Year 1031 (MXXXI) was a common year starting on Friday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
1031 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1031
Ab urbe condita1784
Armenian calendar480
Assyrian calendar5781
Balinese saka calendar952–953
Bengali calendar438
Berber calendar1981
English Regnal yearN/A
Buddhist calendar1575
Burmese calendar393
Byzantine calendar6539–6540
Chinese calendar庚午年 (Metal Horse)
3728 or 3521
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
3729 or 3522
Coptic calendar747–748
Discordian calendar2197
Ethiopian calendar1023–1024
Hebrew calendar4791–4792
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1087–1088
 - Shaka Samvat952–953
 - Kali Yuga4131–4132
Holocene calendar11031
Igbo calendar31–32
Iranian calendar409–410
Islamic calendar421–423
Japanese calendarChōgen 4
Javanese calendar933–934
Julian calendar1031
Korean calendar3364
Minguo calendar881 before ROC
Nanakshahi calendar−437
Seleucid era1342/1343 AG
Thai solar calendar1573–1574
Tibetan calendar阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
1157 or 776 or 4
    — to —
(female Iron-Goat)
1158 or 777 or 5

The Caliphate of Córdoba (green) ends.

Events edit

By place edit

Europe edit

  • July 20 – King Robert II (the Pious) dies at Melun, after a 35-year reign. He is succeeded by his 23-year-old son, Henry I, who becomes the sole ruler of France. Henry's mother, Queen dowager Constance of Arles, prefers her third son, Robert, as heir to the throne and, with the help of Count Odo II, begins a war against Henry.[1]
  • The Caliphate of Córdoba collapses after years of infighting; the caliphate fractures into a number of independent Muslim taifa (kingdoms). The last Umayyad ruler, Caliph Hisham III, tries to consolidate the caliphate, but his raising of taxes (to pay for mosques) leads to heavy opposition and he is imprisoned by his rivals.[2]
  • King Mieszko II is forced to escape Poland after an attack of Grand Prince Yaroslav I (the Wise) of Kiev, who installs Mieszko's half-brother Bezprym onto the Polish throne.
  • France suffers from a famine (until 1033).[3]

Middle East edit

Births edit

Deaths edit

References edit

  1. ^ Jonathan Riley-Smith (2006). The New Cambridge Medieval History, Volume 4, c. 1024–c. 1198, p. 124. ISBN 978-0-521-41411-1.
  2. ^ Chejne, Anwar G. (1974). Muslim Spain: Its History and Culture, pp. 43–49. Minneapolis: The University of Minnesota Press. ISBN 0816606889.
  3. ^ Moriceau, Jean-Marc (2011) L'Homme contre le loup. Une guerre de deux mille ans, Paris, Fayard.