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Soyuz TMA-09M was a Russian Soyuz mission to the International Space Station. It transported three members of the Expedition 36 crew to the space station. The Soyuz remained docked to the space station during Expeditions 36 and 37 to serve as an emergency escape vehicle. The spacecraft landed on 11 November 2013, carrying the same three cosmonauts who were aboard for launch. The crew of Soyuz TMA-09M consisted of Fyodor Yurchikhin of Roskosmos, Karen Nyberg of NASA and Luca Parmitano of the European Space Agency.

Soyuz TMA-09M
Soyuz TMA-09M Departs Station.jpg
Soyuz TMA-09M departing from the ISS, 10 November 2013
Mission typeISS crew rotation[1]
OperatorRoskosmos
COSPAR ID2013-025A
SATCAT no.39170
Mission duration166 days, 6 hours, 18 minutes
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSoyuz 11F732A47 No.709
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TMA 11F747
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Crew
Crew size3
MembersFyodor Yurchikhin
Karen L. Nyberg
Luca Parmitano
CallsignOlympus
Start of mission
Launch date28 May 2013, 20:31:24 (2013-05-28UTC20:31:24Z) UTC[2]
RocketSoyuz-FG
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date11 November 2013, 02:49 (2013-11-11UTC02:50Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude408 kilometres (254 mi)[3]
Apogee altitude422 kilometres (262 mi)[3]
Inclination51.65 degrees[3]
Period92.87 minutes[3]
Epoch29 May 2013, 02:47:30 UTC[3]
Docking with ISS
Docking portRassvet nadir
Docking date29 May 2013, 02:10 UTC
Undocking date10 November 2013, 23:26 UTC
Time docked165 days, 21 hours, 16 minutes
Soyuz-TMA-09M-Mission-Patch.png Soyuz TMA-09M crew.jpg
(l-r) Yurchikhin, Nyberg and Parmitano 

CrewEdit

 
The Soyuz TMA-09M crew members conduct their ceremonial tour of Red Square on 8 May 2013.
Position Crew Member
Commander   Fyodor Yurchikhin, RSA
Expedition 36
Fourth spaceflight
Flight Engineer 1   Karen L. Nyberg, NASA
Expedition 36
Second and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer 2   Luca Parmitano, ESA
Expedition 36
First spaceflight

Backup crewEdit

Position[4] Crew Member
Commander   Mikhail Tyurin, RSA
Flight Engineer 1   Richard Mastracchio, NASA
Flight Engineer 2   Koichi Wakata, JAXA

Launch and dockingEdit

Soyuz TMA-09M was launched from Site 1/5 at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Launch took place at 20:31:00 UTC on 28 May 2013, with a Soyuz-FG carrier rocket propelling the spacecraft into low Earth orbit. The spacecraft separated from the upper stage of the carrier rocket nine minutes after liftoff.

Docking with the ISS, using the nadir port of the Rassvet module, occurred at 02:10 UTC on 29 May, less than six hours after launch as part of a fast rendezvous profile designed to minimise the time the crew must spend in the cramped Soyuz spacecraft.[5]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ NASA. "Consolidated Launch Manifest". NASA. Retrieved June 6, 2011.
  2. ^ Harding, Pete (28 May 2013). "Soyuz TMA-09M docks to ISS following short cut rendezvous". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 29 May 2013.
  3. ^ a b c d e Peat, Chris (29 May 2013). "SOYUZ-TMA 9M - Orbit". Heavens-Above. Retrieved 28 December 2013.
  4. ^ astronaut.ru (2013). "Орбитальные полёты".
  5. ^ Bergin, Chris; Harding, Pete (28 May 2013). "Soyuz TMA-09M launches for quick trip the ISS".