Otomae (乙前, 1085 – 1169) was a Japanese singer. She was a virtuoso performer of the popular songs of that period – imayō (今様) – and was the foremost authority on the form, which had been passed down through generations of female teachers. In her seventies, she passed on her knowledge to the seventy-seventh emperor, Go-Shirakawa, who collected the works in the popular anthology, Songs to Make the Dust Dance on the Beams (Ryōjin Hishō 梁塵秘抄).[1][2]


  1. ^ Yung-Hee Kim (1994), Songs to Make the Dust Dance: The Ryōjin Hishō of Twelfth-century Japan, University of California Press, pp. 19–20, ISBN 9780520080669
  2. ^ J. Michele Edwards (2001), "Women in Music to ca. 1450", in Karin Pendle (ed.), Women & Music: A History, Indiana University Press, p. 36, ISBN 9780253338198