Anousheh Ansari (Persian: Anuŝe Ansāri; née Raissyan; born September 12, 1966) is an Iranian-American engineer and co-founder and chairwoman of Prodea Systems. Her previous business accomplishments include serving as co-founder and CEO of Telecom Technologies, Inc. (TTI). The Ansari family is also the title sponsor of the Ansari X Prize. On September 18, 2006, a few days after her 40th birthday, she became the first Iranian in space. Ansari was the fourth overall self-funded space tourist, and the first self-funded woman to fly to the International Space Station. Her memoir, My Dream of Stars, co-written with Homer Hickam, was published by Palgrave Macmillan in 2010.
Anousheh Ansari in her spacesuit
September 12, 1966 (age 52)
|Residence||Plano, Texas, USA|
|Education||Electrical engineering and computer science|
|Alma mater||George Mason University|
George Washington University
|Spouse(s)||Hamid Ansari (m. 1991)|
|Relatives||Amir Ansari (Brother-in-law)|
Born Anousheh Raissyan in Mashhad, Iran, she and her parents moved to Tehran shortly afterward. Ansari is Muslim. She witnessed the Iranian Revolution in 1979. She emigrated to the United States in 1984 as a teenager. Apart from her native Persian, she is fluent in English and French, and acquired a working knowledge of Russian for her spaceflight experience.
She received her Bachelor of Science degree in electrical engineering and computer science at George Mason University in Fairfax, Virginia, and her master's degree at George Washington University in Washington D.C.
In 1993, she persuaded her husband and her brother-in-law Amir Ansari to co-found Telecom Technologies Inc., using their savings and corporate retirement accounts, as deregulation happened in the US telecommunications industry. The company was a supplier of softswitch technology that enabled telecom "service providers to enhance system performance, lower operating costs and furnish new revenue opportunities." The company, headquartered in Richardson, Texas, offered products that allowed the integration between existing telecom networks and application-centric, next-generation networks via software switch technology. Telecom Technologies was acquired by Sonus Networks, Inc. in 2001 in a stock-for-stock transaction for 10.8 million shares of Sonus stock. Anousheh Ansari became "a vice president of Sonus and general manager of Sonus' new INtelligentIP division."
In 2006, she co-founded Prodea Systems, and is the current chairman and CEO. Prodea is a technology and services management company. Prodea is a privately held company formed by the Ansari family with development centers in both Richardson, Texas, and Silicon Valley.
Ansari is a member of the X PRIZE Foundation's Vision Circle, as well as its Board of Trustees. Along with her brother-in-law, Amir Ansari, she made a multimillion-dollar contribution to the X PRIZE foundation on May 5, 2004, the 43rd anniversary of Alan Shepard's sub-orbital spaceflight. The X PRIZE was officially renamed the Ansari X PRIZE in honor of their donation. As demonstrated by her commitment to the X PRIZE and through presentations at Space Enthusiast conferences, Ansari is a spokesperson for the "privatization of space", a process enabling commercially viable companies to government-independently send equipment and/or people into space for exploration and other purposes.
The Ansari family investment firm, also named Prodea, has announced a partnership with Space Adventures, Ltd. and the Federal Space Agency of the Russian Federation (FSA) to create a fleet of suborbital spaceflight vehicles (the Space Adventures Explorer) for global commercial use.
Ansari trained as a backup for Daisuke Enomoto for a Soyuz flight to the International Space Station, through Space Adventures, Ltd. On August 21, 2006, Enomoto was medically disqualified from flying the Soyuz TMA-9 mission that was due to launch the following month. The next day Ansari was elevated to the prime crew.
