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|Ab urbe condita||1838|
|Balinese saka calendar||1006–1007|
|English Regnal year||19 Will. 1 – 20 Will. 1|
|Chinese calendar||甲子年 (Wood Rat)|
3781 or 3721
— to —
乙丑年 (Wood Ox)
3782 or 3722
|- Vikram Samvat||1141–1142|
|- Shaka Samvat||1006–1007|
|- Kali Yuga||4185–4186|
|Japanese calendar||Ōtoku 2|
|Minguo calendar||827 before ROC|
|Seleucid era||1396/1397 AG|
|Thai solar calendar||1627–1628|
1211 or 830 or 58
— to —
1212 or 831 or 59
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 1085.|
- May 25 – King Alfonso VI (the Brave) recaptures Toledo from the Moors and occupies other cities such as Madrid and Talavera (including the castle of Aledo). Alfonso moves his capital to Toledo and consolidates his power between Sistema Central and the Tagus River. From where he launches more attacks against the taifas of Córdoba, Seville, Badajoz and Granada (modern Spain).
- Summer – Robert Guiscard heads for the Ionian Islands despite epidemic among troops on Corfu. His son, Roger Borsa lands on Cephalonia but Guiscard falls sick as his ship approaches the northernmost headland, and is carried ashore, where he dies of fever (on July 17).
- Emperor Henry IV declares the Peace of God in all the imperial territories of the Holy Roman Empire to quench any sedition.
- June 15 – Vratislaus II, a son of Duke Bretislav I, becomes the first king of Bohemia and is elevated 'for life' by Henry IV.
- Katedralskolan in Lund (modern Sweden), the oldest school in Scandinavia, is founded by King Canute IV of Denmark.
- The Domesday survey is commissioned by King William I (the Conqueror), apparently prompted by the abortive invasion of Canute IV, to ensure proper taxation and levies.
- April 1 – Emperor Zhe Zong ascends the throne at the age of 8 under the supervision of his grandmother, Grand Empress Dowager Gao. She cancels the reform policy of Chancellor Wang Anshi.
- The output of copper currency for the Chinese Song Dynasty reaches 6 billion coins a year, prompting the Chinese government to adopt the world's first paper-printed money later in the 1120s.
- September 19 – Maria Komnene, Byzantine princess
- Ahmad Sanjar, Seljuk ruler of Khorasan (approximate date)
- Alberich of Reims, archbishop of Bourges (approximate date)
- Avempace, Andalusian polymath and philosopher (d. 1138)
- Constantine Komnenos, Byzantine aristocrat (approximate date)
- Imad ad-Din Zengi, Seljuk ruler of Mosul (approximate date)
- Ralph I (or Raoul), count of Vermandois (approximate date)
- Robert fitz Martin, Norman knight and nobleman (d. 1159)
- Stephen of Obazine, French priest and hermit (d. 1154)
- Waleran II, duke of Lower Lorraine (approximate date)
- William of Montevergine, Italian monk and abbot (d. 1142)
- Zhang Zeduan, Chinese landscape painter (d. 1145)
- Zhu Bian, Chinese diplomat, poet and writer (d. 1144)
- January 3 – Williram of Ebersberg, German abbot
- April 1 – Shen Zong, emperor of the Song Dynasty (b. 1048)
- May 25 – Gregory VII, pope of the Catholic Church
- May 27 – Gundred (or Gundreda), English noblewoman
- June 19 – Vitalis of Bernay, Norman monk and abbot
- July 17 – Robert Guiscard, Norman warrior and nobleman
- August 19 – Al-Juwayni, Persian scholar and imam (b. 1028)
- September 20 – Hermann II, German nobleman (b. 1049)
- Alfanus I (or Alfano), Italian physician and archbishop
- Al-Lakhmi, Fatimid scholar, jurist and writer (b. 1006)
- Cheng Hao, Chinese neo-Confucian philosopher (b. 1032)
- Maitripada, Indian Buddhist philosopher (b. 1007)
- Osbern Giffard, Norman nobleman (approximate date)
- Wang Gui, Chinese official and chancellor (b. 1019)
- Yūsuf Balasaguni, Karakhanid statesman (b. 1019)
- "Domesday Book". www.nationalarchives.gov.uk. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- "British History in depth: The Domesday Book". BBC - History. Retrieved April 25, 2018.
- Connell, Charles W. (2016). Popular Opinion in the Middle Ages: Channeling Public Ideas and Attitudes. Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. p. 105. ISBN 9783110432176.