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This is a list of crewed and uncrewed flights of Soyuz series spacecraft.

The Soyuz programme is an ongoing human spaceflight programme which was initiated by the Soviet Union in the early 1960s, originally part of a Moon landing project intended to put a Soviet cosmonaut on the Moon. It is the third Soviet human spaceflight programme after the Vostok and Voskhod programmes. Since the 1990s, as the successor state to the Soviet Union, Russia has continued and expanded the programme, which became part of a multinational collaboration to ensure a permanent human presence in low Earth orbit on the International Space Station (ISS). Since the retirement of the Space Shuttle in 2011, Soyuz spacecraft are the exclusive vessels ferrying astronauts to and from the ISS.

Crewed mission numbers and spacecraft generationsEdit

Beginning in 1967, the Soyuz programme has sent humans into space on a regular basis for over fifty years. Due to its length, the program has a complex history, which may lead to confusion about its mission numbers. The mission numbering scheme for crewed Soyuz flights is closely related to the generations of Soyuz spacecraft. Understanding the former is made significantly easier by understanding the latter.

The first era of the Soyuz programme's crewed missions (Soyuz 1-40) used the 7K series of Soyuz craft, which included the first-generation (1.0) Soyuz 7K-OK, a variant (1.5) Soyuz 7K-OKS, the second-generation (2.0) Soyuz 7K-T, and the (2.5) Soyuz 7K-TM variant. Following this first era, successive eras of crewed missions have had mission numbers which were directly tied to the names of craft used:

  • The second era of Soyuz T flights used the third-generation (3.0) craft of the same name. Mission numbers were of the form: "Soyuz T-#".
  • The third era of Soyuz TM flights used the fourth-generation (4.0) craft of the same name. Mission numbers were of the form: "Soyuz TM-#".
  • The fourth era of Soyuz TMA flights used the fifth-generation (5.0) craft of the same name. Mission numbers were of the form: "Soyuz TMA-#".
  • The fifth era of Soyuz TMA-M flights used the fifth-generation variant (5.5) craft of the same name. Mission numbers were of the form "Soyuz TMA-##M".
  • The sixth and current era of Soyuz MS flights uses the sixth-generation (6.0) craft of the same name. Mission numbers are of the form: "Soyuz MS-##".

Within each given era, a mission number generally reflects the mission's chronological launch order, e.g. Soyuz TMA-12M was the twelfth mission of the TMA-M era, immediately preceded by Soyuz TMA-11M and immediately followed by Soyuz TMA-13M. Although there are exceptions to this (detailed below in the first table), the mission numbering scheme is usually consistent with chronological launch orders. This is in contrast with the mission numbers of the Space Shuttle program, which were tied to specific mission objectives and did not reflect chronological launch orders, e.g. STS-50, the forty-eighth Shuttle mission, was immediately followed by STS-46, the forty-ninth Shuttle mission.

Era Mission
Numbers
Spacecraft Spacecraft
Generation
"Naive"
Mission Count
Adding Subtracting Crewed
Missions
Total
Crewed Missions
1 Soyuz 1 ... 40 Soyuz 7K-OK 1.0 40 18a[a] (+1) 2,[b] 20[b] (-2) 1, 3-9 39[c]
Soyuz 7K-OKS 1.5 10, 11
Soyuz 7K-T 2.0 12-15, 17, 18a, 18, 21, 23-40
Soyuz 7K-TM 2.5 16, 19, 22
2 Soyuz T-1 ... T-15 Soyuz T 3.0 15 T-10a[d] (+1) T-1[b] (-1) 2-9, 10a, 10-15 15
3 Soyuz TM-1 ... TM-34 Soyuz TM 4.0 34 TM-1[b] (-1) 2-34 33
4 Soyuz TMA-1 ... TMA-22 Soyuz TMA 5.0 22 1-22 22
5 Soyuz TMA-01M ... TMA-20M Soyuz TMA-M 5.5 20 1-20 20
6 Soyuz MS-01 ... MS-12 Soyuz MS 6.0 12 1-12 12[e]
Total Crewed Missions 141

Soyuz 7K (1967-1981)Edit

The first Soyuz series was the 7K series.

