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Soyuz TM-22 was the 23rd manned spacecraft mission to visit the Soviet Space Station Mir.[1]

Soyuz TM-22
COSPAR ID1995-047A
SATCAT no.23665Edit this on Wikidata
Mission duration179 days, 1 hour, 41 minutes, 45 seconds
Orbits completed~2,800
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TM
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Launch mass7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew size3
MembersYuri Gidzenko
Sergei Avdeyev
Thomas Reiter
CallsignУра́н (Uran)
Start of mission
Launch dateSeptember 3, 1995, 09:00:23 (1995-09-03UTC09:00:23Z) UTC
End of mission
Landing dateFebruary 29, 1996, 10:42:08 (1996-02-29UTC10:42:09Z) UTC
Landing site51°23′N 67°27′E / 51.38°N 67.45°E / 51.38; 67.45
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude339 kilometres (211 mi)
Apogee altitude340 kilometres (210 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Docking with Mir
Soyuz TM-22 patch.png
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)


Position Crew
Commander   Yuri Gidzenko
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer   Sergei Avdeyev
Second spaceflight
Flight Engineer   Thomas Reiter
First spaceflight

Mission highlightsEdit

Soyuz TM-22 was a Russian transport spacecraft that transported cosmonauts to the Mir space station for a 135-day stay. It was launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome and docked on September 5, 1995 with Mir's Kvant-2 module at the port that was vacated by Progress M-28 a day before.

Soyuz TM-22 was the final mission launched on the Soyuz-U2 launch vehicle, fueled by synthetic Syntin rather than the RP-1 fuel used in other variants of the Soyuz launch vehicle.