Asked what she hoped to achieve on her spaceflight, Ansari said, "I hope to inspire everyone—especially young people, women, and young girls all over the world, and in Middle Eastern countries that do not provide women with the same opportunities as men—to not give up their dreams and to pursue them... It may seem impossible to them at times. But I believe they can realize their dreams if they keep it in their hearts, nurture it, and look for opportunities and make those opportunities happen." The day before her departure, she was interviewed on Iran national television for the astronomy show Night's Sky. The hosts wished her success and thanked her on behalf of Iranians. Ansari in return, thanked them.
Ansari lifted off on the Soyuz TMA-9 mission with commander Mikhail Tyurin (RSA) and flight engineer Michael Lopez-Alegria (NASA) at 04:59 (UTC) on Monday September 18, 2006, from Baikonur, Kazakhstan. Ansari became the fourth (and first female) space tourist. Her contract did not allow for disclosure of the amount paid, but previous space tourists have paid in excess of $20 million USD. The space craft docked with the International Space Station (ISS) on Wednesday September 20, 2006, at 05:21 (UTC). Ansari landed safely aboard Soyuz TMA-8 on September 29, 2006, at 01:13 UTC on the steppes of Kazakhstan (90 kilometers north of Arkalyk) with U.S. astronaut Jeffrey Williams and Russian cosmonaut Pavel Vinogradov. She was given red roses from an unidentified official, and a surprise kiss from her husband, Hamid. The crew's rescuers moved them to Kustanai by helicopter for the welcome ceremony.
During her nine-day stay on board the International Space Station, Ansari agreed to perform a series of experiments on behalf of the European Space Agency. She conducted four experiments, including:
- Researching the mechanisms behind anemia.
- How changes in muscles influence lower back pain.
- Consequences of space radiation on ISS crew members and different species of microbes that have made a home for themselves on the space station.
She also became the first person to publish a weblog from space.
Iranian flag controversyEdit
Ansari intended to wear the U.S. flag on her spacesuit alongside a politically neutral version of the Iranian flag, i.e. the simple 3-color flag with no government-specific emblem, to honor the two countries that have contributed to her life. A few U.S.-based media wrongly speculated that she was intending to wear the version of the Iranian flag that predated the 1979 Islamic revolution in Iran.
At the insistence of the NASA and Russian officials, she did not wear the Iranian flag officially, but wore the Iranian flag colors instead and kept the Iranian flag on her official flight patch. She and her husband said no political message was intended, despite the increasing tensions with United States and Iran relations, which had dominated world headlines in the weeks leading up to her launch. She noted that she had "plans to devote her mission to expanding a global consciousness she expected would be seeded with her first look at Earth from space".
Reactions to Ansari's flightEdit
Michael López-Alegría, the Spanish-born NASA astronaut who flew on the Russian Soyuz spacecraft on the return flight with Ansari, expressed his doubts to reporters before the flight: "I'm not a big fan personally of having those guys go visit the space station because I think the space station is still a place that is under construction, and not quite operational. I don't think it's ideal."
López-Alegría later stated that he was skeptical of private tourists a few years ago, but now believes it is essential to the survival of the Russian space program which is important to the U.S. space program: "If that's the correct solution... then not only is it good from the standpoint of supporting the Russian space program, but it's good for us as well," he said. Ansari's presence in space "is a great dream and a great hope not just for our country but for countries all around the world."
Reactions in IranEdit
The flight was given significant coverage by Iranian state television, with an hour long live interview with Ansari being broadcast on the show Aseman-e-Shab ("Night Sky"). Ansari was praised by newspapers such as Hambastegi and Jam-e-Jam Daily, which published daily columns detailing the journey. The astronomy magazine NOJUM also published an exclusive interview of Pouria Nazemi with Ansari before her trip, in which she discussed her vision for commercial spaceflight. NOJUM also organized and held gatherings when the ISS passed over Iran's cities. Shahram Yazdanpanah, made a special part about Anousheh's trip to space at Persian "Space Science" website and covered all the news of trip.
On September 22, 2006, she told reporters that she has no regrets and said "I am having a wonderful time here. It's been more than what I expected, and I am enjoying every single second of it. The entire experience has been wonderful up here."