No. Mission Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew (start/landing) Docking Outcome
Kosmos 133 Soyuz 7K-OK (A)
11F615 #2[1]
28 November 1966 30 November 1966 None[2] Soyuz 7K-OK No.1cancelled due to the postponement of the launch of the 2nd ship Failure
Soyuz 7K-OK No.1 Soyuz 7K-OK (P)
11F615 #1[3]
14 December 1966 None (rocket exploded on launch pad) Kosmos 133Cancelled Failure
Kosmos 140 Soyuz 7K-OK (P)
11F615 #3
7 February 1967 11 February 1967 None Success
1 Soyuz 1 Soyuz 7K-OK (A)
11F615 #4
23 April 1967 24 April 1967   Vladimir Komarov (killed during landing due to main parachute failure) Soyuz 2ADocking (and launch of the 2nd ship) has been cancelled due to the failure of Soyuz 1 Failure
Kosmos 186 Soyuz 7K-OK (A)
11F615 #6
27 October 1967 31 October 1967 None Kosmos 188 Success
Kosmos 188 Soyuz 7K-OK (P)
11F615 #5
30 October 1967 2 November 1967 None Kosmos 186 Success
Kosmos 212 Soyuz 7K-OK (A)
11F615 #8
14 April 1968 19 April 1968 None Kosmos 213 Success
Kosmos 213 Soyuz 7K-OK (P)
11F615 #7
15 April 1968 20 April 1968 None Kosmos 212 Success
Kosmos 238 Soyuz 7K-OK
11F615 #9
28 August 1968 1 September 1968 None Success
Soyuz 2 Soyuz 7K-OK (P)
11F615 #11
25 October 1968 28 October 1968 None Soyuz 3Docking failed due to errors in spacecrafts orientation Partial
2 Soyuz 3 Soyuz 7K-OK (A)
11F615 #10
26 October 1968 30 October 1968   Georgy Beregovoy Soyuz 2Docking failed due to errors in spacecrafts orientation Partial
3 Soyuz 4 Soyuz 7K-OK (A)
11F615 #12
14 January 1969 17 January 1969   Vladimir Shatalov Soyuz 5 Success
  Vladimir Shatalov,   Aleksei Yeliseyev,   Yevgeny Khrunov
4 Soyuz 5 Soyuz 7K-OK (P)
11F615 #13
15 January 1969 18 January 1969   Boris Volynov,   Aleksei Yeliseyev,   Yevgeny Khrunov Soyuz 4 Success
  Boris Volynov
5 Soyuz 6 Soyuz 7K-OK
11F615 #14
11 October 1969 16 October 1969   Georgi Shonin,   Valeri Kubasov The crew should have taken pictures of the docking between Soyuz 7 and Soyuz 8, but it wasn't possible Partial
6 Soyuz 7 Soyuz 7K-OK (A)
11F615 #15
12 October 1969 17 October 1969   Anatoly Filipchenko,   Vladislav Volkov,   Viktor Gorbatko Soyuz 8Failed due to the failure of rendezvous electronics Partial
7 Soyuz 8 Soyuz 7K-OK (P)
11F615 #16
13 October 1969 18 October 1969   Vladimir Shatalov,   Aleksei Yeliseyev Soyuz 7Failed due to the failure of rendezvous electronics Partial
8 Soyuz 9 Soyuz 7K-OK
11F615 #17
1 June 1970 19 June 1970   Andrian Nikolayev,   Vitaly Sevastyanov Success
9 Soyuz 10   Soyuz 7K-OKS
11F615A8 #31
23 April 1971 25 April 1971   Vladimir Shatalov,   Aleksei Yeliseyev,   Nikolai Rukavishnikov Salyut 1The crew was unable to hard dock with the station and get into it, due to the broken docking assembly Failure
10 Soyuz 11 Soyuz 7K-OKS
11F615A8 #32
6 June 1971 30 June 1971   Georgy Dobrovolsky,   Vladislav Volkov,   Viktor Patsayev (Crew died during reentry due to depressurization of landing module) Salyut 1 Failure
Kosmos 496 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #33A
26 June 1972 2 July 1972 None Success
Kosmos 573 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #36
15 June 1973 17 June 1973 None Success
11 Soyuz 12 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #37
27 September 1973 29 September 1973   Vasili Lazarev,   Oleg Makarov Success
Kosmos 613 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #34A
30 November 1973 29 January 1974 None Success
12 Soyuz 13 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #33
18 December 1973 26 December 1973   Pyotr Klimuk,   Valentin Lebedev Success
Kosmos 638 Soyuz 7K-TM
11F615A12 #71
3 April 1974 13 April 1974 None Success
Kosmos 656 Soyuz 7K-T/A9
11F615A9 #61
27 May 1974 29 May 1974 None Success
13 Soyuz 14 Soyuz 7K-T/A9
11F615A9 #62
3 July 1974 19 July 1974   Pavel Popovich,   Yuri Artyukhin Salyut 3 Success
Kosmos 672 Soyuz 7K-TM
11F615A12 #72
12 August 1974 18 August 1974 None Success
14 Soyuz 15 Soyuz 7K-T/A9
11F615A9 #63
26 August 1974 28 August 1974   Gennadi Sarafanov,   Lev Dyomin Salyut 3Docking failed due to malfunctioning of Igla docking system, with consequent anticipated reentry Failure
15 Soyuz 16   Soyuz 7K-TM
11F615A12 #73
2 December 1974 8 December 1974   Anatoly Filipchenko,   Nikolai Rukavishnikov Success
16 Soyuz 17 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #38
11 January 1975 9 February 1975   Aleksei Gubarev,   Georgi Grechko Salyut 4 Success
17 Soyuz 18A Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #39
5 April 1975 5 April 1975   Vasili Lazarev,   Oleg Makarov (Aborted launch at T+295 seconds, crew experienced 21 G during descent) Failure
18 Soyuz 18 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #40
24 May 1975 26 July 1975   Pyotr Klimuk,   Vitali Sevastyanov Salyut 4 Success
19 Soyuz 19   Soyuz 7K-TM
11F615A12 #75
15 July 1975 21 July 1975   Alexei Leonov,   Valeri Kubasov Apollo 18 Success
Soyuz 20 Soyuz 7K-T/A9
11F615A9 #64
17 November 1975 16 February 1976 None Salyut 4 Success
20 Soyuz 21 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #41
6 July 1976 24 August 1976   Boris Volynov,   Vitaly Zholobov Salyut 5 Partial
21 Soyuz 22 Soyuz 7K-TM
11F615A12 #74
15 September 1976 23 September 1976   Valery Bykovsky,   Vladimir Aksyonov Success
22 Soyuz 23 Soyuz 7K-T/A9
11F615A9 #65
14 October 1976 16 October 1976   Vyacheslav Zudov,   Valery Rozhdestvensky Salyut 5Docking failed due to a docking system failure Failure
23 Soyuz 24 Soyuz 7K-T/A9
11F615A9 #66
7 February 1977 25 February 1977   Viktor Gorbatko,   Yuri Glazkov Salyut 5 Success
24 Soyuz 25 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #42
9 October 1977 11 October 1977   Vladimir Kovalyonok,   Valery Ryumin Salyut 6Docking failed due to a docking system failure Failure
25 Soyuz 26 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #43
10 December 1977 16 January 1978   Yuri Romanenko,   Vladimir Dzhanibekov Salyut 6 Success
  Georgi Grechko,   Oleg Makarov
26 Soyuz 27 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #44
10 January 1978 16 March 1978   Georgi Grechko,   Oleg Makarov Salyut 6 Success
  Yuri Romanenko,   Vladimir Dzhanibekov
27 Soyuz 28   Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #45
2 March 1978 10 March 1978   Aleksei Gubarev,   Vladimír Remek

