Al-Qadir (947 – 29 November 1031) (Arabic: القادر) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 991 to 1031. Grandson of al-Muqtadir, he was chosen in place of the deposed Caliph, at-Ta'i, his cousin. Banished from the capital, Baghdad, earlier, he was now recalled and appointed to the office he had long desired. He held the Caliphate for 40 years. It was during his Caliphate that Mahmud of Ghazni arose, threatening the empire; and but for the conflicts that broke out in Mahmud's family upon his death, the Buwayhid kingdom, paralysed by damaging war, would have been swallowed. The global Muslim population had climbed to about 4 per cent as against the Christian population of 10 per cent by 1000.
|25th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate |
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
|Reign||1 November 991 – 29 November 1031|
|Coronation||19 November 991|
|Died||29 November 1031 (aged 83–84)|
|Father||Ishaq bin Al-Muqtadir|
Al-Qadir is noted for taking the lead in the Sunni struggle against Isma'ili Shi'ism. He helped Sunnis set up their own festivals to rival the Shi'a celebrations and made the Hanbali school the official Muslim position.
Al-Qadir died at eighty-seven years of age in Baghdad, and was succeeded by his son al-Qa'im.