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In contemporary history, the third millennium of the anno Domini or Common Era in the Gregorian calendar is the current millennium spanning the years 2001 to 3000 (21st to 30th centuries). Ongoing futures studies seek to understand what is likely to continue and what could plausibly change in the course of this period and beyond.
Predictions and forecasts not included on this timeline
- List of future astronomical events
- Projections of population growth
- Climate change
- List of dates predicted for apocalyptic events
- Predictions and claims for the Second Coming of Christ
- Near future in fiction
- Works falling into the public domain in the United States
Plans and goals
- NASA plans to execute a human mission to Mars between 2031 and 2035.
- Targets of the goals of the United Nations' 2030 Agenda are set to 2030.
- The 2030 Climate Target Plan of the EU aims to cut greenhouse gas emissions by at least 55% by 2030. After the plan was presented in September, the European Commission will review, and possibly propose to revise all relevant policy instruments to achieve its additional emission reductions by June 2021.
- The international community, including the United Nations, World Bank, and United States, have set the goal of completely eradicating extreme poverty by 2030. Noting a significant decline in extreme poverty since 1990, the World Bank has noted that the end of extreme poverty is in sight and pledged to cut it down to at most 3% of the world's population by this time.
- The World Health Organization and UNICEF have set a goal for universal access to basic sanitation by 2030.
- The United Nations has made it a goal that Internet access and literacy will be universal by 2030.
- The World Bank has called for all countries to implement universal health care by this time.
- Saudi Vision 2030
- Melbourne 2030
- 2031: ATHENA (Advanced Telescope for High Energy Astrophysics), which is an X-ray observatory, is planned to launch this year.
- 2036: On February 7, the 64-bit timestamps used by NTP, which consists of a 32-bit part for seconds and a 32-bit part for fractional seconds that gives a time scale that rolls over every 232 seconds (136 years) and a theoretical resolution of 2−32 seconds (233 picoseconds), and due to the fact that the NTP uses an epoch of 1 January 1900, will cause the first roll over to occur in this year.
- Certain documents relating to Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon's wishes to preserve a monarchy if the Nazis occupied the UK are to be released from the Royal Archives.
- The Oxford English Dictionary is expected to publish its completed revised third edition.
- A fourth image of the supernova AT 2016jka is expected to appear around distant galaxy MRG-M0138 due to gravitational lensing.
- January 19: 03:14:08 UTC – Many 32-bit computer clocks overflow, potentially confusing the date as 13 December 1901. Known as the Year 2038 problem, similar to the Year 2000 problem.
- April 12: Documents related to the NSA's PRISM program are to be declassified by the U.S. Government.
- April 25: Easter will occur on its latest possible date. The last time this occurred was in 1943 and, after 2038, the next time it will occur will be in 2190.
- December 26: A total solar eclipse will occur in the Southern Hemisphere. It will start on the south of the Indian Ocean, will cross Australia and New Zealand and it will end in the southern part of the Pacific Ocean.
- 2039: On September 2, the Destroyers for Bases Agreement's 99-year rent-free leases to the U.S. by the U.K. will expire.
Plans and goals
- Oman Vision 2040
- April 30: A Nickelodeon time capsule, sealed in April 1992, is scheduled to be opened.
- September 17: A common computing representation of date and time on IBM mainframe systems will overflow with potential results similar to the year 2000 problem.
- 2045: Centennial commemorations of the conclusion of World War II and the fall of Nazi Germany.
- 2047: On July 1, the present "one country, two systems" arrangement in Hong Kong is scheduled to end, as it was guaranteed for 50 years starting from 1 July 1997, provided under the Hong Kong Basic Law. The agreement was raised by Deng Xiaoping to deal with Hong Kong's reunification with the People's Republic of China in 1997, and stipulated in the Sino-British Joint Declaration of 1984. What will be done is not stated in any document.
- 2048: On January 14, the Protocol on Environmental Protection to the Antarctic Treaty is scheduled to come up for review.
- October 1: Scheduled completion of the Belt and Road Initiative, coinciding with the 100th anniversary of the founding of the People's Republic of China.
- December 20: The present "One country, two systems" with Macau, guaranteed for 50 years starting from 20 December 1999, provided under the Basic Law and the Joint Declaration on the Question of Macau, will expire.
- Three-North Shelter Forest Program is expected to be completed.
- President Joe Biden says his plan will ensure that the United States will be a 100% clean energy economy and reach net-zero emissions by 2050.
- Arnulf Jaeger-Walden of the European commission's Institute for Energy believes that solar power from North Africa can provide 100 GW to the entire continent of Europe.
- Under a plan announced in July 2016, New Zealand aims to eradicate all non-native rats, possums, and mustelids by this year.
- The United States Airforce is set to retire the B-52 Bomber from service.
- A time capsule in Rachel, Nevada is set to be opened in this year.[importance?]
- February: A METI message Cosmic Call 1 sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destination, 15 Sge star.
- May: A METI message, called the Teen Age Message, sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destination, HD 76151 star.
- December: A METI message, called the Teen Age Message, sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destination, 37 Gem star.
- In the UK, the Midland Expressway Ltd (MEL) contract to run the M6 Toll expires.
- 2059: In January, a METI message, called the Teen Age Message, sent from the 70-meter Eupatoria Planetary Radar arrives at its destinations, HD 126053 star and HD 193664 star.
