Open main menu

Soyuz TMA-16M was a 2015 flight to the International Space Station.[3] It transported three members of the Expedition 43 crew to the Station. TMA-16M was the 125th flight of a Soyuz spacecraft, the first having launched in 1967.

Soyuz TMA-16M
ISS-43 Soyuz TMA 16M approaches the ISS (a).jpg
Soyuz TMA-16M approaches the ISS, 28 March 2015.
COSPAR ID2015-016A
SATCAT no.40542
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TMA 11F732A47 No.716
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Crew size3
MembersGennady Padalka
LaunchingMikhail Korniyenko
Scott Kelly
LandingAndreas Mogensen
Aydyn Aimbetov
Start of mission
Launch date27 March 2015
19:42:57 UTC[2]
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date12 September 2015
00:51 UTC
Landing siteKazakhstan
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Docking with ISS
Docking portPoisk zenith, later Zvezda aft
Docking date28 March 2015
01:33 UTC
Undocking date11 September 2015
21:29 UTC
Time docked167 days, 19 hours, 56 minutes
Soyuz-TMA-16M-Mission-Patch.png Expedition 43 Preflight (201503150011HQ).jpg
(l-r) Kelly, Padalka and Kornienko
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)

Scott Kelly and Mikhail Korniyenko performed the first one-year stay at the Space Station,[3] returning in Soyuz TMA-18M.



Position[4] Launching Crew Member Landing Crew Member
Commander   Gennady Padalka, RSA
Expedition 43
Fifth and last spaceflight
Flight Engineer 1   Mikhail Korniyenko, RSA
Expedition 43
Second and last spaceflight
  Andreas Mogensen, ESA
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer 2   Scott Kelly, NASA
Expedition 43
Fourth and last spaceflight
  Aidyn Aimbetov[6], KazCosmos
First spaceflight

Backup crewEdit

Position[7] Crew Member
Commander   Aleksey Ovchinin, RSA
Flight Engineer 1   Sergey Volkov, RSA
Flight Engineer 2   Jeffrey Williams, NASA

Mission highlightsEdit

Launch, rendezvous and dockingEdit

Soyuz TMA-16M was launched successfully aboard a Soyuz-FG rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan at 19:42 UTC on Friday, 27 March 2015. The spacecraft reached low Earth orbit approximately nine minutes after lift-off. After executing rendezvous maneuvers, the Soyuz docked with the zenith port of the International Space Station's Poisk module approximately six hours after launch, at 01:33 UTC on 28 March. The docking occurred over Colombia.[8][9]

Soyuz TMA-16M remained docked to the ISS—serving as an emergency escape vehicle–until September 12, 2015, when it departed and returned Padalka, Andreas Mogensen and Aydyn Aimbetov to Earth.[6] This vehicle was previously scheduled to carry Sarah Brightman as a space tourist, but Brightman's flight was announced to be cancelled in May 2015.[10]

Relocation maneuverEdit

Soyuz TMA-16M spacecraft was relocated from Poisk module to the orbiting laboratory's Zvezda module service module on 28 August 2015.[11] This cleared the Poisk module for the arrival of Soyuz TMA-18M.

Undocking and return to EarthEdit

Soyuz TMA-16M undocked from the ISS at 21:29 UTC on 11 September 2015, containing Gennady Padalka of Roscosmos and visiting crew members Andreas Mogensen of ESA (European Space Agency) and Aidyn Aimbetov of the Kazakh Space Agency. Following a deorbit burn, the Soyuz spacecraft's descent module reentered the Earth's atmosphere. The crew landed safely in Kazakhstan at 00:51 UTC on 12 September 2015, just over three hours after departing the ISS.[12]



  1. ^ Soyuz TMA-16M mission updates Archived 2015-09-24 at the Wayback Machine Spaceflight101, 28 march 2015
  2. ^ Clark, Stephen. "Live coverage: Crew ready to begin record-setting space mission". SpaceflightNow. Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  3. ^ a b NASA, Roscosmos Assign Veteran Crew to Yearlong Space Station Mission NASA, 2012-11-26.
  4. ^ Планируемые полёты (in Russian). Retrieved 2012-06-30.
  5. ^ Agencia Espacial Europea. "Andreas Mogensen's mission name links cosmos and Earth". Retrieved 22 June 2015.
  6. ^ a b TASS (22 June 2015). "Kazakhstani cosmonaut to fly to ISS in September in place of British singer Brightman".
  7. ^ (2013). "Орбитальные полёты".
  8. ^ "Soyuz TMA-16M kicks off historic one year expedition". Retrieved 27 March 2015.
  9. ^ "One Year Crew Arrives at Station". NASA. Retrieved 28 March 2015.
  10. ^ "Brightman steps down from station flight". Retrieved 28 May 2015.
  11. ^ "Soyuz Relocation". NASA. Retrieved 29 Aug 2015.
  12. ^ "Soyuz Return to Earth". NASA. Retrieved 11 Sep 2015.