(The first international crew)

Salyut 6 Success
28 Soyuz 29 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #46
15 June 1978 3 September 1978   Vladimir Kovalyonok,   Aleksandr Ivanchenkov Salyut 6 Success
  Valery Bykovsky,   Sigmund Jähn
29 Soyuz 30   Soyuz 7K-T/A9
11F615A9 #67
27 June 1978 5 July 1978   Pyotr Klimuk,   Mirosław Hermaszewski Salyut 6 Success
30 Soyuz 31   Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #47
26 August 1978 2 November 1978   Valery Bykovsky,   Sigmund Jähn Salyut 6 Success
  Vladimir Kovalyonok,   Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
31 Soyuz 32 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #48
25 February 1979 13 June 1979   Vladimir Lyakhov,   Valery Ryumin Salyut 6 Success
Landing without crew
32 Soyuz 33   Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #49
10 April 1979 12 April 1979   Nikolai Rukavishnikov,   Georgi Ivanov Salyut 6Docking failed due to main engine failure and Igla docking system failure. The deorbit burn was made using the backup engine Failure
33 Soyuz 34 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #50
6 June 1979 19 August 1979 Start without crew Salyut 6 Success
  Vladimir Lyakhov,   Valery Ryumin
34 Soyuz 35 Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #51
9 April 1980 3 June 1980   Leonid Popov,   Valery Ryumin Salyut 6 Success
  Valery Kubasov,   Bertalan Farkas
35 Soyuz 36   Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #52
26 May 1980 31 July 1980   Valery Kubasov,   Bertalan Farkas Salyut 6 Success
  Viktor Gorbatko,   Pham Tuân
37 Soyuz 37   Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #53
23 July 1980 11 October 1980   Viktor Gorbatko,   Pham Tuân Salyut 6 Success
  Leonid Popov,   Valery Ryumin
38 Soyuz 38   Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #54
18 September 1980 26 September 1980   Yuri Romanenko,   Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez Salyut 6 Success
41 Soyuz 39   Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #55
22 March 1981 30 March 1981   Vladimir Dzhanibekov,   Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa Salyut 6 Success
42 Soyuz 40   Soyuz 7K-T
11F615A8 #56
14 May 1981 22 May 1981   Leonid Popov,   Dumitru Prunariu Salyut 6 Success

Soyuz 7K-L1Edit

Spacecraft designed for Soviet human circumlunar missions. Missions are included under the Zond programme.

No. Mission Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew (start/landing) Docking Outcome
Kosmos 146 Soyuz 7K-L1 10 March 1967 18 March 1967 None Success
Kosmos 154 Soyuz 7K-L1 8 April 1967 10 April 1967 None Failure
Soyuz 7K-L1 No.4L Soyuz 7K-L1 27 September 1967 None (rocket failure) Failure
Soyuz 7K-L1 No.5L Soyuz 7K-L1 22 November 1967 None (rocket failure) Failure
Zond 4 Soyuz 7K-L1 2 March 1968 7 March 1968 None Partial
Soyuz 7K-L1 No.7L Soyuz 7K-L1 22 April 1968 None (rocket failure) Failure
Soyuz 7K-L1 No.8L Soyuz 7K-L1 21 July 1968 None (rocket exploded on launch pad) Failure
Zond 5 Soyuz 7K-L1 14 September 1968 22 September 1968 None Success
Zond 6 Soyuz 7K-L1 10 November 1968 17 November 1968 None Partial
Soyuz 7K-L1 No.13L Soyuz 7K-L1 20 January 1969 None (rocket failure) Failure
Zond-M 1 Soyuz 7K-L1S 21 February 1969 None (rocket failure) Failure
Zond-M 2 Soyuz 7K-L1S 3 July 1969 None (rocket failure) Failure
Zond 7 Soyuz 7K-L1 7 August 1969 14 August 1969 None Success
Soyuz 7K-L1E No.1 Soyuz 7K-L1E 28 November 1969 None (rocket failure) Failure
Zond 8 Soyuz 7K-L1 20 October 1970 27 October 1970 None Success
Kosmos 382 Soyuz 7K-L1E "Zond-LOK" 2 December 1970 In orbit None Success

Soyuz 7K-LOKEdit

Spacecraft designed for Soviet human lunar orbital and landing missions.

