Soyuz MS-09 was a Soyuz spaceflight which launched on 6 June 2018. It transported three members of the Expedition 56/57 crew to the International Space Station (ISS). MS-09 is the 138th flight of a Soyuz spacecraft. The crew consists of a Russian commander, and an American and a German flight engineer. The mission ended at 05:02 UTC on 20 December 2018.
|Mission duration||196d 17h 50m|
|Spacecraft type||Soyuz-MS 11F747|
|Members||Sergey V. Prokopyev|
Serena M. Auñón-Chancellor
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||6 June 2018 11:12:41 UTC|
|Launch site||Baikonur Pad 1/5|
|End of mission|
|Landing date||20 December 2018 05:02 UTC|
|Landing site||Kazakh Steppe|
|Docking with ISS|
|Docking port||Rassvet nadir|
|Docking date||8 June 2018 13:01 UTC|
|Undocking date||20 December 2018 01:42 UTC|
|Time docked||194d 12h 41m|
(l-r) Prokopyev, Gerst and Auñón-Chancellor
During the night of 29 August 2018, a small air leak in the ISS was noticed by ground control. A 2 mm hole in the orbital module was discovered, later stated to have been "hidden with a low-quality patch job." Russian crew members used Kapton tape to temporarily seal the leak while a permanent fix was devised. The leak was successfully sealed with the use of a repair kit based on an epoxy sealant, and no further changes in air pressure were noted as of 31 August. On 4 September 2018, it was announced that the hole was created by a drill, but it was unclear if it was accidental or deliberate. Russian officials indicated the hole was made during the module's manufacturing process.
On 11 December 2018, Kononenko and Prokopyev conducted an EVA, cutting into the thermal blankets and pulling away insulation, in order to examine the external hull, take images of the area and retrieve samples of residue to be used in the investigation. As the hole is in the orbital module that is jettisoned before re-entry, the return flight was not endangered. The return of the MS-09 crew was briefly delayed by the launch failure of Soyuz MS-10 (until the arrival of the next crew on MS-11). MS-09 landed on 20 December at about 05:03 UTC. Prokopyev was quoted as saying that the drill hole was made from the inside; however, it is still unclear when it was made. Further reports and investigation were enacted thereafter. 
|Commander|| Sergey Prokopyev, RSA|
|Flight Engineer 1|| Alexander Gerst, ESA|
|Flight Engineer 2|| Serena M. Auñón-Chancellor, NASA|
|Commander||Oleg Kononenko, RSA|
|Flight Engineer 1||David Saint-Jacques, CSA|
|Flight Engineer 2||Anne C. McClain, NASA|
- Evans, Ben (6 June 2018). "Soyuz MS-09 Launches U.S., Russian, German Spacefarers to Space Station". AmericaSpace. Retrieved 4 December 2018.
- Gebhardt, Chris (19 December 2018). "Soyuz MS-09 lands after unprecedented on-orbit repairs, inspections". Retrieved 20 December 2018.
- Gebhardt, Chris (30 August 2018). "Soyuz/Station atmosphere leak no threat to Crew as repairs continue".
- Clark, Stephen (30 August 2018). "Cosmonauts plug small air leak on the International Space Station". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 2 September 2018.
- Wehner, Mike (26 December 2018). "What does it mean if the hole in the ISS was drilled from the inside?". Boy Genius Report. Retrieved 27 December 2018.
- Roscosmos (2018). "Роскосмос. Информационное сообщение".
- Harwood, William (4 September 2018). "Russians investigate cause of Soyuz leak, focus on human error". Spaceflight Now. Retrieved 5 September 2018.
- Bergin, Chris. "Russian EVA examines hole repair area on Soyuz MS-09 – NASASpaceFlight.com". NASASpaceflight.com. Retrieved 17 December 2018.
- Mandelbaum, Ryan F. (25 December 2018). "Report: ISS Hole Drilled From the Inside, Cosmonaut Says". Gizmodo. Retrieved 25 December 2018.
- astronaut.ru (2013). "Орбитальные полёты".