Soyuz TM-8 was a spacecraft used to launch and land the crew of the fifth long duration crew to the Soviet Space Station Mir. It was part of the Soyuz-TM series of spacecraft, which were the fourth generation of the Soviet Soyuz. Soyuz TM-8 was the eighth manned spaceflight to Mir, and spent 166 days in orbit.
|Mission duration||166 days, 6 hours, 58 minutes, 15 seconds|
|Launch mass||7,150 kilograms (15,760 lb)|
|Callsign||Ви́тязь (Vityaz - Knight)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||September 5, 1989, 21:38:03UTC|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||February 19, 1990, 04:36:18UTC|
|Landing site||55 kilometres (34 mi) NE of Arkalyk|
|Perigee altitude||390 kilometres (240 mi)|
|Apogee altitude||392 kilometres (244 mi)|
|Docking with Mir|
|Commander|| Aleksandr Viktorenko|
|Flight Engineer|| Aleksandr Serebrov|
Launch and DockingEdit
The Soyuz-U2 rocket was painted with advertisements. During the Soyuz spacecraft's final approach to Mir (4 metre distance), the Kurs rendezvous and docking system malfunctioned, so Viktorenko took over manual control and withdrew to 20 metres, and then docked manually. The spacecraft spent 166 days attached to Mir, for the duration of the expedition Mir EO-5.
Return to EarthEdit
Soyuz TM-8 landed at 04:36 UTC on 19 February 1990, after an uneventful flight to Earth.
- Mark Wade. "Mir EO-5". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 9 April 2007. Retrieved 6 November 2010.
- The mission report is available here: http://www.spacefacts.de/mission/english/soyuz-TM-8.htm
- Mark Wade. "Mir EP-1". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 29 November 2010. Retrieved 6 November 2010.