No. Mission Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew (start/landing) Docking Outcome
Soyuz 7K-LOK No.1 Soyuz 7K-LOK 26 June 1971 None (rocket failure) Failure
Soyuz 7K-LOK No.2 Soyuz 7K-LOK 23 November 1972 None (rocket failure) Failure

Soyuz T (1979-1986)Edit

No. Mission Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew (start/landing) Docking Outcome
Kosmos 670 Soyuz 7K-S
11F732 #1
6 August 1974 9 August 1974 None Success
Kosmos 772 Soyuz 7K-S
11F732 #2
29 September 1975 2 October 1975 None Failure
Kosmos 869 Soyuz 7K-S
11F732 #3
29 November 1976 17 December 1976 None Failure
Kosmos 1001 Soyuz T
11F732 #4
4 April 1978 15 April 1978 None Failure
Kosmos 1074 Soyuz T
11F732 #5
31 January 1979 1 April 1979 None Success
Soyuz T-1 Soyuz T
11F732 #6
16 December 1979 25 March 1980 None Salyut 6 Success
36 Soyuz T-2 Soyuz T
11F732 #7
5 June 1980 9 June 1980   Yury Malyshev,   Vladimir Aksyonov Salyut 6 Success
39 Soyuz T-3 Soyuz T
11F732 #8
27 November 1980 10 December 1980   Leonid Kizim,   Oleg Makarov,   Gennady Strekalov Salyut 6 Success
40 Soyuz T-4 Soyuz T
11F732 #10
12 March 1981 26 May 1981   Vladimir Kovalyonok,   Viktor Savinykh Salyut 6 Success
43 Soyuz T-5 Soyuz T
11F732 #11
13 May 1982 27 August 1982   Anatoli Berezovoy,   Valentin Lebedev Salyut 7 Success
  Leonid Popov,   Aleksandr Serebrov,   Svetlana Savitskaya
44 Soyuz T-6   Soyuz T
11F732 #9
24 June 1982 2 July 1982   Vladimir Dzhanibekov,   Aleksandr Ivanchenkov,   Jean-Loup Chrétien Salyut 7 Success
45 Soyuz T-7 Soyuz T
11F732 #12
19 August 1982 10 December 1982   Leonid Popov,   Aleksandr Serebrov,   Svetlana Savitskaya Salyut 7 Success
  Anatoli Berezovoy,   Valentin Lebedev
46 Soyuz T-8 Soyuz T
11F732 #13
22 April 1983 24 April 1983   Vladimir Titov,   Gennady Strekalov,   Aleksandr Serebrov Salyut 7Docking failed due to a broken antenna Failure
47 Soyuz T-9 Soyuz T
11F732 #14
27 June 1983 23 November 1983   Vladimir Lyakhov,   Aleksandr Aleksandrov Salyut 7 Success
48 Soyuz T-10A Soyuz T
11F732 #16
26 September 1983 26 September 1983   Vladimir Titov,   Gennady Strekalov (Rocket caught fire at the pad, emergency rescue system activated two seconds before explosion at the launch pad. The duration of the flight (due to the emergency rescue system) was 5 min. 13 sec.) Failure
49 Soyuz T-10 Soyuz T
11F732 #15
8 February 1984 11 April 1984   Leonid Kizim,   Vladimir Solovyov,   Oleg Atkov Salyut 7 Success
  Yury Malyshev,   Gennady Strekalov,   Rakesh Sharma
50 Soyuz T-11   Soyuz T
11F732 #17
3 April 1984 2 October 1984   Yury Malyshev,   Gennady Strekalov,   Rakesh Sharma Salyut 7 Success
  Leonid Kizim,   Vladimir Solovyov,   Oleg Atkov
51 Soyuz T-12 Soyuz T
11F732 #18
17 July 1984 29 July 1984   Vladimir Dzhanibekov,   Svetlana Savitskaya,   Igor Volk Salyut 7 Success
52 Soyuz T-13 Soyuz T
11F732 #19
6 June 1985 26 September 1986   Vladimir Dzhanibekov,   Viktor Savinykh Salyut 7Docked in manual mode, due to the loss of power of the station on 11 February 1985. The mission was intended to restore the power on the station Success
  Vladimir Dzhanibekov,   Georgi Grechko
53 Soyuz T-14 Soyuz T
11F732 #20
17 September 1985 21 November 1985   Vladimir Vasyutin,   Georgi Grechko,   Alexander Volkov Salyut 7 Success
  Vladimir Vasyutin,   Viktor Savinykh,   Alexander Volkov
54 Soyuz T-15 Soyuz T
11F732 #21
13 March 1986 16 July 1986   Leonid Kizim,   Vladimir Solovyov MirSalyut 7MirFirst flight between two stations Success

