Qutb Shah, formally known as Abdullah Awn ibn Ya‘lā al-Qādirī al-Gīlānī (Persian: عبداللہ عَوْن ابنِ یعلیٰ) (c. 1028–1099), was a ruler,[1] medieval Persian Sufi, Muslim preacher and a religious scholar.[2] He belonged to Alvi family of Banu Hashim tribe and was a relative of Abdul Qadir Gilani.[3][4][need quotation to verify]

Abdullah Awn Ibn Yaala
عبداللہ عَوْن ابنِ یعلیٰ
Wali Abdullah Awn ibn Ya'ala.png
Born1028 AD (probably)
Died1099 AD (probably)
NationalityQuraysh
Other namesHakim-ul-Quloob, Al-Sheikh Al-Azeem, Olad-e-Ali, Shamsheer-e-Sher-e-Shamsheer zan
OccupationRuler and Islamic Scholar
Known forSufi Mysticism
TitleQutb Shah
Parent(s)
  • Yaala ibn Hamza (father)
FamilyBanu Hashim

Initially, he belonged to Imamia sect of Islam, later he was influenced by the teachings of his cousin, Abdul Qadir Gilani, and ended up becoming a Hanbali-Zaydi.[2] His Hanbali-Zaydi Sufi school tries to integrate perfectionism of commandments and agape oriented activism. Ibn Arabi also tried this synergy by admiring Ibn Hazm which raised legal paradoxes and became controversial in ultranomian circles.[5]

Qutb Shah, in first quarter of 11th century, ruled Herat (then Khorasan),[1] where supposedly there was a power vacuum, and people made him their ruler due to his religious stature. After taking the throne of Herat, he also joined forces with Mahmud of Ghazni when Mahmud invaded Sub-continent.[6][1] He ruled Herat until his death. All of his children migrated to modern-day Pakistan, and settled near Salt Range, on his command.[1] He is considered to be the primary ancestor of the Awans.[6][7][1] He is buried in Iraq near Imam Musa Kazim.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c d e Bahri, Hardev (1963). Lahndi Phonetics, with Special Reference to Awáṇkárí. Bharati Press Prakashan. pp. 10 and 11.
  2. ^ a b Mohammad Sarwar Khan Awan, Wadi Soon Sakaser publisher Lok Virsa Islamabad Pakistan 2002, ISBN 969-503-285-0.
  3. ^ http://qadatona.org/%D8%B9%D8%B1%D8%A8%D9%8A/%D8%A7%D9%84%D8%B1%D8%AC%D8%A7%D9%84/4064
  4. ^ Dr AH Dani Early Islamic Preachers in Central Asia and Northern Pakistan Monograph, Islamabad, 1976, pp 11–12
  5. ^ "Al-Anṣārī, ʿAbdallāh". April 2019.
  6. ^ a b "Journal of Central Asia". Journal of Central Asia. Centre for the Study of the Civilizations of Central Asia, Quaid-i-Azam University. 19–20: 150. 1996 – via The University of Virginia. Before the arrival of Awan tribe, the valley was part of the state under the rule of Janjua Rajputs. They were forcibly ousted by the Awans. The Awans claim that their ancestor, Qutb Shah came along with the army of Sultan Mahmood of Ghazna in the 10th century. He headed some troops of Alavids who had been given the title of Awans ...
  7. ^ Gandhi Peace Foundation (1994). First History Conference on the Gurjars and Their Contribution in History. New Delhi: Bhāratīya Gurjara Parishada. p. 29.