Honors and awardsEdit
Ansari has received multiple honors, including the George Mason University Entrepreneurial Excellence Award, the George Washington University Distinguished Alumni Achievement Award, the Ernst & Young Entrepreneur of the Year Award for the Southwest Region, and the Horatio Alger Award. While under her leadership, Telecom Technologies, Inc. earned recognition as one of Inc. magazine's 500 fastest-growing companies and one of Deloitte & Touche's Fast 500 technology companies. She was listed in Fortune Magazine's 40 under 40 list in 2001 and honored by Working Woman as the winner of the 2000 National Entrepreneurial Excellence award.
In 2009, she received the first NCWIT Symons Innovator Award given annually by the National Center for Women & Information Technology to honor successful women entrepreneurs in technology.
She received an Honorary Doctorate of Science from her alma mater George Mason University on December 20, 2012.
Other activities and public appearancesEdit
In 2009, Ansari was featured in the documentary film Space Tourists by independent Swiss filmmaker Christian Frei about billionaires who paid to ride to the International Space Station aboard Russian spacecraft. The DVD of the film was released in 2011.
On February 26, 2017, she and Firouz Naderi represented Iranian filmmaker Asghar Farhadi at the 89th Academy Awards and accepted the Academy Award for Best Foreign Language Film for The Salesman on Farhadi's behalf. Farhadi did not attend the ceremony due to his opposition to President Trump's immigration ban applying to seven Muslim countries including Iran. Farhadi selected Ansari and Naderi as his representatives because both are successful Iranian-Americans who immigrated to the US.
Ansari "has served on the boards of directors for Make-a-Wish Foundation of North Texas and Collin County Children's Advocacy Center. She has been active with several nonprofit organizations, including the nonprofit Iranian American Women Foundation organization. Other non-profit organizations include the Ashoka Foundation in its support of social entrepreneurs.
- "U.S.: Iranian-American To Be First Female Civilian In Space". RFE/RL. 2006-09-15. Archived from the original on 20 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-02-12.
- Buncombe, Andrew (2006-09-18). "Pride in space as Iran cheers first Muslim's journey to the stars".
- "My Dream of Stars: From Daughter of Iran to Space Pioneer". macmillan.com. Macmillan Publishers. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "Alumni news". George Mason University. 2001. Archived from the original on 2006-09-01. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Receveur, Tim (September 21, 2006). "Iranian-Born American Is World's First Muslim Woman in Space". USEmbassy.gov. U.S. Department of State. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "Anousheh Ansari". macmillan.com. Macmillan Publishers. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "Female space tourist blasts off". CNN. 2006-09-18. Archived from the original on 20 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-18.
- Leary, Warren E. (September 12, 2006). "She Dreamed of the Stars; Now She'll Almost Touch Them". The New York Times.
- Yaghmour, Emily. "Failure Was Never an Option for Mason Alumna". George Mason University alumni newsletter. Archived from the original on 2006-05-25. Retrieved 2006-08-27.
- Sunseri, Gina (September 18, 2006). "First Female Space Tourist Takes Off". abcnews.go.com. ABC News.
- "First female space tourist poised for launch". CNN .com. 2006-09-15.
- "Telecom Technologies Wins 2nd Straight Communications Solutions Product of the Year Award". press release. Sonus Networks. 2001-01-16. Archived from the original on 2010-10-15. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- "Sonus Networks Completes Acquisition of Telecom Technologies". press release. Sonus Networks. 2001-01-18. Archived from the original on 2010-12-21. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- "Prodea Systems: Management Team". prodeasystems.com. Prodea Systems. Archived from the original on 2011-03-03. Retrieved 2011-03-29.
- "Space for Business Newsletter article from February 2007: "I am NOT a tourist"". February 2007
- "Board of Trustees". X PRIZE Foundation. Archived from the original on 10 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-11.