Soyuz TM (1987-2002)Edit

No. Mission Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew (launch/landing) Docking Outcome
Soyuz TM-1 Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #51
21 May 1986 30 May 1986 None Mir Success
55 Soyuz TM-2 Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #52
5 February 1987 30 July 1987   Yuri Romanenko,   Aleksandr Laveykin Mir Success
  Aleksandr Viktorenko,   Aleksandr Laveykin,   Muhammed Faris
56 Soyuz TM-3   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #53
22 July 1987 29 December 1987   Alexander Viktorenko,   Aleksandr Aleksandrov,   Muhammed Faris Mir Success
  Yuri Romanenko,   Aleksandr Aleksandrov,   Anatoli Levchenko
57 Soyuz TM-4 Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #54
21 December 1987 17 June 1988   Vladimir Titov,   Musa Manarov,   Anatoli Levchenko Mir Success
  Anatoly Solovyev,   Viktor Savinykh,   Aleksandr Aleksandrov
58 Soyuz TM-5   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #55
7 June 1988 7 September 1988   Anatoly Solovyev,   Viktor Savinykh,   Aleksandr Aleksandrov Mir Success
  Vladimir Lyakhov,   Abdul Mohmand
59 Soyuz TM-6   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #56
29 August 1988 21 December 1988   Vladimir Lyakhov,   Valeri Polyakov,   Abdul Mohmand Mir Success
  Vladimir Titov,   Musa Manarov,   Jean-Loup Chrétien
60 Soyuz TM-7   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #57
26 November 1988 27 April 1989   Alexander Volkov,   Sergei Krikalyov,   Jean-Loup Chrétien Mir Success
  Alexander Volkov,   Sergei Krikalyov,   Valeri Polyakov
61 Soyuz TM-8 Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #58
5 September 1989 19 February 1990   Alexander Viktorenko,   Aleksandr Serebrov Mir Success
62 Soyuz TM-9 Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #60
11 February 1990 9 August 1990   Anatoly Solovyev,   Aleksandr Balandin Mir Success
63 Soyuz TM-10 Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #61A
1 August 1990 10 December 1990   Gennadi Manakov,   Gennady Strekalov Mir Success
  Gennadi Manakov,   Gennady Strekalov,   Toyohiro Akiyama (Reporter)
64 Soyuz TM-11   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #61
2 December 1990 26 May 1990   Viktor Afanasyev,   Musa Manarov,   Toyohiro Akiyama (Reporter) Mir Success
  Viktor Afanasyev,   Musa Manarov,   Helen Sharman
65 Soyuz TM-12   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #62
18 May 1991 10 October 1991   Anatoly Artsebarsky,   Sergei Krikalev,   Helen Sharman Mir Success
  Anatoly Artsebarsky,   Toktar Aubakirov,   Franz Viehböck
66 Soyuz TM-13   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #63
2 October 1991 25 March 1992   Alexander Volkov,   Toktar Aubakirov,   Franz Viehböck Mir Success
  Alexander Volkov,   Sergei Krikalev,   Klaus-Dietrich Flade
67 Soyuz TM-14   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #64
17 March 1992 10 August 1992   Alexander Viktorenko,   Alexander Kaleri,   Klaus-Dietrich Flade Mir Success
  Alexander Viktorenko,   Alexander Kaleri,   Michel Tognini
68 Soyuz TM-15   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #65
27 July 1992 1 February 1993   Anatoly Solovyev,   Sergei Avdeyev,   Michel Tognini Mir Success
  Anatoly Solovyev,   Sergei Avdeyev
69 Soyuz TM-16   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #101
24 January 1993 22 July 1993   Gennadi Manakov,   Alexander Poleshchuk Mir Success
  Gennadi Manakov,   Alexander Poleshchuk,   Jean-Pierre Haigneré
70 Soyuz TM-17   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #66
1 July 1993 14 January 1994   Vasili Tsibliyev,   Aleksandr Serebrov,   Jean-Pierre Haigneré Mir Success
  Vasili Tsibliyev,   Aleksandr Serebrov
71 Soyuz TM-18   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #67
8 January 1994 9 July 1994   Viktor Afanasyev,   Yury Usachov,   Valeri Polyakov Mir Success
  Viktor Afanasyev,   Yury Usachov
72 Soyuz TM-19   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #68
1 July 1994 4 November 1994   Yuri Malenchenko,   Talgat Musabayev Mir Success
  Yuri Malenchenko,   Talgat Musabayev,   Ulf Merbold
73 Soyuz TM-20   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #69
4 October 1994 22 March 1995   Alexander Viktorenko,   Yelena Kondakova,   Ulf Merbold Mir Success
  Alexander Viktorenko,   Yelena Kondakova,   Valeri Polyakov
74 Soyuz TM-21   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #70
14 March 1995 1 September 1995   Vladimir Dezhurov,   Gennady Strekalov,   Norman Thagard Mir Success
  Anatoly Solovyev,   Nikolai Budarin
75 Soyuz TM-22   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #71
3 September 1995 29 February 1996   Yuri Gidzenko,   Sergei Avdeyev,   Thomas Reiter Mir Success
76 Soyuz TM-23   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #72
21 February 1996 2 September 1996   Yuri Onufrienko,   Yury Usachov Mir Success
  Yuri Onufrienko,   Yury Usachov,   Claudie Haigneré
77 Soyuz TM-24   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #73
17 August 1996 2 March 1997   Valery Korzun,   Aleksandr Kaleri,   Claudie Haigneré Mir Success
  Valery Korzun,   Aleksandr Kaleri,   Reinhold Ewald
78 Soyuz TM-25   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #74
10 February 1997 14 August 1997   Vasili Tsibliyev,   Aleksandr Lazutkin,   Reinhold Ewald Mir Success
  Vasili Tsibliyev,   Aleksandr Lazutkin
79 Soyuz TM-26   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #75
5 August 1997 19 February 1998   Anatoly Solovyev,   Pavel Vinogradov Mir Success
  Anatoli Berezovoy,   Valentin Lebedev,   Léopold Eyharts
80 Soyuz TM-27   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #76
29 January 1998 25 August 1998   Talgat Musabayev,   Nikolai Budarin,   Léopold Eyharts Mir Success
  Talgat Musabayev,   Nikolai Budarin,   Yuri Baturin
81 Soyuz TM-28   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #77
13 August 1998 28 February 1999   Gennady Padalka,   Sergei Avdeyev,   Yuri Baturin Mir Success
  Gennady Padalka,   Ivan Bella
82 Soyuz TM-29   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #78
20 February 1999 28 August 1999   Viktor Afanasyev,   Jean-Pierre Haigneré,   Ivan Bella Mir Success
  Viktor Afanasyev,   Jean-Pierre Haigneré,   Sergei Avdeyev
83 Soyuz TM-30   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #204
4 April 2000 16 June 2000   Sergei Zalyotin,   Aleksandr Kaleri Mir Success
84 Soyuz TM-31   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #205
31 October 2000 6 May 2001   Yuri Gidzenko,   Sergei Krikalev,   William Shepherd International Space Station Success
  Talgat Musabayev,   Yuri Baturin,   Dennis Tito (Tourist)
85 Soyuz TM-32   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #206
28 April 2001 31 October 2001   Talgat Musabayev,   Yuri Baturin,   Dennis Tito (Tourist) International Space Station Success
  Viktor Afanasyev,   Claudie Haigneré,   Konstantin Kozeyev
86 Soyuz TM-33   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #207
21 October 2001 5 May 2002   Viktor Afanasyev,   Claudie Haigneré,   Konstantin Kozeyev International Space Station Success
  Yuri Gidzenko,   Roberto Vittori,  /  Mark Shuttleworth (Tourist)
87 Soyuz TM-34   Soyuz TM
11F732A51 #208
25 April 2002 10 November 2002   Yuri Gidzenko,   Roberto Vittori,  /  Mark Shuttleworth (Tourist) International Space Station Success
  Sergei Zalyotin,   Frank De Winne,   Yury Lonchakov

