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The Soyuz TMA-14 (Russian: Союз ТМА-14, Union TMA-14) was a Soyuz flight to the International Space Station, which launched on 26 March 2009. It transported two members of the Expedition 19 crew as well as spaceflight participant Charles Simonyi on his second self-funded flight to the space station. TMA-14 was the 101st manned flight of a Soyuz spacecraft, including launch failures; however, it was the 100th to launch and land manned, as Soyuz 34 was launched unmanned to replace Soyuz 32, which landed empty.[2]

Soyuz TMA-14
Soyuz TMA-14 liftoff.jpg
OperatorRoskosmos
COSPAR ID2009-015A
SATCAT no.34669
Mission duration199 days
Spacecraft properties
SpacecraftSoyuz-TMA No.224
Spacecraft typeSoyuz-TMA 11F732
ManufacturerRKK Energia
Crew
Crew size3
MembersGennady Padalka
Michael Barratt
LaunchingCharles Simonyi
LandingGuy Laliberté
CallsignАльтаир (Altair − Altair)
Start of mission
Launch dateMarch 26, 2009, 11:49:18 (2009-03-26UTC11:49:18Z) UTC
RocketSoyuz-FG
Launch siteBaikonur 1/5
End of mission
Landing dateOctober 11, 2009, 04:32 (2009-10-11UTC04:33Z) UTC
Orbital parameters
Reference systemGeocentric
RegimeLow Earth
Perigee224 kilometers (139 mi)
Apogee272 kilometers (169 mi)
Inclination51.6 degrees
Period89.46 minutes
EpochMarch 27, 2009[1]
Docking with ISS
Soyuz-TMA-14-Mission-Patch.png Soyuz-TMA-14-Crew-Photo.jpeg
From left to right: Charles Simonyi, Gennadi Padalka, Michael Barratt
Soyuz programme
(Manned missions)
 

Contents

CrewEdit

Position[3][4] Launching Crew Member Landing Crew Member
Commander   Gennady Padalka
Expedition 19
Third spaceflight
Flight Engineer   Michael Barratt, NASA
Expedition 19
First spaceflight
Spaceflight Participant  /  Charles Simonyi, SA
Second and last spaceflight
Tourist
  Guy Laliberté, SA
Only spaceflight
Tourist

Backup crewEdit

Position[5][6] Launching Cosmonaut Landing Cosmonaut
Commander   Maksim Surayev
Flight Engineer   Shannon Walker, NASA
Spaceflight Participant   Esther Dyson, SA
Tourist
  Barbara Barrett, SA
Tourist

Mission highlightsEdit

Soyuz TMA-14 was docked to the space station for the remainder of the Expedition 20 increment to serve as an emergency escape vehicle. The spacecraft swapped its docking ports at the International Space Station from Zvezda SM aft port to Pirs DC nadir port on 2 July 2009.[7] This allowed Progress 34P to dock at the SM aft port on 29 July 2009.

Soyuz TMA-14 undocked and landed safely on 11 October 2009.[8][9] On board for the return flight was the space tourist Guy Laliberté. Laliberté was launched with Expedition 21 on Soyuz TMA-16. He is the first Canadian space tourist.

Logo contestEdit

 
Soyuz TMA-14 approaches the International Space Station on 28 March 2009.

Roskosmos, in cooperation with other nations' space programs, invited children ages 6 to 15 to design and submit a patch for Soyuz TMA-14 from October 25, 2008 through December 25, 2008. On December 29, 2008, Roscosmos hosted a ceremony to announce the winners. Anna Chibiskova, 12, from Moscow was chosen for first place and her artwork was incorporated into the design of the official Soyuz TMA-14 crew patch. Kaitlin Riley, 12, from New York, U.S., and Stanislav Pyatkin, 11, from Uglegorsk, Russia, were selected as the second and third-place winners respectively by TMA-14 crew mates Gennady Padalka and Michael Barrett. A fourth winner, Roma Kuznetsov, 7, from Kazakhstan, was further selected by Roscosmos director Anatoly Perimov. All four are invited to the launch of Soyuz TMA-14 with expenses paid by the Russian Insurance Center.[10]

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
  2. ^ "The 100th Soyuz flight that (maybe) isn't". collectSPACE. October 10, 2008. Retrieved December 8, 2008.
  3. ^ NASA (2008). "NASA Assigns Crews for STS-127 and Expedition 19 Missions". NASA. Retrieved February 11, 2008.
  4. ^ Space Adventures’ Orbital Spaceflight Candidate, Charles Simonyi, Plans Spring 2009 Return Flight to the ISS Archived October 4, 2008, at the Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Press Releases - Space Adventures". www.spaceadventures.com.
  6. ^ Жена главы компании Intel готовится стать космонавтом Archived February 14, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  7. ^ "ISS On-Orbit Status 06/10/09". NASA SOMD. June 10, 2009.
  8. ^ "Soyuz TMA-14". RSA.
  9. ^ "Space station crew sails to safe landing in Kazakhstan". Spaceflight Now.
  10. ^ "Russian girl creates next Soyuz crew patch". collectSPACE. December 29, 2008. Retrieved December 30, 2008.