List of Doges of Venice

The following is a list of all 120 of the Doges of Venice ordered by the dates of their reigns which are put in parentheses.

Doge of Venice
Coat of Arms of the Republic of Venice.svg
Coat of arms
Lodovico Manin.jpg
Ludovico Manin
StyleHis Serenity
ResidencePalazzo Ducale
AppointerSerenissima Signoria
First holderPaolo L. Anafesto
Final holderLudovico Manin
Abolished12 May 1797

For more than 1,000 years, the chief magistrate and leader of the city of Venice and later of the Most Serene Republic of Venice was styled the Doge, a rare but not unique Italian title derived from the Latin Dux. Doges of Venice were elected for life by the city-state's aristocracy. The Venetian combination of elaborate monarchic pomp and a republican (though "aristocratic") constitution with intricate checks and balances makes "La serenissima" (Venice) a textbook example of a crowned republic.

Despite the great power given to them, the Venetian Doges were restricted by law (unlike the Doges of the Republic of Genoa) to spend the rest of their lives inside the Doge's Palace complex and St Mark's Basilica, occasionally leaving for diplomatic reasons.

7th centuryEdit

8th centuryEdit

  • Marcello Tegalliano (717–726)
  • Orso Ipato (726–737) nominated by the popular assembly opposed to the iconoclast policies of the Byzantine Emperor; murdered by rebels during a civil conflict

Brief Interregnum (737–742) of duke magistrate equivalents (Latin: magister militum)[1]

Resumption of Office of Doge

9th centuryEdit

10th centuryEdit

Orso II Participazio

11th centuryEdit

12th centuryEdit

13th centuryEdit

14th centuryEdit

The execution of Marino Faliero.

15th centuryEdit

Michele Steno (1400-1413)

16th centuryEdit

Andrea Gritti, reigned 1523–1538, portrait by Titian.

17th centuryEdit

18th centuryEdit

Carlo Ruzzini reigned 1732–1735, portrait by Gregorio Lazzarini.

After the Fall of the Republic of Venice, the position of Doge was abolished. Instead, from 1806 to 1866, a Podestà of Venice was appointed by the rulers of the city: Napoleon and the Habsburgs.

In 1860, the nascent Kingdom of Italy created the office of the Mayor of Venice (Sindaco di Venezia), chosen by the City council.

From 1946 to 1993, the Mayor of Venice was chosen by the City Council. Since 1993, under provisions of new local administration law, the Mayor of Venice has been chosen by popular election, originally every four and, later, every five years.


  1. ^ Ducalis Regia Lararium, 1659, Elogia P. D. Leo Matina
  2. ^ "Battle of the Centuries". Science Reference Services. Library of Congress. 25 July 2016. Retrieved 9 July 2018.
  3. ^ Casola, Pietro; Newett, Mary Margaret (1907). "Notes". Canon Pietro Casola's Pilgrimage to Jerusalem in the Year 1494. Manchester University Press. p. 371.
  4. ^ Norwich, John J. (1983). A History of Venice. Penguin Books. p. 363. ISBN 0140066233.