Soyuz TMA (2002-2012)Edit

No. Mission Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew (start/landing) Docking Outcome
88 Soyuz TMA-1   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #211
30 October 2002 4 May 2003   Sergei Zalyotin,   Frank De Winne,   Yury Lonchakov International Space Station Success
  Nikolai Budarin,   Kenneth Bowersox,   Donald Pettit
89 Soyuz TMA-2   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #212
26 April 2003 28 October 2003   Yuri Malenchenko,   Edward Tsang Lu International Space Station Success
  Yuri Malenchenko,   Edward Tsang Lu,   Pedro Duque
90 Soyuz TMA-3   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #213
18 October 2003 30 April 2004   Alexander Kaleri,  /  Michael Foale,   Pedro Duque International Space Station Success
  Alexander Kaleri,  /  Michael Foale,   André Kuipers
91 Soyuz TMA-4   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #214
19 April 2004 24 October 2004   Gennady Padalka,   Michael Fincke,   André Kuipers International Space Station Success
  Gennady Padalka,   Michael Fincke,   Yuri Shargin
92 Soyuz TMA-5   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #215
14 October 2004 24 April 2005   Salizhan Sharipov,   Leroy Chiao,   Yuri Shargin International Space Station Success
  Salizhan Sharipov,   Leroy Chiao,   Roberto Vittori
93 Soyuz TMA-6   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #216
15 April 2005 15 October 2005   Sergei Krikalev,   John Phillips,   Roberto Vittori International Space Station Success
  Sergei Krikalev,   John Phillips,   Gregory Olsen (Tourist)
94 Soyuz TMA-7   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #217
1 October 2005 8 April 2006   Valery Tokarev,   William McArthur,   Gregory Olsen (Tourist) International Space Station Success
  Valery Tokarev,   William McArthur,   Marcos Pontes
95 Soyuz TMA-8   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #218
30 March 2006 29 September 2006   Pavel Vinogradov,   Jeffrey Williams,   Marcos Pontes International Space Station Success
  Pavel Vinogradov,   Jeffrey Williams,  /  Anousheh Ansari (Tourist)
96 Soyuz TMA-9   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #219
18 September 2006 21 April 2007   Mikhail Tyurin,   Michael López-Alegría,  /  Anousheh Ansari (Tourist) International Space Station Success
  Mikhail Tyurin,   Michael López-Alegría,  /  Charles Simonyi (Tourist)
97 Soyuz TMA-10   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #220
7 April 2007 21 October 2007   Oleg Kotov,   Fyodor Yurchikhin,  /  Charles Simonyi (Tourist) International Space Station Success
  Oleg Kotov,   Fyodor Yurchikhin,   Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor
98 Soyuz TMA-11   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #221
10 October 2007 19 April 2008   Yuri Malenchenko,   Peggy Whitson,   Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor International Space Station Success
  Yuri Malenchenko,   Peggy Whitson,   Yi So-Yeon
99 Soyuz TMA-12   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #222
8 April 2008 24 October 2008   Sergei Volkov,   Oleg Kononenko,   Yi So-Yeon International Space Station Success
  Sergei Volkov,   Oleg Kononenko,  /  Richard Garriott (Tourist)
100 Soyuz TMA-13   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #223
12 October 2008 8 April 2009   Yuri Lonchakov,   Michael Fincke,  /  Richard Garriott (Tourist) International Space Station Success
  Yuri Lonchakov,   Michael Fincke,  /  Charles Simonyi
101 Soyuz TMA-14   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #224
26 March 2009 11 October 2009   Gennady Padalka,   Michael Barratt,  /  Charles Simonyi International Space Station Success
  Gennady Padalka,   Michael Barratt,   Guy Laliberté (Tourist)
102 Soyuz TMA-15   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #225
27 May 2009 1 December 2009   Roman Romanenko,   Frank De Winne,   Robert Thirsk International Space Station Success
103 Soyuz TMA-16   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #226
30 September 2009 18 March 2010   Maksim Surayev,   Jeffrey Williams,   Guy Laliberté (Tourist) International Space Station Success
  Maksim Surayev,   Jeffrey Williams
104 Soyuz TMA-17   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #227
20 December 2009 2 June 2010   Oleg Kotov,   Timothy Creamer,   Soichi Noguchi International Space Station Success
105 Soyuz TMA-18   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #228
2 April 2010 25 September 2010   Aleksandr Skvortsov,   Mikhail Korniyenko,   Tracy Caldwell Dyson International Space Station Success
106 Soyuz TMA-19   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #229
16 June 2010 26 November 2010   Fyodor Yurchikhin,   Shannon Walker,   Douglas H. Wheelock International Space Station Success
108 Soyuz TMA-20   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #230
15 December 2010 24 May 2011   Dmitri Kondratyev,   Catherine Coleman,   Paolo Nespoli International Space Station Success
109 Soyuz TMA-21   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #231
5 April 2011 16 September 2011   Aleksandr Samokutyayev,   Andrei Borisenko,   Ronald Garan International Space Station Success
111 Soyuz TMA-22   Soyuz TMA
11F732A17 #232
14 November 2011 27 April 2012   Anton Shkaplerov,   Anatoli Ivanishin,   Daniel Burbank International Space Station Success

