich; Hagey, Keach (July 27, 2018). "Shareholders Approve Walt Disney Deal for 21st Century Fox Assets". The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved July 27, 2018.
- "Disney-Fox deal approved by shareholders". CNBC. Retrieved July 31, 2018.
- Holloway, Daniel (October 10, 2018). "Fox Will Be Ready to Close Disney Deal Jan. 1, Says Peter Rice (EXCLUSIVE)". Variety. Retrieved October 27, 2018.
- Roxborough, Scott (November 6, 2018). "Disney's Fox Deal Gets European Union Clearance Subject to Divestments". The Hollywood Reporter.
- Donnelly, Matt (November 14, 2018). "Official Name of New Fox Is, Uh, Fox – and Other Takeaways From Annual Stockholders Meeting". Variety. Archived from the original on November 14, 2018. Retrieved November 15, 2018.
- Barnes, Brooks (November 19, 2018). "Disney Wins Chinese Approval for Fox Deal, Clearing Major Hurdle". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved January 2, 2019.
- "21ST CENTURY FOX ANNOUNCES FILING OF REGISTRATION STATEMENT ON FORM 10 FOR FOX CORPORATION – 21st Century Fox". Retrieved January 8, 2019.
- "Fox Confirms It Won't Bid on Disney's Regional Sports Networks". January 11, 2019. Retrieved January 11, 2019.
- Lima, Mario; Navarro, Andrea (February 21, 2019). "Disney to Accept Divesting of Fox Sports in Brazil and Mexico". Bloomberg. Retrieved February 21, 2019.
- Hipes, Patrick; Hipes, Patrick (March 13, 2019). "Final Disney-Fox Merger Hurdle Cleared As Mexico Gives OK". Deadline. Retrieved March 13, 2019.
- Chu, Henry; Littleton, Cynthia (February 27, 2019). "Disney-Fox Merger Nears Completion as Brazil Grants Approval With Conditions". Variety. Retrieved February 27, 2019.
- Petski, Denise; Hayes, Dade (March 12, 2019). "Disney Sets March 20 Closing Date For 21st Century Fox Acquisition". Deadline. Retrieved March 12, 2019.
- Steinberg, Cynthia Littleton,Brian; Littleton, Cynthia; Steinberg, Brian (March 18, 2019). "Fox Corporation Emerges as Standalone Entity, Paul Ryan Joins Board". Variety. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- Littleton, Cynthia; Littleton, Cynthia (March 12, 2019). "Disney Sets March 20 Closing Date for 21st Century Fox Acquisition". Variety. Retrieved March 19, 2019.
- Greenslade, Roy (April 17, 2013). "Rupert Murdoch renames News Corp entertainment arm 21st Century Fox". The Guardian. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "21ST CENTURY FOX ANNOUNCES BOARD AND EXECUTIVE LEADERSHIP CHANGES" (Press release). 21st Century Fox. March 26, 2014. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 28, 2014. Retrieved January 28, 2015.
- Steel, Emily (June 16, 2015). "21st Century Fox Announces New Murdoch Roles". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 8, 2018.
- "21st Century Fox Announces Changes to Senior Executive Team Effective July 1, 2015". Business Wire. June 16, 2015. Retrieved August 19, 2015.
- "The Walt Disney Company To Acquire Twenty-First Century Fox, Inc., After Spinoff Of Certain Businesses, For $52.4 Billion In Stock" (Press release). The Walt Disney Company. December 14, 2017. Retrieved December 15, 2017.
- It's Official: News Corp Buys 49% Of YES Network. Deadline.com. Retrieved on July 21, 2013.