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The Soyuz-TM crew transports (T – транспортный – Transportnyi – meaning transport, M – модифицированный – Modifitsirovannyi – meaning modified) were fourth generation (1986–2002) Soyuz spacecraft used for ferry flights to the Mir and ISS space stations. It added to the Soyuz-T new docking and rendezvous, radio communications, emergency and integrated parachute/landing engine systems. The new Kurs rendezvous and docking system permitted the Soyuz-TM to maneuver independently of the station, without the station making "mirror image" maneuvers to match unwanted translations introduced by earlier models' aft-mounted attitude control.

Soyuz TM-10
COSPAR ID1990-067A
SATCAT no.20722Edit this on Wikidata
Mission duration130 days, 20 hours, 35 minutes, 51 seconds
Orbits completed~2,125
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TM
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)
Crew
Crew size2 up
3 down
MembersGennadi Manakov
Gennady Strekalov
LandingToyohiro Akiyama
CallsignВулка́н (Vulkan – Volcano)
Start of mission
Launch dateAugust 1, 1990, 09:32:21 (1990-08-01UTC09:32:21Z) UTC
RocketSoyuz-U2
End of mission
Landing dateDecember 10, 1990, 06:08:12 (1990-12-10UTC06:08:13Z) UTC
Landing site69 kilometres (43 mi) NW of Arkalyk
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude198 kilometres (123 mi)
Apogee altitude219 kilometres (136 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period88.7 minutes
Docking with Mir
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
 

Soyuz TM-10 was the tenth expedition to the Russian Space Station Mir.[1]

CrewEdit

Position Launching crew Landing crew
Commander   Gennadi Manakov
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer   Gennady Strekalov
Fourth spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut None   Toyohiro Akiyama (Reporter)
First spaceflight

Mission highlightsEdit

 
Side of the Soyuz TM-10 where it was signed by all its passengers. The inscription in Japanese reads Toyohiro Akiyama (秋山豊寛).

TM-10 marked the return to earth of Japanese reporter Toyohiro Akiyama.

The Soyuz arrived at Mir's aft port with four passengers: quail for cages in Kvant-2. A quail had laid an egg en route to the station. It was returned to Earth, along with 130 kg of experiment results and industrial products, in Soyuz TM-9. The spacecraft landed without incident.

It spent 131 days attached to Mir. A camera was installed in the descent module as part of the agreement with Akiyama's network to film the reactions of the returning cosmonauts.

ReferencesEdit