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|Mission duration||198 days, 17 hours, 37 minutes, 45 seconds|
Frank De Winne
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||April 25, 2002, 06:26:35UTC|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||November 10, 2002, 00:04:20UTC|
|Landing site||80 kilometres (50 mi) NE of Arkalyk|
|Perigee altitude||193 kilometres (120 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||247 kilometres (153 mi)|
|Docking with ISS|
|Position||Launching crew||Landing crew|
|Commander|| Yuri Gidzenko, RKA
Third and last spaceflight
| Sergei Zalyotin, RKA|
Second and last spaceflight
|Flight Engineer|| Roberto Vittori, ESA
| Frank De Winne, ESA|
|Spaceflight Participant/Flight Engineer|| Mark Shuttleworth, SA
| Yury Lonchakov, RKA|
Docking with ISSEdit
This was the 17th manned mission to ISS.
Soyuz TM-34 was a Russian Soyuz TM passenger transportation craft that was launched by a Soyuz-U rocket from Baikonur at 06:26 UT on 25 April 2002. It carried two cosmonauts and a South African tourist, Mark Shuttleworth, to the International Space Station (ISS). Shuttleworth performed some biology experiments, as he carried a live rat and sheep stem cells. All three returned on Soyuz TM-33 after an eight-day mission.
Soyuz TM-34 was the final flight of the Soyuz-TM variant, due to its replacement by the upgraded Soyuz-TMA. It was also the last manned vehicle to launch atop the Soyuz-U rocket, although the Soyuz-U continued to launch unmanned vehicles until 2017.