Open main menu

Al-Qadir (947 – 29 November 1031) (Arabic: القادر‎) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 991 to 1031. He was the Grandson of al-Muqtadir, he was chosen in place of the deposed Caliph, at-Ta'i, his cousin. Banished from the capital, Baghdad, earlier, he was now recalled and appointed to the office he had long desired.

Al-Qadir
القادر
Amir al-Mu'minin
Mahmud in robe from the caliph.jpg
Mahmud of Ghazni receiving a richly decorated robe of honor from the caliph al-Qadir in 1000. (Miniature from Rashid al-Din’s Jami' al-tawarikh)
25th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
Reign1 November 991 – 29 November 1031
Coronation19 November 991
PredecessorAt-Ta'i
SuccessorAl-Qa'im
Born947
Died29 November 1031 (aged 83–84)
IssueAl-Qa'im
DynastyAbbasid
FatherIshaq bin Al-Muqtadir
MotherTumna
ReligionSunni Islam

Al-Qadir held the Caliphate for 40 years. It was during his Caliphate that Mahmud of Ghazni arose, threatening the empire; and but for the conflicts that broke out in Mahmud's family upon his death, the Buwayhid kingdom, paralysed by damaging war, would have been swallowed. The global Muslim population had climbed to about 4 per cent as against the Christian population of 10 per cent by 1000.

Al-Qadir is noted for taking the lead in the Sunni struggle against Isma'ili Shi'ism. He helped Sunnis set up their own festivals to rival the Shi'a celebrations and made the Hanbali school the official Muslim position.

Gold Dinar minted with Al-Qadir and Mahmud name 388–421 AH / 998–1030 AD (Citing Al-Qadir as overlord over Ghaznavid Sultanate)
Coins of Mahmud Ghazni with the Islamic declaration of faith. Obverse legend with the name of the Caliph al-Qadir bi-llah (in the fifth line) as the nominal suzerain, al-Qadir name is also minted on gold coins of Mahmud.

Caliph Al-Qadir ordered the Manifesto of Baghdad in 1011 in response to the growth of the Fatimid-supporting Ismaili Shia sect of Islam within his borders.[1]

The Manifesto of Baghdad is the testimony given by a number of Sunni Muslim and Twelver Shiite genealogists and the law scholars known all across the Islamic world in 402 AH/1011 CE, doubting the Alid lineage of the Fatimids, they were declared to be descended from a Jew by the name of the Ibn al-Qaddah, A Munafiq/Hypocrite, which meant that the Fatimid dynasty was traced back to a Jew, a supposed enemy of the faith, instead of the Ahl al-Bayt (family of the Muhammad), which was the basic justification for the claim of sanctity of the Fàtimid Kings in the Ismaili Shia doctrine.

Al-Qadir died at eighty-seven years of age in Baghdad, and was succeeded by his son al-Qa'im.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

Al-Qadir
Born: 947 Died: 29 November 1031
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
At-Ta'i
Caliph of Islam
Abbasid Caliph

1 November 991 – 29 November 1031
Succeeded by
Al-Qa'im