Soyuz TM-3 was the third crewed spacecraft to visit the Soviet space station Mir, following Soyuz-T15 and Soyuz-TM2. It was launched in July 1987, during the long duration expedition Mir EO-2, and acted as a lifeboat for the second segment of that expedition. There were three people aboard the spacecraft at launch, including the two man crew of the week-long mission Mir EP-1, consisting of Soviet cosmonaut Aleksandr Viktorenko and Syrian Muhammed Faris. Faris was the first Syrian to travel to space, and as of June 2021, the only one. The third cosmonaut launched was Aleksandr Aleksandrov, who would replace one of the long duration crew members Aleksandr Laveykin of Mir EO-2. Laveykin had been diagnosed by ground-based doctors to have minor heart problems, so he returned to Earth with the EP-1 crew in Soyuz TM-2.
|Mission duration||160 days, 7 hours, 25 minutes, 56 seconds|
|Launch mass||7,100 kilograms (15,700 lb)|
|Members||Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||22 July 1987, 01:59:17UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur 1/5|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||29 December 1987, 09:16:15UTC|
|Landing site||140 kilometres (87 mi) NE of Arkalyk|
|Perigee altitude||297 kilometres (185 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||353 kilometres (219 mi)|
|Docking with Mir|
|Docking date||24 July 1987, 03:31:23 UTC|
|Undocking date||29 December 1987, 05:58:00 UTC|
Soyuz TM-3 landed near the end of December 1987, landing both members of the EO-2 crew, as well as potential Buran pilot Anatoli Levchenko, who had been launched to Mir a week earlier aboard Soyuz TM-4.
|Position||Launching crew||Landing crew|
|Commander|| Aleksandr Viktorenko
| Yuri Romanenko|
Third and last spaceflight
|Flight Engineer|| Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov|
Second and last spaceflight
|Research Cosmonaut|| Muhammed Faris
| Anatoli Levchenko|
- Mass: 7100 kg
- Perigee: 297 km
- Apogee: 353 km
- Inclination: 51.6°
- Period: 91.0 minutes
- "Soyuz TM-3". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 January 2010. Retrieved 11 November 2010.
- "Soyuz TM-3". Spacefacts.de. Retrieved 21 March 2021.
- D.S.F.Portree (1995). "Mir Hardware Heritage" (PDF). NASA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 7 September 2009. Retrieved 11 November 2010.