Soyuz-TM

The Soyuz-TM crew transports (T - транспортный - Transportnyi - meaning transport, M - модифицированный - Modifitsirovannyi - meaning modified) were fourth generation (1986–2002) Soyuz spacecraft used for ferry flights to the Mir and ISS space stations. It added to the Soyuz-T new docking and rendezvous, radio communications, emergency and integrated parachute/landing engine systems. The new Kurs rendezvous and docking system and the new KTDU-80 propulsion module permitted the Soyuz-TM to maneuver independently of the station, without the station making "mirror image" maneuvers to match unwanted translations introduced by earlier models' aft-mounted attitude control.

Soyuz-TM
Soyuz acoplada MIR.jpg
Soyuz-TM spacecraft.
ManufacturerKorolev
Country of originUSSR
Russia
OperatorSoviet space program/Russian Federal Space Agency
ApplicationsCarry three cosmonauts to Mir and ISS and back
Specifications
RegimeLow Earth orbit
Design lifeUp to six months docked to station
Production
StatusOut of service
Launched34
Maiden launchSoyuz TM-1, 1986
Last launchSoyuz TM-34, 2002
Related spacecraft
Derived fromSoyuz-T
DerivativesSoyuz-TMA

The final Soyuz-TM flight was Soyuz TM-34, which launched April 25, 2002 and landed November 10, 2002.[1]

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ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Soyuz ISS Missions" (PDF). NASA. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-12-02.