- Saab, Bechara (September 2009). "Planet Earth, Space Debris". Hypothesis. 7 (1): e1. doi:10.5779/hypothesis.v7i1.138.
- "Space Tourism Pioneers, Space Adventures, and the Ansari X PRIZE Title Sponsors to Provide First Suborbital Spaceflight Tourism Vehicles". PR Newswire. Retrieved 2006-08-27.
- "Iranian Woman Blazes Trail Into Space". Spacedaily.com. Archived from the original on 2006-08-08. Retrieved 2006-08-27.
- "Iranian-born American approved to replace Japanese space tourist". Novosti. Archived from the original on 5 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-08-22.
- "NASA Expedition 14 Overview".
- "Interview with Anousheh Ansari, the First Female Space Tourist". Archived from the original on 20 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-19.
- "Up, Up, and Away!".
- "Full Coverage of Anousheh's journey to space". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27.
- "Lift-off for woman space tourist". BBC News Online. 2006-09-18. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- "Space tourist, new crew board ISS". BBC News Online. 2006-09-20. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- "INTERVIEW: From space, a new view of an Iranian". Yahoo. Archived from the original on 2006-11-09. Retrieved 2006-09-18.
- "Space Station Crew Back on Earth". NASA. 2006-09-28. Archived from the original on 3 October 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-30.
- "Space tourist in Earth touchdown". BBC News Online. 2006-09-29. Archived from the original on 29 September 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-30.
- "American female space tourist returns". The Detroit News. 2006-09-29.
- "Space triumph prompts new line in underwear". icWales, The Western Mail. 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2006-09-30.
- "Expedition 14 Press Kit" (PDF). National Aeronautics and Space Administration. NASA. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- "IESA experiments with spaceflight participant Ansari to ISS". Archived from the original on 6 November 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-22.
- Ender, West (2006-08-28). "Iranian flag in Space". Persian Students in the UK Weblog. Archived from the original on 7 January 2007. Retrieved 2007-01-07.
- Slater, Shelly (2006-09-14). "Local space tourist's Iran patch spurs dispute". WFAA (online). Archived from the original on 2006-10-17. Retrieved 2006-09-17.
- Than, Ker (2006-09-16). "First Female Space Tourist, Next ISS Crew Set to Launch". space.com. Retrieved 2006-09-18.
- Eckel, Mike (2006-09-18). "First female space tourist blasts off". Yahoo News.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-06-02. Retrieved 2008-05-14.
- "First female space tourist savoring 'every single second' in orbit". AP. 2006-09-22.
- "Anousheh Ansari". Huffington Post. 2006. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "NCWIT Symons Innovator Award". NCWIT.org. National Center for Women & Information Technology. May 8, 2009. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "Profiling Eileen Borgeson's Art: Promax Muse, X PRIZE Pin, and Space Tourism's Dennis Tito Awards". MarketWired.com. Nasdaq, Inc. June 18, 2007. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- Burton, Dan (June 8, 2010). "A Tribute To The 2010 Ellis Island Medal Of Honor Recipients". capitolwords.org. Sunlight Foundation. Archived from the original on July 4, 2015. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "Anousheh Ansari Wins the National Space Society's Space Pioneer Award for "Service to the Space Community"". National Space Society Blog. Retrieved March 5, 2015.
- "2009 Honeywell Leadership Guide" (PDF). spacecamp.com. 2009.
- "Synopsis". space-tourists-film.com. Retrieved March 21, 2017.
- "First Iranian In Space To Speak At UVU's 72nd Commencement Ceremony". uvu.edu. Utah Valley University. March 11, 2013.
- Samuelson, Kate (February 24, 2017). "Asghar Farhadi Will Be Represented By 2 Iranian-American Space Experts at the Oscars". Time. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- Ansari, Anousheh. "Iranian American Women Foundation". Iranian American Women Foundation. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Anousheh Ansari.|