- September 1: A time capsule at St. Gabriel School in Biggar, Saskatchewan, Canada is scheduled to be opened for its 150th anniversary of its school division (Greater Saskatoon Catholic Schools).
- July 24: Halley's comet expected to be visible for the first time since the perihelion was last reached in 1986.
- December 31: Expiration of the Singapore-Malaysia Water Agreement.
- 2065: On November 22, Venus occults Jupiter, the first planet-planet occultation since 3 January 1818. The next planet-planet occultation will occur less than two years later, on 15 July 2067 (when Mercury occults Neptune).
- September 29: One of four time capsules at the Helium Centennial Time Columns Monument is scheduled to be opened 100 years after it was locked.
- May 31: A Solar Eclipse will occur.
- 2070: In 2020, some scientists projected that, by 2070, 1 to 3 billion people, mostly living in regions with little adaptive capacity, would be left outside the historically favourable climate conditions, the "human temperature niche", depending on patterns of population growth and climate change mitigation, without levels of migration unlikely to be sustainable.
- 2073: On January 1, assuming no further extensions to the term of copyrights become law in the interim, all media that was published before 1978 will have fallen into the public domain in the United States. This year in particular is significant because this is the last year when the terms of the Sonny Bono Copyright Extension Act will apply; works published after 1977 will generally fall into the public domain after 70 years post mortem auctoris.[example needed]
- 2077: The British Monarchy will turn 1,000 years old.
- 2089: During the months of May and June, insect Magicicada broods X (17-year) and XIX (13-year) will emerge simultaneously. This will be the first time this will occur since 1868; next time will be in 2310. This event occurs only once in every 221 years.
- 2090: The 9/11 Victims Compensation Fund is set to expire.
- 2092: Work on cleaning up the site of the Oldbury Nuclear Power Station[a] is scheduled to be complete in 2092 (early estimate).
- 2097: A time capsule, sealed 100 years earlier, is scheduled to be opened in Baltimore's Inner Harbor to celebrate 300 years of the city's incorporation.
- 2099: The 99-year lease for Kaufman Astoria Studios in Queens, New York City is set to expire.
- 2100: On 14 March (which will be 29 February in the Julian calendar), the difference between the Julian calendar and the Gregorian calendar reaches 14 days. Since 14 is divisible by 7, this will be the first time in history since its inception that the Gregorian calendar has the same day of the week for each day of the year as the Julian calendar. This will last until 28 February 2200 of the Gregorian Calendar.
- 2103: Per an agreement between the National Archives and Caroline Kennedy, the jacket Jackie Kennedy wore on the day John F. Kennedy was assassinated cannot be displayed in public until this year.
- FAT file systems theoretically support dates up to 31 December, 2107 (though officially only up to 31 December 2099).
- 2109: On April 27, a time capsule placed under the floor boards of the Old Queens Building at Rutgers University, in New Jersey, buried on 27 April 2009, is scheduled to be opened.
- The Chernobyl New Safe Confinement reaches end of designed lifetime in the 2110s.
- 2110: On 19 September, a time capsule at the Plaza de Armas in Santiago, Chile is intended to be opened. It was buried in 2010.
- 2111: The will of Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh is scheduled to become public knowledge.
- November 18: The city of Beaumont, California in the United States is scheduled to open a time capsule in honour of its bicentennial.
- A time capsule buried in Weavers Academy, Wellingborough, UK, will be opened after 100 years of being buried.
- The first book from the Future Library project will be published, 100 years after being submitted by author Margaret Atwood.
- The One Hundred Year Study on Artificial Intelligence (AI100) initiated by Stanford University will be concluded.
- November 18: In 2015, Robert Rodriguez and John Malkovich teamed up with Louis XIII de Rémy Martin (cognac) to create a film called 100 Years. It was put into a time capsule and is scheduled to be released exactly 100 years later.
- 2120: In November, a South African vault of thousands of time capsules containing present-day information for future generations' use will be opened, 101 years after burial. The Vault 2120 is located at Maropeng in the Cradle of Humankind and was sealed in November 2019. The vault will only be opened in the year 2120. The vault and its thousands of time capsules have been buried at least two metres underground at the Maropeng Visitor Centre.
- 2132: A time capsule on Rideau Street in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada is intended to be opened that year. It was buried in 1982.
- 2140: All Bitcoins are expected to be mined.
- 2227–2247: Pluto will be closer to the Sun than Neptune is for the first time since the year 1999.
- 2265: Return of the Great Comet of 1861.
- 2284: Possible the perihelion of Halley's Comet might come back after the year 2209.
- 2285: On March 22, Easter will occur on its earliest possible date for the first time since the year 1818.
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- The St. Michael's Catholic Cemetery (Happy Valley) in Hong Kong lease on Wanzai's Saint Fulan gentleman street will end after a 999-year lease, assuming no legal status changes before that date.
- 2883: On January 4, the CPR (Canadian Pacific Railway) lease on the O&Q (Ontario and Quebec) will end, after a 999-year lease.
- 2968: The Helium Centennial Time Columns Monument in Amarillo, Texas, contains four separate time capsules, the last of which is intended to be opened 1,000 years after the Time Columns Monument was locked in 1968.
- The Oldbury Nuclear Power Station is located in South Gloucestershire, England.
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At the ceremony, a time capsule was revealed containing several items from today to leave for the University in 2109, at the building’s tricentennial commemoration.
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