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Year 1091 (MXCI) was a common year starting on Wednesday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Millennium: 2nd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
1091 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar1091
MXCI
Ab urbe condita1844
Armenian calendar540
ԹՎ ՇԽ
Assyrian calendar5841
Balinese saka calendar1012–1013
Bengali calendar498
Berber calendar2041
English Regnal yearWill. 2 – 5 Will. 2
Buddhist calendar1635
Burmese calendar453
Byzantine calendar6599–6600
Chinese calendar庚午(Metal Horse)
3787 or 3727
    — to —
辛未年 (Metal Goat)
3788 or 3728
Coptic calendar807–808
Discordian calendar2257
Ethiopian calendar1083–1084
Hebrew calendar4851–4852
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat1147–1148
 - Shaka Samvat1012–1013
 - Kali Yuga4191–4192
Holocene calendar11091
Igbo calendar91–92
Iranian calendar469–470
Islamic calendar483–484
Japanese calendarKanji 5
(寛治5年)
Javanese calendar995–996
Julian calendar1091
MXCI
Korean calendar3424
Minguo calendar821 before ROC
民前821年
Nanakshahi calendar−377
Seleucid era1402/1403 AG
Thai solar calendar1633–1634
Tibetan calendar阳金马年
(male Iron-Horse)
1217 or 836 or 64
    — to —
阴金羊年
(female Iron-Goat)
1218 or 837 or 65
Roger I of Sicily (r. 1071–1101)

EventsEdit

By placeEdit

Byzantine EmpireEdit

  • Spring – Tzachas, an Seljuk Turkish military commander, establishes a independent maritime state centred in the Ionian coastal city of Smyrna (modern-day İzmir). He proclaims himself emperor (basileus) and concludes an alliance with the Pechenegs in Thrace. Tzachas uses his fleet to blockade Constantinople by sea, while the Pechenegs besiege the capital by land.[1]
  • April 29Battle of Levounion: Emperor Alexios I supported by his allies defeats the Pechenegs 80,000 men (including women and children) at the Evros River near Enos (modern Turkey). The Cumans and Byzantine forces fall upon the enemy camp, slaugtering all in their path. The Pechenegs are butchered savagely that they are almost wiped out.

EuropeEdit

EnglandEdit

By topicEdit

DisastersEdit

ReligionEdit


BirthsEdit

DeathsEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ Brian Todd Carey (2012). Road to Manzikert: Byzantine and Islamic Warfare (527–1071), p. 160. ISBN 978-1-84884-215-1.
  2. ^ Picard, Christophe (2000). Le Portugal musulman (VIIIe-XIIIe siècle. L'Occident d'al-Andalus sous domination islamique. Paris: Maisonneuve & Larose. p. 109. ISBN 2-7068-1398-9.