The 1020s was a decade of the Julian Calendar which began on January 1, 1020, and ended on December 31, 1029.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
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EventsEdit

1020

By placeEdit

1021Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
AfricaEdit
AsiaEdit

1022Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
  • Spring – Emperor Henry II divides his army into three columns and descends through Rome onto Capua. The bulk of the expeditionary force (20,000 men) led by Henry, makes its way down the Adriatic coast.
  • Pilgrim, archbishop of Cologne, marches with his army down the Tyrrhenian coast to lay siege to Capua. The citizens open the gates and surrender the city to the imperial army.[3]
  • Pilgrim besieges the city of Salerno for forty days. Prince Guaimar III offers to give hostages – Pilgrim accepts the prince's son and co-prince Guaimar IV, and lifts the siege.[4]
  • Summer – Outbreak of the plague among the German troops forces Henry II to abandon his campaign in Italy. He reimposes his suzerainty on the Lombard principalities.
  • King Olof Skötkonung dies and is succeeded by his son Anund Jakob (or James) as ruler of Sweden. He becomes the second Christian king of the Swedish realm.
AfricaEdit
AsiaEdit
  • The Chinese military has one million registered soldiers during the Song Dynasty, an increase since the turn of the 11th century (approximate date).

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

1023Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

1024Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

1025Edit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit
EuropeEdit
AfricaEdit
AsiaEdit

1026Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
  • Spring – King Conrad II, "the Elder", assembles an army of thousands of armored knights for an expedition into Italy. He besieges Pavia and marches to Milan, where he is crowned with the Iron Crown by Archbishop Aribert as king of the Lombards. Duke William V ("the Great") of Aquitaine, who is already en route for Italy, decides to renounce his claim to the Lombard throne and turns back.[10]
  • April – Conrad II punishes (with the help of Milanese troops) the citizens of Pavia with starvation, for burning down the Royal Palace. He appoints Aribert as his viceroy ("imperial vicar") in Italy and charges him to ensure that the order is complied with.
  • Summer – Conrad II leaves the bulk of his army at the siege of Pavia and marches to Ravenna. The Ravennan militias close the town gates and assault the imperial train. Conrad rallies his troops and takes Ravenna, taking bloody revenge.
  • Conrad II proceeds to Pesaro, but a malarian outbreak forces him to withdraw back up north to the Po Valley. He subdues the March of Turin, where Count Ulric Manfred II opposes the election of Conrad.
  • Autumn – Pavia falls to the imperial forces. Only the intervention of Odilo of Cluny persuades Conrad to have mercy on the city and the defeated rebels.[11]
  • Battle of Helgeå (off the coast of Sweden): Naval forces of King Cnut the Great's North Sea Empire defeat the combined Swedish and Norwegian royal fleets.[12]
  • 9-year-old Henry "the Black" is made duke of Bavaria by his father, Conrad II, after the death of his predecessor Henry V.
  • Pietro Barbolano becomes 28th doge of Venice.
AsiaEdit
  • A Zubu revolt against the Liao dynasty is suppressed, with the Zubu forced to pay an annual tribute of horses, camels and furs.

1027Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit
AsiaEdit

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Science, technology and medicineEdit

1028Edit

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Byzantine EmpireEdit
EnglandEdit
EuropeEdit

1029Edit

By placeEdit

EuropeEdit

By topicEdit

ReligionEdit

Significant peopleEdit

BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Bresc, Henri (2003). "La Sicile et l'espace libyen au Moyen Age" (PDF). Parte prima. Il regno normanno e il Mediterraneo. Retrieved 17 January 2012.
  2. ^ Hewsen, Robert H. (2001). Armenia: A Historical Atlas. The University of Chicago Press. p. 126. ISBN 0-226-33228-4.
  3. ^ Norwich, John Julius (1967). The Normans in the South. London: Longman, pp. 26–28.
  4. ^ Amatus, Dunbar & Loud (2004), p. 53. The young prince was sent to the papal court for safekeeping according to Amatus.
  5. ^ Walker, Williston (1921). A History of the Christian Church. Charles Scribner's Sons, p. 218.
  6. ^ Ortenberg. Anglo-Saxon Church and the Papacy. English Church and the Papacy, p. 49.
  7. ^ Wortley, John ed. (2010). John Skylitzes: A Synopsis of Byzantine History, 811–1057. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0-521-76705-7.
  8. ^ Boissonade, B. "Les premières croisades françaises en Espagne. Normands, Gascons, Aquitains et Bourguignons (1018-1032)". Bulletin Hispanique. 36 (1): 5–28. doi:10.3406/hispa.1934.2607.
  9. ^ Meynier, Gilbert (2010). L'Algérie cœur du Maghreb classique. De l'ouverture islamo-arabe au repli (658-1518). Paris: La Découverte. p.50.
  10. ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith (2004). The New Cambridge Medieval History. Volume IV c.1024–c.1198. p. 72. ISBN 978-0-521-41411-1.
  11. ^ Lucy Margaret Smith (1920). The Early History of the Monastery of Cluny. Oxford University Press.
  12. ^ Dated 1025 by the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, which gives the victory to Sweden.
  13. ^ Wolfram, Herwig (2006). Conrad II, 990-1039: Emperor of Three Kingdoms. Pennsylvania State University Press. p. 102. ISBN 0-271-02738-X.
  14. ^ Clark, William W. (2006). Medieval Cathedrals. Westport, CT: Greenwood Publishing. p. 87. ISBN 978-0-313-32693-6.
  15. ^ Goodman, Lenn Evan (1992). Avicenna. London: Routledge. p. 31. ISBN 0-415-01929-X.