Soyuz TMA-M (2010-2016)Edit

No. Mission Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew (start/landing) Docking Outcome
107 Soyuz TMA-01M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #701
8 October 2010 16 March 2011   Aleksandr Kaleri,   Oleg Skripochka,   Scott Kelly International Space Station Success
110 Soyuz TMA-02M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #702
8 June 2011 22 November 2011   Sergey Volkov,   Michael E. Fossum,   Satoshi Furukawa International Space Station Success
112 Soyuz TMA-03M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #703
21 December 2011 1 July 2012   Oleg Kononenko,   André Kuipers,   Donald Pettit International Space Station Success
113 Soyuz TMA-04M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #705
15 May 2012 17 September 2012   Gennady Padalka,   Sergei Revin,   Joseph Acaba International Space Station Success
114 Soyuz TMA-05M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #706
15 July 2012 19 November 2012   Yuri Malenchenko,   Sunita Williams,   Akihiko Hoshide International Space Station Success
115 Soyuz TMA-06M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #707
23 October 2012 16 March 2013   Oleg Novitskiy,   Evgeny Tarelkin,   Kevin Ford International Space Station Success
116 Soyuz TMA-07M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #704A
19 December 2012 14 May 2013   Roman Romanenko,   Chris Hadfield,   Thomas Marshburn International Space Station Success
117 Soyuz TMA-08M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #708
29 March 2013 11 September 2013   Pavel Vinogradov,   Alexander Misurkin,   Christopher Cassidy International Space Station Success
118 Soyuz TMA-09M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #709
29 May 2013 11 November 2013   Fyodor Yurchikhin,   Karen L. Nyberg,   Luca Parmitano International Space Station Success
119 Soyuz TMA-10M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #710
26 September 2013 11 March 2014   Oleg Kotov,   Sergey Ryazansky,   Michael Hopkins International Space Station Success
120 Soyuz TMA-11M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #711
7 November 2013 14 May 2014   Mikhail Tyurin,   Richard Mastracchio,   Koichi Wakata International Space Station Success
121 Soyuz TMA-12M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #712
26 March 2014 11 September 2014   Aleksandr Skvortsov,   Oleg Artemyev,   Steven Swanson International Space Station Success
122 Soyuz TMA-13M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #713
28 May 2014 10 November 2014   Maksim Surayev,   Gregory Wiseman,   Alexander Gerst International Space Station Success
123 Soyuz TMA-14M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #714
26 September 2014 12 March 2015   Aleksandr Samokutyayev,   Yelena Serova,   Barry Wilmore International Space Station Success
124 Soyuz TMA-15M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #715
24 November 2014 11 June 2015   Anton Shkaplerov,   Samantha Cristoforetti,   Terry Virts International Space Station Success
125 Soyuz TMA-16M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #716
27 March 2015 12 September 2015   Gennady Padalka,   Mikhail Korniyenko,   Scott Kelly International Space Station Success
  Gennady Padalka,   Andreas Mogensen,   Aidyn Aimbetov
126 Soyuz TMA-17M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #717
23 July 2015 11 December 2015   Oleg Kononenko,   Kimiya Yui,   Kjell Lindgren International Space Station Success
127 Soyuz TMA-18M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #718
2 September 2015 2 March 2016   Sergey Volkov,   Andreas Mogensen,   Aidyn Aimbetov International Space Station Success
  Sergey Volkov,   Mikhail Korniyenko,   Scott Kelly
128 Soyuz TMA-19M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #719
15 December 2015 18 June 2016   Yuri Malenchenko,   Timothy Kopra,   Timothy Peake International Space Station Success
129 Soyuz TMA-20M   Soyuz TMA-M
11F732A47 #720
19 March 2016 6 September 2016   Aleksey Ovchinin,   Oleg Skripochka,   Jeffrey Williams International Space Station Success

