Al-Qadir (947 – 29 November 1031) (Arabic: القادر) was the Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad from 991 to 1031. He was the Grandson of al-Muqtadir, he was chosen in place of the deposed Caliph, at-Ta'i, his cousin. Banished from the capital, Baghdad, earlier, he was now recalled and appointed to the office he had long desired.
|25th Caliph of the Abbasid Caliphate |
Abbasid Caliph in Baghdad
|Reign||1 November 991 – 29 November 1031|
|Coronation||19 November 991|
|Died||29 November 1031 (aged 83–84)|
|Father||Ishaq bin Al-Muqtadir|
Al-Qadir held the Caliphate for 40 years. It was during his Caliphate that Mahmud of Ghazni arose, threatening the empire; and but for the conflicts that broke out in Mahmud's family upon his death, the Buwayhid kingdom, paralysed by damaging war, would have been swallowed. The global Muslim population had climbed to about 4 per cent as against the Christian population of 10 per cent by 1000.
Al-Qadir is noted for taking the lead in the Sunni struggle against Isma'ili Shi'ism. He helped Sunnis set up their own festivals to rival the Shi'a celebrations and made the Hanbali school the official Muslim position.
The Manifesto of Baghdad is the testimony given by a number of Sunni Muslim and Twelver Shiite genealogists and the law scholars known all across the Islamic world in 402 AH/1011 CE, doubting the Alid lineage of the Fatimids, they were declared to be descended from a Jew by the name of the Ibn al-Qaddah, A Munafiq/Hypocrite, which meant that the Fatimid dynasty was traced back to a Jew, a supposed enemy of the faith, instead of the Ahl al-Bayt (family of the Muhammad), which was the basic justification for the claim of sanctity of the Fàtimid Kings in the Ismaili Shia doctrine.
Al-Qadir died at eighty-seven years of age in Baghdad, and was succeeded by his son al-Qa'im.
Al-QadirBorn: 947 Died: 29 November 1031
|Sunni Islam titles|
| Caliph of Islam
1 November 991 – 29 November 1031