Yelena Serova

Yelena Olegovna Serova (Russian: Елена Олеговна Серова, born 22 April 1976) is a Russian politician and former cosmonaut. She serves as a Deputy in the State Duma of Russian Federation.

Yelena Serova
Yelena Serova (2016-03-10).JPG
Emblem gosduma.svg Deputy of the State Duma of Russian Federation
Assumed office
5 October 2016
PresidentVladimir Putin
Personal details
Born (1976-04-22) 22 April 1976 (age 44)[1]
Vozdvizhenka, Primorsky Krai, Russian SFSR, Soviet Union[1]
NationalityRussian
Occupationpolitician
Yelena Serova cropped.jpg
NationalityRussian
OccupationEngineer
Space career
Roscosmos Cosmonaut
Time in space
167d 05h 42m
Selection2006 RKKE group
MissionsSoyuz TMA-14M (Expedition 41/42)
Mission insignia
Soyuz-TMA-14M-Mission-Patch.png ISS Expedition 41 Patch.svg ISS Expedition 42 Patch.svg
Retirement23 September 2016

Before her political career she was a Roscosmos cosmonaut, selected in 2006. She flew one long duration mission to the International Space Station from 2014 to 2015 before retiring from the cosmonaut corps in 2016.

BiographyEdit

Serova was born in Vozdvizhenka, a village which is part of the city of Ussuriysk in the Far East in Russia. She stayed in Vozdvizhenka until 1988. Serova went to Germany since her father who was with the military received a transfer. Afterwards, she came to Moscow. She met her future husband Mark at the Moscow Aviation Institute.[2]

In March 2001, Serova graduated from the Aerospace Faculty of the Moscow Aviation Institute qualified as an engineer.[3] In 2003 she graduated from the Moscow State Academy of Instrument Engineering and Information qualified as an economist.[3]

Prior to enrollment as a cosmonaut, Serova had worked as an engineer of the 2nd category for the RSC Energia, and in the Mission Control Center.[3]

Serova was selected as a test cosmonaut at the age of 30 in the RKKE-14 group in October 2006 while working as a flight engineer.[1] She completed basic training at Star City in 2009.

Expedition 41/42Edit

 
Serova works with test samples from the Kaskad cell cultivation experiment in the MRM2.

In late 2011, Russian Space Agency Chief Vladimir Popovkin announced that Serova would fly to the International Space Station, expected to spend up to six months in space performing biophysics and medical experiments.[4] On 25 September 2014, she traveled aboard Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft to serve as a flight engineer for Expedition 41/42.[5][6]

Serova is the fourth female cosmonaut to travel to space.[7] The three previous female cosmonauts were Valentina Tereshkova (1963), Svetlana Savitskaya (1982 and 1984), and Yelena Kondakova (1994 and 1997). They represented the former Soviet Union and Russia.[8]

The Soyuz FG rocket carrying TMA-14M commander Aleksandr Samokutyayev, Yelena Serova and NASA astronaut Barry Wilmore blasted off from the Baikonur Cosmodrome's Site 1/5 at 20:25 UTC. Nine minutes after launch, the Soyuz TMA-14M spacecraft separated from the third stage of the FG rocket to reach orbit. Soon after, the spacecraft deployed its KURS navigation antennas, however, only one of the two power-generating solar arrays successfully unfolded. Despite the trouble encountered, TMA-14M linked up with the Space Station four orbits and six hours later at 1:12 UTC on 26 September. When leak checks were complete, the hatch on the Poisk module was opened at 5:06 UTC and Serova with Samokutyayev and Wilmore entered the Space Station. On 11 March 2015, the crew successfully returned to Earth after 167 days in space.

PoliticsEdit

In 2016, she was elected to the State Duma from the United Russia party and left the cosmonaut squad. Speaking at the plenary meeting of the Parliamentary Assembly of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe on 8 July 2019, she stated that "On the board of the International Space Station, [she and other astronauts] had a chance to see with naked eyes how bombs and shells exploded in Donbass and Luhansk. And they flew from the location of the Armed Forces of Ukraine. Meanwhile, unarmed people died there."[9] According to cosmonaut Yuri Baturin, such military operations are unlikely to be visible without special surveillance tools from the ISS.[10] The altitude of the ISS above the ground ranges from 411.5 to 430.3 kilometers.[citation needed]

In July 2017 Serova was a vice chairperson at a meeting to discuss a bill on the protection of animals.[11]

Personal lifeEdit

Serova is married to cosmonaut Mark Serov, selected in RKKE-13 in 2003, but retired before flying any missions.[12] They have a daughter.[13] Serova was one of five cosmonauts selected to raise the Russian flag at the 2014 Winter Olympics opening ceremony in Sochi.[14] Her interests include flying and economics.[15]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Yelena Olegovna Serova". Space Facts. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  2. ^ NASA (1 August 2014). "Preflight Interview: Elena Serova". NASA. Retrieved 26 October 2014.
  3. ^ a b c "Cosmonaut Bio: Elena Olegovna Serova". jsc.nasa.gov. January 2013. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  4. ^ Gibson, Karen Bush (2014). Women in Space: 23 Stories of First Flights, Scientific Missions, and Gravity-Breaking Adventures. Chicago Review Press. pp. 66–71. ISBN 978-1-61374-844-2.
  5. ^ "Expedition 41". NASA. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  6. ^ "Expedition 42". NASA. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  7. ^ "First Russian woman in International Space Station mission". BBC News. 26 September 2014. Retrieved 6 October 2014.
  8. ^ Gonzales, Daria (11 March 2012). "First Woman in Space". Russia: Beyond The Headlines. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  9. ^ "Космонавт Серова разглядела с МКС летевшие в Донбасс украинские снаряды Подробнее на РБК". RBK Group. 8 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Депутат Елена Серова заявила, что видела обстрел Донбасса из космоса. Возможно ли это?" [Parliamentarian Yelena Serova said that she saw Donbas shelling from space. Is this possible?] (in Russian). 8 July 2019. Retrieved 9 July 2019.
  11. ^ "ЗАКОНОПРОЕКТ ОБ ОТВЕТСТВЕННОМ ОБРАЩЕНИИ С ЖИВОТНЫМИ В ШАГЕ ОТ ПРИНЯТИЯ, ДЕПУТАТЫ ЖДУТ НОРМАТИВНО ПРАВОВЫХ АКТОВ ПРАВИТЕЛЬСТВА". 18 July 2017.
  12. ^ "Mark Serov". www.spacefacts.de. Retrieved 5 December 2013.
  13. ^ "Russian woman cosmonaut may journey to space station". RIA Novosti. 7 December 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2013.
  14. ^ "The XXII Olympic Winter Games in Sochi in 2014 has opened with a grand show". www.Sochi2014.com. 8 February 2014. Retrieved 11 February 2014.
  15. ^ "EXPEDITION 41 Mission Summary" (PDF). nasa.gov. 10 September 2014.

External linksEdit