1249

  (Redirected from AD 1249)

Year 1249 (MCCXLIX) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1249 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1249
MCCXLIX
Ab urbe condita2002
Armenian calendar698
ԹՎ ՈՂԸ
Assyrian calendar5999
Balinese saka calendar1170–1171
Bengali calendar656
Berber calendar2199
English Regnal year33 Hen. 3 – 34 Hen. 3
Buddhist calendar1793
Burmese calendar611
Byzantine calendar6757–6758
Chinese calendar戊申年 (Earth Monkey)
3945 or 3885
    — to —
己酉年 (Earth Rooster)
3946 or 3886
Coptic calendar965–966
Discordian calendar2415
Ethiopian calendar1241–1242
Hebrew calendar5009–5010
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1305–1306
 - Shaka Samvat1170–1171
 - Kali Yuga4349–4350
Holocene calendar11249
Igbo calendar249–250
Iranian calendar627–628
Islamic calendar646–647
Japanese calendarHōji 3 / Kenchō 1
(建長元年)
Javanese calendar1158–1159
Julian calendar1249
MCCXLIX
Korean calendar3582
Minguo calendar663 before ROC
民前663年
Nanakshahi calendar−219
Thai solar calendar1791–1792
Tibetan calendar阳土猴年
(male Earth-Monkey)
1375 or 994 or 222
    — to —
阴土鸡年
(female Earth-Rooster)
1376 or 995 or 223
King Louis IX receives Patriarch Robert of Nantes at Damietta in Egypt (1847)

EventsEdit

By placeEdit

Seventh CrusadeEdit

  • May 13 – King Louis IX (the Saint) assembles a Crusader fleet of 120 transports and embarks an army (some 15,000 men) at Limassol. Unfortunately, a storm scatters the ships a few days later. On May 30, Louis sets sail to Egypt – only a quarter of his forces sails with him. The others make their way independently to the Egyptian coast. Finally, the royal squadron arrives off Damietta on June 4. Aboard Louis' flagship the Montjoie. the king's advisers urges a delay until the rest of his transports arrive before attempting to disembark, but Louis refuses.[1]
  • June 5Siege of Damietta: Louis IX lands with a Crusader force and captures Damietta, after a fierce battle at the edge of the sea. The onslaught of the knights of France and those of Outremer under John of Ibelin, force the Ayyubids back with heavy losses. At nightfall, Fakhr ad-Din withdraws his army over a bridge of boats to Damietta. Finding the population there in panic and the garrison wavering, Fakhr ad-Din decides to evacuate the city. On June 6, Louis marches triumphantly over the bridge into Damietta and builds a camp to attack Cairo.[2]
  • November 20 – Louis IX sets out (against the advice of his nobles) with a Crusader force from Damietta, along the southern road to Mansourah. A garrison is left to guard the city – where Queen Margaret of Provence and Patriarch Robert of Nantes remain. The Crusaders make slow progress along the Nile, carrying a number of supplies and equipment. After 32 days, Louis orders to made camp opposite the Ayyubid camp near Mansourah, protected by a branch of the river and fortifications. Both camps use their catapults to bombard each other.[3]
  • December – Louis IX consolidates his forces at Mansourah. After the death of Sultan As-Salih Ayyub, Fakhr ad-Din becomes effectively the ruler of Egypt. He takes command of the city's defense and his cavalry harasses the Crusaders but none of these skirmishes is successful in holding up the Crusader's advance. Meanwhile, Louis orders the construction of a dyke at Mansourah, although the Crusaders build covered galleries to protect the workmen, the Egyptian bombardment (particularly Greek fire), is so formidable that the work is halted.[4]

EuropeEdit

AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

Cities and TownsEdit

EducationEdit

MicrohistoryEdit

  • Jean Mouflet makes an agreement with the abbot of Saint-Pierre-le-Vif in the Senonais region in France: in return for an annual payment, the monastery will recognize Jean as a "citizen of Sens". He is a leather merchant, with a leather shop that he leases for the rent of 50 shillings a year. The agreement is witnessed by Jean's wife, Douce, daughter of a wealthy and prominent citizen of Sens, Felis Charpentier.

ScienceEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 219–220. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  2. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 220. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  3. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, p. 221. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  4. ^ Steven Runciman (1952). A History of The Crusades. Vol III: The Kingdom of Acre, pp. 222–223. ISBN 978-0-241-29877-0.
  5. ^ Beazley, Charles Raymond (1911). "Andrew of Longjumeau". In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica. Vol. 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 972–973.
  6. ^ Macrides, Ruth (2007). George Akropolites: The History – Introduction, Translation and Commentary, pp. 246–248. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-921067-1.
  7. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 110. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.
  8. ^ "John XXII". Oxford Reference. Retrieved December 4, 2021.