Soyuz T-3

Soyuz T-3 was a Soviet spaceflight, launched on 27 November 1980 to the Salyut 6 space station. It was the first Soyuz spacecraft to carry three cosmonauts following the fatal Soyuz 11 disaster in 1971.[1]

Soyuz T-3
COSPAR ID1980-094A
SATCAT no.12077
Mission duration12 days, 19 hours, 7 minutes, 42 seconds
Orbits completed204
Spacecraft properties
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-T
ManufacturerNPO Energia
Launch mass6,850 kilograms (15,100 lb)
Crew
Crew size3
MembersLeonid Kizim
Oleg Makarov
Gennady Strekalov
CallsignMayak (Beacon)
Start of mission
Launch date27 November 1980, 14:18:28 (1980-11-27UTC14:18:28Z) UTC
RocketSoyuz-U
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing date10 December 1980, 09:26:10 (1980-12-10UTC09:26:11Z) UTC
Landing site130 kilometres (81 mi) from Dzhezkazgan
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee altitude200 kilometres (120 mi)
Apogee altitude251 kilometres (156 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period88.7 minutes
Docking with Salyut 6
USSR stamp Soyuz-T-3 1981 10k.jpg
1981 USSR stamp, depicting Soyuz T-3 spacecraft and crew, from left to right: Oleg Makarov, Leonid Kizim, Gennady Strekalov
Soyuz programme
(Crewed missions)
 

The mission was both an early flight of the new Soyuz-T variant craft, as well as one of the later flights to the Salyut 6 station, which had successfully received several crews and visiting craft in recent years. Unlike previous habitations of the station, the crew of Soyuz T-3 did not receive any visitors, and thus did not exchange Soyuz craft with other crews for a return journey, a common practice.

CrewEdit

Position Crew
Commander   Leonid Kizim
First spaceflight
Flight Engineer   Oleg Makarov
Fourth and last spaceflight
Research Cosmonaut   Gennady Strekalov
First spaceflight

Backup crewEdit

Position Crew
Commander   Vasili Lazarev
Flight Engineer   Viktor Savinykh
Research Cosmonaut   Valeri Polyakov

Mission summaryEdit

Although the main objective of the crew's mission was to refurbish Salyut 6, part of their mission also involved testing their spacecraft. During their brief stay on Salyut 6, the crew performed experiments using the Splav and Kristall units, and studied biological material which had been carried abroad their Soyuz using the Svetoblok and Oazis units. Much of their time, however, was devoted to station maintenance.

On 2 December they began conducting the Mikroklimat experiment to assess the station's living conditions, and began work on the thermal control system. They installed a new hydraulic unit with four pumps. On 4 December, they replaced electronics in the station's telemetry system. 5 December saw them repairing electrical system faults. Other repairs included replacement of a program and timing device in the onboard control system and replacement of a power supply unit for the compressor in the refueling system. The Salyut 6 Principal Expedition 4 crew in TsUP provided the crew with advice as they made their repairs. On 8 December, Progress 11 carried out an orbital correction for the complex.

Upon leaving the station the craft's orbital module was left attached to Salyut 6 for a few hours, while its descent and service modules completed procedures for re-entry. This procedure was also used during the undocking of Soyuz T-4.[2] Soyuz T-3 returned to Earth on 11 December 1980, landing 130 kilometres (81 mi) west of Dzhezkazgan, Kazakh SSR.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Yenne, Bill (1988). The Pictorial History of World Spaceflight. Exeter. p. 130. ISBN 0-7917-0188-3.
  2. ^ Portree, Mir Hardware Heritage, p. 89.