Soyuz MS (2016-)Edit

No. Mission Emblem Spacecraft Date of launch Date of landing Crew (start/landing) Docking Outcome
130 Soyuz MS-01   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #731
7 July 2016 30 October 2016   Anatoli Ivanishin,   Takuya Onishi,   Kathleen Rubins International Space Station Success
131 Soyuz MS-02   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #732
19 October 2016 11 April 2017   Sergey Ryzhikov,   Andrei Borisenko,   Robert Kimbrough International Space Station Success
132 Soyuz MS-03 Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #733
17 November 2016 2 June 2017   Oleg Novitskiy,   Thomas Pesquet,   Peggy A. Whitson International Space Station Success
133 Soyuz MS-04   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #735
20 April 2017 3 September 2017   Fyodor Yurchikhin,   Jack Fischer International Space Station Success
134 Soyuz MS-05   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #736
28 July 2017 14 December 2017   Sergey Ryazansky,   Paolo Nespoli,   Randolph Bresnik International Space Station Success
135 Soyuz MS-06   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #734
12 September 2017 28 February 2018   Alexander Misurkin,   Joseph Acaba,   Mark Vande Hei International Space Station Success
136 Soyuz MS-07   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #737
17 December 2017 3 June 2018   Anton Shkaplerov,   Norishige Kanai,   Scott Tingle International Space Station Success
137 Soyuz MS-08   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #738
21 March 2018 4 October 2018   Oleg Artemyev,   Richard Arnold,   Andrew Feustel International Space Station Success
138 Soyuz MS-09   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #739
6 June 2018 20 December 2018   Sergey Prokopyev,   Serena Auñón-Chancellor,   Alexander Gerst International Space Station Success
139 Soyuz MS-10   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #740
11 October 2018 11 October 2018   Aleksey Ovchinin,   Nick Hague(Aborted launch at T+122 seconds due to rocket booster separation failure) International Space Station Failure[4]
140 Soyuz MS-11   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #741
3 December 2018 25 June 2019   Oleg Kononenko,   Anne McClain,   David Saint-Jacques International Space Station Success
141 Soyuz MS-12   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #742
14 March 2019 3 October 2019   Aleksey Ovchinin,   Nick Hague,   Christina Koch International Space Station Success
  Aleksey Ovchinin,   Nick Hague,   Hazza Al Mansouri
142 Soyuz MS-13   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #746
20 July 2019   Aleksandr Skvortsov,   Luca Parmitano,   Andrew R. Morgan International Space Station In orbit
  Aleksandr Skvortsov,   Luca Parmitano,   Christina Koch
143 Soyuz MS-14   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #743
22 August 2019 6 September 2019 None International Space Station Success
144 Soyuz MS-15   Soyuz MS
11F732A48 #744
25 September 2019   Oleg Skripochka,   Jessica Meir,   Hazza Al Mansouri International Space Station In orbit
  Oleg Skripochka,   Jessica Meir,   Andrew R. Morgan

See alsoEdit

NotesEdit

  1. ^ Aborted mission which nevertheless achieved sub-orbital spaceflight, with the crew surviving.
  2. ^ a b c d Uncrewed flight.
  3. ^ Includes five special cases: two fatal missions, Soyuz 1 and Soyuz 11, both of which reached space; Soyuz 19, the Soviet participant in the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project; Soyuz 32, which sent a crew to the Salyut 6 space station and returned to earth without its crew, and Soyuz 34, which was launched uncrewed and sent to Salyut 6 to provide the crew of Soyuz 32 with a successful return craft.
  4. ^ Mission aborted at-launch due to a pad fire, failing to achieve spaceflight; crew survived. Included here as a committed launch attempt and a notable historical example.
  5. ^ Soyuz MS-10 aborted after launch, failing to reach space; crew survived. Included here as a committed launch attempt and a notable historical example.

ReferencesEdit

  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".

FootnotesEdit

  1. ^ The spacecraft is the active one for docking, and have the active "probe" docking mechanism.
  2. ^ Automated flight.
  3. ^ The spacecraft is the passive one for docking, and have the passive "drogue" docking mechanism.
  4. ^ https://www.rt.com/news/440948-iss-emergency-landing-soyuz/